can any one explain this example


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Top Forums Shell Programming and Scripting can any one explain this example
# 1  
can any one explain this example

hi all i have an example i want one help me to understand cause i tried to test it but almost fail and i don't know how can i solve this problem " the main idea to read from two files and replace something from one to another " but i don't understand why it fail all time


Code:
$ cat main.txt
512|1241503759|ax|90
234|1241503760|ay|10
122|1241503823|az|90
123|1241503947|at|80


Code:
$ cat id.txt
122|US
123|IN
125|NZ
234|HK
512|ZM
600|KR


Code:
$ awk '
    BEGIN {FS=OFS="|"}
    FNR==NR{a[$1]=$2;next}
    $1 in a{print a[$1],$2,$3,$4}
' id.txt main.txt

Code:
Output:
ZM|1241503759|ax|90
HK|1241503760|ay|10
US|1241503823|az|90
IN|1241503947|at|80

i tried this
Code:
awk 'BEGIN { FS=OFS="|" } FNR==NR{ a[$1]=$2;next } $1 in a { print a[$1] }' id.txt  main.txt
awk: syntax error near line 1
awk: bailing out near line 1

when i remove " $1 in a "

Code:
awk 'BEGIN { FS=OFS="|" } FNR==NR{ a[$1]=$2;next } { print a[$1] }' id.txt  main.txt

it prints spaces

i want one help me to explain this thing plz
# 2  
Use nawk, gawk or /usr/xpg4/bin/awk on Solaris.

Regards
# 3  
ok thanks but i want to know why it is work with this path /usr/xpg4/bin/awk
and doesn't work with /usr/bin/awk
# 4  
They are different versions of awk.
# 5  
ok thanks dude
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