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PERLTOC(1)			 Perl Programmers Reference Guide		       PERLTOC(1)

NAME
       perltoc - perl documentation table of contents

DESCRIPTION
       This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest of the Perl documentation set.
       It is meant to be scanned quickly or grepped through to locate the proper section you're
       looking for.

BASIC DOCUMENTATION
       perl - Practical Extraction and Report Language

       SYNOPSIS
	   Overview
	   Tutorials
	   Reference Manual
	   Internals and C Language Interface
	   Miscellaneous
	   Language-Specific
	   Platform-Specific
       DESCRIPTION
       AVAILABILITY
       ENVIRONMENT
       AUTHOR
       FILES
       SEE ALSO
       DIAGNOSTICS
       BUGS
       NOTES

       perlintro -- a brief introduction and overview of Perl

       DESCRIPTION
	   What is Perl?
	   Running Perl programs
	   Safety net
	   Basic syntax overview
	   Perl variable types
	       Scalars, Arrays, Hashes

	   Variable scoping
	   Conditional and looping constructs
	       if, while, for, foreach

	   Builtin operators and functions
	       Arithmetic, Numeric comparison, String comparison, Boolean logic, Miscellaneous

	   Files and I/O
	   Regular expressions
	       Simple matching, Simple substitution, More complex regular expressions, Parenthe-
	       ses for capturing, Other regexp features

	   Writing subroutines
	   OO Perl
	   Using Perl modules
       AUTHOR

       perlreftut - Mark's very short tutorial about references

       DESCRIPTION
       Who Needs Complicated Data Structures?
       The Solution
       Syntax
	   Making References
	   Using References
	   An Example
	   Arrow Rule
       Solution
       The Rest
       Summary
       Credits
	   Distribution Conditions

       perldsc - Perl Data Structures Cookbook

       DESCRIPTION
	   arrays of arrays, hashes of arrays, arrays of hashes, hashes of hashes, more elaborate
	   constructs

       REFERENCES
       COMMON MISTAKES
       CAVEAT ON PRECEDENCE
       WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS "use strict"
       DEBUGGING
       CODE EXAMPLES
       ARRAYS OF ARRAYS
	   Declaration of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
	   Generation of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
	   Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
       HASHES OF ARRAYS
	   Declaration of a HASH OF ARRAYS
	   Generation of a HASH OF ARRAYS
	   Access and Printing of a HASH OF ARRAYS
       ARRAYS OF HASHES
	   Declaration of an ARRAY OF HASHES
	   Generation of an ARRAY OF HASHES
	   Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF HASHES
       HASHES OF HASHES
	   Declaration of a HASH OF HASHES
	   Generation of a HASH OF HASHES
	   Access and Printing of a HASH OF HASHES
       MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
	   Declaration of MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
	   Declaration of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
	   Generation of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
       Database Ties
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       perllol - Manipulating Arrays of Arrays in Perl

       DESCRIPTION
	   Declaration and Access of Arrays of Arrays
	   Growing Your Own
	   Access and Printing
	   Slices
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       perlrequick - Perl regular expressions quick start

       DESCRIPTION
       The Guide
	   Simple word matching
	   Using character classes
	   Matching this or that
	   Grouping things and hierarchical matching
	   Extracting matches
	   Matching repetitions
	   More matching
	   Search and replace
	   The split operator
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
	   Acknowledgments

       perlretut - Perl regular expressions tutorial

       DESCRIPTION
       Part 1: The basics
	   Simple word matching
	   Using character classes
	   Matching this or that
	   Grouping things and hierarchical matching
	   Extracting matches
	   Backreferences
	   Position information
	   Non-capturing groupings
	   Matching repetitions
	   Building a regexp
	   Using regular expressions in Perl
       Part 2: Power tools
	   More on characters, strings, and character classes
	   Compiling and saving regular expressions
	   Composing regular expressions at runtime
	   Embedding comments and modifiers in a regular expression
	   Looking ahead and looking behind
	   Using independent subexpressions to prevent backtracking
	   Conditional expressions
	   A bit of magic: executing Perl code in a regular expression
	   Pragmas and debugging
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
	   Acknowledgments

       perlboot - Beginner's Object-Oriented Tutorial

       DESCRIPTION
	   If we could talk to the animals...
	   Introducing the method invocation arrow
	   Invoking a barnyard
	   The extra parameter of method invocation
	   Calling a second method to simplify things
	   Inheriting the windpipes
	   A few notes about @ISA
	   Overriding the methods
	   Starting the search from a different place
	   The SUPER way of doing things
	   Where we're at so far...
	   A horse is a horse, of course of course -- or is it?
	   Invoking an instance method
	   Accessing the instance data
	   How to build a horse
	   Inheriting the constructor
	   Making a method work with either classes or instances
	   Adding parameters to a method
	   More interesting instances
	   A horse of a different color
	   Summary
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

       perltoot - Tom's object-oriented tutorial for perl

       DESCRIPTION
       Creating a Class
	   Object Representation
	   Class Interface
	   Constructors and Instance Methods
	   Planning for the Future: Better Constructors
	   Destructors
	   Other Object Methods
       Class Data
	   Accessing Class Data
	   Debugging Methods
	   Class Destructors
	   Documenting the Interface
       Aggregation
       Inheritance
	   Overridden Methods
	   Multiple Inheritance
	   UNIVERSAL: The Root of All Objects
	   Deeper UNIVERSAL details
       Alternate Object Representations
	   Arrays as Objects
	   Closures as Objects
       AUTOLOAD: Proxy Methods
	   Autoloaded Data Methods
	   Inherited Autoloaded Data Methods
       Metaclassical Tools
	   Class::Struct
	   Data Members as Variables
       NOTES
	   Object Terminology
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
       COPYRIGHT
	   Acknowledgments

       perltooc - Tom's OO Tutorial for Class Data in Perl

       DESCRIPTION
       Class Data in a Can
       Class Data as Package Variables
	   Putting All Your Eggs in One Basket
	   Inheritance Concerns
	   The Eponymous Meta-Object
	   Indirect References to Class Data
	   Monadic Classes
	   Translucent Attributes
       Class Data as Lexical Variables
	   Privacy and Responsibility
	   File-Scoped Lexicals
	   More Inheritance Concerns
	   Locking the Door and Throwing Away the Key
	   Translucency Revisited
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       HISTORY

       perlbot - Bag'o Object Tricks (the BOT)

       DESCRIPTION
       OO SCALING TIPS
       INSTANCE VARIABLES
       SCALAR INSTANCE VARIABLES
       INSTANCE VARIABLE INHERITANCE
       OBJECT RELATIONSHIPS
       OVERRIDING SUPERCLASS METHODS
       USING RELATIONSHIP WITH SDBM
       THINKING OF CODE REUSE
       CLASS CONTEXT AND THE OBJECT
       INHERITING A CONSTRUCTOR
       DELEGATION
       SEE ALSO

       perlstyle - Perl style guide

       DESCRIPTION

       perlcheat - Perl 5 Cheat Sheet

       DESCRIPTION
	   The sheet
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perltrap - Perl traps for the unwary

       DESCRIPTION
	   Awk Traps
	   C/C++ Traps
	   Sed Traps
	   Shell Traps
	   Perl Traps
	   Perl4 to Perl5 Traps
	       Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps, Parsing Traps, Numerical Traps,
	       General data type traps, Context Traps - scalar, list contexts, Precedence Traps,
	       General Regular Expression Traps using s///, etc, Subroutine, Signal, Sorting
	       Traps, OS Traps, DBM Traps, Unclassified Traps

	   Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps
	       Symbols starting with "_" no longer forced into main, Double-colon valid package
	       separator in variable name, 2nd and 3rd args to "splice()" are now in scalar con-
	       text, Can't do "goto" into a block that is optimized away, Can't use whitespace as
	       variable name or quote delimiter, "while/if BLOCK BLOCK" gone, "**" binds tighter
	       than unary minus, "foreach" changed when iterating over a list, "split" with no
	       args behavior changed, -e behavior fixed, "push" returns number of elements in
	       resulting list, Some error messages differ, "split()" honors subroutine args, Bugs
	       removed

	   Parsing Traps
	       Space between . and = triggers syntax error, Better parsing in perl 5, Function
	       parsing, String interpolation of $#array differs, Perl guesses on "map", "grep"
	       followed by "{" if it starts BLOCK or hash ref

	   Numerical Traps
	       Formatted output and significant digits, Auto-increment operator over signed int
	       limit deleted, Assignment of return values from numeric equality tests doesn't
	       work, Bitwise string ops

	   General data type traps
	       Negative array subscripts now count from the end of array, Setting $#array lower
	       now discards array elements, Hashes get defined before use, Glob assignment from
	       localized variable to variable, Assigning "undef" to glob, Changes in unary nega-
	       tion (of strings), Modifying of constants prohibited, "defined $var" behavior
	       changed, Variable Suicide

	   Context Traps - scalar, list contexts
	       Elements of argument lists for formats evaluated in list context, "caller()"
	       returns false value in scalar context if no caller present, Comma operator in
	       scalar context gives scalar context to args, "sprintf()" prototyped as "($;@)"

	   Precedence Traps
	       LHS vs. RHS of any assignment operator, Semantic errors introduced due to prece-
	       dence, Precedence of assignment operators same as the precedence of assignment,
	       "open" requires parentheses around filehandle, $: precedence over $:: gone, Prece-
	       dence of file test operators documented, "keys", "each", "values" are regular
	       named unary operators

	   General Regular Expression Traps using s///, etc.
	       "s'$lhs'$rhs'" interpolates on either side, "m//g" attaches its state to the
	       searched string, "m//o" used within an anonymous sub, $+ isn't set to whole match,
	       Substitution now returns null string if it fails, "s`lhs`rhs`" is now a normal
	       substitution, Stricter parsing of variables in regular expressions, "m?x?" matches
	       only once, Failed matches don't reset the match variables

	   Subroutine, Signal, Sorting Traps
	       Barewords that used to look like strings look like subroutine calls, Reverse is no
	       longer allowed as the name of a sort subroutine, "warn()" won't let you specify a
	       filehandle

	   OS Traps
	       SysV resets signal handler correctly, SysV "seek()" appends correctly

	   Interpolation Traps
	       "@" always interpolates an array in double-quotish strings, Double-quoted strings
	       may no longer end with an unescaped $, Arbitrary expressions are evaluated inside
	       braces within double quotes, $$x now tries to dereference $x, Creation of hashes
	       on the fly with "eval "EXPR"" requires protection, Bugs in earlier perl versions,
	       Array and hash brackets during interpolation, Interpolation of "\$$foo{bar}",
	       "qq()" string passed to "eval" will not find string terminator

	   DBM Traps
	       Perl5 must have been linked with same dbm/ndbm as the default for "dbmopen()", DBM
	       exceeding limit on the key/value size will cause perl5 to exit immediately

	   Unclassified Traps
	       "require"/"do" trap using returned value, "split" on empty string with LIMIT spec-
	       ified

       perldebtut - Perl debugging tutorial

       DESCRIPTION
       use strict
       Looking at data and -w and v
       help
       Stepping through code
       Placeholder for a, w, t, T
       REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
       OUTPUT TIPS
       CGI
       GUIs
       SUMMARY
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       CONTRIBUTORS

       perlfaq - frequently asked questions about Perl

       DESCRIPTION
	   Where to get the perlfaq
	   How to contribute to the perlfaq
	   What will happen if you mail your Perl programming problems to the authors?
       CREDITS
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT
       Table of Contents
	   perlfaq  - this document, perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl, perlfaq2 - Obtain-
	   ing and Learning about Perl, perlfaq3 - Programming Tools, perlfaq4 - Data Manipula-
	   tion, perlfaq5 - Files and Formats, perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions, perlfaq7 - General
	   Perl Language Issues, perlfaq8 - System Interaction, perlfaq9 - Networking

       The Questions
	   perlfaq1: General Questions About Perl
	   perlfaq2: Obtaining and Learning about Perl
	   perlfaq3: Programming Tools
	   perlfaq4: Data Manipulation
	   perlfaq5: Files and Formats
	   perlfaq6: Regular Expressions
	   perlfaq7: General Perl Language Issues
	   perlfaq8: System Interaction
	   perlfaq9: Networking

       perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl

       DESCRIPTION
	   What is Perl?
	   Who supports Perl?  Who develops it?  Why is it free?
	   Which version of Perl should I use?
	   What are Perl 4, Perl 5, or Perl 6?
	   What was Ponie?
	   What is Perl 6?
	   How stable is Perl?
	   Is Perl difficult to learn?
	   How does Perl compare with other languages like Java, Python, REXX, Scheme, or Tcl?
	   Can I do [task] in Perl?
	   When shouldn't I program in Perl?
	   What's the difference between "perl" and "Perl"?
	   Is it a Perl program or a Perl script?
	   What is a JAPH?
	   Where can I get a list of Larry Wall witticisms?
	   How can I convince others to use Perl?
	       http://perltraining.com.au/whyperl.html, http://www.perl.org/advocacy/whyperl.html

       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl

       DESCRIPTION
	   What machines support perl?	Where do I get it?
	   How can I get a binary version of perl?
	   I don't have a C compiler. How can I build my own Perl interpreter?
	   I copied the perl binary from one machine to another, but scripts don't work.
	   I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic loading/malloc/linking/...
	   failed.  How do I make it work?
	   What modules and extensions are available for Perl?	What is CPAN? What does
	   CPAN/src/... mean?
	   Is there an ISO or ANSI certified version of Perl?
	   Where can I get information on Perl?
	   What are the Perl newsgroups on Usenet?  Where do I post questions?
	   Where should I post source code?
	   Perl Books
	       References, Tutorials, Task-Oriented, Special Topics

	   Which magazines have Perl content?
	   What mailing lists are there for Perl?
	   Where are the archives for comp.lang.perl.misc?
	   Where can I buy a commercial version of perl?
	   Where do I send bug reports?
	   What is perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?
       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlfaq3 - Programming Tools

       DESCRIPTION
	   How do I do (anything)?
	   How can I use Perl interactively?
	   Is there a Perl shell?
	   How do I find which modules are installed on my system?
	   How do I debug my Perl programs?
	   How do I profile my Perl programs?
	   How do I cross-reference my Perl programs?
	   Is there a pretty-printer (formatter) for Perl?
	   Is there a ctags for Perl?
	   Is there an IDE or Windows Perl Editor?
	       Eclipse, Enginsite, Komodo, Open Perl IDE, OptiPerl, PerlBuilder, visiPerl+, Vis-
	       ual Perl, Zeus, GNU Emacs, MicroEMACS, XEmacs, Jed, Elvis, Vile, Vim, Codewright,
	       MultiEdit, SlickEdit, Bash, Ksh, Tcsh, Zsh, Affrus, Alpha, BBEdit and BBEdit Lite

	   Where can I get Perl macros for vi?
	   Where can I get perl-mode for emacs?
	   How can I use curses with Perl?
	   How can I write a GUI (X, Tk, Gtk, etc.) in Perl?
	       Tk, Wx, Gtk and Gtk2, Win32::GUI, CamelBones, Qt, Athena

	   How can I make my Perl program run faster?
	   How can I make my Perl program take less memory?
	       Don't slurp!, Use map and grep selectively, Avoid unnecessary quotes and stringi-
	       fication, Pass by reference, Tie large variables to disk

	   Is it safe to return a reference to local or lexical data?
	   How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?
	   How can I make my CGI script more efficient?
	   How can I hide the source for my Perl program?
	   How can I compile my Perl program into byte code or C?
	   How can I get "#!perl" to work on [MS-DOS,NT,...]?
	   Can I write useful Perl programs on the command line?
	   Why don't Perl one-liners work on my DOS/Mac/VMS system?
	   Where can I learn about CGI or Web programming in Perl?
	   Where can I learn about object-oriented Perl programming?
	   Where can I learn about linking C with Perl?
	   I've read perlembed, perlguts, etc., but I can't embed perl in my C program; what am I
	   doing wrong?
	   When I tried to run my script, I got this message. What does it mean?
	   What's MakeMaker?
       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlfaq4 - Data Manipulation

       DESCRIPTION
       Data: Numbers
	   Why am I getting long decimals (eg, 19.9499999999999) instead of the numbers I should
	   be getting (eg, 19.95)?
	   Why is int() broken?
	   Why isn't my octal data interpreted correctly?
	   Does Perl have a round() function?  What about ceil() and floor()? Trig functions?
	   How do I convert between numeric representations/bases/radixes?
	       How do I convert hexadecimal into decimal, How do I convert from decimal to hexa-
	       decimal, How do I convert from octal to decimal, How do I convert from decimal to
	       octal, How do I convert from binary to decimal, How do I convert from decimal to
	       binary

	   Why doesn't & work the way I want it to?
	   How do I multiply matrices?
	   How do I perform an operation on a series of integers?
	   How can I output Roman numerals?
	   Why aren't my random numbers random?
	   How do I get a random number between X and Y?
       Data: Dates
	   How do I find the day or week of the year?
	   How do I find the current century or millennium?
	   How can I compare two dates and find the difference?
	   How can I take a string and turn it into epoch seconds?
	   How can I find the Julian Day?
	   How do I find yesterday's date?
	   Does Perl have a Year 2000 problem? Is Perl Y2K compliant?
       Data: Strings
	   How do I validate input?
	   How do I unescape a string?
	   How do I remove consecutive pairs of characters?
	   How do I expand function calls in a string?
	   How do I find matching/nesting anything?
	   How do I reverse a string?
	   How do I expand tabs in a string?
	   How do I reformat a paragraph?
	   How can I access or change N characters of a string?
	   How do I change the Nth occurrence of something?
	   How can I count the number of occurrences of a substring within a string?
	   How do I capitalize all the words on one line?
	   How can I split a [character] delimited string except when inside [character]?
	   How do I strip blank space from the beginning/end of a string?
	   How do I pad a string with blanks or pad a number with zeroes?
	   How do I extract selected columns from a string?
	   How do I find the soundex value of a string?
	   How can I expand variables in text strings?
	   What's wrong with always quoting "$vars"?
	   Why don't my <<HERE documents work?
	       There must be no space after the << part, There (probably) should be a semicolon
	       at the end, You can't (easily) have any space in front of the tag

       Data: Arrays
	   What is the difference between a list and an array?
	   What is the difference between $array[1] and @array[1]?
	   How can I remove duplicate elements from a list or array?
	   How can I tell whether a certain element is contained in a list or array?
	   How do I compute the difference of two arrays?  How do I compute the intersection of
	   two arrays?
	   How do I test whether two arrays or hashes are equal?
	   How do I find the first array element for which a condition is true?
	   How do I handle linked lists?
	   How do I handle circular lists?
	   How do I shuffle an array randomly?
	   How do I process/modify each element of an array?
	   How do I select a random element from an array?
	   How do I permute N elements of a list?
	   How do I sort an array by (anything)?
	   How do I manipulate arrays of bits?
	   Why does defined() return true on empty arrays and hashes?
       Data: Hashes (Associative Arrays)
	   How do I process an entire hash?
	   What happens if I add or remove keys from a hash while iterating over it?
	   How do I look up a hash element by value?
	   How can I know how many entries are in a hash?
	   How do I sort a hash (optionally by value instead of key)?
	   How can I always keep my hash sorted?
	   What's the difference between "delete" and "undef" with hashes?
	   Why don't my tied hashes make the defined/exists distinction?
	   How do I reset an each() operation part-way through?
	   How can I get the unique keys from two hashes?
	   How can I store a multidimensional array in a DBM file?
	   How can I make my hash remember the order I put elements into it?
	   Why does passing a subroutine an undefined element in a hash create it?
	   How can I make the Perl equivalent of a C structure/C++ class/hash or array of hashes
	   or arrays?
	   How can I use a reference as a hash key?
       Data: Misc
	   How do I handle binary data correctly?
	   How do I determine whether a scalar is a number/whole/integer/float?
	   How do I keep persistent data across program calls?
	   How do I print out or copy a recursive data structure?
	   How do I define methods for every class/object?
	   How do I verify a credit card checksum?
	   How do I pack arrays of doubles or floats for XS code?
       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlfaq5 - Files and Formats

       DESCRIPTION
	   How do I flush/unbuffer an output filehandle?  Why must I do this?
	   How do I change, delete, or insert a line in a file, or append to the beginning of a
	   file?
	   How do I count the number of lines in a file?
	   How can I use Perl's "-i" option from within a program?
	   How can I copy a file?
	   How do I make a temporary file name?
	   How can I manipulate fixed-record-length files?
	   How can I make a filehandle local to a subroutine?  How do I pass filehandles between
	   subroutines?  How do I make an array of filehandles?
	   How can I use a filehandle indirectly?
	   How can I set up a footer format to be used with write()?
	   How can I write() into a string?
	   How can I open a filehandle to a string? , , ,
	   How can I output my numbers with commas added?
	   How can I translate tildes (~) in a filename?
	   How come when I open a file read-write it wipes it out?
	   Why do I sometimes get an "Argument list too long" when I use <*>?
	   Is there a leak/bug in glob()?
	   How can I open a file with a leading ">" or trailing blanks?
	   How can I reliably rename a file?
	   How can I lock a file?
	   Why can't I just open(FH, ">file.lock")?
	   I still don't get locking.  I just want to increment the number in the file.  How can
	   I do this?
	   All I want to do is append a small amount of text to the end of a file.  Do I still
	   have to use locking?
	   How do I randomly update a binary file?
	   How do I get a file's timestamp in perl?
	   How do I set a file's timestamp in perl?
	   How do I print to more than one file at once?
	   How can I read in an entire file all at once?
	   How can I read in a file by paragraphs?
	   How can I read a single character from a file?  From the keyboard?
	   How can I tell whether there's a character waiting on a filehandle?
	   How do I do a "tail -f" in perl?
	   How do I dup() a filehandle in Perl?
	   How do I close a file descriptor by number?
	   Why can't I use "C:\temp\foo" in DOS paths?	Why doesn't `C:\temp\foo.exe` work?
	   Why doesn't glob("*.*") get all the files?
	   Why does Perl let me delete read-only files?  Why does "-i" clobber protected files?
	   Isn't this a bug in Perl?
	   How do I select a random line from a file?
	   Why do I get weird spaces when I print an array of lines?
       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions

       DESCRIPTION
	   How can I hope to use regular expressions without creating illegible and unmaintain-
	   able code?
	       Comments Outside the Regex, Comments Inside the Regex, Different Delimiters

	   I'm having trouble matching over more than one line.  What's wrong?
	   How can I pull out lines between two patterns that are themselves on different lines?
	   I put a regular expression into $/ but it didn't work. What's wrong?
	   How do I substitute case insensitively on the LHS while preserving case on the RHS?
	   How can I make "\w" match national character sets?
	   How can I match a locale-smart version of "/[a-zA-Z]/"?
	   How can I quote a variable to use in a regex?
	   What is "/o" really for?
	   How do I use a regular expression to strip C style comments from a file?
	   Can I use Perl regular expressions to match balanced text?
	   What does it mean that regexes are greedy?  How can I get around it?
	   How do I process each word on each line?
	   How can I print out a word-frequency or line-frequency summary?
	   How can I do approximate matching?
	   How do I efficiently match many regular expressions at once?
	   Why don't word-boundary searches with "\b" work for me?
	   Why does using $&, $`, or $' slow my program down?
	   What good is "\G" in a regular expression?
	   Are Perl regexes DFAs or NFAs?  Are they POSIX compliant?
	   What's wrong with using grep in a void context?
	   How can I match strings with multibyte characters?
	       Martian"
	   How do I match a regular expression that's in a variable? ,
       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlfaq7 - General Perl Language Issues

       DESCRIPTION
	   Can I get a BNF/yacc/RE for the Perl language?
	   What are all these $@%&* punctuation signs, and how do I know when to use them?
	   Do I always/never have to quote my strings or use semicolons and commas?
	   How do I skip some return values?
	   How do I temporarily block warnings?
	   What's an extension?
	   Why do Perl operators have different precedence than C operators?
	   How do I declare/create a structure?
	   How do I create a module?
	   How do I adopt or take over a module already on CPAN?
	   How do I create a class?
	   How can I tell if a variable is tainted?
	   What's a closure?
	   What is variable suicide and how can I prevent it?
	   How can I pass/return a {Function, FileHandle, Array, Hash, Method, Regex}?
	       Passing Variables and Functions, Passing Filehandles, Passing Regexes, Passing
	       Methods

	   How do I create a static variable?
	   What's the difference between dynamic and lexical (static) scoping? Between local()
	   and my()?
	   How can I access a dynamic variable while a similarly named lexical is in scope?
	   What's the difference between deep and shallow binding?
	   Why doesn't "my($foo) = <FILE>;" work right?
	   How do I redefine a builtin function, operator, or method?
	   What's the difference between calling a function as &foo and foo()?
	   How do I create a switch or case statement?
	   How can I catch accesses to undefined variables, functions, or methods?
	   Why can't a method included in this same file be found?
	   How can I find out my current package?
	   How can I comment out a large block of perl code?
	   How do I clear a package?
	   How can I use a variable as a variable name?
	   What does "bad interpreter" mean?
       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlfaq8 - System Interaction

       DESCRIPTION
	   How do I find out which operating system I'm running under?
	   How come exec() doesn't return?
	   How do I do fancy stuff with the keyboard/screen/mouse?
	       Keyboard, Screen, Mouse

	   How do I print something out in color?
	   How do I read just one key without waiting for a return key?
	   How do I check whether input is ready on the keyboard?
	   How do I clear the screen?
	   How do I get the screen size?
	   How do I ask the user for a password?
	   How do I read and write the serial port?
	       lockfiles, open mode, end of line, flushing output, non-blocking input

	   How do I decode encrypted password files?
	   How do I start a process in the background?
	       STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR are shared, Signals, Zombies

	   How do I trap control characters/signals?
	   How do I modify the shadow password file on a Unix system?
	   How do I set the time and date?
	   How can I sleep() or alarm() for under a second?
	   How can I measure time under a second?
	   How can I do an atexit() or setjmp()/longjmp()? (Exception handling)
	   Why doesn't my sockets program work under System V (Solaris)?  What does the error
	   message "Protocol not supported" mean?
	   How can I call my system's unique C functions from Perl?
	   Where do I get the include files to do ioctl() or syscall()?
	   Why do setuid perl scripts complain about kernel problems?
	   How can I open a pipe both to and from a command?
	   Why can't I get the output of a command with system()?
	   How can I capture STDERR from an external command?
	   Why doesn't open() return an error when a pipe open fails?
	   What's wrong with using backticks in a void context?
	   How can I call backticks without shell processing?
	   Why can't my script read from STDIN after I gave it EOF (^D on Unix, ^Z on MS-DOS)?
	   How can I convert my shell script to perl?
	   Can I use perl to run a telnet or ftp session?
	   How can I write expect in Perl?
	   Is there a way to hide perl's command line from programs such as "ps"?
	   I {changed directory, modified my environment} in a perl script. How come the change
	   disappeared when I exited the script?  How do I get my changes to be visible?
	       Unix

	   How do I close a process's filehandle without waiting for it to complete?
	   How do I fork a daemon process?
	   How do I find out if I'm running interactively or not?
	   How do I timeout a slow event?
	   How do I set CPU limits?
	   How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system?
	   How do I use an SQL database?
	   How do I make a system() exit on control-C?
	   How do I open a file without blocking?
	   How do I tell the difference between errors from the shell and perl?
	   How do I install a module from CPAN?
	   What's the difference between require and use?
	   How do I keep my own module/library directory?
	   How do I add the directory my program lives in to the module/library search path?
	   How do I add a directory to my include path (@INC) at runtime?
	       the PERLLIB environment variable, the PERL5LIB environment variable, the perl
	       -Idir command line flag, the use lib pragma:

	   What is socket.ph and where do I get it?
       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlfaq9 - Networking

