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search a line and insert string into specific at position


 
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# 1  
Old 03-20-2009
search a line and insert string into specific at position

Hi, guys. I have one question:

How can I search for a line with certain string in it and then insert a string into this line?
For example:

There is a file called shadow, the contents of it are below:

**************************
...
yuanz:VIRADxMsadfDF/Q:0:0:50:7:::
sherrys:ASdfe#$DfdadfFAd:0:0:50:7:::
brownj:ADdfTRMnD$%3dfa:0:0:50:7:::
...
**************************

A variable called $user, another variable called $string. I want to search the line which has $user in it, and add $string at the beginning of the second column. If $user is brownj, and $string is STRING_, then the line will be:

brownj:STRING_ADdfTRMnD$%3dfa:0:0:50:7:::

I use the following code, but it doesn't work

sed 's/^$user:/$user:$string/' shadow

Can anybody help me with this?

Thank you very much for your time in advance

-Keyang
# 2  
Old 03-21-2009
it is advisable not to change your shadow file like that. (however its still possible). change the password using commands such as passwd, usermod ...
# 3  
Old 03-21-2009
hi, ghostdog74.

I am not changing the password in this way, I want to suspend the user, I add a string to the encrypted password, so the user is not able to login. I am new to Linux, so I do not really know whether or not this is a good practice. And as a practice, I could not user command like "passwd" and "usermod". Still, thanks for your reply.

@general:
Does anybody can help me with this question?

Thank you very much for your time in advance

-Keyang
# 4  
Old 03-21-2009
please check the passwd and usermod man page. there are options to "suspend" user.
# 5  
Old 03-21-2009
awk again Smilie
Code:
awk '{FS=OFS=":"}/brownj/{$2="STRING_"$2}1' shadow

# 6  
Old 03-21-2009
Quote:
Originally Posted by ghostdog74
please check the passwd and usermod man page. there are options to "suspend" user.
Hi, ghostdog74.

I am not supposed to use commands like suspend and passwd for this exercise. Smilie

Still, thanks for the reply. Smilie

-Keyang
# 7  
Old 03-21-2009
Quote:
Originally Posted by danmero
awk again Smilie
Code:
awk '{FS=OFS=":"}/brownj/{$2="STRING_"$2}1' shadow

Hi, Dan.

Thanks for answering again! I will try it out.

But can you tell me what is wrong with my code? if I don't use variables in my code, it works well. For example:

sed 's/^brownj:/brownj:STRING_/' shadow

It will find brownj and replace it with brownj:STRING_.

Thanks for your time in advance

-Keyang

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