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PCREBUILD(3)									     PCREBUILD(3)

NAME
       PCRE - Perl-compatible regular expressions

PCRE BUILD-TIME OPTIONS

       This  document  describes  the  optional  features  of  PCRE that can be selected when the
       library is compiled. It assumes use of the configure script, where the  optional  features
       are  selected or deselected by providing options to configure before running the make com-
       mand. However, the same options can be selected in both Unix-like and non-Unix-like  envi-
       ronments  using the GUI facility of CMakeSetup if you are using CMake instead of configure
       to build PCRE.

       The complete list of options for configure (which includes the standard ones such  as  the
       selection of the installation directory) can be obtained by running

	 ./configure --help

       The  following sections include descriptions of options whose names begin with --enable or
       --disable. These settings specify changes to  the  defaults  for  the  configure  command.
       Because	of  the way that configure works, --enable and --disable always come in pairs, so
       the complementary option always exists as well, but as it specifies the default, it is not
       described.

C++ SUPPORT

       By  default,  the configure script will search for a C++ compiler and C++ header files. If
       it finds them, it automatically builds the C++ wrapper library for PCRE. You  can  disable
       this by adding

	 --disable-cpp

       to the configure command.

UTF-8 SUPPORT

       To build PCRE with support for UTF-8 Unicode character strings, add

	 --enable-utf8

       to  the	configure  command. Of itself, this does not make PCRE treat strings as UTF-8. As
       well as compiling PCRE with this option, you also have have to set  the	PCRE_UTF8  option
       when you call the pcre_compile() function.

       If  you	set --enable-utf8 when compiling in an EBCDIC environment, PCRE expects its input
       to be either ASCII or UTF-8 (depending on the runtime option). It is not possible to  sup-
       port  both  EBCDIC  and	UTF-8  codes  in  the  same version of the library. Consequently,
       --enable-utf8 and --enable-ebcdic are mutually exclusive.

UNICODE CHARACTER PROPERTY SUPPORT

       UTF-8 support allows PCRE to process character values greater than 255 in the strings that
       it  handles.  On  its  own,  however, it does not provide any facilities for accessing the
       properties of such characters. If you want to be able to use the pattern escapes  \P,  \p,
       and \X, which refer to Unicode character properties, you must add

	 --enable-unicode-properties

       to  the	configure  command.  This  implies UTF-8 support, even if you have not explicitly
       requested it.

       Including Unicode property support adds around 30K of tables to the PCRE library. Only the
       general	category  properties  such  as	Lu and Nd are supported. Details are given in the
       pcrepattern documentation.

CODE VALUE OF NEWLINE

       By default, PCRE interprets the linefeed (LF) character as indicating the end of  a  line.
       This  is  the  normal  newline character on Unix-like systems. You can compile PCRE to use
       carriage return (CR) instead, by adding

	 --enable-newline-is-cr

       to the configure command. There is also a --enable-newline-is-lf option, which  explicitly
       specifies linefeed as the newline character.

       Alternatively,  you can specify that line endings are to be indicated by the two character
       sequence CRLF. If you want this, add

	 --enable-newline-is-crlf

       to the configure command. There is a fourth option, specified by

	 --enable-newline-is-anycrlf

       which causes PCRE to recognize any of the three sequences CR, LF, or CRLF as indicating	a
       line ending. Finally, a fifth option, specified by

	 --enable-newline-is-any

       causes PCRE to recognize any Unicode newline sequence.

       Whatever  line ending convention is selected when PCRE is built can be overridden when the
       library functions are called. At build time it is conventional to  use  the  standard  for
       your operating system.

WHAT \R MATCHES

       By  default,  the  sequence \R in a pattern matches any Unicode newline sequence, whatever
       has been selected as the line ending sequence. If you specify

	 --enable-bsr-anycrlf

       the default is changed so that \R matches only CR, LF, or CRLF. Whatever is selected  when
       PCRE is built can be overridden when the library functions are called.

BUILDING SHARED AND STATIC LIBRARIES

       The  PCRE  building process uses libtool to build both shared and static Unix libraries by
       default. You can suppress one of these by adding one of

	 --disable-shared
	 --disable-static

       to the configure command, as required.

POSIX MALLOC USAGE

       When PCRE is called through the POSIX interface (see the pcreposix  documentation),  addi-
       tional  working	storage  is  required  for  holding the pointers to capturing substrings,
       because PCRE requires three integers per substring, whereas the POSIX  interface  provides
       only  two.  If the number of expected substrings is small, the wrapper function uses space
       on the stack, because this is faster than  using  malloc()  for	each  call.  The  default
       threshold  above  which	the  stack is no longer used is 10; it can be changed by adding a
       setting such as

	 --with-posix-malloc-threshold=20

       to the configure command.

HANDLING VERY LARGE PATTERNS

       Within a compiled pattern, offset values are used to point from one part to  another  (for
       example,  from  an  opening parenthesis to an alternation metacharacter). By default, two-
       byte values are used for these offsets, leading to a maximum size for a	compiled  pattern
       of  around 64K. This is sufficient to handle all but the most gigantic patterns. Neverthe-
       less, some people do want to process enormous patterns, so it is possible to compile  PCRE
       to use three-byte or four-byte offsets by adding a setting such as

	 --with-link-size=3

       to  the	configure command. The value given must be 2, 3, or 4. Using longer offsets slows
       down the operation of PCRE because it has to load additional bytes when handling them.