       DESCRIPTION
	   What is the correct form of response from a CGI script?
	   My CGI script runs from the command line but not the browser.  (500 Server Error)
	   How can I get better error messages from a CGI program?
	   How do I remove HTML from a string?
	   How do I extract URLs?
	   How do I download a file from the user's machine?  How do I open a file on another
	   machine?
	   How do I make an HTML pop-up menu with Perl?
	   How do I fetch an HTML file?
	   How do I automate an HTML form submission?
	   How do I decode or create those %-encodings on the web?
	   How do I redirect to another page?
	   How do I put a password on my web pages?
	   How do I edit my .htpasswd and .htgroup files with Perl?
	   How do I make sure users can't enter values into a form that cause my CGI script to do
	   bad things?
	   How do I parse a mail header?
	   How do I decode a CGI form?
	   How do I check a valid mail address?
	   How do I decode a MIME/BASE64 string?
	   How do I return the user's mail address?
	   How do I send mail?
	   How do I use MIME to make an attachment to a mail message?
	   How do I read mail?
	   How do I find out my hostname, domainname, or IP address?
	       gethostbyname, Socket, Net::Domain, Sys::Hostname"
	   How do I fetch a news article or the active newsgroups?
	   How do I fetch/put an FTP file?
	   How can I do RPC in Perl?
       REVISION
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlsyn - Perl syntax

       DESCRIPTION
	   Declarations
	   Comments
	   Simple Statements
	   Truth and Falsehood
	   Statement Modifiers
	   Compound Statements
	   Loop Control
	   For Loops
	   Foreach Loops
	   Basic BLOCKs and Switch Statements
	   Goto
	   PODs: Embedded Documentation
	   Plain Old Comments (Not!)

       perldata - Perl data types

       DESCRIPTION
	   Variable names
	   Context
	   Scalar values
	   Scalar value constructors
	   List value constructors
	   Subscripts
	   Slices
	   Typeglobs and Filehandles
       SEE ALSO

       perlop - Perl operators and precedence

       DESCRIPTION
	   Operator Precedence and Associativity
	   Terms and List Operators (Leftward)
	   The Arrow Operator
	   Auto-increment and Auto-decrement
	   Exponentiation
	   Symbolic Unary Operators
	   Binding Operators
	   Multiplicative Operators
	   Additive Operators
	   Shift Operators
	   Named Unary Operators
	   Relational Operators
	   Equality Operators
	   Bitwise And
	   Bitwise Or and Exclusive Or
	   C-style Logical And
	   C-style Logical Or
	   Range Operators
	   Conditional Operator
	   Assignment Operators
	   Comma Operator
	   List Operators (Rightward)
	   Logical Not
	   Logical And
	   Logical or and Exclusive Or
	       err operator, logical, defined or operator, logical, exclusive or or xor err"
	   C Operators Missing From Perl
	       unary &, unary *, (TYPE)

	   Quote and Quote-like Operators
	   Regexp Quote-Like Operators
	       qr/STRING/msixo	    , m/PATTERN/msixogc

		     , /PATTERN/msixogc, The empty pattern //, Matching in list context, \G
	       assertion, ?PATTERN? , s/PATTERN/REPLACEMENT/msixogce

	   Quote-Like Operators
	       q/STRING/    , 'STRING', qq/STRING/
		 , "STRING", qx/STRING/ , `STRING`, qw/STRING/	 , tr/SEARCHLIST/REPLACE-
	       MENTLIST/cds , y/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cds, <<EOF
		, Double Quotes, Single Quotes, Backticks

	   Gory details of parsing quoted constructs
	       Finding the end, Interpolation , "<<'EOF'",  "m''", the pattern of "s'''", '',
	       "q//", "tr'''", "y'''", the replacement of "s'''", "tr///", "y///", "", ``,
	       "qq//", "qx//", "<file*glob>", "<<"EOF"", the replacement of "s///", "RE" in
	       "?RE?", "/RE/", "m/RE/", "s/RE/foo/",, parsing regular expressions , Optimization
	       of regular expressions

	   I/O Operators
	   Constant Folding
	   No-ops
	   Bitwise String Operators
	   Integer Arithmetic
	   Floating-point Arithmetic
	   Bigger Numbers

       perlsub - Perl subroutines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Private Variables via my()
	   Persistent Private Variables
	   Temporary Values via local()
	   Lvalue subroutines
	       Lvalue subroutines are EXPERIMENTAL

	   Passing Symbol Table Entries (typeglobs)
	   When to Still Use local()
	   Pass by Reference
	   Prototypes
	   Constant Functions
	   Overriding Built-in Functions
	   Autoloading
	   Subroutine Attributes
       SEE ALSO

       perlfunc - Perl builtin functions

       DESCRIPTION
	   Perl Functions by Category
	       Functions for SCALARs or strings   , Regular expressions and pattern matching   ,
	       Numeric functions    , Functions for real @ARRAYs , Functions for list data ,
	       Functions for real %HASHes , Input and output functions
		 , Functions for fixed length data or records, Functions for filehandles, files,
	       or directories
		  , Keywords related to the control flow of your Perl program , Keywords related
	       to scoping, Miscellaneous functions, Functions for processes and process groups
		 , Keywords related to perl modules , Keywords related to classes and object-ori-
	       entation
		, Low-level socket functions  , System V interprocess communication functions
		 , Fetching user and group info
		     , Fetching network info , Time-related functions  , Functions new in perl5 ,
	       Functions obsoleted in perl5

	   Portability
	   Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
	       -X FILEHANDLE

	       , -X EXPR, -X DIRHANDLE, -X, abs VALUE  , abs, accept NEWSOCKET,GENERICSOCKET ,
	       alarm SECONDS , alarm, atan2 Y,X    , bind SOCKET,NAME , binmode FILEHANDLE, LAYER
		, binmode FILEHANDLE, bless REF,CLASSNAME , bless REF, caller EXPR    , caller,
	       chdir EXPR   , chdir FILEHANDLE, chdir DIRHANDLE, chdir, chmod LIST   , chomp
	       VARIABLE
		   , chomp( LIST ), chomp, chop VARIABLE , chop( LIST ), chop, chown LIST
		 , chr NUMBER , chr, chroot FILENAME  , chroot, close FILEHANDLE , close,
	       closedir DIRHANDLE , connect SOCKET,NAME , continue BLOCK , cos EXPR
		 , cos, crypt PLAINTEXT,SALT

		 , dbmclose HASH , dbmopen HASH,DBNAME,MASK	, defined EXPR
		 , defined, delete EXPR , die LIST
		    , do BLOCK , do SUBROUTINE(LIST) , do EXPR , dump LABEL
		, dump, each HASH  , eof FILEHANDLE   , eof (), eof, eval EXPR

	       , eval BLOCK, eval, exec LIST  , exec PROGRAM LIST, exists EXPR	, exit EXPR
		 , exit, exp EXPR
		 , exp, fcntl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , fileno FILEHANDLE , flock FILEHAN-
	       DLE,OPERATION
		, fork	 , format , formline PICTURE,LIST , getc FILEHANDLE
		, getc, getlogin  , getpeername SOCKET	, getpgrp PID  , getppid   , getpriority
	       WHICH,WHO
		, getpwnam NAME

		 , getgrnam NAME, gethostbyname NAME, getnetbyname NAME, getprotobyname NAME,
	       getpwuid UID, getgrgid GID, getservbyname NAME,PROTO, gethostbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE,
	       getnetbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport PORT,PROTO,
	       getpwent, getgrent, gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, setpwent, set-
	       grent, sethostent STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent
	       STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent, get-
	       sockname SOCKET , getsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME , glob EXPR
		, glob, gmtime EXPR , gmtime, goto LABEL   , goto EXPR, goto &NAME, grep BLOCK
	       LIST , grep EXPR,LIST, hex EXPR , hex, import LIST , index STR,SUBSTR,POSITION
		 , index STR,SUBSTR, int EXPR
		 , int, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , join EXPR,LIST , keys HASH  , kill
	       SIGNAL, LIST  , last LABEL  , last, lc EXPR , lc, lcfirst EXPR  , lcfirst, length
	       EXPR  , length, link OLDFILE,NEWFILE , listen SOCKET,QUEUESIZE , local EXPR ,
	       localtime EXPR
		, localtime, lock THING , log EXPR
		  , log, lstat EXPR , lstat, m//, map BLOCK LIST , map EXPR,LIST, mkdir FILE-
	       NAME,MASK , mkdir FILENAME, msgctl ID,CMD,ARG , msgget KEY,FLAGS , msgrcv
	       ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS , msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS , my EXPR , my TYPE EXPR, my EXPR :
	       ATTRS, my TYPE EXPR : ATTRS, next LABEL	, next, no Module VERSION LIST , no Mod-
	       ule VERSION, no Module LIST, no Module, oct EXPR
		   , oct, open FILEHANDLE,EXPR
		  , open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR,LIST, open FILEHAN-
	       DLE,MODE,REFERENCE, open FILEHANDLE, opendir DIRHANDLE,EXPR , ord EXPR  , ord, our
	       EXPR  , our EXPR TYPE, our EXPR : ATTRS, our TYPE EXPR : ATTRS, pack TEMPLATE,LIST
	       , package NAMESPACE , package, pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE , pop ARRAY
		, pop, pos SCALAR  , pos, print FILEHANDLE LIST , print LIST, print, printf FILE-
	       HANDLE FORMAT, LIST , printf FORMAT, LIST, prototype FUNCTION , push ARRAY,LIST	,
	       q/STRING/, qq/STRING/, qx/STRING/, qw/STRING/, qr/STRING/, quotemeta EXPR  ,
	       quotemeta, rand EXPR  , rand, read FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , read FILEHAN-
	       DLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, readdir DIRHANDLE , readline EXPR   , readlink EXPR , readlink,
	       readpipe EXPR , recv SOCKET,SCALAR,LENGTH,FLAGS , redo LABEL , redo, ref EXPR  ,
	       ref, rename OLDNAME,NEWNAME    , require VERSION , require EXPR, require, reset
	       EXPR , reset, return EXPR , return, reverse LIST   , rewinddir DIRHANDLE , rindex
	       STR,SUBSTR,POSITION , rindex STR,SUBSTR, rmdir FILENAME	 , rmdir, s///, scalar
	       EXPR  , seek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE
		 , seekdir DIRHANDLE,POS , select FILEHANDLE  , select, select
	       RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT , semctl ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG , semget KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS ,
	       semop KEY,OPSTRING , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS,TO , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS, setpgrp
	       PID,PGRP
		, setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY
		 , setsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL , shift ARRAY , shift, shmctl
	       ID,CMD,ARG , shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS , shmread ID,VAR,POS,SIZE , shmwrite
	       ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, shutdown SOCKET,HOW , sin EXPR    , sin, sleep EXPR , sleep,
	       socket SOCKET,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , socketpair SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTO-
	       COL , sort SUBNAME LIST
		  , sort BLOCK LIST, sort LIST, splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH,LIST , splice
	       ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH, splice ARRAY,OFFSET, splice ARRAY, split /PATTERN/,EXPR,LIMIT
	       , split /PATTERN/,EXPR, split /PATTERN/, split, sprintf FORMAT, LIST , format
	       parameter index, flags, vector flag, (minimum) width, precision, or maximum width
	       , size, order of arguments, sqrt EXPR   , sqrt, srand EXPR , srand, stat FILEHAN-
	       DLE   , stat EXPR, stat DIRHANDLE, stat, study SCALAR , study, sub NAME BLOCK ,
	       sub NAME (PROTO) BLOCK, sub NAME : ATTRS BLOCK, sub NAME (PROTO) : ATTRS BLOCK,
	       substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,REPLACEMENT
		 , substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH, substr EXPR,OFFSET, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE    ,
	       syscall NUMBER, LIST  , sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE , sysopen FILEHAN-
	       DLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, sysread FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , sysread FILE-
	       HANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, sysseek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE  , system LIST , system
	       PROGRAM LIST, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , syswrite FILEHAN-
	       DLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR, tell FILEHANDLE , tell, telldir
	       DIRHANDLE , tie VARIABLE,CLASSNAME,LIST , tied VARIABLE , time , times , tr///,
	       truncate FILEHANDLE,LENGTH , truncate EXPR,LENGTH, uc EXPR   , uc, ucfirst EXPR	,
	       ucfirst, umask EXPR , umask, undef EXPR	, undef, unlink LIST
		, unlink, unpack TEMPLATE,EXPR , untie VARIABLE , unshift ARRAY,LIST , use Module
	       VERSION LIST
		, use Module VERSION, use Module LIST, use Module, use VERSION, utime LIST , val-
	       ues HASH , vec EXPR,OFFSET,BITS
		 , wait , waitpid PID,FLAGS , wantarray  , warn LIST   , write FILEHANDLE , write
	       EXPR, write, y/// symbolic syscall system call sysopen sysread sysseek lseek sys-
	       tem shell syswrite tell telldir tie tied time epoch times truncate uc uppercase
	       toupper ucfirst uppercase umask undef undefine unlink delete remove rm del unpack
	       untie unshift use module import utime values vec bit bit vector wait waitpid wan-
	       tarray context warn warning STDERR write"

       perlopentut - tutorial on opening things in Perl

       DESCRIPTION
       Open A la shell
	   Simple Opens
	   Indirect Filehandles
	   Pipe Opens
	   The Minus File
	   Mixing Reads and Writes
	   Filters
       Open A la C
	   Permissions A la mode
       Obscure Open Tricks
	   Re-Opening Files (dups)
	   Dispelling the Dweomer
	   Paths as Opens
	   Single Argument Open
	   Playing with STDIN and STDOUT
       Other I/O Issues
	   Opening Non-File Files
	   Opening Named Pipes
	   Opening Sockets
	   Binary Files
	   File Locking
	   IO Layers
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT
       HISTORY

       perlpacktut - tutorial on "pack" and "unpack"

       DESCRIPTION
       The Basic Principle
       Packing Text
       Packing Numbers
	   Integers
	   Unpacking a Stack Frame
	   How to Eat an Egg on a Net
	   Floating point Numbers
       Exotic Templates
	   Bit Strings
	   Uuencoding
	   Doing Sums
	   Unicode
	   Another Portable Binary Encoding
       Template Grouping
       Lengths and Widths
	   String Lengths
	   Dynamic Templates
	   Counting Repetitions
       Packing and Unpacking C Structures
	   The Alignment Pit
	   Alignment, Take 2
	   Alignment, Take 3
	   Pointers for How to Use Them
       Pack Recipes
       Funnies Section
       Authors

       perlpod - the Plain Old Documentation format

       DESCRIPTION
	   Ordinary Paragraph
	   Verbatim Paragraph
	   Command Paragraph
	       "=head1 Heading Text"
		 , "=head2 Heading Text", "=head3 Heading Text", "=head4 Heading Text", "=over
	       indentlevel"
		   , "=item stuff...", "=back", "=cut"	, "=pod"  , "=begin formatname"
		    , "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...", "=encoding encodingname"

	   Formatting Codes
	       "I<text>" -- italic text    , "B<text>" -- bold text
		, "C<code>" -- code text
		 , "L<name>" -- a hyperlink , "E<escape>" -- a character escape
		, "F<filename>" -- used for filenames , "S<text>" -- text contains non-breaking
	       spaces
		  , "X<topic name>" -- an index entry
		, "Z<>" -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code code, italic italic B B<> POD,
	       formatting code, bold bold C C<> POD, formatting code, code code L L<> POD, for-
	       matting code, hyperlink hyperlink E E<> POD, formatting code, escape escape F F<>
	       POD, formatting code, filename filename S S<> POD, formatting code, non-breaking
	       space non-breaking space X X<> POD, formatting code, index entry index entry Z Z<>
	       POD, formatting code, null null"

	   The Intent
	   Embedding Pods in Perl Modules
	   Hints for Writing Pod

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       perlpodspec - Plain Old Documentation: format specification and notes

       DESCRIPTION
       Pod Definitions
       Pod Commands
	   "=head1", "=head2", "=head3", "=head4", "=pod", "=cut", "=over", "=item", "=back",
	   "=begin formatname", "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...", "=encoding encod-
	   ingname"

       Pod Formatting Codes
	   "I<text>" -- italic text, "B<text>" -- bold text, "C<code>" -- code text, "F<file-
	   name>" -- style for filenames, "X<topic name>" -- an index entry, "Z<>" -- a null
	   (zero-effect) formatting code, "L<name>" -- a hyperlink, "E<escape>" -- a character
	   escape, "S<text>" -- text contains non-breaking spaces

       Notes on Implementing Pod Processors
       About L<...> Codes
	   First:, Second:, Third:, Fourth:, Fifth:, Sixth:

       About =over...=back Regions
       About Data Paragraphs and "=begin/=end" Regions
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       perlrun - how to execute the Perl interpreter

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   #! and quoting on non-Unix systems
	       OS/2, MS-DOS, Win95/NT, Macintosh, VMS

	   Location of Perl
	   Command Switches
	       -0[octal/hexadecimal]  , -a  , -C [number/list] , -c , -d  , -dt, -d:foo[=bar,baz]
	       , -dt:foo[=bar,baz], -Dletters	, -Dnumber, -e commandline , -f , -Fpattern , -h
	       , -i[extension]	, -Idirectory  , -l[octnum]   , -m[-]module  , -M[-]module,
	       -M[-]'module ...', -[mM][-]module=arg[,arg]..., -n , -p , -P , -s , -S , -t , -T ,
	       -u , -U , -v , -V , -V:configvar, -w , -W , -X , -x , -xdirectory

       ENVIRONMENT
	   HOME , LOGDIR , PATH , PERL5LIB , PERL5OPT , PERLIO , :bytes , :crlf , :mmap , :perlio
	   , :pop , :raw , :stdio , :unix , :utf8 , :win32 , PERLIO_DEBUG , PERLLIB , PERL5DB ,
	   PERL5DB_THREADED , PERL5SHELL (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_ALLOW_NON_IFS_LSP
	   (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS , PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL , PERL_DL_NON-
	   LAZY , PERL_ENCODING , PERL_HASH_SEED , PERL_HASH_SEED_DEBUG , PERL_ROOT (specific to
	   the VMS port) , PERL_SIGNALS , PERL_UNICODE , SYS$LOGIN (specific to the VMS port)

       perldiag - various Perl diagnostics

       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       perllexwarn - Perl Lexical Warnings

       DESCRIPTION
	   Default Warnings and Optional Warnings
	   What's wrong with -w and $^W
	   Controlling Warnings from the Command Line
	       -w , -W , -X

	   Backward Compatibility
	   Category Hierarchy
	   Fatal Warnings
	   Reporting Warnings from a Module
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       perldebug - Perl debugging

       DESCRIPTION
       The Perl Debugger
	   Calling the debugger
	       perl -d program_name, perl -d -e 0, perl -d:Ptkdb program_name, perl -dt
	       threaded_program_name

	   Debugger Commands
	       h , h [command], h h, p expr , x [maxdepth] expr , V [pkg [vars]] , X [vars] , y
	       [level [vars]] , T   , s [expr]	, n [expr] , r , <CR>, c [line|sub] , l , l
	       min+incr, l min-max, l line, l subname, - , v [line] , . , f filename , /pattern/,
	       ?pattern?, L [abw] , S [[!]regex] , t , t expr , b , b [line] [condition]  , b
	       subname [condition]  , b postpone subname [condition]  , b load filename  , b com-
	       pile subname
		, B line  , B *  , a [line] command , A line , A * , w expr , W expr , W * , o ,
	       o booloption ...  , o anyoption? ... , o option=value ... , < ? , < [ command ] ,
	       < * , << command , > ? , > command , > * , >> command , { ? , { [ command ], { * ,
	       {{ command , ! number , ! -number , !  pattern , !! cmd , source file , H -number
	       , q or ^D
		, R , |dbcmd , ||dbcmd , command, m expr , M , man [manpage] command, V debugger
	       command, X debugger command, y debugger command, T backtrace stack, backtrace
	       debugger command, s step debugger command, n debugger command, r debugger command,
	       c debugger command, l debugger command, - debugger command, v debugger command, .
	       debugger command, f debugger command, L debugger command, S debugger command, t
	       debugger command, t breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint debugger command, b
	       breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint debugger
	       command, b breakpoint debugger command, b breakpoint debugger command, B break-
	       point debugger command, B debugger command, a debugger command, A debugger com-
	       mand, A debugger command, w debugger command, W debugger command, W debugger com-
	       mand, o debugger command, o debugger command, o debugger command, o debugger com-
	       mand, < debugger command, < debugger command, < debugger command, << debugger com-
	       mand, > debugger command, > debugger command, > debugger command, >> debugger com-
	       mand, { debugger command, { debugger command, {{ debugger command, ! debugger com-
	       mand, ! debugger command, ! debugger command, !! debugger command, source debugger
	       command, H debugger command, q debugger command, ^D debugger command, R debugger
	       command, | debugger command, || debugger command, m debugger command, M debugger
	       command, man"

	   Configurable Options
	       "recallCommand", "ShellBang"  , "pager" , "tkRunning" , "signalLevel", "warn-
	       Level", "dieLevel"
		 , "AutoTrace" , "LineInfo" , "inhibit_exit" , "PrintRet" , "ornaments" , "frame"
	       , "maxTraceLen" , "windowSize" , "arrayDepth", "hashDepth"  , "dumpDepth" , "com-
	       pactDump", "veryCompact" , "globPrint" , "DumpDBFiles" , "DumpPackages" ,
	       "DumpReused" , "quote", "HighBit", "undefPrint"
		, "UsageOnly" , "TTY" , "noTTY" , "ReadLine" , "NonStop" option, ShellBang debug-
	       ger option, pager debugger option, tkRunning debugger option, signalLevel debugger
	       option, warnLevel debugger option, dieLevel debugger option, AutoTrace debugger
	       option, LineInfo debugger option, inhibit_exit debugger option, PrintRet debugger
	       option, ornaments debugger option, frame debugger option, maxTraceLen debugger
	       option, windowSize debugger option, arrayDepth debugger option, hashDepth debugger
	       option, dumpDepth debugger option, compactDump debugger option, veryCompact debug-
	       ger option, globPrint debugger option, DumpDBFiles debugger option, DumpPackages
	       debugger option, DumpReused debugger option, quote debugger option, HighBit debug-
	       ger option, undefPrint debugger option, UsageOnly debugger option, TTY debugger
	       option, noTTY debugger option, ReadLine debugger option, NonStop"

	   Debugger input/output
	       Prompt, Multiline commands, Stack backtrace  , Line Listing Format, Frame listing
	       backtrace"

	   Debugging compile-time statements
	   Debugger Customization
	   Readline Support
	   Editor Support for Debugging
	   The Perl Profiler
       Debugging regular expressions
       Debugging memory usage
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS

       perlvar - Perl predefined variables

       DESCRIPTION
	   Predefined Names
	       $ARG, $_  , $a, $b  , $<digits>	 , $MATCH, $&  , $PREMATCH, $`	, $POSTMATCH, $'
	       , $LAST_PAREN_MATCH, $+	, $LAST_SUBMATCH_RESULT, $^N , @LAST_MATCH_END, @+ , $*,
	       HANDLE->input_line_number(EXPR), $INPUT_LINE_NUMBER, $NR, $.    , IO::Han-
	       dle->input_record_separator(EXPR), $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $RS, $/   , HAN-
	       DLE->autoflush(EXPR), $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH, $|    , IO::Handle->output_field_separa-
	       tor EXPR, $OUTPUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR, $OFS, $,
		 , IO::Handle->output_record_separator EXPR, $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $ORS, $\
	       , $LIST_SEPARATOR, $" , $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR, $SUBSEP, $; , $#, HANDLE->for-
	       mat_page_number(EXPR), $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER, $%  , HANDLE->for-
	       mat_lines_per_page(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE, $= , HANDLE->for-
	       mat_lines_left(EXPR), $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT, $-  , @LAST_MATCH_START, @-
		, $` is the same as "substr($var, 0, $-[0])", $& is the same as "substr($var,
	       $-[0], $+[0] - $-[0])", $' is the same as "substr($var, $+[0])", $1 is the same as
	       "substr($var, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1])", $2 is the same as "substr($var, $-[2], $+[2]
	       - $-[2])", $3 is the same as "substr($var, $-[3], $+[3] - $-[3])", HANDLE->for-
	       mat_name(EXPR), $FORMAT_NAME, $~  , HANDLE->format_top_name(EXPR), $FOR-
	       MAT_TOP_NAME, $^ , IO::Handle->format_line_break_characters EXPR, $FOR-
	       MAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS, $:  , IO::Handle->format_formfeed EXPR, $FORMAT_FORM-
	       FEED, $^L , $ACCUMULATOR, $^A  , $CHILD_ERROR, $?  , ${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE} ,
	       ${^ENCODING} , $OS_ERROR, $ERRNO, $!
		 , %OS_ERROR, %ERRNO, %! , $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR, $^E  , $EVAL_ERROR, $@ ,
	       $PROCESS_ID, $PID, $$   , $REAL_USER_ID, $UID, $<   , $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID, $EUID,
	       $>   , $REAL_GROUP_ID, $GID, $(	 , $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID, $EGID, $)   , $PRO-
	       GRAM_NAME, $0  , $[ , $] , $COMPILING, $^C  , $DEBUGGING, $^D  , $SYSTEM_FD_MAX,
	       $^F  , $^H, %^H, $INPLACE_EDIT, $^I
		, $^M , $OSNAME, $^O  , ${^OPEN}, $PERLDB, $^P	, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10,
	       0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x100, 0x200, 0x400, $LAST_REGEXP_CODE_RESULT, $^R , $EXCEP-
	       TIONS_BEING_CAUGHT, $^S , $BASETIME, $^T  , ${^TAINT}, ${^UNICODE}, ${^UTF8CACHE},
	       ${^UTF8LOCALE}, $PERL_VERSION, $^V , $WARNING, $^W  , ${^WARNING_BITS},
	       ${^WIN32_SLOPPY_STAT}, $EXECUTABLE_NAME, $^X  , ARGV , $ARGV , @ARGV , ARGVOUT ,
	       @F , @INC , @ARG, @_  , %INC , %ENV, $ENV{expr} , %SIG, $SIG{expr} number $ $RS
	       $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR $| autoflush flush $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH $, $OFS $OUT-
	       PUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR $ $ORS $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR $"" $LIST_SEPARATOR $; $SUBSEP
	       SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR $% $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER $= $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE $- $FOR-
	       MAT_LINES_LEFT @- @LAST_MATCH_START $~ $FORMAT_NAME $^ $FORMAT_TOP_NAME $: FOR-
	       MAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS $^L $FORMAT_FORMFEED $^A $ACCUMULATOR $? $CHILD_ERROR
	       $^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE $^ENCODING $! $ERRNO $OS_ERROR %! $^E $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR $@
	       $EVAL_ERROR $$ $PID $PROCESS_ID $< $UID $REAL_USER_ID $> $EUID $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID
	       $( $GID $REAL_GROUP_ID $) $EGID $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID $0 $PROGRAM_NAME $[ $] $^C
	       $COMPILING $^D $DEBUGGING $^F $SYSTEM_FD_MAX $^I $INPLACE_EDIT $^M $^O $OSNAME $^P
	       $PERLDB $^R $LAST_REGEXP_CODE_RESULT $^S $EXCEPTIONS_BEING_CAUGHT $^T $BASETIME
	       $^V $PERL_VERSION $^W $WARNING $^X $EXECUTABLE_NAME ARGV $ARGV @ARGV ARGVOUT @F
	       @INC @_ @ARG %INC %ENV %SIG"

	   Error Indicators
	   Technical Note on the Syntax of Variable Names
       BUGS

       perlre - Perl regular expressions

       DESCRIPTION
	   Modifiers
	       m    , s    , i	  , x , g and c multiline  s regex, single-line regexp, single-
	       line regular expression, single-line  i regex, case-insensitive regexp, case-
	       insensitive regular expression, case-insensitive  x  g  c"

	   Regular Expressions
	       [1], [2], [3], cntrl , graph , print , punct , xdigit

	   Extended Patterns
	       "(?#text)" , "(?imsx-imsx)" , "(?:pattern)" , "(?imsx-imsx:pattern)", "(?=pat-
	       tern)" , "(?!pattern)" , "(?<=pattern)" , "(?<!pattern)" , "(?{ code })"
		, "(??{ code })"
		     , "(?>pattern)"  , "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)" , "(?(condi-
	       tion)yes-pattern)" postponed regex, recursive regexp, recursive regular expres-
	       sion, recursive backtrack backtracking (?()"

	   Backtracking
	   Version 8 Regular Expressions
	   Warning on \1 Instead of $1
	   Repeated Patterns Matching a Zero-length Substring
	   Combining RE Pieces
	       "ST", "S|T", "S{REPEAT_COUNT}", "S{min,max}", "S{min,max}?", "S?", "S*", "S+",
	       "S??", "S*?", "S+?", "(?>S)", "(?=S)", "(?<=S)", "(?!S)", "(?<!S)", "(??{ EXPR
	       })", "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)"

	   Creating Custom RE Engines
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       perlrebackslash - Perl Regular Expression Backslash Sequences and Escapes

       DESCRIPTION
	   The backslash
	       [1]

	   All the sequences and escapes
	   Character Escapes
	       [1], [2]

	   Modifiers
	   Character classes
	   Referencing
	   Assertions
	       \A, \z, \Z, \G, \b, \B

	   Misc
	       \C, \X

       perlrecharclass - Perl Regular Expression Character Classes

       DESCRIPTION
	   The dot
	   Backslashed sequences
	   Bracketed Character Classes
	       cntrl, graph, print, punct

	   Locale, Unicode and UTF-8

       perlreref - Perl Regular Expressions Reference

       DESCRIPTION
	   OPERATORS
	   SYNTAX
	   ESCAPE SEQUENCES
	   CHARACTER CLASSES
	   ANCHORS
	   QUANTIFIERS
	   EXTENDED CONSTRUCTS
	   VARIABLES
	   FUNCTIONS
	   TERMINOLOGY
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       THANKS

       perlref - Perl references and nested data structures

       NOTE
       DESCRIPTION
	   Making References
	       1.  , 2.
		  , 3.

