Create a lib from a c program

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# 1  
Old 11-04-2002
Create a lib from a c program

I have a function in a c program that I want to to share with other programs.

How do I create a lib using the cc compiler ?
# 2  
Old 11-04-2002
I think that it might be possible to create a shared library in a single step if it contained only one module. But libraries usually contain several modules. Each .c file is compiled seperately. Then they are all combined into a shared library with a single invocation of ld.

But the exact options depend on what os, what release, what compiler, etc.
# 3  
Old 11-04-2002
What I am looking for is the standard c way for creating libs in unix, as standard as possible.

The os I am using is "SunOS 5.6"
# 4  
Old 11-04-2002
this link is for AIX, but I used the procedure to test out on my RHL 7.3 and it works fine... so I think you should not have problem save a little exercise for you to find the appropriate option for your cc implementation...

# 5  
Old 11-04-2002
I'm not sure, but I'll take a guess. I am also assuming that:
you are using /opt/SUNWspro/bin/cc for your compiler.
you are using a 32 bit address space
you are using a sparc chip
but you are not using a sparc v9

If those assumptions are correct, it looks like this might work...

cc -KPIC x.c
cc -KPIC y.c
cc -KPIC z.c
ld -G -Bdynamic -o x.o y.o z.o

I don't have a decent compiler on a 5.6 so I can't test this. But it's close. In your case, you say you have only a single module, so you would have only one cc. But that is very rare with a library. So I'm showing a more normal case where you would combine several modules into a library.

To generalize this more use on many versions on unix, you typically would use a makefile. The "-KPIC" would be in a variable so it could be changed as you moved from one version to another. Ditto for the "-G -Bdynamic".

This link is the Linker and Libraries Guide, which you might want to look at. Also look at the man page for your compiler. Sun has several things called cc so you need to get the MANPATH right or you will be looking at the wrong one.

If this doesn't work, try replacing -KPIC with -Kpic.
# 6  
Old 11-05-2002
Thank you very much for your help, I think I've got it now.

For the record ,this is a simple example of how I did it:

1) Create ut.c with the func to include in the lib

int F1( int i) {
printf("Print Nš = %d\n", i);

2) Complie ut.c to create ut.o

cc -c ut.c

3) Create Lib from ut.o

ar r libut.a ut.o

4) Create t1.c to invoke the func in lib

void main ( int argc, char *argv[]) {
int i_in;
if ( argc != 2) {
printf( "Wrong parameters, use : t1 <nš> \n");
i_in = atoi( argv[1]);

F1( i_in);

5) Complie t1 linking it to the lib created in 3)

cc -o t1 t1.c -L: libut.a

And it Works :
>t1 69
Print Nš = 69
# 7  
Old 01-31-2007
Linker and Libraries Guide -- link not accessible

Hi Perderabo,

I couldn't access the link "Linker and Libraries Guide" given by you.
Don't know if i am alone facing that problem. Could you please check it out and provide me the link..

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