AVOIDING EXCESSIVE STACK USAGE

       When matching with the pcre_exec() function, PCRE implements backtracking by making recur-
       sive  calls  to an internal function called match(). In environments where the size of the
       stack is limited, this can severely limit PCRE's operation. (The Unix environment does not
       usually	suffer from this problem, but it may sometimes be necessary to increase the maxi-
       mum stack size.	There is a discussion in the  pcrestack  documentation.)  An  alternative
       approach  to  recursion	that uses memory from the heap to remember data, instead of using
       recursive function calls, has been implemented to work round the problem of limited  stack
       size. If you want to build a version of PCRE that works this way, add

	 --disable-stack-for-recursion

       to the configure command. With this configuration, PCRE will use the pcre_stack_malloc and
       pcre_stack_free variables to call memory management functions. By default these	point  to
       malloc() and free(), but you can replace the pointers so that your own functions are used.

       Separate  functions  are  provided rather than using pcre_malloc and pcre_free because the
       usage is very predictable: the block sizes requested are always the same, and  the  blocks
       are  always freed in reverse order. A calling program might be able to implement optimized
       functions that perform better than malloc() and free(). PCRE runs noticeably  more  slowly
       when built in this way. This option affects only the pcre_exec() function; it is not rele-
       vant for the the pcre_dfa_exec() function.

LIMITING PCRE RESOURCE USAGE

       Internally, PCRE has a function called  match(),  which	it  calls  repeatedly  (sometimes
       recursively)  when  matching  a	pattern with the pcre_exec() function. By controlling the
       maximum number of times this function may be called during a single matching operation,	a
       limit  can  be placed on the resources used by a single call to pcre_exec(). The limit can
       be changed at run time, as described in the pcreapi documentation. The default is 10  mil-
       lion, but this can be changed by adding a setting such as

	 --with-match-limit=500000

       to the configure command. This setting has no effect on the pcre_dfa_exec() matching func-
       tion.

       In some environments it is desirable to limit the depth of recursive calls of match() more
       strictly  than the total number of calls, in order to restrict the maximum amount of stack
       (or heap, if --disable-stack-for-recursion is specified) that is used. A second limit con-
       trols  this; it defaults to the value that is set for --with-match-limit, which imposes no
       additional constraints. However, you can set a lower limit by adding, for example,

	 --with-match-limit-recursion=10000

       to the configure command. This value can also be overridden at run time.

CREATING CHARACTER TABLES AT BUILD TIME

       PCRE uses fixed tables for processing characters whose code values are less than  256.  By
       default,  PCRE is built with a set of tables that are distributed in the file pcre_charta-
       bles.c.dist. These tables are for ASCII codes only. If you add

	 --enable-rebuild-chartables

       to the configure command, the distributed tables are no longer used.  Instead,  a  program
       called  dftables  is compiled and run. This outputs the source for new set of tables, cre-
       ated in the default locale of your C runtime system. (This method of replacing the  tables
       does  not  work	if you are cross compiling, because dftables is run on the local host. If
       you need to create alternative tables when cross compiling, you will have  to  do  so  "by
       hand".)

USING EBCDIC CODE

       PCRE  assumes  by  default  that it will run in an environment where the character code is
       ASCII (or Unicode, which is a superset of ASCII). This is the case for most computer oper-
       ating systems. PCRE can, however, be compiled to run in an EBCDIC environment by adding

	 --enable-ebcdic

       to  the	configure  command.  This setting implies --enable-rebuild-chartables. You should
       only use it if you know that you are in an EBCDIC environment (for example, an  IBM  main-
       frame operating system). The --enable-ebcdic option is incompatible with --enable-utf8.

PCREGREP OPTIONS FOR COMPRESSED FILE SUPPORT

       By default, pcregrep reads all files as plain text. You can build it so that it recognizes
       files whose names end in .gz or .bz2, and reads them with libz or libbz2, respectively, by
       adding one or both of

	 --enable-pcregrep-libz
	 --enable-pcregrep-libbz2

       to  the configure command. These options naturally require that the relevant libraries are
       installed on your system. Configuration will fail if they are not.

PCRETEST OPTION FOR LIBREADLINE SUPPORT

       If you add

	 --enable-pcretest-libreadline

       to the configure command, pcretest is linked with the libreadline library,  and	when  its
       input  is  from a terminal, it reads it using the readline() function. This provides line-
       editing and history facilities. Note that libreadline is GPL-licenced, so if you  distrib-
       ute a binary of pcretest linked in this way, there may be licensing issues.

       Setting	this  option  causes  the -lreadline option to be added to the pcretest build. In
       many operating environments with a sytem-installed libreadline this  is	sufficient.  How-
       ever,  in some environments (e.g.  if an unmodified distribution version of readline is in
       use), some extra configuration may be necessary. The INSTALL  file  for	libreadline  says
       this:

	 "Readline uses the termcap functions, but does not link with the
	 termcap or curses library itself, allowing applications which link
	 with readline the to choose an appropriate library."

       If  your  environment  has not been set up so that an appropriate library is automatically
       included, you may need to add something like

	 LIBS="-ncurses"

       immediately before the configure command.

SEE ALSO

       pcreapi(3), pcre_config(3).

AUTHOR

       Philip Hazel
       University Computing Service
       Cambridge CB2 3QH, England.

REVISION

       Last updated: 17 March 2009
       Copyright (c) 1997-2009 University of Cambridge.

										     PCREBUILD(3)
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