		 , 4.	    , 5.  , 6. , 7.  anonymous subroutine, reference reference, subrou-
	       tine scope, lexical closure lexical lexical scope constructor new autovivification
	       *foo{THING} *"

	   Using References
	   Symbolic references
	   Not-so-symbolic references
	   Pseudo-hashes: Using an array as a hash
	   Function Templates
       WARNING
       SEE ALSO

       perlform - Perl formats

       DESCRIPTION
	   Text Fields
	   Numeric Fields
	   The Field @* for Variable Width Multi-Line Text
	   The Field ^* for Variable Width One-line-at-a-time Text
	   Specifying Values
	   Using Fill Mode
	   Suppressing Lines Where All Fields Are Void
	   Repeating Format Lines
	   Top of Form Processing
	   Format Variables
       NOTES
	   Footers
	   Accessing Formatting Internals
       WARNINGS

       perlobj - Perl objects

       DESCRIPTION
	   An Object is Simply a Reference
	   A Class is Simply a Package
	   A Method is Simply a Subroutine
	   Method Invocation
	   Indirect Object Syntax
	   Default UNIVERSAL methods
	       isa(CLASS) , can(METHOD) , VERSION( [NEED] )

	   Destructors
	   Summary
	   Two-Phased Garbage Collection
       SEE ALSO

       perltie - how to hide an object class in a simple variable

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Tying Scalars
	       TIESCALAR classname, LIST , FETCH this , STORE this, value , UNTIE this , DESTROY
	       this

	   Tying Arrays
	       TIEARRAY classname, LIST , FETCH this, index , STORE this, index, value , FETCH-
	       SIZE this , STORESIZE this, count , EXTEND this, count , EXISTS this, key , DELETE
	       this, key , CLEAR this , PUSH this, LIST
		, POP this , SHIFT this , UNSHIFT this, LIST , SPLICE this, offset, length, LIST
	       , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

	   Tying Hashes
	       USER, HOME, CLOBBER, LIST, TIEHASH classname, LIST , FETCH this, key , STORE this,
	       key, value , DELETE this, key , CLEAR this , EXISTS this, key , FIRSTKEY this ,
	       NEXTKEY this, lastkey , SCALAR this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

	   Tying FileHandles
	       TIEHANDLE classname, LIST , WRITE this, LIST , PRINT this, LIST , PRINTF this,
	       LIST , READ this, LIST , READLINE this , GETC this , CLOSE this , UNTIE this ,
	       DESTROY this

	   UNTIE this
	   The "untie" Gotcha
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       perldbmfilter - Perl DBM Filters

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key, filter_fetch_value

	   The Filter
	   An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
	   Another Example -- Key is a C int.
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       perlipc - Perl interprocess communication (signals, fifos, pipes, safe subprocesses, sock-
       ets, and semaphores)

       DESCRIPTION
       Signals
	   Handling the SIGHUP Signal in Daemons
       Named Pipes
	   Deferred Signals (Safe Signals)
	       Long-running opcodes, Interrupting IO, Restartable system calls, Signals as
	       "faults", Signals triggered by operating system state

       Using open() for IPC
	   Filehandles
	   Background Processes
	   Complete Dissociation of Child from Parent
	   Safe Pipe Opens
	   Bidirectional Communication with Another Process
	   Bidirectional Communication with Yourself
       Sockets: Client/Server Communication
	   Internet Line Terminators
	   Internet TCP Clients and Servers
	   Unix-Domain TCP Clients and Servers
       TCP Clients with IO::Socket
	   A Simple Client
	       "Proto", "PeerAddr", "PeerPort"

	   A Webget Client
	   Interactive Client with IO::Socket
       TCP Servers with IO::Socket
	   Proto, LocalPort, Listen, Reuse

       UDP: Message Passing
       SysV IPC
       NOTES
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perlfork - Perl's fork() emulation

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Behavior of other Perl features in forked pseudo-processes
	       $$ or $PROCESS_ID, %ENV, chdir() and all other builtins that accept filenames,
	       wait() and waitpid(), kill(), exec(), exit(), Open handles to files, directories
	       and network sockets

	   Resource limits
	   Killing the parent process
	   Lifetime of the parent process and pseudo-processes
	   CAVEATS AND LIMITATIONS
	       BEGIN blocks, Open filehandles, Forking pipe open() not yet implemented, Global
	       state maintained by XSUBs, Interpreter embedded in larger application, Thread-
	       safety of extensions

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perlnumber - semantics of numbers and numeric operations in Perl

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Storing numbers
       Numeric operators and numeric conversions
       Flavors of Perl numeric operations
	   Arithmetic operators, ++, Arithmetic operators during "use integer", Other mathemati-
	   cal operators, Bitwise operators, Bitwise operators during "use integer", Operators
	   which expect an integer, Operators which expect a string

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perlthrtut - Tutorial on threads in Perl

       DESCRIPTION
       What Is A Thread Anyway?
       Threaded Program Models
	   Boss/Worker
	   Work Crew
	   Pipeline
       What kind of threads are Perl threads?
       Thread-Safe Modules
       Thread Basics
	   Basic Thread Support
	   A Note about the Examples
	   Creating Threads
	   Waiting For A Thread To Exit
	   Ignoring A Thread
	   Process and Thread Termination
       Threads And Data
	   Shared And Unshared Data
	   Thread Pitfalls: Races
       Synchronization and control
	   Controlling access: lock()
	   A Thread Pitfall: Deadlocks
	   Queues: Passing Data Around
	   Semaphores: Synchronizing Data Access
	   Basic semaphores
	   Advanced Semaphores
	   Waiting for a Condition
	   Giving up control
       General Thread Utility Routines
	   What Thread Am I In?
	   Thread IDs
	   Are These Threads The Same?
	   What Threads Are Running?
       A Complete Example
       Different implementations of threads
       Performance considerations
       Process-scope Changes
       Thread-Safety of System Libraries
       Conclusion
       SEE ALSO
       Bibliography
	   Introductory Texts
	   OS-Related References
	   Other References
       Acknowledgements
       AUTHOR
       Copyrights

       perlothrtut - old tutorial on threads in Perl

       DESCRIPTION
       What Is A Thread Anyway?
       Threaded Program Models
	   Boss/Worker
	   Work Crew
	   Pipeline
       Native threads
       What kind of threads are perl threads?
       Threadsafe Modules
       Thread Basics
	   Basic Thread Support
	   Creating Threads
	   Giving up control
	   Waiting For A Thread To Exit
	   Errors In Threads
	   Ignoring A Thread
       Threads And Data
	   Shared And Unshared Data
	   Thread Pitfall: Races
	   Controlling access: lock()
	   Thread Pitfall: Deadlocks
	   Queues: Passing Data Around
       Threads And Code
	   Semaphores: Synchronizing Data Access
	       Basic semaphores, Advanced Semaphores

	   Attributes: Restricting Access To Subroutines
	   Subroutine Locks
	   Methods
	   Locking A Subroutine
       General Thread Utility Routines
	   What Thread Am I In?
	   Thread IDs
	   Are These Threads The Same?
	   What Threads Are Running?
       A Complete Example
       Conclusion
       Bibliography
	   Introductory Texts
	   OS-Related References
	   Other References
       Acknowledgements
       AUTHOR
       Copyrights

       perlport - Writing portable Perl

       DESCRIPTION
	   Not all Perl programs have to be portable, Nearly all of Perl already is portable

       ISSUES
	   Newlines
	   Numbers endianness and Width
	   Files and Filesystems
	   System Interaction
	   Command names versus file pathnames
	   Networking
	   Interprocess Communication (IPC)
	   External Subroutines (XS)
	   Standard Modules
	   Time and Date
	   Character sets and character encoding
	   Internationalisation
	   System Resources
	   Security
	   Style
       CPAN Testers
       PLATFORMS
	   Unix
	   DOS and Derivatives
	   Mac OS
	   VMS
	   VOS
	   EBCDIC Platforms
	   Acorn RISC OS
	   Other perls
       FUNCTION IMPLEMENTATIONS
	   Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
	       -X, atan2 Y,X, atan2, binmode, chmod, chown, chroot, crypt, dbmclose, dbmopen,
	       dump, exec, exit, fcntl, flock, fork, getlogin, getpgrp, getppid, getpriority,
	       getpwnam, getgrnam, getnetbyname, getpwuid, getgrgid, getnetbyaddr, getprotobynum-
	       ber, getservbyport, getpwent, getgrent, gethostbyname, gethostent, getnetent, get-
	       protoent, getservent, sethostent, setnetent, setprotoent, setservent, endpwent,
	       endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent, getsockopt
	       SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME, glob, gmtime, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, kill, link,
	       localtime, lstat, msgctl, msgget, msgsnd, msgrcv, open, pipe, readlink, rename,
	       select, semctl, semget, semop, setgrent, setpgrp, setpriority, setpwent, setsock-
	       opt, shmctl, shmget, shmread, shmwrite, sockatmark, socketpair, stat, symlink,
	       syscall, sysopen, system, times, truncate, umask, utime, wait, waitpid

       Supported Platforms
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS / CONTRIBUTORS

       perllocale - Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization)

       DESCRIPTION
       PREPARING TO USE LOCALES
       USING LOCALES
	   The use locale pragma
	   The setlocale function
	   Finding locales
	   LOCALE PROBLEMS
	   Temporarily fixing locale problems
	   Permanently fixing locale problems
	   Permanently fixing your system's locale configuration
	   Fixing system locale configuration
	   The localeconv function
	   I18N::Langinfo
       LOCALE CATEGORIES
	   Category LC_COLLATE: Collation
	   Category LC_CTYPE: Character Types
	   Category LC_NUMERIC: Numeric Formatting
	   Category LC_MONETARY: Formatting of monetary amounts
	   LC_TIME
	   Other categories
       SECURITY
       ENVIRONMENT
	   PERL_BADLANG, LC_ALL, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY, LC_NUMERIC,
	   LC_TIME, LANG

	   Examples
       NOTES
	   Backward compatibility
	   I18N:Collate obsolete
	   Sort speed and memory use impacts
	   write() and LC_NUMERIC
	   Freely available locale definitions
	   I18n and l10n
	   An imperfect standard
       Unicode and UTF-8
       BUGS
	   Broken systems
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perluniintro - Perl Unicode introduction

       DESCRIPTION
	   Unicode
	   Perl's Unicode Support
	   Perl's Unicode Model
	   Unicode and EBCDIC
	   Creating Unicode
	   Handling Unicode
	   Legacy Encodings
	   Unicode I/O
	   Displaying Unicode As Text
	   Special Cases
	   Advanced Topics
	   Miscellaneous
	   Questions With Answers
	   Hexadecimal Notation
	   Further Resources
       UNICODE IN OLDER PERLS
       SEE ALSO
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT, AND LICENSE

       perlunicode - Unicode support in Perl

       DESCRIPTION
	   Important Caveats
	       Input and Output Layers, Regular Expressions, "use utf8" still needed to enable
	       UTF-8/UTF-EBCDIC in scripts, BOM-marked scripts and UTF-16 scripts autodetected,
	       "use encoding" needed to upgrade non-Latin-1 byte strings

	   Byte and Character Semantics
	   Effects of Character Semantics
	   Unicode Character Properties
	       General Category, Bidirectional Character Types, Scripts, Extended property
	       classes, Use of "Is" Prefix, Blocks

	   User-Defined Character Properties
	   User-Defined Case Mappings
	   Character Encodings for Input and Output
	   Unicode Regular Expression Support Level
	   Unicode Encodings
	   Security Implications of Unicode
	   Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC
	   Locales
	   When Unicode Does Not Happen
	   Forcing Unicode in Perl (Or Unforcing Unicode in Perl)
	   Using Unicode in XS
       BUGS
	   Interaction with Locales
	   Interaction with Extensions
	   Speed
	   Porting code from perl-5.6.X
       SEE ALSO

       perlunifaq - Perl Unicode FAQ

       Q and A
	   perlunitut isn't really a Unicode tutorial, is it?
	   What character encodings does Perl support?
	   Which version of perl should I use?
	   What about binary data, like images?
	   When should I decode or encode?
	   What if I don't decode?
	   What if I don't encode?
	   Is there a way to automatically decode or encode?
	   What if I don't know which encoding was used?
	   Can I use Unicode in my Perl sources?
	   Data::Dumper doesn't restore the UTF8 flag; is it broken?
	   Why do regex character classes sometimes match only in the ASCII range?
	   Why do some characters not uppercase or lowercase correctly?
	   How can I determine if a string is a text string or a binary string?
	   How do I convert from encoding FOO to encoding BAR?
	   What are "decode_utf8" and "encode_utf8"?
	   What is a "wide character"?
       INTERNALS
	   What is "the UTF8 flag"?
	   What about the "use bytes" pragma?
	   What about the "use encoding" pragma?
	   What is the difference between ":encoding" and ":utf8"?
	   What's the difference between "UTF-8" and "utf8"?
	   I lost track; what encoding is the internal format really?
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perlunitut - Perl Unicode Tutorial

       DESCRIPTION
	   Definitions
	   Your new toolkit
	   I/O flow (the actual 5 minute tutorial)
       SUMMARY
       Q and A (or FAQ)
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perlebcdic - Considerations for running Perl on EBCDIC platforms

       DESCRIPTION
       COMMON CHARACTER CODE SETS
	   ASCII
	   ISO 8859
	   Latin 1 (ISO 8859-1)
	   EBCDIC
	   13 variant characters
	   0037
	   1047
	   POSIX-BC
	   Unicode code points versus EBCDIC code points
	   Remaining Perl Unicode problems in EBCDIC
	   Unicode and UTF
	   Using Encode
       SINGLE OCTET TABLES
	   recipe 0, recipe 1, recipe 2, recipe 3, recipe 4, recipe 5, recipe 6

       IDENTIFYING CHARACTER CODE SETS
       CONVERSIONS
	   tr///
	   iconv
	   C RTL
       OPERATOR DIFFERENCES
       FUNCTION DIFFERENCES
	   chr(), ord(), pack(), print(), printf(), sort(), sprintf(), unpack()

       REGULAR EXPRESSION DIFFERENCES
       SOCKETS
       SORTING
	   Ignore ASCII vs. EBCDIC sort differences.
	   MONO CASE then sort data.
	   Convert, sort data, then re convert.
	   Perform sorting on one type of machine only.
       TRANSFORMATION FORMATS
	   URL decoding and encoding
	   uu encoding and decoding
	   Quoted-Printable encoding and decoding
	   Caesarian ciphers
       Hashing order and checksums
       I18N AND L10N
       MULTI OCTET CHARACTER SETS
       OS ISSUES
	   OS/400
	       PASE, IFS access

	   OS/390, z/OS
	       chcp, dataset access, OS/390, z/OS iconv, locales

	   VM/ESA?
	   POSIX-BC?
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       REFERENCES
       HISTORY
       AUTHOR

       perlsec - Perl security

       DESCRIPTION
	   Laundering and Detecting Tainted Data
	   Switches On the "#!" Line
	   Taint mode and @INC
	   Cleaning Up Your Path
	   Security Bugs
	   Protecting Your Programs
	   Unicode
	   Algorithmic Complexity Attacks
       SEE ALSO

       perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables)

       DESCRIPTION
	   Packages
	   Symbol Tables
	   BEGIN, CHECK, INIT and END
	   Perl Classes
	   Perl Modules
	   Making your module threadsafe
       SEE ALSO

       perlmodlib - constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones

       THE PERL MODULE LIBRARY
	   Pragmatic Modules
	       attributes, attrs, autouse, base, bigint, bignum, bigrat, blib, bytes, charnames,
	       constant, diagnostics, encoding, fields, filetest, if, integer, less, lib, locale,
	       open, ops, overload, re, sigtrap, sort, strict, subs, threads, threads::shared,
	       utf8, vars, vmsish, warnings, warnings::register

	   Standard Modules
	       AnyDBM_File, Attribute::Handlers, AutoLoader, AutoSplit, B, B::Asmdata, B::Assem-
	       bler, B::Bblock, B::Bytecode, B::C, B::CC, B::Concise, B::Debug, B::Deparse,
	       B::Disassembler, B::Lint, B::Lint::Debug, B::Showlex, B::Stackobj, B::Stash,
	       B::Terse, B::Xref, Benchmark, ByteLoader, CGI, CGI::Apache, CGI::Carp,
	       CGI::Cookie, CGI::Fast, CGI::Pretty, CGI::Push, CGI::Switch, CGI::Util, CORE,
	       CPAN, CPAN::API::HOWTO, CPAN::FirstTime, CPAN::Kwalify, CPAN::Nox, CPAN::Version,
	       Carp, Carp::Heavy, Class::ISA, Class::Struct, Config, Cwd, DB, DBM_Filter,
	       DBM_Filter::compress, DBM_Filter::encode, DBM_Filter::int32, DBM_Filter::null,
	       DBM_Filter::utf8, DB_File, Data::Dumper, Devel::DProf, Devel::InnerPackage,
	       Devel::Peek, Devel::SelfStubber, Digest, Digest::MD5, Digest::base, Digest::file,
	       DirHandle, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, Encode, Encode::Alias, Encode::Byte,
	       Encode::CJKConstants, Encode::CN, Encode::CN::HZ, Encode::Config, Encode::EBCDIC,
	       Encode::Encoder, Encode::Encoding, Encode::GSM0338, Encode::Guess, Encode::JP,
	       Encode::JP::H2Z, Encode::JP::JIS7, Encode::KR, Encode::KR::2022_KR,
	       Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::MIME::Name, Encode::PerlIO, Encode::Supported,
	       Encode::Symbol, Encode::TW, Encode::Unicode, Encode::Unicode::UTF7, English, Env,
	       Errno, Exporter, Exporter::Heavy, ExtUtils::Command, ExtUtils::Command::MM, ExtU-
	       tils::Constant, ExtUtils::Constant::Base, ExtUtils::Constant::Utils, ExtU-
	       tils::Constant::XS, ExtUtils::Embed, ExtUtils::Install, ExtUtils::Installed, ExtU-
	       tils::Liblist, ExtUtils::MM, ExtUtils::MM_AIX, ExtUtils::MM_Any, ExtU-
	       tils::MM_BeOS, ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin, ExtUtils::MM_DOS, ExtUtils::MM_Darwin, ExtU-
	       tils::MM_MacOS, ExtUtils::MM_NW5, ExtUtils::MM_OS2, ExtUtils::MM_QNX, ExtU-
	       tils::MM_UWIN, ExtUtils::MM_Unix, ExtUtils::MM_VMS, ExtUtils::MM_VOS, ExtU-
	       tils::MM_Win32, ExtUtils::MM_Win95, ExtUtils::MY, ExtUtils::MakeMaker, ExtU-
	       tils::MakeMaker::Config, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial,
	       ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish, ExtUtils::Manifest, ExtU-
	       tils::Mkbootstrap, ExtUtils::Mksymlists, ExtUtils::Packlist, ExtUtils::ParseXS,
	       ExtUtils::testlib, Fatal, Fcntl, File::Basename, File::CheckTree, File::Compare,
	       File::Copy, File::DosGlob, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Path, File::Spec,
	       File::Spec::Cygwin, File::Spec::Epoc, File::Spec::Functions, File::Spec::Mac,
	       File::Spec::OS2, File::Spec::Unix, File::Spec::VMS, File::Spec::Win32, File::Temp,
	       File::stat, FileCache, FileHandle, Filter::Simple, Filter::Util::Call, FindBin,
	       GDBM_File, Getopt::Long, Getopt::Std, Hash::Util, I18N::Collate, I18N::LangTags,
	       I18N::LangTags::Detect, I18N::LangTags::List, I18N::Langinfo, IO, IO::Dir,
	       IO::File, IO::Handle, IO::Pipe, IO::Poll, IO::Seekable, IO::Select, IO::Socket,
	       IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::UNIX, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3, IPC::SysV,
	       IPC::SysV::Msg, IPC::SysV::Semaphore, List::Util, Locale::Constants, Locale::Coun-
	       try, Locale::Currency, Locale::Language, Locale::Maketext, Locale::Make-
	       text::TPJ13, Locale::Script, MIME::Base64, MIME::QuotedPrint, Math::BigFloat,
	       Math::BigInt, Math::BigInt::Calc, Math::BigInt::CalcEmu, Math::BigRat, Math::Com-
	       plex, Math::Trig, Memoize, Memoize::AnyDBM_File, Memoize::Expire, Memoize::Expire-
	       File, Memoize::ExpireTest, Memoize::NDBM_File, Memoize::SDBM_File, Memo-
	       ize::Storable, Module::CoreList, Module::Pluggable, Module::Pluggable::Object,
	       NDBM_File, NEXT, Net::Cmd, Net::Config, Net::Domain, Net::FTP, Net::NNTP,
	       Net::Netrc, Net::POP3, Net::Ping, Net::SMTP, Net::Time, Net::hostent, Net::libnet-
	       FAQ, Net::netent, Net::protoent, Net::servent, O, ODBM_File, Opcode, POSIX, Per-
	       lIO, PerlIO::encoding, PerlIO::scalar, PerlIO::via, PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint,
	       Pod::Checker, Pod::Find, Pod::Functions, Pod::Html, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::LaTeX,
	       Pod::Man, Pod::ParseLink, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Parser, Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker,
	       Pod::Perldoc::ToMan, Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff, Pod::Perldoc::ToPod, Pod::Perl-
	       doc::ToRtf, Pod::Perldoc::ToText, Pod::Perldoc::ToTk, Pod::Perldoc::ToXml,
	       Pod::PlainText, Pod::Plainer, Pod::Select, Pod::Text, Pod::Text::Color,
	       Pod::Text::Overstrike, Pod::Text::Termcap, Pod::Usage, SDBM_File, Safe,
	       Scalar::Util, Search::Dict, SelectSaver, SelfLoader, Shell, Socket, Storable,
	       Switch, Symbol, Sys::Hostname, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Syslog::win32::Win32, Term::ANSI-
	       Color, Term::Cap, Term::Complete, Term::ReadLine, Test, Test::Builder,
	       Test::Builder::Module, Test::Builder::Tester, Test::Builder::Tester::Color,
	       Test::Harness, Test::Harness::Assert, Test::Harness::Iterator, Test::Har-
	       ness::Point, Test::Harness::Results, Test::Harness::Straps, Test::Harness::TAP,
	       Test::Harness::Util, Test::More, Test::Simple, Test::Tutorial, Text::Abbrev,
	       Text::Balanced, Text::ParseWords, Text::Soundex, Text::Tabs, Text::Wrap, Thread,
	       Thread::Queue, Thread::Semaphore, Thread::Signal, Thread::Specific, Tie::Array,
	       Tie::File, Tie::Handle, Tie::Hash, Tie::Memoize, Tie::RefHash, Tie::Scalar,
	       Tie::SubstrHash, Time::HiRes, Time::Local, Time::gmtime, Time::localtime,
	       Time::tm, UNIVERSAL, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, Unicode::UCD,
	       User::grent, User::pwent, Win32, Win32API::File, Win32CORE, XS::APItest,
	       XS::Typemap, XSLoader

	   Extension Modules
       CPAN
	   Africa
	       South Africa

	   Asia
	       China, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Sin-
	       gapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

	   Central America
	       Costa Rica

	   Europe
	       Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Den-
	       mark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
	       Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slo-
	       vakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom

	   North America
	       Canada, Alberta, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Mexico, United States, Alabama,
	       California, Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky,
	       Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma,
	       Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin

	   Oceania
	       Australia, New Zealand, United States

	   South America
	       Argentina, Brazil, Chile

	   RSYNC Mirrors
       Modules: Creation, Use, and Abuse
	   Guidelines for Module Creation
	   Guidelines for Converting Perl 4 Library Scripts into Modules
	   Guidelines for Reusing Application Code
       NOTE

       perlmodstyle - Perl module style guide

       INTRODUCTION
       QUICK CHECKLIST
	   Before you start
	   The API
	   Stability
	   Documentation
	   Release considerations
       BEFORE YOU START WRITING A MODULE
	   Has it been done before?
	   Do one thing and do it well
	   What's in a name?
       DESIGNING AND WRITING YOUR MODULE
	   To OO or not to OO?
	   Designing your API
	       Write simple routines to do simple things, Separate functionality from output,
	       Provide sensible shortcuts and defaults, Naming conventions, Parameter passing

	   Strictness and warnings
	   Backwards compatibility
	   Error handling and messages
       DOCUMENTING YOUR MODULE
	   POD
	   README, INSTALL, release notes, changelogs
	       perl Makefile.PL, make, make test, make install, perl Build.PL, perl Build, perl
	       Build test, perl Build install

       RELEASE CONSIDERATIONS
	   Version numbering
	   Pre-requisites
	   Testing
	   Packaging
	   Licensing
       COMMON PITFALLS
	   Reinventing the wheel
	   Trying to do too much
	   Inappropriate documentation
       SEE ALSO
	   perlstyle, perlnewmod, perlpod, podchecker, Packaging Tools, Testing tools,
	   http://pause.perl.org/, Any good book on software engineering

       AUTHOR

       perlmodinstall - Installing CPAN Modules

       DESCRIPTION
	   PREAMBLE
	       DECOMPRESS the file, UNPACK the file into a directory, BUILD the module (sometimes
	       unnecessary), INSTALL the module

       PORTABILITY
       HEY
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       perlnewmod - preparing a new module for distribution

       DESCRIPTION
	   Warning
	   What should I make into a module?
	   Step-by-step: Preparing the ground
	       Look around, Check it's new, Discuss the need, Choose a name, Check again

	   Step-by-step: Making the module
	       Start with module-starter or h2xs, Use strict and warnings, Use Carp, Use Exporter
	       - wisely!, Use plain old documentation, Write tests, Write the README

	   Step-by-step: Distributing your module
	       Get a CPAN user ID, "perl Makefile.PL; make test; make dist", Upload the tarball,
	       Announce to the modules list, Announce to clpa, Fix bugs!

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perlutil - utilities packaged with the Perl distribution

       DESCRIPTION
       LIST OF UTILITIES
	   Documentation
	       perldoc, pod2man and pod2text, pod2html and pod2latex, pod2usage, podselect, pod-
	       checker, splain, roffitall

	   Convertors
	       a2p, s2p and psed, find2perl

	   Administration
	       libnetcfg, perlivp

	   Development
	       perlbug, perlthanks, h2ph, c2ph and pstruct, h2xs, enc2xs, xsubpp, dprofpp, prove

	   General tools
	       piconv

	   Installation
	       cpan, instmodsh

       SEE ALSO

       perlcompile - Introduction to the Perl Compiler-Translator

       DESCRIPTION
	   Layout
	       B::Bytecode, B::C, B::CC, B::Lint, B::Deparse, B::Xref

       Using The Back Ends
	   The Cross Referencing Back End
	       i, &, s, r

	   The Decompiling Back End
	   The Lint Back End
	   The Simple C Back End
	   The Bytecode Back End
	   The Optimized C Back End
       Module List for the Compiler Suite
	   B, O, B::Asmdata, B::Assembler, B::Bblock, B::Bytecode, B::C, B::CC, B::Concise,
	   B::Debug, B::Deparse, B::Disassembler, B::Lint, B::Showlex, B::Stackobj, B::Stash,
	   B::Terse, B::Xref

       KNOWN PROBLEMS
       AUTHOR

       perlfilter - Source Filters

       DESCRIPTION
       CONCEPTS
       USING FILTERS
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN C
	   Decryption Filters

       CREATING A SOURCE FILTER AS A SEPARATE EXECUTABLE
       WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN PERL
       USING CONTEXT: THE DEBUG FILTER
       CONCLUSION
       THINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR
	   Some Filters Clobber the "DATA" Handle

       REQUIREMENTS
       AUTHOR
       Copyrights

       perlglossary - Perl Glossary

       DESCRIPTION
	   A   accessor methods, actual arguments, address operator, algorithm, alias, alterna-
	       tives, anonymous, architecture, argument, ARGV, arithmetical operator, array,
	       array context, ASCII, assertion, assignment, assignment operator, associative
	       array, associativity, asynchronous, atom, atomic operation, attribute, autogenera-
	       tion, autoincrement, autoload, autosplit, autovivification, AV, awk

	   B   backreference, backtracking, backward compatibility, bareword, base class,
	       big-endian, binary, binary operator, bind, bit, bit shift, bit string, bless,
	       block, BLOCK, block buffering, Boolean, Boolean context, breakpoint, broadcast,
	       BSD, bucket, buffer, built-in, bundle, byte, bytecode

	   C   C, C preprocessor, call by reference, call by value, callback, canonical, captur-
	       ing, character, character class, character property, circumfix operator, class,
	       class method, client, cloister, closure, cluster, CODE, code generator, code sub-
	       pattern, collating sequence, command, command buffering, command name, command-
	       line arguments, comment, compilation unit, compile phase, compile time, compiler,
	       composer, concatenation, conditional, connection, construct, constructor, context,
	       continuation, core dump, CPAN, cracker, current package, current working direc-
	       tory, currently selected output channel, CV

	   D   dangling statement, data structure, data type, datagram, DBM, declaration, decre-
	       ment, default, defined, delimiter, deprecated modules and features, dereference,
	       derived class, descriptor, destroy, destructor, device, directive, directory,
	       directory handle, dispatch, distribution, (to be) dropped modules, dweomer, dwim-
	       mer, dynamic scoping

	   E   eclectic, element, embedding, empty subclass test, en passant, encapsulation,
	       endian, environment, environment variable, EOF, errno, error, escape sequence,
	       exception, exception handling, exec, executable file, execute, execute bit, exit
	       status, export, expression, extension

	   F   false, FAQ, fatal error, field, FIFO, file, file descriptor, file test operator,
	       fileglob, filehandle, filename, filesystem, filter, flag, floating point, flush,
	       FMTEYEWTK, fork, formal arguments, format, freely available, freely redis-
	       tributable, freeware, function, funny character, garbage collection

	   G   GID, glob, global, global destruction, glue language, granularity, greedy, grep,
	       group, GV

	   H   hacker, handler, hard reference, hash, hash table, header file, here document,
	       hexadecimal, home directory, host, hubris, HV

	   I   identifier, impatience, implementation, import, increment, indexing, indirect
	       filehandle, indirect object, indirect object slot, indirection, infix, inheri-
	       tance, instance, instance variable, integer, interface, interpolation, inter-
	       preter, invocant, invocation, I/O, IO, IP, IPC, is-a, iteration, iterator, IV

	   J   JAPH

	   K   key, keyword

	   L   label, laziness, left shift, leftmost longest, lexeme, lexer, lexical analysis,
	       lexical scoping, lexical variable, library, LIFO, line, line buffering, line num-
	       ber, link, LIST, list, list context, list operator, list value, literal, lit-
	       tle-endian, local, logical operator, lookahead, lookbehind, loop, loop control
	       statement, loop label, lvaluable, lvalue, lvalue modifier

	   M   magic, magical increment, magical variables, Makefile, man, manpage, matching,
	       member data, memory, metacharacter, metasymbol, method, minimalism, mode, modi-
	       fier, module, modulus, monger, mortal, multidimensional array, multiple inheri-
	       tance

	   N   named pipe, namespace, network address, newline, NFS, null character, null list,
	       null string, numeric context, NV, nybble

	   O   object, octal, offset, one-liner, open source software, operand, operating system,
	       operator, operator overloading, options, overloading, overriding, owner

	   P   package, pad, parameter, parent class, parse tree, parsing, patch, PATH, pathname,
	       pattern, pattern matching, permission bits, Pern, pipe, pipeline, platform, pod,
	       pointer, polymorphism, port, portable, porter, POSIX, postfix, pp, pragma, prece-
	       dence, prefix, preprocessing, procedure, process, program generator, progressive
	       matching, property, protocol, prototype, pseudofunction, pseudohash, pseudolit-
	       eral, public domain, pumpkin, pumpking, PV

	   Q   qualified, quantifier

	   R   readable, reaping, record, recursion, reference, referent, regex, regular expres-
	       sion, regular expression modifier, regular file, relational operator, reserved
	       words, return value, RFC, right shift, root, RTFM, run phase, run time, run-time
	       pattern, RV, rvalue

	   S   scalar, scalar context, scalar literal, scalar value, scalar variable, scope,
	       scratchpad, script, script kiddie, sed, semaphore, separator, serialization,
	       server, service, setgid, setuid, shared memory, shebang, shell, side effects, sig-
	       nal, signal handler, single inheritance, slice, slurp, socket, soft reference,
	       source filter, stack, standard, standard error, standard I/O, standard input,
	       standard output, stat structure, statement, statement modifier, static, static
	       method, static scoping, static variable, status, STDERR, STDIN, STDIO, STDOUT,
	       stream, string, string context, stringification, struct, structure, subclass, sub-
	       pattern, subroutine, subscript, substitution, substring, superclass, superuser,
	       SV, switch, switch cluster, switch statement, symbol, symbol table, symbolic
	       debugger, symbolic link, symbolic reference, synchronous, syntactic sugar, syntax,
	       syntax tree, syscall

	   T   tainted, TCP, term, terminator, ternary, text, thread, tie, TMTOWTDI, token,
	       tokener, tokenizing, toolbox approach, transliterate, trigger, trinary, troff,
	       true, truncating, type, type casting, typed lexical, typedef, typeglob, typemap

	   U   UDP, UID, umask, unary operator, Unicode, Unix

	   V   value, variable, variable interpolation, variadic, vector, virtual, void context,
	       v-string

	   W   warning, watch expression, whitespace, word, working directory, wrapper, WYSIWYG

	   X   XS, XSUB

	   Y   yacc

	   Z   zero width, zombie

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       perlembed - how to embed perl in your C program

       DESCRIPTION
	   PREAMBLE
	       Use C from Perl?, Use a Unix program from Perl?, Use Perl from Perl?, Use C from
	       C?, Use Perl from C?

	   ROADMAP
	   Compiling your C program
	   Adding a Perl interpreter to your C program
	   Calling a Perl subroutine from your C program
	   Evaluating a Perl statement from your C program
	   Performing Perl pattern matches and substitutions from your C program
	   Fiddling with the Perl stack from your C program
	   Maintaining a persistent interpreter
	   Execution of END blocks
	   $0 assignments
	   Maintaining multiple interpreter instances
	   Using Perl modules, which themselves use C libraries, from your C program
       Embedding Perl under Win32
       Hiding Perl_
       MORAL
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       perldebguts - Guts of Perl debugging

       DESCRIPTION
       Debugger Internals
	   Writing Your Own Debugger
       Frame Listing Output Examples
       Debugging regular expressions
	   Compile-time output
	       "anchored" STRING "at" POS, "floating" STRING "at" POS1..POS2, "matching float-
	       ing/anchored", "minlen", "stclass" TYPE, "noscan", "isall", "GPOS", "plus",
	       "implicit", "with eval", "anchored(TYPE)"

	   Types of nodes
	   Run-time output
       Debugging Perl memory usage
	   Using $ENV{PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS}
	       "buckets SMALLEST(APPROX)..GREATEST(APPROX)", Free/Used, "Total sbrk():
	       SBRKed/SBRKs:CONTINUOUS", "pad: 0", "heads: 2192", "chain: 0", "tail: 6144"

       SEE ALSO

       perlxstut, perlXStut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs

       DESCRIPTION
       SPECIAL NOTES
	   make
	   Version caveat
	   Dynamic Loading versus Static Loading
       TUTORIAL
	   EXAMPLE 1
	   EXAMPLE 2
	   What has gone on?
	   Writing good test scripts
	   EXAMPLE 3
	   What's new here?
	   Input and Output Parameters
	   The XSUBPP Program
	   The TYPEMAP file
	   Warning about Output Arguments
	   EXAMPLE 4
	   What has happened here?
	   Anatomy of .xs file
	   Getting the fat out of XSUBs
	   More about XSUB arguments
	   The Argument Stack
	   Extending your Extension
	   Documenting your Extension
	   Installing your Extension
	   EXAMPLE 5
	   New Things in this Example
	   EXAMPLE 6
	   New Things in this Example
	   EXAMPLE 7 (Coming Soon)
	   EXAMPLE 8 (Coming Soon)
	   EXAMPLE 9 Passing open files to XSes
	   Troubleshooting these Examples
       See also
       Author
	   Last Changed

       perlxs - XS language reference manual

       DESCRIPTION
	   Introduction
	   On The Road
	   The Anatomy of an XSUB
	   The Argument Stack
	   The RETVAL Variable
	   Returning SVs, AVs and HVs through RETVAL
	   The MODULE Keyword
	   The PACKAGE Keyword
	   The PREFIX Keyword
	   The OUTPUT: Keyword
	   The NO_OUTPUT Keyword
	   The CODE: Keyword
	   The INIT: Keyword
	   The NO_INIT Keyword
	   Initializing Function Parameters
	   Default Parameter Values
	   The PREINIT: Keyword
	   The SCOPE: Keyword
	   The INPUT: Keyword
	   The IN/OUTLIST/IN_OUTLIST/OUT/IN_OUT Keywords
	   The "length(NAME)" Keyword
	   Variable-length Parameter Lists
	   The C_ARGS: Keyword
	   The PPCODE: Keyword
	   Returning Undef And Empty Lists
	   The REQUIRE: Keyword
	   The CLEANUP: Keyword
	   The POSTCALL: Keyword
	   The BOOT: Keyword
	   The VERSIONCHECK: Keyword
	   The PROTOTYPES: Keyword
	   The PROTOTYPE: Keyword
	   The ALIAS: Keyword
	   The OVERLOAD: Keyword
	   The FALLBACK: Keyword
	   The INTERFACE: Keyword
	   The INTERFACE_MACRO: Keyword
	   The INCLUDE: Keyword
	   The CASE: Keyword
	   The & Unary Operator
	   Inserting POD, Comments and C Preprocessor Directives
	   Using XS With C++
	   Interface Strategy
	   Perl Objects And C Structures
	   The Typemap
	   Safely Storing Static Data in XS
	       MY_CXT_KEY, typedef my_cxt_t, START_MY_CXT, MY_CXT_INIT, dMY_CXT, MY_CXT,
	       aMY_CXT/pMY_CXT, MY_CXT_CLONE

	   Thread-aware system interfaces
       EXAMPLES
       XS VERSION
       AUTHOR

       perlclib - Internal replacements for standard C library functions

       DESCRIPTION
	   Conventions
	       "t", "p", "n", "s"

	   File Operations
	   File Input and Output
	   File Positioning
	   Memory Management and String Handling
	   Character Class Tests
	   stdlib.h functions
	   Miscellaneous functions
       SEE ALSO

       perlguts - Introduction to the Perl API

       DESCRIPTION
       Variables
	   Datatypes
	   What is an "IV"?
	   Working with SVs
	   Offsets
	   What's Really Stored in an SV?
	   Working with AVs
	   Working with HVs
	   Hash API Extensions
	   AVs, HVs and undefined values
	   References
	   Blessed References and Class Objects
	   Creating New Variables
	       GV_ADDMULTI, GV_ADDWARN

	   Reference Counts and Mortality
	   Stashes and Globs
	   Double-Typed SVs
	   Magic Variables
	   Assigning Magic
	   Magic Virtual Tables
	   Finding Magic
	   Understanding the Magic of Tied Hashes and Arrays
	   Localizing changes
	       "SAVEINT(int i)", "SAVEIV(IV i)", "SAVEI32(I32 i)", "SAVELONG(long i)",
	       SAVESPTR(s), SAVEPPTR(p), "SAVEFREESV(SV *sv)", "SAVEMORTALIZESV(SV *sv)", "SAVE-
	       FREEOP(OP *op)", SAVEFREEPV(p), "SAVECLEARSV(SV *sv)", "SAVEDELETE(HV *hv, char
	       *key, I32 length)", "SAVEDESTRUCTOR(DESTRUCTORFUNC_NOCONTEXT_t f, void *p)",
	       "SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(DESTRUCTORFUNC_t f, void *p)", "SAVESTACK_POS()", "SV*
	       save_scalar(GV *gv)", "AV* save_ary(GV *gv)", "HV* save_hash(GV *gv)", "void
	       save_item(SV *item)", "void save_list(SV **sarg, I32 maxsarg)", "SV* save_svref(SV
	       **sptr)", "void save_aptr(AV **aptr)", "void save_hptr(HV **hptr)"

       Subroutines
	   XSUBs and the Argument Stack
	   Calling Perl Routines from within C Programs
	   Memory Allocation
	   PerlIO
	   Putting a C value on Perl stack
	   Scratchpads
	   Scratchpads and recursion
       Compiled code
	   Code tree
	   Examining the tree
	   Compile pass 1: check routines
	   Compile pass 1a: constant folding
	   Compile pass 2: context propagation
	   Compile pass 3: peephole optimization
	   Pluggable runops
       Examining internal data structures with the "dump" functions
       How multiple interpreters and concurrency are supported
	   Background and PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
	   So what happened to dTHR?
	   How do I use all this in extensions?
	   Should I do anything special if I call perl from multiple threads?
	   Future Plans and PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS
       Internal Functions
	   A, p, d, s, n, r, f, M, o, x, m, X, E, b, others

	   Formatted Printing of IVs, UVs, and NVs
	   Pointer-To-Integer and Integer-To-Pointer
	   Exception Handling
	   Source Documentation
	   Backwards compatibility
       Unicode Support
	   What is Unicode, anyway?
	   How can I recognise a UTF-8 string?
	   How does UTF-8 represent Unicode characters?
	   How does Perl store UTF-8 strings?
	   How do I convert a string to UTF-8?
	   Is there anything else I need to know?
       Custom Operators
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

       perlcall - Perl calling conventions from C

       DESCRIPTION
	   An Error Handler, An Event Driven Program

       THE CALL_ FUNCTIONS
	   call_sv, call_pv, call_method, call_argv

       FLAG VALUES
	   G_VOID
	   G_SCALAR
	   G_ARRAY
	   G_DISCARD
	   G_NOARGS
	   G_EVAL
	   G_KEEPERR
	   Determining the Context
       EXAMPLES
	   No Parameters, Nothing returned
	   Passing Parameters
	   Returning a Scalar
	   Returning a list of values
	   Returning a list in a scalar context
	   Returning Data from Perl via the parameter list
	   Using G_EVAL
	   Using G_KEEPERR
	   Using call_sv
	   Using call_argv
	   Using call_method
	   Using GIMME_V
	   Using Perl to dispose of temporaries
	   Strategies for storing Callback Context Information
	       1. Ignore the problem - Allow only 1 callback, 2. Create a sequence of callbacks -
	       hard wired limit, 3. Use a parameter to map to the Perl callback

	   Alternate Stack Manipulation
	   Creating and calling an anonymous subroutine in C
       LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       DATE

       perlreguts - Description of the Perl regular expression engine.

       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
	   A quick note on terms
	   What is a regular expression engine?
	   Structure of a Regexp Program
	       "regnode_1", "regnode_2", "regnode_string", "regnode_charclass", "regnode_char-
	       class_class"

       Process Overview
	   A. Compilation, 1. Parsing for size, 2. Parsing for construction, 3.  Peep-hole opti-
	   misation and analysis, B. Execution, 4. Start position and no-match optimisations, 5.
	   Program execution

	   Compilation
	       anchored fixed strings, floating fixed strings, minimum and maximum length
	       requirements, start class, Beginning/End of line positions

	   Execution
       MISCELLANEOUS
	   Unicode and Localisation Support
	   Base Struct
	       -, -, -, -

	   De-allocation and Cloning
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENCE
       REFERENCES

       perlapi - autogenerated documentation for the perl public API

       DESCRIPTION
       "Gimme" Values
	   GIMME , GIMME_V , G_ARRAY , G_DISCARD , G_EVAL , G_NOARGS , G_SCALAR , G_VOID

       Array Manipulation Functions
	   AvFILL , av_clear , av_create_and_push , av_create_and_unshift_one , av_delete ,
	   av_exists , av_extend , av_fetch , av_fill , av_len , av_make , av_pop , av_push ,
	   av_shift , av_store , av_undef , av_unshift , get_av , newAV , sortsv

       Callback Functions
	   call_argv , call_method , call_pv , call_sv , ENTER , eval_pv , eval_sv , FREETMPS ,
	   LEAVE , SAVETMPS

       Character classes
	   isALNUM , isALPHA , isDIGIT , isLOWER , isSPACE , isUPPER , toLOWER , toUPPER

       Cloning an interpreter
	   perl_clone

       CV Manipulation Functions
	   CvSTASH , get_cv , get_cvn_flags

       Embedding Functions
	   cv_undef , load_module , nothreadhook , perl_alloc , perl_construct , perl_destruct ,
	   perl_free , perl_parse , perl_run , require_pv

       Functions in file dump.c
	   pv_display , pv_escape , pv_pretty

       Functions in file mathoms.c
	   gv_fetchmethod , pack_cat , sv_2pvbyte_nolen , sv_2pvutf8_nolen , sv_2pv_nolen ,
	   sv_catpvn_mg , sv_catsv_mg , sv_force_normal , sv_iv , sv_nolocking , sv_nounlocking ,
	   sv_nv , sv_pv , sv_pvbyte , sv_pvbyten , sv_pvn , sv_pvutf8 , sv_pvutf8n , sv_taint ,
	   sv_unref , sv_usepvn , sv_usepvn_mg , sv_uv , unpack_str

       Functions in file pp_ctl.c
	   find_runcv

       Functions in file pp_pack.c
	   packlist , unpackstring

       Global Variables
	   PL_modglobal , PL_na , PL_sv_no , PL_sv_undef , PL_sv_yes

       GV Functions
	   GvSV , gv_const_sv , gv_fetchmeth , gv_fetchmethod_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_autoload ,
	   gv_stashpv , gv_stashpvn , gv_stashpvs , gv_stashsv

       Handy Values
	   Nullav , Nullch , Nullcv , Nullhv , Nullsv

       Hash Manipulation Functions
	   get_hv , HEf_SVKEY , HeHASH , HeKEY , HeKLEN , HePV , HeSVKEY , HeSVKEY_force , HeS-
	   VKEY_set , HeUTF8 , HeVAL , HvNAME , hv_assert , hv_clear , hv_clear_placeholders ,
	   hv_delete , hv_delete_ent , hv_exists , hv_exists_ent , hv_fetch , hv_fetchs ,
	   hv_fetch_ent , hv_iterinit , hv_iterkey , hv_iterkeysv , hv_iternext , hv_iternextsv ,
	   hv_iternext_flags , hv_iterval , hv_magic , hv_scalar , hv_store , hv_stores ,
	   hv_store_ent , hv_undef , newHV

       Magical Functions
	   mg_clear , mg_copy , mg_find , mg_free , mg_get , mg_length , mg_magical , mg_set ,
	   SvGETMAGIC , SvLOCK , SvSETMAGIC , SvSetMagicSV , SvSetMagicSV_nosteal , SvSetSV ,
	   SvSetSV_nosteal , SvSHARE , SvUNLOCK

       Memory Management
	   Copy , CopyD , Move , MoveD , Newx , Newxc , Newxz , Poison , PoisonFree , PoisonNew ,
	   PoisonWith , Renew , Renewc , Safefree , savepv , savepvn , savepvs , savesharedpv ,
	   savesharedpvn , savesvpv , StructCopy , Zero , ZeroD

       Miscellaneous Functions
	   fbm_compile , fbm_instr , form , getcwd_sv , my_snprintf , my_sprintf , my_vsnprintf ,
	   strEQ , strGE , strGT , strLE , strLT , strNE , strnEQ , strnNE , sv_destroyable ,
	   sv_nosharing

       Multicall Functions
	   dMULTICALL , MULTICALL , POP_MULTICALL , PUSH_MULTICALL

       Numeric functions
	   grok_bin , grok_hex , grok_number , grok_numeric_radix , grok_oct , Perl_signbit ,
	   scan_bin , scan_hex , scan_oct

       Optree Manipulation Functions
	   cv_const_sv , newCONSTSUB , newXS

       Pad Data Structures
	   pad_sv

       Simple Exception Handling Macros
	   dXCPT , XCPT_CATCH , XCPT_RETHROW , XCPT_TRY_END , XCPT_TRY_START

       Stack Manipulation Macros
	   dMARK , dORIGMARK , dSP , EXTEND , MARK , mPUSHi , mPUSHn , mPUSHp , mPUSHs , mPUSHu ,
	   mXPUSHi , mXPUSHn , mXPUSHp , mXPUSHs , mXPUSHu , ORIGMARK , POPi , POPl , POPn , POPp
	   , POPpbytex , POPpx , POPs , PUSHi , PUSHMARK , PUSHmortal , PUSHn , PUSHp , PUSHs ,
	   PUSHu , PUTBACK , SP , SPAGAIN , XPUSHi , XPUSHmortal , XPUSHn , XPUSHp , XPUSHs ,
	   XPUSHu , XSRETURN , XSRETURN_EMPTY , XSRETURN_IV , XSRETURN_NO , XSRETURN_NV , XSRE-
	   TURN_PV , XSRETURN_UNDEF , XSRETURN_UV , XSRETURN_YES , XST_mIV , XST_mNO , XST_mNV ,
	   XST_mPV , XST_mUNDEF , XST_mYES

       SV Flags
	   svtype , SVt_IV , SVt_NV , SVt_PV , SVt_PVAV , SVt_PVCV , SVt_PVHV , SVt_PVMG

       SV Manipulation Functions
	   get_sv , newRV_inc , newSVpvn_utf8 , SvCUR , SvCUR_set , SvEND , SvGROW , SvIOK ,
	   SvIOKp , SvIOK_notUV , SvIOK_off , SvIOK_on , SvIOK_only , SvIOK_only_UV , SvIOK_UV ,
	   SvIsCOW , SvIsCOW_shared_hash , SvIV , SvIVX , SvIVx , SvIV_nomg , SvIV_set , SvLEN ,
	   SvLEN_set , SvMAGIC_set , SvNIOK , SvNIOKp , SvNIOK_off , SvNOK , SvNOKp , SvNOK_off ,
	   SvNOK_on , SvNOK_only , SvNV , SvNVX , SvNVx , SvNV_set , SvOK , SvOOK , SvPOK ,
	   SvPOKp , SvPOK_off , SvPOK_on , SvPOK_only , SvPOK_only_UTF8 , SvPV , SvPVbyte ,
	   SvPVbytex , SvPVbytex_force , SvPVbyte_force , SvPVbyte_nolen , SvPVutf8 , SvPVutf8x ,
	   SvPVutf8x_force , SvPVutf8_force , SvPVutf8_nolen , SvPVX , SvPVx , SvPV_force ,
	   SvPV_force_nomg , SvPV_nolen , SvPV_nomg , SvPV_set , SvREFCNT , SvREFCNT_dec , SvRE-
	   FCNT_inc , SvREFCNT_inc_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_simple , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN , SvRE-
	   FCNT_inc_simple_void , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_void , SvRE-
	   FCNT_inc_void_NN , SvROK , SvROK_off , SvROK_on , SvRV , SvRV_set , SvSTASH , SvS-
	   TASH_set , SvTAINT , SvTAINTED , SvTAINTED_off , SvTAINTED_on , SvTRUE , SvTYPE ,
	   SvUOK , SvUPGRADE , SvUTF8 , SvUTF8_off , SvUTF8_on , SvUV , SvUVX , SvUVx , SvUV_nomg
	   , SvUV_set , sv_catpvn_nomg , sv_catsv_nomg , sv_derived_from , sv_report_used ,
	   sv_setsv_nomg

       SV-Body Allocation
	   looks_like_number , newRV_noinc , newSV , newSVhek , newSViv , newSVnv , newSVpv ,
	   newSVpvf , newSVpvn , newSVpvn_flags , newSVpvn_share , newSVpvs , newSVpvs_flags ,
	   newSVpvs_share , newSVrv , newSVsv , newSVuv , newSV_type , sv_2bool , sv_2cv , sv_2io
	   , sv_2iv_flags , sv_2mortal , sv_2nv , sv_2pvbyte , sv_2pvutf8 , sv_2pv_flags ,
	   sv_2uv_flags , sv_backoff , sv_bless , sv_catpv , sv_catpvf , sv_catpvf_mg , sv_catpvn
	   , sv_catpvn_flags , sv_catpvs , sv_catpv_mg , sv_catsv , sv_catsv_flags , sv_chop ,
	   sv_clear , sv_cmp , sv_cmp_locale , sv_collxfrm , sv_copypv , sv_dec , sv_eq ,
	   sv_force_normal_flags , sv_free , sv_gets , sv_grow , sv_inc , sv_insert , sv_isa ,
	   sv_isobject , sv_len , sv_len_utf8 , sv_magic , sv_magicext , sv_mortalcopy , sv_new-
	   mortal , sv_newref , sv_pos_b2u , sv_pos_u2b , sv_pvbyten_force , sv_pvn_force ,
	   sv_pvn_force_flags , sv_pvutf8n_force , sv_reftype , sv_replace , sv_reset ,
	   sv_rvweaken , sv_setiv , sv_setiv_mg , sv_setnv , sv_setnv_mg , sv_setpv , sv_setpvf ,
	   sv_setpvf_mg , sv_setpviv , sv_setpviv_mg , sv_setpvn , sv_setpvn_mg , sv_setpvs ,
	   sv_setpv_mg , sv_setref_iv , sv_setref_nv , sv_setref_pv , sv_setref_pvn ,
	   sv_setref_uv , sv_setsv , sv_setsv_flags , sv_setsv_mg , sv_setuv , sv_setuv_mg ,
	   sv_tainted , sv_true , sv_unmagic , sv_unref_flags , sv_untaint , sv_upgrade ,
	   sv_usepvn_flags , sv_utf8_decode , sv_utf8_downgrade , sv_utf8_encode ,
	   sv_utf8_upgrade , sv_utf8_upgrade_flags , sv_vcatpvf , sv_vcatpvfn , sv_vcatpvf_mg ,
	   sv_vsetpvf , sv_vsetpvfn , sv_vsetpvf_mg

       Unicode Support
	   bytes_from_utf8 , bytes_to_utf8 , ibcmp_utf8 , is_utf8_char , is_utf8_string ,
	   is_utf8_string_loc , is_utf8_string_loclen , pv_uni_display , sv_cat_decode ,
	   sv_recode_to_utf8 , sv_uni_display , to_utf8_case , to_utf8_fold , to_utf8_lower ,
	   to_utf8_title , to_utf8_upper , utf8n_to_uvchr , utf8n_to_uvuni , utf8_distance ,
	   utf8_hop , utf8_length , utf8_to_bytes , utf8_to_uvchr , utf8_to_uvuni , uvchr_to_utf8
	   , uvuni_to_utf8_flags

       Variables created by "xsubpp" and "xsubpp" internal functions
	   ax , CLASS , dAX , dAXMARK , dITEMS , dUNDERBAR , dXSARGS , dXSI32 , items , ix ,
	   newXSproto , RETVAL , ST , THIS , UNDERBAR , XS , XS_VERSION , XS_VERSION_BOOTCHECK

       Warning and Dieing
	   croak , warn

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

       perlintern - autogenerated documentation of purely internal Perl functions

       DESCRIPTION
       CV reference counts and CvOUTSIDE
	   CvWEAKOUTSIDE

       Functions in file pad.h
	   CX_CURPAD_SAVE , CX_CURPAD_SV , PAD_BASE_SV , PAD_CLONE_VARS , PAD_COMPNAME_FLAGS ,
	   PAD_COMPNAME_GEN , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN_set , PAD_COMPNAME_OURSTASH , PAD_COMPNAME_PV ,
	   PAD_COMPNAME_TYPE , PAD_DUP , PAD_RESTORE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_SETNULLPAD
	   , PAD_SETSV , PAD_SET_CUR , PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE , PAD_SV , PAD_SVl , SAVECLEARSV ,
	   SAVECOMPPAD , SAVEPADSV

       Global Variables
	   PL_DBsingle , PL_DBsub , PL_DBtrace , PL_dowarn , PL_last_in_gv , PL_ofs_sv , PL_rs

       GV Functions
	   is_gv_magical

       IO Functions
	   start_glob

       Magical Functions
	   mg_localize

       Pad Data Structures
	   CvPADLIST , cv_clone , cv_dump , do_dump_pad , intro_my , pad_add_anon , pad_add_name
	   , pad_alloc , pad_block_start , pad_check_dup , pad_findlex , pad_findmy ,
	   pad_fixup_inner_anons , pad_free , pad_leavemy , pad_new , pad_push , pad_reset ,
	   pad_setsv , pad_swipe , pad_tidy , pad_undef

       Stack Manipulation Macros
	   djSP , LVRET

       SV Manipulation Functions
	   report_uninit , sv_add_arena , sv_clean_all , sv_clean_objs , sv_free_arenas

       SV-Body Allocation
	   sv_2num

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

       perliol - C API for Perl's implementation of IO in Layers.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   History and Background
	   Basic Structure
	   Layers vs Disciplines
	   Data Structures
	   Functions and Attributes
	   Per-instance Data
	   Layers in action.
	   Per-instance flag bits
	       PERLIO_F_EOF, PERLIO_F_CANWRITE,  PERLIO_F_CANREAD, PERLIO_F_ERROR, PERLIO_F_TRUN-
	       CATE, PERLIO_F_APPEND, PERLIO_F_CRLF, PERLIO_F_UTF8, PERLIO_F_UNBUF, PER-
	       LIO_F_WRBUF, PERLIO_F_RDBUF, PERLIO_F_LINEBUF, PERLIO_F_TEMP, PERLIO_F_OPEN, PER-
	       LIO_F_FASTGETS

	   Methods in Detail
	       fsize, name, size, kind, PERLIO_K_BUFFERED, PERLIO_K_RAW, PERLIO_K_CANCRLF, PER-
	       LIO_K_FASTGETS, PERLIO_K_MULTIARG, Pushed, Popped, Open, Binmode, Getarg, Fileno,
	       Dup, Read, Write, Seek, Tell, Close, Flush, Fill, Eof, Error,	Clearerr, Set-
	       linebuf, Get_base, Get_bufsiz, Get_ptr, Get_cnt, Set_ptrcnt

	   Utilities
	   Implementing PerlIO Layers
	       C implementations, Perl implementations

	   Core Layers
	       "unix", "perlio", "stdio", "crlf", "mmap", "pending", "raw", "utf8"

	   Extension Layers
	       ":encoding", ":scalar", ":via"

       TODO

       perlapio - perl's IO abstraction interface.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   1. USE_STDIO, 2. USE_SFIO, 3. USE_PERLIO, PerlIO_stdin(), PerlIO_stdout(), Per-
	   lIO_stderr(), PerlIO_open(path, mode), PerlIO_fdopen(fd,mode), Per-
	   lIO_reopen(path,mode,f), PerlIO_printf(f,fmt,...), PerlIO_vprintf(f,fmt,a), Per-
	   lIO_stdoutf(fmt,...), PerlIO_read(f,buf,count), PerlIO_write(f,buf,count), Per-
	   lIO_close(f), PerlIO_puts(f,s), PerlIO_putc(f,c), PerlIO_ungetc(f,c), PerlIO_getc(f),
	   PerlIO_eof(f), PerlIO_error(f), PerlIO_fileno(f), PerlIO_clearerr(f), PerlIO_flush(f),
	   PerlIO_seek(f,offset,whence), PerlIO_tell(f), PerlIO_getpos(f,p), PerlIO_setpos(f,p),
	   PerlIO_rewind(f), PerlIO_tmpfile(), PerlIO_setlinebuf(f)

	   Co-existence with stdio
	       PerlIO_importFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_exportFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_releaseFILE(p,f),
	       PerlIO_findFILE(f)

	   "Fast gets" Functions
	       PerlIO_fast_gets(f), PerlIO_has_cntptr(f), PerlIO_get_cnt(f), PerlIO_get_ptr(f),
	       PerlIO_set_ptrcnt(f,p,c), PerlIO_canset_cnt(f), PerlIO_set_cnt(f,c), Per-
	       lIO_has_base(f), PerlIO_get_base(f), PerlIO_get_bufsiz(f)

	   Other Functions
	       PerlIO_apply_layers(f,mode,layers), PerlIO_binmode(f,ptype,imode,layers), '<'
	       read, '>' write, '+' read/write, PerlIO_debug(fmt,...)

       perlhack - How to hack at the Perl internals

       DESCRIPTION
	   Does concept match the general goals of Perl?, Where is the implementation?, Backwards
	   compatibility, Could it be a module instead?, Is the feature generic enough?, Does it
	   potentially introduce new bugs?, Does it preclude other desirable features?, Is the
	   implementation robust?, Is the implementation generic enough to be portable?, Is the
	   implementation tested?, Is there enough documentation?, Is there another way to do
	   it?, Does it create too much work?, Patches speak louder than words

	   Keeping in sync
	       rsync'ing the source tree, Using rsync over the LAN, Using pushing over the NFS,
	       rsync'ing the patches

	   Why rsync the source tree
	       It's easier to rsync the source tree, It's more reliable

	   Why rsync the patches
	       It's easier to rsync the patches, It's a good reference, Finding a start point,
	       Finding how to fix a bug, Finding the source of misbehaviour

	   Working with the source
	   Perlbug administration
	   Submitting patches
	       perlguts, perlxstut and perlxs, perlapi, Porting/pumpkin.pod, The perl5-porters
	       FAQ

	   Finding Your Way Around
	       Core modules, Tests, Documentation, Configure, Interpreter

	   Elements of the interpreter
	       Startup, Parsing, Optimization, Running, Exception handing

	   Internal Variable Types
	   Op Trees
	   Stacks
	       Argument stack, Mark stack, Save stack

	   Millions of Macros
	   The .i Targets
       SOURCE CODE STATIC ANALYSIS
	   lint, splint
	   Coverity
	   cpd (cut-and-paste detector)
	   gcc warnings
	   Warnings of other C compilers
	   DEBUGGING
	   Poking at Perl
	   Using a source-level debugger
	       run [args], break function_name, break source.c:xxx, step, next, continue, finish,
	       'enter', print

	   gdb macro support
	   Dumping Perl Data Structures
	   Patching
	   Patching a core module
	   Adding a new function to the core
	   Writing a test
	       t/base/, t/cmd/, t/comp/, t/io/, t/lib/, t/op/, t/pod/, t/run/, t/uni/, t/win32/,
	       t/x2p, t/base t/comp, t/cmd t/run t/io t/op, t/lib ext lib

	   Special Make Test Targets
	       coretest, test.deparse, test.taintwarn, minitest, test.valgrind check.valgrind
	       utest.valgrind ucheck.valgrind, test.third check.third utest.third ucheck.third,
	       test.torture torturetest, utest ucheck test.utf8 check.utf8, minitest.utf16
	       test.utf16, test_harness, test-notty test_notty

	   Running tests by hand
	       -v, -torture, -re=PATTERN, -re LIST OF PATTERNS, PERL_CORE=1,
	       PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL=2, PERL, PERL_SKIP_TTY_TEST, PERL_TEST_Net_Ping,
	       PERL_TEST_NOVREXX, PERL_TEST_NUMCONVERTS

	   Common problems when patching Perl source code
	   Perl environment problems
	   Portability problems
	   Problematic System Interfaces
	   Security problems
       EXTERNAL TOOLS FOR DEBUGGING PERL
	   Rational Software's Purify
	   Purify on Unix
	       -Accflags=-DPURIFY, -Doptimize='-g', -Uusemymalloc, -Dusemultiplicity

	   Purify on NT
	       DEFINES, USE_MULTI = define, #PERL_MALLOC = define, CFG = Debug

	   valgrind
	   Compaq's/Digital's/HP's Third Degree
	   PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL
	   PERL_MEM_LOG
	   Profiling
	   Gprof Profiling
	       -a, -b, -e routine, -f routine, -s, -z

	   GCC gcov Profiling
	   Pixie Profiling
	       -h, -l, -p[rocedures], -h[eavy], -i[nvocations], -l[ines], -testcoverage, -z[ero]

	   Miscellaneous tricks
       CONCLUSION
	   The Road goes ever on and on, down from the door where it began.

       AUTHOR

       perlbook - Perl book information

       DESCRIPTION

       perlcommunity - a brief overview of the Perl community

       DESCRIPTION
	   Where to find the community
	   Mailing lists and Newsgroups
	   IRC
	   Websites
	       <http://perl.com/>, <http://use.perl.org/>, <http://www.perlmonks.org/>

	   User Groups
	   Workshops
	   Hackathons
	   Conventions
	   Calendar of Perl Events
       AUTHOR

       perltodo - Perl TO-DO List

       DESCRIPTION
       Tasks that only need Perl knowledge
	   Smartmatch design issues
	   Remove duplication of test setup.
	   POD -> HTML conversion in the core still sucks
	   merge checkpods and podchecker
	   Parallel testing
	   Make Schwern poorer
	   Improve the coverage of the core tests
	   test B
	   Deparse inlined constants
	   A decent benchmark
	   fix tainting bugs
	   Dual life everything
	   Bundle dual life modules in ext/
	   POSIX memory footprint
	   embed.pl/makedef.pl
	   use strict; and AutoLoad
	   profile installman
       Tasks that need a little sysadmin-type knowledge
	   make HTML install work
	   compressed man pages
	   Add a code coverage target to the Makefile
	   Make Config.pm cope with differences between built and installed perl
	   linker specification files
	   Cross-compile support
	   roffitall
	   Split "linker" from "compiler"
	       "cc" (in cc.U), "ld" (in dlsrc.U)

       Tasks that need a little C knowledge
	   Weed out needless PERL_UNUSED_ARG
	   Modernize the order of directories in @INC
	   -Duse32bit*
	   Make it clear from -v if this is the exact official release
	   Profile Perl - am I hot or not?
	   Allocate OPs from arenas
	   Improve win32/wince.c
	   Use secure CRT functions when building with VC8 on Win32
	   Fix POSIX::access() and chdir() on Win32
	   strcat(), strcpy(), strncat(), strncpy(), sprintf(), vsprintf()
	   -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2, -fstack-protector
	   Arenas for GPs? For MAGIC?
	   Shared arenas
       Tasks that need a knowledge of XS
	   investigate removing int_macro_int from POSIX.xs
	   safely supporting POSIX SA_SIGINFO
	   autovivification
	   Unicode in Filenames
	   Unicode in %ENV
	   Unicode and glob()
	   Unicode and lc/uc operators
	   use less 'memory'
	   Re-implement ":unique" in a way that is actually thread-safe
	   Make tainting consistent
	   readpipe(LIST)
	   Audit the code for destruction ordering assumptions
	   Extend PerlIO and PerlIO::Scalar
	   -C on the #! line
	   Propagate const outwards from Perl_moreswitches()
	   Duplicate logic in S_method_common() and Perl_gv_fetchmethod_autoload()
	   Organize error messages
       Tasks that need a knowledge of the interpreter
	   error reporting of [$a ; $b]
	   UTF-8 revamp
	   Properly Unicode safe tokeniser and pads.
	   state variable initialization in list context
	   Implement $value ~~ 0 .. $range
	   A does() built-in
	   Tied filehandles and write() don't mix
	   Attach/detach debugger from running program
	   Optimize away empty destructors
	   LVALUE functions for lists
	   LVALUE functions in the debugger
	   regexp optimiser optional
	   delete &function
	   "/w" regex modifier
	   optional optimizer
	   You WANT *how* many
	   lexical aliases
	   entersub XS vs Perl
	   Self-ties
	   Optimize away @_
	   The yada yada yada operators
	   Virtualize operating system access
	   Investigate PADTMP hash pessimisation
	   Store the current pad in the OP slab allocator
	   repack the optree
	   eliminate incorrect line numbers in warnings
	   optimize tail-calls
       Big projects
	   make ithreads more robust
	   iCOW
	   (?{...}) closures in regexps
	   A re-entrant regexp engine
	   Add class set operations to regexp engine

       perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
	   -h, -v, -t, -u, -m module, -l, -F, -f perlfunc, -q perlfaq-search-regexp, -T, -d des-
	   tination-filename, -o output-formatname, -M module-name, -w option:value or -w option,
	   -X, PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName, -n some-formatter, -r, -i, -V

       SECURITY
       ENVIRONMENT
       AUTHOR

       perlhist - the Perl history records

       DESCRIPTION
       INTRODUCTION
       THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
	   PUMPKIN?
       THE RECORDS
	   SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
	   SELECTED PATCH SIZES
       THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS

       perldelta - what is new for perl v5.8.9

       DESCRIPTION
       Notice
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
	   Unicode Character Database 5.1.0.
	   stat and -X on directory handles
	   Source filters in @INC
	   Exceptions in constant folding
	   "no VERSION"
	   Improved internal UTF-8 caching code
	   Runtime relocatable installations
	   New internal variables
	       "${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}", "${^UTF8CACHE}"

	   "readpipe" is now overridable
	   simple exception handling macros
	   -D option enhancements
	   XS-assisted SWASHGET
	   Constant subroutines
       New Platforms
       Modules and Pragmata
	   New Modules
	   Updated Modules
       Utility Changes
	   debugger upgraded to version 1.31
	   perlthanks
	   perlbug
	   h2xs
	   h2ph
       New Documentation
       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   Relocatable installations
	   Configuration improvements
	   Compilation improvements
	   Installation improvements.
	   Platform Specific Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
	   Unicode
	   PerlIO
	   Magic
	   Reblessing overloaded objects now works
	   "strict" now propagates correctly into string evals
	   Other fixes
	   Platform Specific Fixes
	   Smaller fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
	   panic: sv_chop %s
	   Maximal count of pending signals (%s) exceeded
	   panic: attempt to call %s in %s
	   FETCHSIZE returned a negative value
	   Can't upgrade %s (%d) to %d
	   %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or a subroutine
	   Cannot make the non-overridable builtin %s fatal
	   Unrecognized character '%s' in column %d
	   Offset outside string
	   Invalid escape in the specified encoding in regexp; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/
	   Your machine doesn't support dump/undump.
       Changed Internals
	   Macro cleanups
       New Tests
	   ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t, t/comp/fold.t, t/io/pvbm.t, t/lib/proxy_con-
	   stant_subs.t, t/op/attrhand.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/inccode-tie.t, t/op/incfilter.t,
	   t/op/kill0.t, t/op/qrstack.t, t/op/qr.t, t/op/regexp_qr_embed.t, t/op/regexp_qr.t,
	   t/op/rxcode.t, t/op/studytied.t, t/op/substT.t, t/op/symbolcache.t, t/op/upgrade.t,
	   t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/pod/twice.t, t/run/cloexec.t, t/uni/cache.t, t/uni/chr.t,
	   t/uni/greek.t, t/uni/latin2.t, t/uni/overload.t, t/uni/tie.t

       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Notes
	   Win32
	   OS/2
	   VMS
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl589delta, perldelta - what is new for perl v5.8.9

       DESCRIPTION
       Notice
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
	   Unicode Character Database 5.1.0.
	   stat and -X on directory handles
	   Source filters in @INC
	   Exceptions in constant folding
	   "no VERSION"
	   Improved internal UTF-8 caching code
	   Runtime relocatable installations
	   New internal variables
	       "${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}", "${^UTF8CACHE}"

	   "readpipe" is now overridable
	   simple exception handling macros
	   -D option enhancements
	   XS-assisted SWASHGET
	   Constant subroutines
       New Platforms
       Modules and Pragmata
	   New Modules
	   Updated Modules
       Utility Changes
	   debugger upgraded to version 1.31
	   perlthanks
	   perlbug
	   h2xs
	   h2ph
       New Documentation
       Changes to Existing Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   Relocatable installations
	   Configuration improvements
	   Compilation improvements
	   Installation improvements.
	   Platform Specific Changes
       Selected Bug Fixes
	   Unicode
	   PerlIO
	   Magic
	   Reblessing overloaded objects now works
	   "strict" now propagates correctly into string evals
	   Other fixes
	   Platform Specific Fixes
	   Smaller fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
	   panic: sv_chop %s
	   Maximal count of pending signals (%s) exceeded
	   panic: attempt to call %s in %s
	   FETCHSIZE returned a negative value
	   Can't upgrade %s (%d) to %d
	   %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or a subroutine
	   Cannot make the non-overridable builtin %s fatal
	   Unrecognized character '%s' in column %d
	   Offset outside string
	   Invalid escape in the specified encoding in regexp; marked by <-- HERE in m/%s/
	   Your machine doesn't support dump/undump.
       Changed Internals
	   Macro cleanups
       New Tests
	   ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t, t/comp/fold.t, t/io/pvbm.t, t/lib/proxy_con-
	   stant_subs.t, t/op/attrhand.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/inccode-tie.t, t/op/incfilter.t,
	   t/op/kill0.t, t/op/qrstack.t, t/op/qr.t, t/op/regexp_qr_embed.t, t/op/regexp_qr.t,
	   t/op/rxcode.t, t/op/studytied.t, t/op/substT.t, t/op/symbolcache.t, t/op/upgrade.t,
	   t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/pod/twice.t, t/run/cloexec.t, t/uni/cache.t, t/uni/chr.t,
	   t/uni/greek.t, t/uni/latin2.t, t/uni/overload.t, t/uni/tie.t

       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Notes
	   Win32
	   OS/2
	   VMS
       Obituary
       Acknowledgements
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl588delta - what is new for perl v5.8.8

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
	   "h2xs" enhancements
	   "perlivp" enhancements
       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
	   no warnings 'category' works correctly with -w
	   Remove over-optimisation
	   sprintf() fixes
	   Debugger and Unicode slowdown
	   Smaller fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
	   Attempt to set length of freed array
	   Non-string passed as bitmask
	   Search pattern not terminated or ternary operator parsed as search pattern
       Changed Internals
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl587delta - what is new for perl v5.8.7

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
	   Unicode Character Database 4.1.0
	   suidperl less insecure
	   Optional site customization script
	   "Config.pm" is now much smaller.
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
	   find2perl enhancements
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl586delta - what is new for perl v5.8.6

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       Performance Enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl585delta - what is new for perl v5.8.5

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
	   Perl's debugger
	   h2ph
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl584delta - what is new for perl v5.8.4

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
	   Malloc wrapping
	   Unicode Character Database 4.0.1
	   suidperl less insecure
	   format
       Modules and Pragmata
	   Updated modules
	       Attribute::Handlers, B, Benchmark, CGI, Carp, Cwd, Exporter, File::Find, IO,
	       IPC::Open3, Local::Maketext, Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::BigRat,
	       MIME::Base64, ODBM_File, POSIX, Shell, Socket, Storable, Switch, Sys::Syslog,
	       Term::ANSIColor, Time::HiRes, Unicode::UCD, Win32, base, open, threads, utf8

       Performance Enhancements
       Utility Changes
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Future Directions
       Platform Specific Problems
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl583delta - what is new for perl v5.8.3

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
	   CGI, Cwd, Digest, Digest::MD5, Encode, File::Spec, FindBin, List::Util, Math::BigInt,
	   PodParser, Pod::Perldoc, POSIX, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, Test::Harness,
	   threads::shared

       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Configuration and Building
       Platform Specific Problems
       Known Problems
       Future Directions
       Obituary
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl582delta - what is new for perl v5.8.2

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
	   Hash Randomisation
	   Threading
       Modules and Pragmata
	   Updated Modules And Pragmata
	       Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, I18N::LangTags, libnet, MIME::Base64, Pod::Perldoc,
	       strict, Tie::Hash, Time::HiRes, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, UNIVERSAL

       Selected Bug Fixes
       Changed Internals
       Platform Specific Problems
       Future Directions
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl581delta - what is new for perl v5.8.1

       DESCRIPTION
       Incompatible Changes
	   Hash Randomisation
	   UTF-8 On Filehandles No Longer Activated By Locale
	   Single-number v-strings are no longer v-strings before "=>"
	   (Win32) The -C Switch Has Been Repurposed
	   (Win32) The /d Switch Of cmd.exe
       Core Enhancements
	   UTF-8 no longer default under UTF-8 locales
	   Unsafe signals again available
	   Tied Arrays with Negative Array Indices
	   local ${$x}
	   Unicode Character Database 4.0.0
	   Deprecation Warnings
	   Miscellaneous Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
	   Updated Modules And Pragmata
	       base, B::Bytecode, B::Concise, B::Deparse, Benchmark, ByteLoader, bytes, CGI,
	       charnames, CPAN, Data::Dumper, DB_File, Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, Encode,
	       fields, libnet, Math::BigInt, MIME::Base64, NEXT, Net::Ping, PerlIO::scalar, pod-
	       lators, Pod::LaTeX, PodParsers, Pod::Perldoc, Scalar::Util, Storable, strict,
	       Term::ANSIcolor, Test::Harness, Test::More, Test::Simple, Text::Balanced,
	       Time::HiRes, threads, threads::shared, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize,
	       Win32::GetFolderPath, Win32::GetOSVersion

       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   Platform-specific enhancements
       Selected Bug Fixes
	   Closures, eval and lexicals
	   Generic fixes
	   Platform-specific fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
	   Changed "A thread exited while %d threads were running"
	   Removed "Attempt to clear a restricted hash"
	   New "Illegal declaration of anonymous subroutine"
	   Changed "Invalid range "%s" in transliteration operator"
	   New "Missing control char name in \c"
	   New "Newline in left-justified string for %s"
	   New "Possible precedence problem on bitwise %c operator"
	   New "Pseudo-hashes are deprecated"
	   New "read() on %s filehandle %s"
	   New "5.005 threads are deprecated"
	   New "Tied variable freed while still in use"
	   New "To%s: illegal mapping '%s'"
	   New "Use of freed value in iteration"
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Known Problems
	   Tied hashes in scalar context
	   Net::Ping 450_service and 510_ping_udp failures
	   B::C
       Platform Specific Problems
	   EBCDIC Platforms
	   Cygwin 1.5 problems
	   HP-UX: HP cc warnings about sendfile and sendpath
	   IRIX: t/uni/tr_7jis.t falsely failing
	   Mac OS X: no usemymalloc
	   Tru64: No threaded builds with GNU cc (gcc)
	   Win32: sysopen, sysread, syswrite
       Future Directions
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO

       perl58delta - what is new for perl v5.8.0

       DESCRIPTION
       Highlights In 5.8.0
       Incompatible Changes
	   Binary Incompatibility
	   64-bit platforms and malloc
	   AIX Dynaloading
	   Attributes for "my" variables now handled at run-time
	   Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
	   IEEE-format Floating Point Default on OpenVMS Alpha
	   New Unicode Semantics (no more "use utf8", almost)
	   New Unicode Properties
	   REF(...) Instead Of SCALAR(...)
	   pack/unpack D/F recycled
	   glob() now returns filenames in alphabetical order
	   Deprecations
       Core Enhancements
	   Unicode Overhaul
	   PerlIO is Now The Default
	   ithreads
	   Restricted Hashes
	   Safe Signals
	   Understanding of Numbers
	   Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings [561]
	   Miscellaneous Changes
       Modules and Pragmata
	   New Modules and Pragmata
	   Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   Generic Improvements
	   New Or Improved Platforms
       Selected Bug Fixes
	   Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Security Vulnerability Closed [561]
       New Tests
       Known Problems
	   The Compiler Suite Is Still Very Experimental
	   Localising Tied Arrays and Hashes Is Broken
	   Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
	   Modifying $_ Inside for(..)
	   mod_perl 1.26 Doesn't Build With Threaded Perl
	   lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
	   libwww-perl (LWP) fails base/date #51
	   PDL failing some tests
	   Perl_get_sv
	   Self-tying Problems
	   ext/threads/t/libc
	   Failure of Thread (5.005-style) tests
	   Timing problems
	   Tied/Magical Array/Hash Elements Do Not Autovivify
	   Unicode in package/class and subroutine names does not work
       Platform Specific Problems
	   AIX
	   Alpha systems with old gccs fail several tests
	   AmigaOS
	   BeOS
	   Cygwin "unable to remap"
	   Cygwin ndbm tests fail on FAT
	   DJGPP Failures
	   FreeBSD built with ithreads coredumps reading large directories
	   FreeBSD Failing locale Test 117 For ISO 8859-15 Locales
	   IRIX fails ext/List/Util/t/shuffle.t or Digest::MD5
	   HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
	   Linux with glibc 2.2.5 fails t/op/int subtest #6 with -Duse64bitint
	   Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
	   Mac OS X
	   Mac OS X dyld undefined symbols
	   OS/2 Test Failures
	   op/sprintf tests 91, 129, and 130
	   SCO
	   Solaris 2.5
	   Solaris x86 Fails Tests With -Duse64bitint
	   SUPER-UX (NEC SX)
	   Term::ReadKey not working on Win32
	   UNICOS/mk
	   UTS
	   VOS (Stratus)
	   VMS
	   Win32
	   XML::Parser not working
	   z/OS (OS/390)
	   Unicode Support on EBCDIC Still Spotty
	   Seen In Perl 5.7 But Gone Now
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perl573delta - what's new for perl v5.7.3

       DESCRIPTION
       Changes
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perl572delta - what's new for perl v5.7.2

       DESCRIPTION
       Security Vulnerability Closed
       Incompatible Changes
	   64-bit platforms and malloc
	   AIX Dynaloading
	   Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
	   Different Definition of the Unicode Character Classes \p{In...}
	   Deprecations
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
	   New Modules and Distributions
	   Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   New Or Improved Platforms
	   Generic Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
	   Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Source Code Enhancements
	   MAGIC constants
	   Better commented code
	   Regex pre-/post-compilation items matched up
	   gcc -Wall
       New Tests
       Known Problems
	   AIX
	   Amiga Perl Invoking Mystery
	   lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
	   Cygwin intermittent failures of lib/Memoize/t/expire_file 11 and 12
	   HP-UX lib/io_multihomed Fails When LP64-Configured
	   HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
	   Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
	   OS/390
	   op/sprintf tests 129 and 130
	   Failure of Thread tests
	   UNICOS
	   UTS
	   VMS
	   Win32
	   Localising a Tied Variable Leaks Memory
	   Self-tying of Arrays and Hashes Is Forbidden
	   Variable Attributes are not Currently Usable for Tieing
	   Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
	   The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
	   The Long Double Support is Still Experimental
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perl571delta - what's new for perl v5.7.1

       DESCRIPTION
       Security Vulnerability Closed
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
	   AUTOLOAD Is Now Lvaluable
	   PerlIO is Now The Default
	   Signals Are Now Safe
       Modules and Pragmata
	   New Modules
	   Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Performance Enhancements
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
	   perlclib
	   perliol
	   README.aix
	   README.bs2000
	   README.macos
	   README.mpeix
	   README.solaris
	   README.vos
	   Porting/repository.pod
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   New Or Improved Platforms
	   Generic Improvements
	       d_cmsghdr, d_fcntl_can_lock, d_fsync, d_getitimer, d_getpagsz, d_msghdr_s,
	       need_va_copy, d_readv, d_recvmsg, d_sendmsg, sig_size, d_sockatmark, d_strtoq,
	       d_u32align, d_ualarm, d_usleep

       Selected Bug Fixes
	   Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       New Tests
       Known Problems
	   AIX vac 5.0.0.0 May Produce Buggy Code For Perl
	   lib/ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
	   lib/io_multihomed Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
	   Test lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
	   lib/b test 19
	   Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
	   sigaction test 13 in VMS
	   sprintf tests 129 and 130
	   Failure of Thread tests
	   Localising a Tied Variable Leaks Memory
	   Self-tying of Arrays and Hashes Is Forbidden
	   Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
	   The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perl570delta - what's new for perl v5.7.0

       DESCRIPTION
       Security Vulnerability Closed
       Incompatible Changes
       Core Enhancements
       Modules and Pragmata
	   New Modules
	   Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata
       Utility Changes
       New Documentation
       Performance Enhancements
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   Generic Improvements
       Selected Bug Fixes
	   Platform Specific Changes and Fixes
       New or Changed Diagnostics
       Changed Internals
       Known Problems
	   Unicode Support Still Far From Perfect
	   EBCDIC Still A Lost Platform
	   Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
	   ftmp-security tests warn 'system possibly insecure'
	   Test lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails In LP64-Configured HP-UX
	   Long Doubles Still Don't Work In Solaris
	   Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
	   Storable tests fail in some platforms
	   Threads Are Still Experimental
	   The Compiler Suite Is Still Experimental
       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perl561delta - what's new for perl v5.6.x

       DESCRIPTION
       Summary of changes between 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
	   Security Issues
	   Core bug fixes
	       "UNIVERSAL::isa()", Memory leaks, Numeric conversions, qw(a\\b), caller(), Bugs in
	       regular expressions, "slurp" mode, Autovivification of symbolic references to spe-
	       cial variables, Lexical warnings, Spurious warnings and errors, glob(), Tainting,
	       sort(), #line directives, Subroutine prototypes, map(), Debugger, PERL5OPT,
	       chop(), Unicode support, 64-bit support, Compiler, Lvalue subroutines, IO::Socket,
	       File::Find, xsubpp, "no Module;", Tests

	   Core features
	   Configuration issues
	   Documentation
	   Bundled modules
	       B::Concise, File::Temp, Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Text::Overstrike, CGI, CPAN,
	       Class::Struct, DB_File, Devel::Peek, File::Find, Getopt::Long, IO::Poll,
	       IPC::Open3, Math::BigFloat, Math::Complex, Net::Ping, Opcode, Pod::Parser,
	       Pod::Text, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Tie::RefHash, Tie::SubstrHash

	   Platform-specific improvements
	       NCR MP-RAS, NonStop-UX

       Core Enhancements
	   Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
	   Lexically scoped warning categories
	   Unicode and UTF-8 support
	   Support for interpolating named characters
	   "our" declarations
	   Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
	   Improved Perl version numbering system
	   New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
	   File and directory handles can be autovivified
	   open() with more than two arguments
	   64-bit support
	   Large file support
	   Long doubles
	   "more bits"
	   Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
	   "sort $coderef @foo" allowed
	   File globbing implemented internally
	   Support for CHECK blocks
	   POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
	   Better pseudo-random number generator
	   Improved "qw//" operator
	   Better worst-case behavior of hashes
	   pack() format 'Z' supported
	   pack() format modifier '!' supported
	   pack() and unpack() support counted strings
	   Comments in pack() templates
	   Weak references
	   Binary numbers supported
	   Lvalue subroutines
	   Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
	   Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
	   exists() is supported on subroutine names
	   exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
	   Pseudo-hashes work better
	   Automatic flushing of output buffers
	   Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
	   Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
	   eof() has the same old magic as <>
	   binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
	   "-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
	   system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
	   Improved diagnostics
	   Diagnostics follow STDERR
	   More consistent close-on-exec behavior
	   syswrite() ease-of-use
	   Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
	   Bit operators support full native integer width
	   Improved security features
	   More functional bareword prototype (*)
	   "require" and "do" may be overridden
	   $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
	   New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
	   New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
	   Optional Y2K warnings
	   Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
	   @- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex submatches
       Modules and Pragmata
	   Modules
	       attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames, Data::Dumper, DB,
	       DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl,
	       File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions,
	       Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Pod::Parser,
	       Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find,
	       Pod::Select, podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File,
	       Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM
	       Filters

	   Pragmata
       Utility Changes
	   dprofpp
	   find2perl
	   h2xs
	   perlcc
	   perldoc
	   The Perl Debugger
       Improved Documentation
	   perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perlde-
	   bguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, per-
	   llexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod, perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod,
	   perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod

       Performance enhancements
	   Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
	   Optimized assignments to lexical variables
	   Faster subroutine calls
	   delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   -Dusethreads means something different
	   New Configure flags
	   Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
	   Long Doubles
	   -Dusemorebits
	   -Duselargefiles
	   installusrbinperl
	   SOCKS support
	   "-A" flag
	   Enhanced Installation Directories
	   gcc automatically tried if 'cc' does not seem to be working
       Platform specific changes
	   Supported platforms
	   DOS
	   OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
	   VMS
	   Win32
       Significant bug fixes
	   <HANDLE> on empty files
	   "eval '...'" improvements
	   All compilation errors are true errors
	   Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
	   Behavior of list slices is more consistent
	   "(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
	   "goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
	   "-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
	   Failures in DESTROY()
	   Locale bugs fixed
	   Memory leaks
	   Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
	   Taint failures under "-U"
	   END blocks and the "-c" switch
	   Potential to leak DATA filehandles
       New or Changed Diagnostics
	   "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, "my sub" not yet implemented,
	   "our" variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a count,
	   / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a
	   numeric type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/: Unrecognized escape
	   \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/ should probably be written as "%s", %s()
	   called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s
	   argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine
	   name, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s,
	   <> should be quotes, Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad real-
	   loc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional, Binary number >
	   0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable,
	   Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check filesystem of script "%s", Can't
	   declare class for non-scalar %s in "%s", Can't declare %s in "%s", Can't ignore signal
	   CHLD, forcing to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read CRTL
	   environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s from lvalue subroutine,
	   Can't weaken a nonreference, Character class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax
	   [%s] belongs inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s,
	   CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is depre-
	   cated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean "local" instead of "our"?), Docu-
	   ment contains no data, entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in regexp,
	   Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Global symbol
	   "%s" requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable,
	   Ill-formed CRTL environ value "%s", Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Ille-
	   gal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits in vec,
	   Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s,
	   invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list,
	   Invalid separator character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s
	   failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not permitted, Missing
	   %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in "my sub", No %s
	   specified for -%c, No package name allowed for variable %s in "our", No space allowed
	   after -%c, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number >
	   037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen errno read, panic:
	   magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around "%s" list, Possible unintended interpo-
	   lation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub
	   NAME : ATTRS" instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in pack over-
	   flows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference
	   is already weak, setpgrp can't take arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expres-
	   sion, switching effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ
	   elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), Too late to run %s
	   block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter:
	   %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in
	   attribute list, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in sub-
	   routine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list, Value of CLI symbol
	   "%s" too long, Version number must be a constant number

       New tests
       Incompatible Changes
	   Perl Source Incompatibilities
	       CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has changed, Format of
	       $English::PERL_VERSION is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently,
	       Possibly changed pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys
	       has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit may be set on
	       pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(),
	       each(), values() and "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS,
	       Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been removed, Parenthesized
	       not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have
	       changed, Semantics of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More
	       builtins taint their results

	   C Source Incompatibilities
	       "PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

	   Compatible C Source API Changes
	       "PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

	   Binary Incompatibilities
       Known Problems
	   Localizing a tied hash element may leak memory
	   Known test failures
	   EBCDIC platforms not fully supported
	   UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
	   Arrow operator and arrays
	   Experimental features
	       Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak references, The pseudo-
	       hash data type, The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file globbing, The
	       DB module, The regular expression code constructs:

       Obsolete Diagnostics
	   Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Ill-formed logical
	   name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as \@%s, Probable
	   precedence problem on %s, regexp too big, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is
	   deprecated

       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perl56delta - what's new for perl v5.6.0

       DESCRIPTION
       Core Enhancements
	   Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
	   Lexically scoped warning categories
	   Unicode and UTF-8 support
	   Support for interpolating named characters
	   "our" declarations
	   Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
	   Improved Perl version numbering system
	   New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
	   File and directory handles can be autovivified
	   open() with more than two arguments
	   64-bit support
	   Large file support
	   Long doubles
	   "more bits"
	   Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
	   "sort $coderef @foo" allowed
	   File globbing implemented internally
	   Support for CHECK blocks
	   POSIX character class syntax [: :] supported
	   Better pseudo-random number generator
	   Improved "qw//" operator
	   Better worst-case behavior of hashes
	   pack() format 'Z' supported
	   pack() format modifier '!' supported
	   pack() and unpack() support counted strings
	   Comments in pack() templates
	   Weak references
	   Binary numbers supported
	   Lvalue subroutines
	   Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
	   Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
	   exists() is supported on subroutine names
	   exists() and delete() are supported on array elements
	   Pseudo-hashes work better
	   Automatic flushing of output buffers
	   Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
	   Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
	   eof() has the same old magic as <>
	   binmode() can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
	   "-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
	   system(), backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
	   Improved diagnostics
	   Diagnostics follow STDERR
	   More consistent close-on-exec behavior
	   syswrite() ease-of-use
	   Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
	   Bit operators support full native integer width
	   Improved security features
	   More functional bareword prototype (*)
	   "require" and "do" may be overridden
	   $^X variables may now have names longer than one character
	   New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
	   New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
	   Optional Y2K warnings
	   Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
	   @- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex matches
       Modules and Pragmata
	   Modules
	       attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames, Data::Dumper, DB,
	       DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl,
	       File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions,
	       Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Pod::Parser,
	       Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find,
	       Pod::Select, podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File,
	       Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM
	       Filters

	   Pragmata
       Utility Changes
	   dprofpp
	   find2perl
	   h2xs
	   perlcc
	   perldoc
	   The Perl Debugger
       Improved Documentation
	   perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perlde-
	   bguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, per-
	   llexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod, perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod,
	   perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod

       Performance enhancements
	   Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
	   Optimized assignments to lexical variables
	   Faster subroutine calls
	   delete(), each(), values() and hash iteration are faster
       Installation and Configuration Improvements
	   -Dusethreads means something different
	   New Configure flags
	   Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
	   Long Doubles
	   -Dusemorebits
	   -Duselargefiles
	   installusrbinperl
	   SOCKS support
	   "-A" flag
	   Enhanced Installation Directories
       Platform specific changes
	   Supported platforms
	   DOS
	   OS390 (OpenEdition MVS)
	   VMS
	   Win32
       Significant bug fixes
	   <HANDLE> on empty files
	   "eval '...'" improvements
	   All compilation errors are true errors
	   Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
	   Behavior of list slices is more consistent
	   "(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
	   "goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
	   "-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
	   Failures in DESTROY()
	   Locale bugs fixed
	   Memory leaks
	   Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
	   Taint failures under "-U"
	   END blocks and the "-c" switch
	   Potential to leak DATA filehandles
       New or Changed Diagnostics
	   "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, "my sub" not yet implemented,
	   "our" variable %s redeclared, '!' allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a count,
	   / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a
	   numeric type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/: Unrecognized escape
	   \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/ should probably be written as "%s", %s()
	   called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s
	   argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine
	   name, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s,
	   <> should be quotes, Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad real-
	   loc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional, Binary number >
	   0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable,
	   Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can't check filesystem of script "%s", Can't
	   declare class for non-scalar %s in "%s", Can't declare %s in "%s", Can't ignore signal
	   CHLD, forcing to default, Can't modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can't read CRTL
	   environ, Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can't return %s from lvalue subroutine,
	   Can't weaken a nonreference, Character class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax
	   [%s] belongs inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s,
	   CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is depre-
	   cated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean "local" instead of "our"?), Docu-
	   ment contains no data, entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in regexp,
	   Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Global symbol
	   "%s" requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable,
	   Ill-formed CRTL environ value "%s", Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Ille-
	   gal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits in vec,
	   Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s,
	   invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list,
	   Invalid separator character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s
	   failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not permitted, Missing
	   %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in "my sub", No %s
	   specified for -%c, No package name allowed for variable %s in "our", No space allowed
	   after -%c, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number >
	   037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen errno read, panic:
	   magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around "%s" list, Possible unintended interpo-
	   lation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub
	   NAME : ATTRS" instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in pack over-
	   flows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference
	   is already weak, setpgrp can't take arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expres-
	   sion, switching effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can't reset CRTL environ
	   elements (%s), This Perl can't set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), Too late to run %s
	   block, Unknown open() mode '%s', Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter:
	   %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in
	   attribute list, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in sub-
	   routine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list, Value of CLI symbol
	   "%s" too long, Version number must be a constant number

       New tests
       Incompatible Changes
	   Perl Source Incompatibilities
	       CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has changed, Format of
	       $English::PERL_VERSION is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently,
	       Possibly changed pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys
	       has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit may be set on
	       pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(),
	       each(), values() and "\(%h)", vec(EXPR,OFFSET,BITS) enforces powers-of-two BITS,
	       Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been removed, Parenthesized
	       not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have
	       changed, Semantics of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More
	       builtins taint their results

	   C Source Incompatibilities
	       "PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

	   Compatible C Source API Changes
	       "PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

	   Binary Incompatibilities
       Known Problems
	   Thread test failures
	   EBCDIC platforms not supported
	   In 64-bit HP-UX the lib/io_multihomed test may hang
	   NEXTSTEP 3.3 POSIX test failure
	   Tru64 (aka Digital UNIX, aka DEC OSF/1) lib/sdbm test failure with gcc
	   UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
	   Arrow operator and arrays
	   Experimental features
	       Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak references, The pseudo-
	       hash data type, The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file globbing, The
	       DB module, The regular expression code constructs:

       Obsolete Diagnostics
	   Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Ill-formed logical
	   name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as \@%s, Probable
	   precedence problem on %s, regexp too big, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is
	   deprecated

       Reporting Bugs
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perl5005delta - what's new for perl5.005

       DESCRIPTION
       About the new versioning system
       Incompatible Changes
	   WARNING:  This version is not binary compatible with Perl 5.004.
	   Default installation structure has changed
	   Perl Source Compatibility
	   C Source Compatibility
	   Binary Compatibility
	   Security fixes may affect compatibility
	   Relaxed new mandatory warnings introduced in 5.004
	   Licensing
       Core Changes
	   Threads
	   Compiler
	   Regular Expressions
	       Many new and improved optimizations, Many bug fixes, New regular expression con-
	       structs, New operator for precompiled regular expressions, Other improvements,
	       Incompatible changes

	   Improved malloc()
	   Quicksort is internally implemented
	   Reliable signals
	   Reliable stack pointers
	   More generous treatment of carriage returns
	   Memory leaks
	   Better support for multiple interpreters
	   Behavior of local() on array and hash elements is now well-defined
	   "%!" is transparently tied to the Errno module
	   Pseudo-hashes are supported
	   "EXPR foreach EXPR" is supported
	   Keywords can be globally overridden
	   $^E is meaningful on Win32
	   "foreach (1..1000000)" optimized
	   "Foo::" can be used as implicitly quoted package name
	   "exists $Foo::{Bar::}" tests existence of a package
	   Better locale support
	   Experimental support for 64-bit platforms
	   prototype() returns useful results on builtins
	   Extended support for exception handling
	   Re-blessing in DESTROY() supported for chaining DESTROY() methods
	   All "printf" format conversions are handled internally
	   New "INIT" keyword
	   New "lock" keyword
	   New "qr//" operator
	   "our" is now a reserved word
	   Tied arrays are now fully supported
	   Tied handles support is better
	   4th argument to substr
	   Negative LENGTH argument to splice
	   Magic lvalues are now more magical
	   <> now reads in records
       Supported Platforms
	   New Platforms
	   Changes in existing support
       Modules and Pragmata
	   New Modules
	       B, Data::Dumper, Dumpvalue, Errno, File::Spec, ExtUtils::Installed, ExtU-
	       tils::Packlist, Fatal, IPC::SysV, Test, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Thread, attrs,
	       fields, re

	   Changes in existing modules
	       Benchmark, Carp, CGI, Fcntl, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, POSIX, DB_File, MakeMaker,
	       CPAN, Cwd

       Utility Changes
       Documentation Changes
       New Diagnostics
	   Ambiguous call resolved as CORE::%s(), qualify as such or use &, Bad index while
	   coercing array into hash, Bareword "%s" refers to nonexistent package, Can't call
	   method "%s" on an undefined value, Can't check filesystem of script "%s" for nosuid,
	   Can't coerce array into hash, Can't goto subroutine from an eval-string, Can't local-
	   ize pseudo-hash element, Can't use %%! because Errno.pm is not available, Cannot find
	   an opnumber for "%s", Character class syntax [. .] is reserved for future extensions,
	   Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax
	   [= =] is reserved for future extensions, %s: Eval-group in insecure regular expres-
	   sion, %s: Eval-group not allowed, use re 'eval', %s: Eval-group not allowed at run
	   time, Explicit blessing to '' (assuming package main), Illegal hex digit ignored, No
	   such array field, No such field "%s" in variable %s of type %s, Out of memory during
	   ridiculously large request, Range iterator outside integer range, Recursive inheri-
	   tance detected while looking for method '%s' %s, Reference found where even-sized list
	   expected, Undefined value assigned to typeglob, Use of reserved word "%s" is depre-
	   cated, perl: warning: Setting locale failed

       Obsolete Diagnostics
	   Can't mktemp(), Can't write to temp file for -e: %s, Cannot open temporary file, reg-
	   exp too big

       Configuration Changes
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perl5004delta - what's new for perl5.004

       DESCRIPTION
       Supported Environments
       Core Changes
	   List assignment to %ENV works
	   Change to "Can't locate Foo.pm in @INC" error
	   Compilation option: Binary compatibility with 5.003
	   $PERL5OPT environment variable
	   Limitations on -M, -m, and -T options
	   More precise warnings
	   Deprecated: Inherited "AUTOLOAD" for non-methods
	   Previously deprecated %OVERLOAD is no longer usable
	   Subroutine arguments created only when they're modified
	   Group vector changeable with $)
	   Fixed parsing of $$<digit>, &$<digit>, etc.
	   Fixed localization of $<digit>, $&, etc.
	   No resetting of $. on implicit close
	   "wantarray" may return undef
	   "eval EXPR" determines value of EXPR in scalar context
	   Changes to tainting checks
	       No glob() or <*>, No spawning if tainted $CDPATH, $ENV, $BASH_ENV, No spawning if
	       tainted $TERM doesn't look like a terminal name

	   New Opcode module and revised Safe module
	   Embedding improvements
	   Internal change: FileHandle class based on IO::* classes
	   Internal change: PerlIO abstraction interface
	   New and changed syntax
	       $coderef->(PARAMS)

	   New and changed builtin constants
	       __PACKAGE__

	   New and changed builtin variables
	       $^E, $^H, $^M

	   New and changed builtin functions
	       delete on slices, flock, printf and sprintf, keys as an lvalue, my() in Control
	       Structures, pack() and unpack(), sysseek(), use VERSION, use Module VERSION LIST,
	       prototype(FUNCTION), srand, $_ as Default, "m//gc" does not reset search position
	       on failure, "m//x" ignores whitespace before ?*+{}, nested "sub{}" closures work
	       now, formats work right on changing lexicals

	   New builtin methods
	       isa(CLASS), can(METHOD), VERSION( [NEED] )

	   TIEHANDLE now supported
	       TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, LIST, READ this LIST,
	       READLINE this, GETC this, DESTROY this

	   Malloc enhancements
	       -DPERL_EMERGENCY_SBRK, -DPACK_MALLOC, -DTWO_POT_OPTIMIZE

	   Miscellaneous efficiency enhancements
       Support for More Operating Systems
	   Win32
	   Plan 9
	   QNX
	   AmigaOS
       Pragmata
	   use autouse MODULE => qw(sub1 sub2 sub3), use blib, use blib 'dir', use constant NAME
	   => VALUE, use locale, use ops, use vmsish

       Modules
	   Required Updates
	   Installation directories
	   Module information summary
	   Fcntl
	   IO
	   Math::Complex
	   Math::Trig
	   DB_File
	   Net::Ping
	   Object-oriented overrides for builtin operators
       Utility Changes
	   pod2html
	       Sends converted HTML to standard output

	   xsubpp
	       "void" XSUBs now default to returning nothing

       C Language API Changes
	   "gv_fetchmethod" and "perl_call_sv", "perl_eval_pv", Extended API for manipulating
	   hashes

       Documentation Changes
	   perldelta, perlfaq, perllocale, perltoot, perlapio, perlmodlib, perldebug, perlsec

       New Diagnostics
	   "my" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same scope, %s argument is not a HASH
	   element or slice, Allocation too large: %lx, Allocation too large, Applying %s to %s
	   will act on scalar(%s), Attempt to free nonexistent shared string, Attempt to use ref-
	   erence as lvalue in substr, Bareword "%s" refers to nonexistent package, Can't rede-
	   fine active sort subroutine %s, Can't use bareword ("%s") as %s ref while "strict
	   refs" in use, Cannot resolve method `%s' overloading `%s' in package `%s', Constant
	   subroutine %s redefined, Constant subroutine %s undefined, Copy method did not return
	   a reference, Died, Exiting pseudo-block via %s, Identifier too long, Illegal character
	   %s (carriage return), Illegal switch in PERL5OPT: %s, Integer overflow in hex number,
	   Integer overflow in octal number, internal error: glob failed, Invalid conversion in
	   %s: "%s", Invalid type in pack: '%s', Invalid type in unpack: '%s', Name "%s::%s" used
	   only once: possible typo, Null picture in formline, Offset outside string, Out of mem-
	   ory!, Out of memory during request for %s, panic: frexp, Possible attempt to put com-
	   ments in qw() list, Possible attempt to separate words with commas, Scalar value
	   @%s{%s} better written as $%s{%s}, Stub found while resolving method `%s' overloading
	   `%s' in %s, Too late for "-T" option, untie attempted while %d inner references still
	   exist, Unrecognized character %s, Unsupported function fork, Use of "$$<digit>" to
	   mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated, Value of %s can be "0"; test with defined(), Vari-
	   able "%s" may be unavailable, Variable "%s" will not stay shared, Warning: something's
	   wrong, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, Got an error from DosAllocMem,
	   Malformed PERLLIB_PREFIX, PERL_SH_DIR too long, Process terminated by SIG%s

       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       perlartistic - the Perl Artistic License

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       The "Artistic License"
	   Preamble
	   Definitions
	       "Package", "Standard Version", "Copyright Holder", "You", "Reasonable copying
	       fee", "Freely Available"

	   Conditions
	       a), b), c), d), a), b), c), d)

       perlgpl - the GNU General Public License, version 2

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

       perlaix, README.aix - Perl version 5 on IBM Unix (AIX) systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   Compiling Perl 5 on AIX
	   Supported Compilers
	   Perl 5.8.9 was successfully compiled and tested on:
		   AIX Level		     | Compiler Level	       | w th | w/o th
		   --------------------------+-------------------------+------+-------
		   5.1 TL9 32 bit	     | XL C/C++ V7	       | OK   | OK
		   5.1 TL9 32 bit	     | gcc 3.2.2	       | OK   | OK
		   5.1 TL9 64 bit	     | XL C/C++ V7	       | OK   | OK
		   5.2 TL10 32 bit	     | XL C/C++ V8	       | OK   | OK
		   5.2 TL10 64 bit	     | XL C/C++ V8	       | OK   | OK
		   5.3 TL7 32 bit	     | XL C/C++ V9 + IZ35785   | OK   | OK
		   5.3 TL7 32 bit	     | gcc 4.2.4	       | OK   | OK
		   5.3 TL7 64 bit	     | XL C/C++ V9 + IZ35785   | OK   | OK
		   6.1 TL1 32 bit	     | XL C/C++ V10	       | OK   | OK
		   6.1 TL1 64 bit + IZ39077  | XL C/C++ V10	       | OK   | OK

		   w th   = with thread
		   w/o th = without thread

	   Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX
	   Using Large Files with Perl
	   Threaded Perl
	   64-bit Perl
	   Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3 and 6.1 (threaded/32-bit)
	   Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3 and 6.1 (32-bit)
	   Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3 and 6.1 (threaded/64-bit)
	   Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3 and 6.1(64-bit)
	   Compiling Perl 5 on older AIX versions up to 4.3.3
	   OS level
	   Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX
	   The IBM ANSI C Compiler
	   The usenm option
	   Using GNU's gcc for building perl
	   Using Large Files with Perl
	   Threaded Perl
	   64-bit Perl
	   AIX 4.2 and extensions using C++ with statics
       AUTHORS
       DATE

       perlamiga - Perl under Amiga OS

       NOTE
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on AmigaOS
	       Unix emulation for AmigaOS: ixemul.library, Version of Amiga OS

	   Starting Perl programs under AmigaOS
	   Shortcomings of Perl under AmigaOS
       INSTALLATION
       Accessing documentation
	   Manpages for Perl on AmigaOS
	   Perl HTML Documentation on AmigaOS
	   Perl GNU Info Files on AmigaOS
	   Perl LaTeX Documentation on AmigaOS
       BUILDING PERL ON AMIGAOS
	   Build Prerequisites for Perl on AmigaOS
	   Getting the Perl Source for AmigaOS
	   Making Perl on AmigaOS
	   Testing Perl on AmigaOS
	   Installing the built Perl on AmigaOS
       PERL 5.8.0 BROKEN IN AMIGAOS
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

       perlapollo, README.apollo - Perl version 5 on Apollo DomainOS

       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

       perlbeos, README.beos - Perl version 5.8+ on BeOS

       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD AND INSTALL
	   Requirements
	   Configure
	   Build
	   Install
       KNOWN PROBLEMS
       CONTACT

       perlbs2000, README.BS2000 - building and installing Perl for BS2000.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   gzip on BS2000
	   bison on BS2000
	   Unpacking Perl Distribution on BS2000
	   Compiling Perl on BS2000
	   Testing Perl on BS2000
	   Installing Perl on BS2000
	   Using Perl in the Posix-Shell of BS2000
	   Using Perl in "native" BS2000
	   Floating point anomalies on BS2000
	   Using PerlIO and different encodings on ASCII and EBCDIC partitions
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO
	   Mailing list
       HISTORY

       perlce - Perl for WinCE

       Building Perl for WinCE
	   DESCRIPTION
	   General explanations on cross-compiling WinCE
	   BUILD
	       Microsoft Embedded Visual Tools, Microsoft Visual C++, Rainer Keuchel's
	       celib-sources, Rainer Keuchel's console-sources, go to "./win32" subdirectory,
	       edit file "./win32/ce-helpers/compile.bat", run	    compile.bat, run	com-
	       pile.bat dist

       Using Perl on WinCE
	   DESCRIPTION
	   LIMITATIONS
	   ENVIRONMENT
	       PERL5LIB, PATH, TMP, UNIXROOTPATH, ROWS/COLS, HOME, CONSOLEFONTSIZE

	   REGISTRY
	   XS
	   BUGS
	   INSTALLATION
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       History of WinCE port
       AUTHORS
	   Rainer Keuchel <coyxc@rainer-keuchel.de>, Vadim Konovalov

       perlcygwin, README.cygwin - Perl for Cygwin

       SYNOPSIS
       PREREQUISITES FOR COMPILING PERL ON CYGWIN
	   Cygwin = GNU+Cygnus+Windows (Don't leave UNIX without it)
	   Cygwin Configuration
	       "PATH", nroff, Permissions

       CONFIGURE PERL ON CYGWIN
	   Stripping Perl Binaries on Cygwin
	   Optional Libraries for Perl on Cygwin
	       "-lcrypt", "-lgdbm" ("use GDBM_File"), "-ldb" ("use DB_File"), "cygserver" ("use
	       IPC::SysV"), "-lutil"

	   Configure-time Options for Perl on Cygwin
	       "-Uusedl", "-Uusemymalloc", "-Uuseperlio", "-Dusemultiplicity", "-Duse64bitint",
	       "-Duselongdouble", "-Dusethreads", "-Duselargefiles", "-Dmksymlinks"

	   Suspicious Warnings on Cygwin
	       Win9x and "d_eofnblk", Compiler/Preprocessor defines

       MAKE ON CYGWIN
	   Errors on Cygwin
       TEST ON CYGWIN
	   File Permissions on Cygwin
	   NDBM_File and ODBM_File do not work on FAT filesystems
	   "fork()" failures in io_* tests
       Specific features of the Cygwin port
	   Script Portability on Cygwin
	       Pathnames, Text/Binary, PerlIO, .exe, cygwin vs. windows process ids, "chown()",
	       Miscellaneous

	   Prebuilt methods:
	       "Cwd::cwd", "Cygwin::pid_to_winpid", "Cygwin::winpid_to_pid", "Cyg-
	       win::win_to_posix_path", "Cygwin::posix_to_win_path", "Cygwin::mount_table()",
	       "Cygwin::mount_flags", "Cygwin::is_binmount"

       INSTALL PERL ON CYGWIN
       MANIFEST ON CYGWIN
	   Documentation, Build, Configure, Make, Install, Tests, Compiled Perl Source, Compiled
	   Module Source, Perl Modules/Scripts

       BUGS ON CYGWIN
       AUTHORS
       HISTORY

       perldgux - Perl under DG/UX.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILDING PERL ON DG/UX
	   Non-threaded Perl on DG/UX
	   Threaded Perl on DG/UX
	   Testing Perl on DG/UX
	   Installing the built perl on DG/UX
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perldos - Perl under DOS, W31, W95.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on DOS
	       DJGPP, Pthreads

	   Shortcomings of Perl under DOS
	   Building Perl on DOS
	   Testing Perl on DOS
	   Installation of Perl on DOS
       BUILDING AND INSTALLING MODULES ON DOS
	   Building Prerequisites for Perl on DOS
	   Unpacking CPAN Modules on DOS
	   Building Non-XS Modules on DOS
	   Building XS Modules on DOS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perlepoc, README.epoc - Perl for EPOC

       SYNOPSIS
       INTRODUCTION
       INSTALLING PERL ON EPOC
       STARTING PERL ON EPOC
	   Editors on Epoc
	   Features of Perl on Epoc
	   Restrictions of Perl on Epoc
	   Compiling Perl 5 on the EPOC cross compiling environment
       SUPPORT STATUS OF PERL ON EPOC
       AUTHOR
       LAST UPDATE

       perlfreebsd, README.freebsd - Perl version 5 on FreeBSD systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   FreeBSD core dumps from readdir_r with ithreads
	   $^X doesn't always contain a full path in FreeBSD
	   Perl will no longer be part of "base FreeBSD"
       AUTHOR

       perlhpux, README.hpux - Perl version 5 on Hewlett-Packard Unix (HP-UX) systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   Using perl as shipped with HP-UX
	   Using perl from HP's porting centre
	   Compiling Perl 5 on HP-UX
	   PA-RISC
	   Portability Between PA-RISC Versions
	   PA-RISC 1.0
	   PA-RISC 1.1
	   PA-RISC 2.0
	   Itanium Processor Family (IPF) and HP-UX
	   Itanium, Itanium 2 & Madison 6
	   HP-UX versions
	   Building Dynamic Extensions on HP-UX
	   The HP ANSI C Compiler
	   The GNU C Compiler
	   Using Large Files with Perl on HP-UX
	   Threaded Perl on HP-UX
	   64-bit Perl on HP-UX
	   Oracle on HP-UX
	   GDBM and Threads on HP-UX
	   NFS filesystems and utime(2) on HP-UX
	   perl -P and // and HP-UX
	   HP-UX Kernel Parameters (maxdsiz) for Compiling Perl
       nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
       Miscellaneous
       AUTHOR
       DATE

       perlhurd, README.hurd - Perl version 5 on Hurd

       DESCRIPTION
	   Known Problems with Perl on Hurd
       AUTHOR

       perlirix, README.irix - Perl version 5 on Irix systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   Building 32-bit Perl in Irix
	   Building 64-bit Perl in Irix
	   About Compiler Versions of Irix
	   Linker Problems in Irix
	   Malloc in Irix
	   Building with threads in Irix
	   Irix 5.3
       AUTHOR

       perllinux, README.linux - Perl version 5 on Linux systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   Experimental Support for Sun Studio Compilers for Linux OS
       AUTHOR

       perlmachten, README.machten - Perl version 5 on Power MachTen systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   Perl version 5.8.x and greater not supported
	   Compiling Perl 5.6.x on MachTen
	   Failures during "make test" on MachTen
	       op/lexassign.t, pragma/warnings.t

	   Building external modules on MachTen
       AUTHOR
       DATE

       perlmacos, README.macos - Perl under Mac OS (Classic)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       DATE

       perlmacosx, README.macosx - Perl under Mac OS X

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Installation Prefix
	   SDK support
	   Universal Binary support
	   64-bit PPC support
	   libperl and Prebinding
	   Updating Apple's Perl
	   Known problems
	   MacPerl
	   Carbon
	   Cocoa
       Starting From Scratch
       AUTHOR
       DATE

       perlmint, README.mint - Perl version 5 on Atari MiNT

       DESCRIPTION
       Known problems with Perl on MiNT
       AUTHOR

       perlmpeix, README.mpeix - Perl/iX for HP e3000 MPE

       SYNOPSIS
       NOTE
       Binary distribution from HP
       What's New in Perl for MPE/iX
       Welcome to Perl/iX
       System Requirements for Perl/iX
       How to Obtain Perl/iX
       Perl/iX Distribution Contents Highlights
	   README, INSTALL, LIBSHP3K, PERL, .cpan/, lib/, man/, public_html/feedback.cgi,
	   src/perl-5.6.0-mpe

       How to Compile Perl/iX
	    4,	6

       Getting Started with Perl/iX
       MPE/iX Implementation Considerations
       Known Perl/iX Bugs Under Investigation
       Perl/iX To-Do List
       Perl/iX Change History
       AUTHOR

       perlnetware - Perl for NetWare

       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD
	   Tools & SDK
	   Setup
	       SetNWBld.bat, Buildtype.bat

	   Make
	   Interpreter
	   Extensions
       INSTALL
       BUILD NEW EXTENSIONS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHORS
       DATE

       perlopenbsd, README.openbsd - Perl version 5 on OpenBSD systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   OpenBSD core dumps from getprotobyname_r and getservbyname_r with ithreads
       AUTHOR

       perlos2 - Perl under OS/2, DOS, Win0.3*, Win0.95 and WinNT.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Target
	   Other OSes
	   Prerequisites
	       EMX, RSX, HPFS, pdksh

	   Starting Perl programs under OS/2 (and DOS and...)
	   Starting OS/2 (and DOS) programs under Perl
       Frequently asked questions
	   "It does not work"
	   I cannot run external programs
	   I cannot embed perl into my program, or use perl.dll from my program.
	       Is your program EMX-compiled with "-Zmt -Zcrtdll"?, Did you use ExtUtils::Embed?

	   `` and pipe-"open" do not work under DOS.
	   Cannot start "find.exe "pattern" file"
       INSTALLATION
	   Automatic binary installation
	       "PERL_BADLANG", "PERL_BADFREE", Config.pm

	   Manual binary installation
	       Perl VIO and PM executables (dynamically linked), Perl_ VIO executable (statically
	       linked), Executables for Perl utilities, Main Perl library, Additional Perl mod-
	       ules, Tools to compile Perl modules, Manpages for Perl and utilities, Manpages for
	       Perl modules, Source for Perl documentation, Perl manual in .INF format, Pdksh

	   Warning
       Accessing documentation
	   OS/2 .INF file
	   Plain text
	   Manpages
	   HTML
	   GNU "info" files
	   PDF files
	   "LaTeX" docs
       BUILD
	   The short story
	   Prerequisites
	   Getting perl source
	   Application of the patches
	   Hand-editing
	   Making
	   Testing
	       A lot of "bad free", Process terminated by SIGTERM/SIGINT, op/fs.t, op/stat.t

	   Installing the built perl
	   "a.out"-style build
       Building a binary distribution
       Building custom .EXE files
	   Making executables with a custom collection of statically loaded extensions
	   Making executables with a custom search-paths
       Build FAQ
	   Some "/" became "\" in pdksh.
	   'errno' - unresolved external
	   Problems with tr or sed
	   Some problem (forget which ;-)
	   Library ... not found
	   Segfault in make
	   op/sprintf test failure
       Specific (mis)features of OS/2 port
	   "setpriority", "getpriority"
	   "system()"
	   "extproc" on the first line
	   Additional modules:
	   Prebuilt methods:
	       "File::Copy::syscopy", "DynaLoader::mod2fname",	"Cwd::current_drive()",
		"Cwd::sys_chdir(name)",  "Cwd::change_drive(name)", "Cwd::sys_is_abso-
	       lute(name)", "Cwd::sys_is_rooted(name)", "Cwd::sys_is_rela-
	       tive(name)", "Cwd::sys_cwd(name)", "Cwd::sys_abspath(name, dir)",  "Cwd::extLib-
	       path([type])", "Cwd::extLibpath_set( path [, type ] )", "OS2::Error(do_harder-
	       ror,do_exception)", "OS2::Errors2Drive(drive)", OS2::SysInfo(), OS2::BootDrive(),
	       "OS2::MorphPM(serve)", "OS2::UnMorphPM(serve)", "OS2::Serve_Messages(force)",
	       "OS2::Process_Messages(force [, cnt])", "OS2::_control87(new,mask)", OS2::get_con-
	       trol87(), "OS2::set_control87_em(new=MCW_EM,mask=MCW_EM)", "OS2::DLLname([how [,
	       \&xsub]])"

	   Prebuilt variables:
	       $OS2::emx_rev, $OS2::emx_env, $OS2::os_ver, $OS2::is_aout, $OS2::can_fork,
	       $OS2::nsyserror

	   Misfeatures
	   Modifications
	       "popen", "tmpnam", "tmpfile", "ctermid", "stat", "mkdir", "rmdir", "flock"

	   Identifying DLLs
	   Centralized management of resources
	       "HAB", "HMQ", Treating errors reported by OS/2 API, "CheckOSError(expr)", "Check-
	       WinError(expr)", "SaveWinError(expr)", "SaveCroakWinError(expr,die,name1,name2)",
	       "WinError_2_Perl_rc", "FillWinError", "FillOSError(rc)", Loading DLLs and ordinals
	       in DLLs

       Perl flavors
	   perl.exe
	   perl_.exe
	   perl__.exe
	   perl___.exe
	   Why strange names?
	   Why dynamic linking?
	   Why chimera build?
       ENVIRONMENT
	   "PERLLIB_PREFIX"
	   "PERL_BADLANG"
	   "PERL_BADFREE"
	   "PERL_SH_DIR"
	   "USE_PERL_FLOCK"
	   "TMP" or "TEMP"
       Evolution
	   Text-mode filehandles
	   Priorities
	   DLL name mangling: pre 5.6.2
	   DLL name mangling: 5.6.2 and beyond
	       Global DLLs, specific DLLs, "BEGINLIBPATH" and "ENDLIBPATH", . from "LIBPATH"

	   DLL forwarder generation
	   Threading
	   Calls to external programs
	   Memory allocation
	   Threads
	       "COND_WAIT", os2.c

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       perlos390, README.os390 - building and installing Perl for OS/390 and z/OS

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Tools
	   Unpacking Perl distribution on OS/390
	   Setup and utilities for Perl on OS/390
	   Configure Perl on OS/390
	   Build, Test, Install Perl on OS/390
	   Build Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
	   Testing Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
	   Installation Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
	   Usage Hints for Perl on OS/390
	   Floating Point Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
	   Modules and Extensions for Perl on OS/390
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO
	   Mailing list for Perl on OS/390
       HISTORY

       perlos400, README.os400 - Perl version 5 on OS/400

       DESCRIPTION
	   Compiling Perl for OS/400 PASE
	   Installing Perl in OS/400 PASE
	   Using Perl in OS/400 PASE
	   Known Problems
	   Perl on ILE
       AUTHORS

       perlplan9 - Plan 9-specific documentation for Perl

       DESCRIPTION
	   Invoking Perl
	   What's in Plan 9 Perl
	   What's not in Plan 9 Perl
	   Perl5 Functions not currently supported in Plan 9 Perl
	   Signals in Plan 9 Perl
       COMPILING AND INSTALLING PERL ON PLAN 9
	   Installing Perl Documentation on Plan 9
       BUGS
       Revision date
       AUTHOR

       perlqnx, README.qnx - Perl version 5 on QNX

       DESCRIPTION
	   Required Software for Compiling Perl on QNX4
	       /bin/sh, ar, nm, cpp, make

	   Outstanding Issues with Perl on QNX4
	   QNX auxiliary files
	       qnx/ar, qnx/cpp

	   Outstanding issues with perl under QNX6
       AUTHOR

       perlriscos, README.riscos - Perl version 5 for RISC OS

       DESCRIPTION
       BUILD
       AUTHOR

       perlsolaris, README.solaris - Perl version 5 on Solaris systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   Solaris Version Numbers.
       RESOURCES
	   Solaris FAQ, Precompiled Binaries, Solaris Documentation

       SETTING UP
	   File Extraction Problems on Solaris.
	   Compiler and Related Tools on Solaris.
	   Environment for Compiling perl on Solaris
       RUN CONFIGURE.
	   64-bit perl on Solaris.
	   Threads in perl on Solaris.
	   Malloc Issues with perl on Solaris.
       MAKE PROBLEMS.
	   Dynamic Loading Problems With GNU as and GNU ld, ld.so.1: ./perl: fatal: relocation
	   error:, dlopen: stub interception failed, #error "No DATAMODEL_NATIVE specified", sh:
	   ar: not found

       MAKE TEST
	   op/stat.t test 4 in Solaris
	   nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
       PREBUILT BINARIES OF PERL FOR SOLARIS.
       RUNTIME ISSUES FOR PERL ON SOLARIS.
	   Limits on Numbers of Open Files on Solaris.
       SOLARIS-SPECIFIC MODULES.
       SOLARIS-SPECIFIC PROBLEMS WITH MODULES.
	   Proc::ProcessTable on Solaris
	   BSD::Resource on Solaris
	   Net::SSLeay on Solaris
       SunOS 4.x
       AUTHOR

       perltru64, README.tru64 - Perl version 5 on Tru64 (formerly known as Digital UNIX formerly
       known as DEC OSF/1) systems

       DESCRIPTION
	   Compiling Perl 5 on Tru64
	   Using Large Files with Perl on Tru64
	   Threaded Perl on Tru64
	   Long Doubles on Tru64
	   DB_File tests failing on Tru64
	   64-bit Perl on Tru64
	   Warnings about floating-point overflow when compiling Perl on Tru64
       Testing Perl on Tru64
       ext/ODBM_File/odbm Test Failing With Static Builds
       Perl Fails Because Of Unresolved Symbol sockatmark
       AUTHOR

       perluts - Perl under UTS

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUILDING PERL ON UTS
       Installing the built perl on UTS
       AUTHOR

       perlvmesa, README.vmesa - building and installing Perl for VM/ESA.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Unpacking Perl Distribution on VM/ESA
	   Setup Perl and utilities on VM/ESA
	   Configure Perl on VM/ESA
	   Testing Anomalies of Perl on VM/ESA
	   Usage Hints for Perl on VM/ESA
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO
	   Mailing list for Perl on VM/ESA

       perlvms - VMS-specific documentation for Perl

       DESCRIPTION
       Installation
       Organization of Perl Images
	   Core Images
	   Perl Extensions
	   Installing static extensions
	   Installing dynamic extensions
       File specifications
	   Syntax
	   Wildcard expansion
	   Pipes
       PERL5LIB and PERLLIB
       The Perl Forked Debugger
       PERL_VMS_EXCEPTION_DEBUG
       Command line
	   I/O redirection and backgrounding
	   Command line switches
	       -i, -S, -u

       Perl functions
	   File tests, backticks, binmode FILEHANDLE, crypt PLAINTEXT, USER, die, dump, exec
	   LIST, fork, getpwent, getpwnam, getpwuid, gmtime, kill, qx//, select (system call),
	   stat EXPR, system LIST, time, times, unlink LIST, utime LIST, waitpid PID,FLAGS

       Perl variables
	   %ENV, CRTL_ENV, CLISYM_[LOCAL], Any other string, $!, $^E, $?, $|

       Standard modules with VMS-specific differences
	   SDBM_File
       Revision date
       AUTHOR

       perlvos, README.vos - Perl for Stratus VOS

       SYNOPSIS
	   Multiple methods to build perl for VOS
	   Stratus POSIX Support
       INSTALLING PERL IN VOS
	   Compiling Perl 5 on VOS
	   Installing Perl 5 on VOS
       USING PERL IN VOS
	   Unimplemented Features of Perl on VOS
	   Restrictions of Perl on VOS
	   Handling of underflow and overflow
       TEST STATUS
       SUPPORT STATUS
       AUTHOR
       LAST UPDATE

       perlwin32 - Perl under Windows

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Setting Up Perl on Win32
	       Make, Command Shell, Borland C++, Microsoft Visual C++, Microsoft Visual C++ 2008
	       Express Edition, Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Express Edition, Microsoft Visual C++
	       Toolkit 2003, Microsoft Platform SDK 64-bit Compiler, MinGW release 3 with gcc,
	       MinGW release 1 with gcc

	   Building
	   Testing Perl on Win32
	   Installation of Perl on Win32
	   Usage Hints for Perl on Win32
	       Environment Variables, File Globbing, Using perl from the command line, Building
	       Extensions, Command-line Wildcard Expansion, Win32 Specific Extensions, Notes on
	       64-bit Windows

	   Running Perl Scripts
	   Miscellaneous Things
       BUGS AND CAVEATS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHORS
	   Gary Ng <71564.1743@CompuServe.COM>, Gurusamy Sarathy <gsar@activestate.com>, Nick
	   Ing-Simmons <nick@ing-simmons.net>, Jan Dubois <jand@activestate.com>, Steve Hay
	   <steve.hay@uk.radan.com>

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

PRAGMA DOCUMENTATION
       attrs - set/get attributes of a subroutine (deprecated)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   method, locked

       re - Perl pragma to alter regular expression behaviour

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       threadshared::shared, threads::shared - Perl extension for sharing data structures between
       threads

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
	   share VARIABLE, shared_clone REF, is_shared VARIABLE, lock VARIABLE, cond_wait VARI-
	   ABLE, cond_wait CONDVAR, LOCKVAR, cond_timedwait VARIABLE, ABS_TIMEOUT, cond_timedwait
	   CONDVAR, ABS_TIMEOUT, LOCKVAR, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

       OBJECTS
       NOTES
       BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

       threads - Perl interpreter-based threads

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   $thr = threads->create(FUNCTION, ARGS), $thr->join(), $thr->detach(),
	   threads->detach(), threads->self(), $thr->tid(), threads->tid(), "$thr",
	   threads->object($tid), threads->yield(), threads->list(), threads->list(threads::all),
	   threads->list(threads::running), threads->list(threads::joinable),
	   $thr1->equal($thr2), async BLOCK;, $thr->error(), $thr->_handle(), threads->_handle()

       EXITING A THREAD
	   threads->exit(), threads->exit(status), die(), exit(status), use threads 'exit' =>
	   'threads_only', threads->create({'exit' => 'thread_only'}, ...),
	   $thr->set_thread_exit_only(boolean), threads->set_thread_exit_only(boolean)

       THREAD STATE
	   $thr->is_running(), $thr->is_joinable(), $thr->is_detached(), threads->is_detached()

       THREAD CONTEXT
	   Explicit context
	   Implicit context
	   $thr->wantarray()
	   threads->wantarray()
       THREAD STACK SIZE
	   threads->get_stack_size();, $size = $thr->get_stack_size();, $old_size =
	   threads->set_stack_size($new_size);, use threads ('stack_size' => VALUE);,
	   $ENV{'PERL5_ITHREADS_STACK_SIZE'}, threads->create({'stack_size' => VALUE}, FUNCTION,
	   ARGS), $thr2 = $thr1->create(FUNCTION, ARGS)

       THREAD SIGNALLING
	   $thr->kill('SIG...');

       WARNINGS
	   Perl exited with active threads:, Thread creation failed: pthread_create returned #,
	   Thread # terminated abnormally: .., Using minimum thread stack size of #, Thread cre-
	   ation failed: pthread_attr_setstacksize(SIZE) returned 22

       ERRORS
	   This Perl not built to support threads, Cannot change stack size of an existing
	   thread, Cannot signal threads without safe signals, Unrecognized signal name: ..

       BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
	   Thread-safe modules, Using non-thread-safe modules, Current working directory, Envi-
	   ronment variables, Parent-child threads, Creating threads inside special blocks,
	   Unsafe signals, Perl has been built with "PERL_OLD_SIGNALS" (see "perl -V"), The envi-
	   ronment variable "PERL_SIGNALS" is set to "unsafe" (see "PERL_SIGNALS" in perlrun),
	   The module Perl::Unsafe::Signals is used, Returning closures from threads, Returning
	   objects from threads, END blocks in threads, Perl Bugs and the CPAN Version of threads

       REQUIREMENTS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

       attributes - get/set subroutine or variable attributes

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   What "import" does
	   Built-in Attributes
	       locked, method, lvalue

	   Available Subroutines
	       get, reftype

	   Package-specific Attribute Handling
	       FETCH_type_ATTRIBUTES, MODIFY_type_ATTRIBUTES

	   Syntax of Attribute Lists
       EXPORTS
	   Default exports
	   Available exports
	   Export tags defined
       EXAMPLES
       MORE EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO

       autouse - postpone load of modules until a function is used

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       WARNING
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       base - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   Base class package "%s" is empty, Class 'Foo' tried to inherit from itself

       HISTORY
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO

       bigint - Transparent BigInteger support for Perl

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   use integer vs. use bigint
	   Options
	       a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, hex, oct, l, lib, try or only, v or
	       version

	   Math Library
	   Internal Format
	   Sign
	   Methods
	       inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

	   MATH LIBRARY
	   Caveat
       CAVAETS
	   in_effect(), hex()/oct()

       MODULES USED
       EXAMPLES
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

       bignum - Transparent BigNumber support for Perl

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Options
	       a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct, v or version

	   Methods
	   Caveats
	       inf(), NaN(), e, PI(), bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

	   Math Library
	   INTERNAL FORMAT
	   SIGN
       CAVAETS
	   in_effect(), hex()/oct()

       MODULES USED
       EXAMPLES
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

       bigrat - Transparent BigNumber/BigRational support for Perl

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Modules Used
	   Math Library
	   Sign
	   Methods
	       inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

	   MATH LIBRARY
	   Caveat
	   Options
	       a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct, v or version

       CAVAETS
	   in_effect(), hex()/oct()

       EXAMPLES
		   perl -Mbigrat -le 'print sqrt(33)'
		   perl -Mbigrat -le 'print 2*255'
		   perl -Mbigrat -le 'print 4.5+2*255'
		   perl -Mbigrat -le 'print 3/7 + 5/7 + 8/3'
		   perl -Mbigrat -le 'print 12->is_odd()';
		   perl -Mbignum=l,GMP -le 'print 7 ** 7777'

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

       blib - Use MakeMaker's uninstalled version of a package

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       bytes - Perl pragma to force byte semantics rather than character semantics

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO

       charnames - define character names for "\N{named}" string literal escapes

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ALIASES
       CUSTOM ALIASES
	   Anonymous hashes
	   Alias file
	   Alias shortcut
       charnames::viacode(code)
       charnames::vianame(name)
       CUSTOM TRANSLATORS
       ILLEGAL CHARACTERS
       BUGS

       constant - Perl pragma to declare constants

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
	   List constants
	   Defining multiple constants at once
	   Magic constants
       TECHNICAL NOTES
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

       diagnostics, splain - produce verbose warning diagnostics

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   The "diagnostics" Pragma
	   The splain Program
       EXAMPLES
       INTERNALS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       encoding - allows you to write your script in non-ascii or non-utf8

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
	   Literal Conversions
	   PerlIO layers for "STD(IN|OUT)"
	   Implicit upgrading for byte strings
	   Side effects
       FEATURES THAT REQUIRE 5.8.1
	   "NON-EUC" doublebyte encodings, tr//, DATA pseudo-filehandle

       USAGE
	   use encoding [ENCNAME] ;, use encoding ENCNAME [ STDIN => ENCNAME_IN ...] ;, use
	   encoding ENCNAME Filter=>1;, no encoding;

       The Filter Option
	   Filter-related changes at Encode version 1.87
       CAVEATS
	   NOT SCOPED
	   DO NOT MIX MULTIPLE ENCODINGS
	   tr/// with ranges
	       Legend of characters above

       EXAMPLE - Greekperl
       KNOWN PROBLEMS
	   literals in regex that are longer than 127 bytes, EBCDIC, format, Thread safety

	   The Logic of :locale
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO

       fields - compile-time class fields

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   new, phash

       SEE ALSO

       filetest - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission operators

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Consider this carefully
	   The "access" sub-pragma
	   Limitation with regard to "_"

       if - "use" a Perl module if a condition holds

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       integer - Perl pragma to use integer arithmetic instead of floating point

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       less - perl pragma to request less of something from the compiler

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       lib - manipulate @INC at compile time

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Adding directories to @INC
	   Deleting directories from @INC
	   Restoring original @INC
       CAVEATS
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       locale - Perl pragma to use and avoid POSIX locales for built-in operations

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       open - perl pragma to set default PerlIO layers for input and output

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NONPERLIO FUNCTIONALITY
       IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
       SEE ALSO

       ops - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe operations when compiling

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       overload - Package for overloading Perl operations

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Declaration of overloaded functions
	   Calling Conventions for Binary Operations
	       FALSE, TRUE, "undef"

	   Calling Conventions for Unary Operations
	   Calling Conventions for Mutators
	       "++" and "--", "x=" and other assignment versions

	   Overloadable Operations
	       Arithmetic operations, Comparison operations, Bit operations, Increment and decre-
	       ment, Transcendental functions, Boolean, string and numeric conversion, Iteration,
	       Dereferencing, Special

	   Inheritance and overloading
	       Strings as values of "use overload" directive, Overloading of an operation is
	       inherited by derived classes

       SPECIAL SYMBOLS FOR "use overload"
	   Last Resort
	   Fallback
	       "undef", TRUE, defined, but FALSE

	   Copy Constructor
	       Example

       MAGIC AUTOGENERATION
	   Assignment forms of arithmetic operations, Conversion operations, Increment and decre-
	   ment, "abs($a)", Unary minus, Negation, Concatenation, Comparison operations, Itera-
	   tor, Dereferencing, Copy operator

       Minimal set of overloaded operations
       Losing overloading
       Run-time Overloading
       Public functions
	   overload::StrVal(arg), overload::Overloaded(arg), overload::Method(obj,op)

       Overloading constants
	   integer, float, binary, q, qr

       IMPLEMENTATION
       Metaphor clash
       Cookbook
	   Two-face scalars
	   Two-face references
	   Symbolic calculator
	   Really symbolic calculator
       AUTHOR
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   Odd number of arguments for overload::constant, `%s' is not an overloadable type, `%s'
	   is not a code reference

       BUGS

       sigtrap - Perl pragma to enable simple signal handling

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
	   SIGNAL HANDLERS
	       stack-trace, die, handler your-handler

	   SIGNAL LISTS
	       normal-signals, error-signals, old-interface-signals

	   OTHER
	       untrapped, any, signal, number

       EXAMPLES

       sort - perl pragma to control sort() behaviour

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS

       strict - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe constructs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   "strict refs", "strict vars", "strict subs"

       HISTORY

       subs - Perl pragma to predeclare sub names

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       threadshared, threads::shared - Perl extension for sharing data structures between threads

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
	   share VARIABLE, shared_clone REF, is_shared VARIABLE, lock VARIABLE, cond_wait VARI-
	   ABLE, cond_wait CONDVAR, LOCKVAR, cond_timedwait VARIABLE, ABS_TIMEOUT, cond_timedwait
	   CONDVAR, ABS_TIMEOUT, LOCKVAR, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

       OBJECTS
       NOTES
       BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

       utf8 - Perl pragma to enable/disable UTF-8 (or UTF-EBCDIC) in source code

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Utility functions
	       $num_octets = utf8::upgrade($string), $success = utf8::downgrade($string[,
	       FAIL_OK]), utf8::encode($string), $success = utf8::decode($string), $flag =
	       utf8::is_utf8(STRING), $flag = utf8::valid(STRING)

       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       vars - Perl pragma to predeclare global variable names (obsolete)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       vmsish - Perl pragma to control VMS-specific language features

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   "vmsish status", "vmsish exit", "vmsish time", "vmsish hushed"

       warnings - Perl pragma to control optional warnings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   use warnings::register, warnings::enabled(), warnings::enabled($category), warn-
	   ings::enabled($object), warnings::warn($message), warnings::warn($category, $message),
	   warnings::warn($object, $message), warnings::warnif($message), warnings::warnif($cate-
	   gory, $message), warnings::warnif($object, $message)

       warnings::register - warnings import function

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

MODULE DOCUMENTATION
       AnyDBM_File - provide framework for multiple DBMs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   DBM Comparisons
	       [0], [1], [2], [3]

       SEE ALSO

       Attribute::Handlers - Simpler definition of attribute handlers

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

	   Typed lexicals
	   Type-specific attribute handlers
	   Non-interpretive attribute handlers
	   Phase-specific attribute handlers
	   Attributes as "tie" interfaces
       EXAMPLES
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "Bad attribute type: ATTR(%s)", "Attribute handler %s doesn't handle %s attributes",
	   "Declaration of %s attribute in package %s may clash with future reserved word",
	   "Can't have two ATTR specifiers on one subroutine", "Can't autotie a %s", "Internal
	   error: %s symbol went missing", "Won't be able to apply END handler"

       AUTHOR
       BUGS
       COPYRIGHT

       AutoLoader - load subroutines only on demand

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Subroutine Stubs
	   Using AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
	   Overriding AutoLoader's AUTOLOAD Subroutine
	   Package Lexicals
	   Not Using AutoLoader
	   AutoLoader vs. SelfLoader
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       AutoSplit - split a package for autoloading

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   $keep, $check, $modtime

	   Multiple packages
       DIAGNOSTICS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       B - The Perl Compiler

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
       Utility Functions
	   Functions Returning "B::SV", "B::AV", "B::HV", and "B::CV" objects
	       sv_undef, sv_yes, sv_no, svref_2object(SVREF), amagic_generation, init_av,
	       check_av, unitcheck_av, begin_av, end_av, comppadlist, regex_padav, main_cv

	   Functions for Examining the Symbol Table
	       walksymtable(SYMREF, METHOD, RECURSE, PREFIX)

	   Functions Returning "B::OP" objects or for walking op trees
	       main_root, main_start, walkoptree(OP, METHOD), walkoptree_debug(DEBUG)

	   Miscellaneous Utility Functions
	       ppname(OPNUM), hash(STR), cast_I32(I), minus_c, cstring(STR), perlstring(STR),
	       class(OBJ), threadsv_names

	   Exported utility variabiles
	       @optype, @specialsv_name

       OVERVIEW OF CLASSES
	   SV-RELATED CLASSES
	   B::SV Methods
	       REFCNT, FLAGS, object_2svref

	   B::IV Methods
	       IV, IVX, UVX, int_value, needs64bits, packiv

	   B::NV Methods
	       NV, NVX

	   B::RV Methods
	       RV

	   B::PV Methods
	       PV, RV, PVX

	   B::PVMG Methods
	       MAGIC, SvSTASH

	   B::MAGIC Methods
	       MOREMAGIC, precomp, PRIVATE, TYPE, FLAGS, OBJ, PTR, REGEX

	   B::PVLV Methods
	       TARGOFF, TARGLEN, TYPE, TARG

	   B::BM Methods
	       USEFUL, PREVIOUS, RARE, TABLE

	   B::GV Methods
	       is_empty, NAME, SAFENAME, STASH, SV, IO, FORM, AV, HV, EGV, CV, CVGEN, LINE, FILE,
	       FILEGV, GvREFCNT, FLAGS

	   B::IO Methods
	       LINES, PAGE, PAGE_LEN, LINES_LEFT, TOP_NAME, TOP_GV, FMT_NAME, FMT_GV, BOT-
	       TOM_NAME, BOTTOM_GV, SUBPROCESS, IoTYPE, IoFLAGS, IsSTD

	   B::AV Methods
	       FILL, MAX, OFF, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, OFF, AvFLAGS

	   B::CV Methods
	       STASH, START, ROOT, GV, FILE, DEPTH, PADLIST, OUTSIDE, OUTSIDE_SEQ, XSUB, XSUBANY,
	       CvFLAGS, const_sv

	   B::HV Methods
	       FILL, MAX, KEYS, RITER, NAME, PMROOT, ARRAY, PMROOT

	   OP-RELATED CLASSES
	   B::OP Methods
	       next, sibling, name, ppaddr, desc, targ, type, opt, flags, private, spare

	   B::UNOP METHOD
	       first

	   B::BINOP METHOD
	       last

	   B::LOGOP METHOD
	       other

	   B::LISTOP METHOD
	       children

	   B::PMOP Methods
	       pmreplroot, pmreplstart, pmnext, pmregexp, pmflags, extflags, precomp, pmoffset

	   B::SVOP METHOD
	       sv, gv

	   B::PADOP METHOD
	       padix

	   B::PVOP METHOD
	       pv

	   B::LOOP Methods
	       redoop, nextop, lastop

	   B::COP Methods
	       label, stash, stashpv, file, cop_seq, arybase, line, warnings, io, hints,
	       hints_hash

       AUTHOR

       B::Asmdata - Autogenerated data about Perl ops, used to generate bytecode

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   %insn_data, @insn_name, @optype, @specialsv_name

       AUTHOR

       B::Assembler - Assemble Perl bytecode

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHORS

       B::Bblock - Walk basic blocks

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Functions
	       find_leaders

       AUTHOR

       B::Bytecode - Perl compiler's bytecode backend

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       OPTIONS
	   -b, -H, -k, -ooutfile, -s

       KNOWN BUGS
       NOTICE
       AUTHORS

       B::C - Perl compiler's C backend

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
	   -ofilename, -v, --, -uPackname, -D, -Do, -Dc, -DA, -DC, -DM, -f, -fcog, -fsave-data,
	   -fppaddr, -fwarn-sv, -fuse-script-name, -fsave-sig-hash, -On, -O0, -O1, -O2, -llimit

       EXAMPLES
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       B::CC - Perl compiler's optimized C translation backend

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
	   -ofilename, -v, --, -uPackname, -mModulename, -D, -Dr, -DO, -Ds, -Dp, -Dq, -Dl, -Dt,
	   -f, -ffreetmps-each-bblock, -ffreetmps-each-loop, -fomit-taint, -On

       EXAMPLES
       BUGS
       DIFFERENCES
	   Loops
	   Context of ".."
	   Arithmetic
	   Deprecated features
       AUTHOR

       B::Concise - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing concise info about ops

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       OPTIONS
	   Options for Opcode Ordering
	       -basic, -exec, -tree

	   Options for Line-Style
	       -concise, -terse, -linenoise, -debug, -env

	   Options for tree-specific formatting
	       -compact, -loose, -vt, -ascii

	   Options controlling sequence numbering
	       -basen, -bigendian, -littleendian

	   Other options
	       -src, -stash="somepackage", -main, -nomain, -nobanner, -banner, -banneris => sub-
	       ref

	   Option Stickiness
       ABBREVIATIONS
	   OP class abbreviations
	   OP flags abbreviations
       FORMATTING SPECIFICATIONS
	   Special Patterns
	       (x(exec_text;basic_text)x), (*(text)*), (*(text1;text2)*), (?(text1#varText2)?), ~

	   # Variables
	       #var, #varN, #Var, #addr, #arg, #class, #classsym, #coplabel, #exname, #extarg,
	       #firstaddr, #flags, #flagval, #hints, #hintsval, #hyphseq, #label, #lastaddr,
	       #name, #NAME, #next, #nextaddr, #noise, #private, #privval, #seq, #seqnum, #opt,
	       #sibaddr, #svaddr, #svclass, #svval, #targ, #targarg, #targarglife, #typenum

       One-Liner Command tips
	   perl -MO=Concise,bar foo.pl, perl -MDigest::MD5=md5 -MO=Concise,md5 -e1, perl -MPOSIX
	   -MO=Concise,_POSIX_ARG_MAX -e1, perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,a -e 'print
	   _POSIX_SAVED_IDS', perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,a -e 'sub a{_POSIX_SAVED_IDS}', perl
	   -MB::Concise -e 'B::Concise::compile("-exec","-src", \%B::Concise::)->()'

       Using B::Concise outside of the O framework
	   Example: Altering Concise Renderings
	   set_style()
	   set_style_standard($name)
	   add_style()
	   add_callback()
	   Running B::Concise::compile()
	   B::Concise::reset_sequence()
	   Errors
       AUTHOR

       B::Debug - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing debug info about ops

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

       B::Deparse - Perl compiler backend to produce perl code

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
	   -d, -fFILE, -l, -p, -P, -q, -sLETTERS, C, iNUMBER, T, vSTRING., -xLEVEL

       USING B::Deparse AS A MODULE
	   Synopsis
	   Description
	   new
	   ambient_pragmas
	       strict, $[, bytes, utf8, integer, re, warnings, hint_bits, warning_bits, %^H

	   coderef2text
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       B::Disassembler - Disassemble Perl bytecode

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

       B::Lint - Perl lint

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS AND LINT CHECKS
	   magic-diamond, context, implicit-read and implicit-write, bare-subs, dollar-under-
	   score, private-names, undefined-subs, regexp-variables, all, none

       NON LINT-CHECK OPTIONS
	   -u Package

       EXTENDING LINT
       TODO
	   while(<FH>) stomps $_, strict oo, unchecked system calls, more tests, validate against
	   older perls

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

       B::Lint::Debug - Adds debugging stringification to B::

       DESCRIPTION

       B::O, O - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONVENTIONS
       IMPLEMENTATION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       B::Showlex - Show lexical variables used in functions or files

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
	   OPTIONS
       SEE ALSO
       TODO
       AUTHOR

       B::Stackobj - Helper module for CC backend

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

       B::Stash - show what stashes are loaded

       B::Terse - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing terse info about ops

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

       B::Xref - Generates cross reference reports for Perl programs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
	   "-oFILENAME", "-r", "-d", "-D[tO]"

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       Bblock, B::Bblock - Walk basic blocks

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Functions
	       find_leaders

       AUTHOR

       Benchmark - benchmark running times of Perl code

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Methods
	       new, debug, iters

	   Standard Exports
	       timeit(COUNT, CODE), timethis ( COUNT, CODE, [ TITLE, [ STYLE ]] ), timethese (
	       COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), timediff ( T1, T2 ), timestr ( TIMEDIFF, [ STYLE,
	       [ FORMAT ] ] )

	   Optional Exports
	       clearcache ( COUNT ), clearallcache ( ), cmpthese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ]
	       ), cmpthese ( RESULTSHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), countit(TIME, CODE), disablecache ( ),
	       enablecache ( ), timesum ( T1, T2 )

	   :hireswallclock
       NOTES
       EXAMPLES
       INHERITANCE
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       MODIFICATION HISTORY

       ByteLoader - load byte compiled perl code

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Bytecode, B::Bytecode - Perl compiler's bytecode backend

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       OPTIONS
	   -b, -H, -k, -ooutfile, -s

       KNOWN BUGS
       NOTICE
       AUTHORS

       CGI - Simple Common Gateway Interface Class

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
	   PROGRAMMING STYLE
	   CALLING CGI.PM ROUTINES
	   CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT (OBJECT-ORIENTED STYLE):
	   CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT FROM AN INPUT FILE
	   FETCHING A LIST OF KEYWORDS FROM THE QUERY:
	   FETCHING THE NAMES OF ALL THE PARAMETERS PASSED TO YOUR SCRIPT:
	   FETCHING THE VALUE OR VALUES OF A SINGLE NAMED PARAMETER:
	   SETTING THE VALUE(S) OF A NAMED PARAMETER:
	   APPENDING ADDITIONAL VALUES TO A NAMED PARAMETER:
	   IMPORTING ALL PARAMETERS INTO A NAMESPACE:
	   DELETING A PARAMETER COMPLETELY:
	   DELETING ALL PARAMETERS:
	   HANDLING NON-URLENCODED ARGUMENTS
	   DIRECT ACCESS TO THE PARAMETER LIST:
	   FETCHING THE PARAMETER LIST AS A HASH:
	   SAVING THE STATE OF THE SCRIPT TO A FILE:
	   RETRIEVING CGI ERRORS
	   USING THE FUNCTION-ORIENTED INTERFACE
	       :cgi, :form, :html2, :html3, :html4, :netscape, :html, :standard, :all

	   PRAGMAS
	       -any, -compile, -nosticky, -tabindex, -no_undef_params, -no_xhtml, -utf8, -nph,
	       -newstyle_urls, -oldstyle_urls, -autoload, -no_debug, -debug, -private_tempfiles

	   SPECIAL FORMS FOR IMPORTING HTML-TAG FUNCTIONS
	       1. start_table() (generates a <table> tag), 2. end_table() (generates a </table>
	       tag), 3. start_ul() (generates a <ul> tag), 4. end_ul() (generates a </ul> tag)

       GENERATING DYNAMIC DOCUMENTS
	   CREATING A STANDARD HTTP HEADER:
	   GENERATING A REDIRECTION HEADER
	   CREATING THE HTML DOCUMENT HEADER
	       Parameters:, 4, 5, 6..

	   ENDING THE HTML DOCUMENT:
	   CREATING A SELF-REFERENCING URL THAT PRESERVES STATE INFORMATION:
	   OBTAINING THE SCRIPT'S URL
	       -absolute, -relative, -full, -path (-path_info), -query (-query_string), -base,
	       -rewrite

	   MIXING POST AND URL PARAMETERS
       CREATING STANDARD HTML ELEMENTS:
	   PROVIDING ARGUMENTS TO HTML SHORTCUTS
	   THE DISTRIBUTIVE PROPERTY OF HTML SHORTCUTS
	   HTML SHORTCUTS AND LIST INTERPOLATION
	   NON-STANDARD HTML SHORTCUTS
	   AUTOESCAPING HTML
	       $escaped_string = escapeHTML("unescaped string");, $charset =
	       charset([$charset]);, $flag = autoEscape([$flag]);

	   PRETTY-PRINTING HTML
       CREATING FILL-OUT FORMS:
	   CREATING AN ISINDEX TAG
	   STARTING AND ENDING A FORM
	       application/x-www-form-urlencoded, multipart/form-data

	   FORM ELEMENTS
	       -name, -value, -values, -tabindex, -id, -override, -onChange, -onFocus, -onBlur,
	       -onMouseOver, -onMouseOut, -onSelect

	   CREATING A TEXT FIELD
	       Parameters

	   CREATING A BIG TEXT FIELD
	   CREATING A PASSWORD FIELD
	   CREATING A FILE UPLOAD FIELD
	       Parameters

	   CREATING A POPUP MENU
	   CREATING AN OPTION GROUP
	   CREATING A SCROLLING LIST
	       Parameters:

	   CREATING A GROUP OF RELATED CHECKBOXES
	       Parameters:

	   CREATING A STANDALONE CHECKBOX
	       Parameters:

	   CREATING A RADIO BUTTON GROUP
	       Parameters:

	   CREATING A SUBMIT BUTTON
	       Parameters:

	   CREATING A RESET BUTTON
	   CREATING A DEFAULT BUTTON
	   CREATING A HIDDEN FIELD
	       Parameters:

	   CREATING A CLICKABLE IMAGE BUTTON
	       Parameters:, 3. The third option (-align, optional) is an alignment type, and may
	       be TOP, BOTTOM or MIDDLE

	   CREATING A JAVASCRIPT ACTION BUTTON
       HTTP COOKIES
	   1. an expiration time, 2. a domain, 3. a path, 4. a "secure" flag, -name, -value,
	   -path, -domain, -expires, -secure

       WORKING WITH FRAMES
	   1. Create a <Frameset> document, 2. Specify the destination for the document in the
	   HTTP header, 3. Specify the destination for the document in the <form> tag

       SUPPORT FOR JAVASCRIPT
	   onLoad, onUnload, onSubmit, onClick, onChange, onFocus, onBlur, onSelect, onMouseOver,
	   onMouseOut

       LIMITED SUPPORT FOR CASCADING STYLE SHEETS
       DEBUGGING
	   DUMPING OUT ALL THE NAME/VALUE PAIRS
       FETCHING ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
	   Accept(), raw_cookie(), user_agent(), path_info(), path_translated(), remote_host(),
	   script_name() Return the script name as a partial URL, for self-refering scripts, ref-
	   erer(), auth_type (), server_name (), virtual_host (), server_port (), virtual_port
	   (), server_software (), remote_user (), user_name (), request_method(), con-
	   tent_type(), http(), https()

       USING NPH SCRIPTS
	   In the use statement, By calling the nph() method:, By using -nph parameters

       Server Push
	   multipart_init(), multipart_start(), multipart_end(), multipart_final()

       Avoiding Denial of Service Attacks
	   $CGI::POST_MAX, $CGI::DISABLE_UPLOADS, 1. On a script-by-script basis, 2. Globally for
	   all scripts

       COMPATIBILITY WITH CGI-LIB.PL
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       CREDITS
	   Matt Heffron (heffron@falstaff.css.beckman.com), James Taylor (james.taylor@srs.gov),
	   Scott Anguish <sanguish@digifix.com>, Mike Jewell (mlj3u@virginia.edu), Timothy Shim-
	   min (tes@kbs.citri.edu.au), Joergen Haegg (jh@axis.se), Laurent Delfosse
	   (delfosse@delfosse.com), Richard Resnick (applepi1@aol.com), Craig Bishop (csb@barwon-
	   water.vic.gov.au), Tony Curtis (tc@vcpc.univie.ac.at), Tim Bunce (Tim.Bunce@ig.co.uk),
	   Tom Christiansen (tchrist@convex.com), Andreas Koenig (k@franz.ww.TU-Berlin.DE), Tim
	   MacKenzie (Tim.MacKenzie@fulcrum.com.au), Kevin B. Hendricks (kbhend@dog-
	   wood.tyler.wm.edu), Stephen Dahmen (joyfire@inxpress.net), Ed Jordan (ed@fidalgo.net),
	   David Alan Pisoni (david@cnation.com), Doug MacEachern (dougm@opengroup.org), Robin
	   Houston (robin@oneworld.org), ...and many many more..

       A COMPLETE EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE FORM-BASED SCRIPT
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       CGI::Apache - Backward compatibility module for CGI.pm

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       CGI::Carp, CGI::Carp - CGI routines for writing to the HTTPD (or other) error log

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       REDIRECTING ERROR MESSAGES
       MAKING PERL ERRORS APPEAR IN THE BROWSER WINDOW
	   Changing the default message
       DOING MORE THAN PRINTING A MESSAGE IN THE EVENT OF PERL ERRORS
       MAKING WARNINGS APPEAR AS HTML COMMENTS
       OVERRIDING THE NAME OF THE PROGRAM
       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

       CGI::Cookie - Interface to Netscape Cookies

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USING CGI::Cookie
	   1. expiration date, 2. domain, 3. path, 4. secure flag, 4.  httponly flag

	   Creating New Cookies
	   Sending the Cookie to the Browser
	   Recovering Previous Cookies
	   Manipulating Cookies
	       name(), value(), domain(), path(), expires()

       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       CGI::Fast - CGI Interface for Fast CGI

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OTHER PIECES OF THE PUZZLE
       WRITING FASTCGI PERL SCRIPTS
       INSTALLING FASTCGI SCRIPTS
       USING FASTCGI SCRIPTS AS CGI SCRIPTS
       EXTERNAL FASTCGI SERVER INVOCATION
	   FCGI_SOCKET_PATH, FCGI_LISTEN_QUEUE

       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       CGI::Pretty - module to produce nicely formatted HTML code

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Tags that won't be formatted
	   Customizing the Indenting
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       CGI::Push - Simple Interface to Server Push

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USING CGI::Push
	   -next_page, -last_page, -type, -delay, -cookie, -target, -expires, -nph

	   Heterogeneous Pages
	   Changing the Page Delay on the Fly
       INSTALLING CGI::Push SCRIPTS
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       CGI::Switch - Backward compatibility module for defunct CGI::Switch

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       CGI::Util - Internal utilities used by CGI module

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR INFORMATION
       SEE ALSO

       CORE - Pseudo-namespace for Perl's core routines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDING CORE FUNCTIONS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       CPAN - query, download and build perl modules from CPAN sites

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   CPAN::shell([$prompt, $command]) Starting Interactive Mode
	       Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files and modules, "get", "make",
	       "test", "install", "clean" modules or distributions, "readme", "perldoc", "look"
	       module or distribution, "ls" author, "ls" globbing_expression, "failed", Persis-
	       tence between sessions, The "force" and the "fforce" pragma, Lockfile, Signals

	   CPAN::Shell
	   autobundle
	   hosts
	   mkmyconfig
	   recent ***EXPERIMENTAL COMMAND***
	   recompile
	   report Bundle|Distribution|Module
	   smoke ***EXPERIMENTAL COMMAND***
	   upgrade [Module|/Regex/]...
	   The four "CPAN::*" Classes: Author, Bundle, Module, Distribution
	   Integrating local directories
	   Redirection
       CONFIGURATION
	   completion support, displaying some help: o conf help, displaying current values: o
	   conf [KEY], changing of scalar values: o conf KEY VALUE, changing of list values: o
	   conf KEY SHIFT|UNSHIFT|PUSH|POP|SPLICE|LIST, reverting to saved: o conf defaults, sav-
	   ing the config: o conf commit

	   Config Variables
	       "o conf <scalar option>", "o conf <scalar option> <value>", "o conf <list
	       option>", "o conf <list option> [shift|pop]", "o conf <list option>
	       [unshift|push|splice] <list>", interactive editing: o conf init [MATCH|LIST]

	   CPAN::anycwd($path): Note on config variable getcwd
	       cwd, getcwd, fastcwd, backtickcwd

	   Note on the format of the urllist parameter
	   The urllist parameter has CD-ROM support
	   Maintaining the urllist parameter
	   The "requires" and "build_requires" dependency declarations
	   Configuration for individual distributions (Distroprefs)
	   Filenames
	   Fallback Data::Dumper and Storable
	   Blueprint
	   Language Specs
	       comment [scalar], cpanconfig [hash], depends [hash] *** EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***,
	       disabled [boolean], features [array] *** EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, goto [string],
	       install [hash], make [hash], match [hash], patches [array], pl [hash], test [hash]

	   Processing Instructions
	       args [array], commandline, eexpect [hash], env [hash], expect [array]

	   Schema verification with "Kwalify"
	   Example Distroprefs Files
       PROGRAMMER'S INTERFACE
	   expand($type,@things), expandany(@things), Programming Examples

	   Methods in the other Classes
	       CPAN::Author::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Author::as_string(), CPAN::Author::email(),
	       CPAN::Author::fullname(), CPAN::Author::name(), CPAN::Bundle::as_glimpse(),
	       CPAN::Bundle::as_string(), CPAN::Bundle::clean(), CPAN::Bundle::contains(),
	       CPAN::Bundle::force($method,@args), CPAN::Bundle::get(), CPAN::Bun-
	       dle::inst_file(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_version(), CPAN::Bundle::uptodate(),
	       CPAN::Bundle::install(), CPAN::Bundle::make(), CPAN::Bundle::readme(), CPAN::Bun-
	       dle::test(), CPAN::Distribution::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Distribution::as_string(),
	       CPAN::Distribution::author, CPAN::Distribution::pretty_id(), CPAN::Distribu-
	       tion::base_id(), CPAN::Distribution::clean(), CPAN::Distribution::containsmods(),
	       CPAN::Distribution::cvs_import(), CPAN::Distribution::dir(), CPAN::Distribu-
	       tion::force($method,@args), CPAN::Distribution::get(), CPAN::Distribu-
	       tion::install(), CPAN::Distribution::install_tested(), CPAN::Distribu-
	       tion::isa_perl(), CPAN::Distribution::look(), CPAN::Distribution::make(),
	       CPAN::Distribution::perldoc(), CPAN::Distribution::prefs(), CPAN::Distribu-
	       tion::prereq_pm(), CPAN::Distribution::readme(), CPAN::Distribution::reports(),
	       CPAN::Distribution::read_yaml(), CPAN::Distribution::test(), CPAN::Distribu-
	       tion::uptodate(), CPAN::Index::force_reload(), CPAN::Index::reload(),
	       CPAN::InfoObj::dump(), CPAN::Module::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Module::as_string(),
	       CPAN::Module::clean(), CPAN::Module::cpan_file(), CPAN::Module::cpan_version(),
	       CPAN::Module::cvs_import(), CPAN::Module::description(), CPAN::Module::distribu-
	       tion(), CPAN::Module::dslip_status(), CPAN::Module::force($method,@args),
	       CPAN::Module::get(), CPAN::Module::inst_file(), CPAN::Module::available_file(),
	       CPAN::Module::inst_version(), CPAN::Module::available_version(), CPAN::Mod-
	       ule::install(), CPAN::Module::look(), CPAN::Module::make(), CPAN::Module::man-
	       page_headline(), CPAN::Module::perldoc(), CPAN::Module::readme(), CPAN::Mod-
	       ule::reports(), CPAN::Module::test(), CPAN::Module::uptodate(), CPAN::Mod-
	       ule::userid()

	   Cache Manager
	   Bundles
       PREREQUISITES
       UTILITIES
	   Finding packages and VERSION
	   Debugging
	       o debug package.., o debug -package.., o debug all, o debug number

	   Floppy, Zip, Offline Mode
	   Basic Utilities for Programmers
	       has_inst($module), has_usable($module), instance($module)

       SECURITY
	   Cryptographically signed modules
       EXPORT
       ENVIRONMENT
       POPULATE AN INSTALLATION WITH LOTS OF MODULES
       WORKING WITH CPAN.pm BEHIND FIREWALLS
	   Three basic types of firewalls
	       http firewall, ftp firewall, One way visibility, SOCKS, IP Masquerade

	   Configuring lynx or ncftp for going through a firewall
       FAQ 1), 2), 3), 4), 5), 6), 7), 8), 9), 10), 11), 12), 13), 14), 15), 16), 17), 18)

       COMPATIBILITY
	   OLD PERL VERSIONS
	   CPANPLUS
       SECURITY ADVICE
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       TRANSLATIONS
       SEE ALSO

       CPAN::API::HOWTO - a recipe book for programming with CPAN.pm

       RECIPES
	   What distribution contains a particular module?
	   What modules does a particular distribution contain?
       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE
       AUTHOR

       CPAN::Distroprefs -- read and match distroprefs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       INTERFACE
	   a CPAN::Distroprefs::Result object, "undef", indicating that no prefs files remain to
	   be found

       RESULTS
	   Common
	   Errors
	   Successes
       PREFS
       LICENSE

       CPAN::FirstTime - Utility for CPAN::Config file Initialization

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       auto_commit, build_cache, build_dir, build_dir_reuse, build_requires_install_policy,
       cache_metadata, check_sigs, colorize_output, colorize_print, colorize_warn, col-
       orize_debug, commandnumber_in_prompt, connect_to_internet_ok, ftp_passive, ftp-
       stats_period, ftpstats_size, getcwd, halt_on_failure, histfile, histsize, inactivity_time-
       out, index_expire, inhibit_startup_message, keep_source_where, load_module_verbosity,
       makepl_arg, make_arg, make_install_arg, make_install_make_command, mbuildpl_arg,
       mbuild_arg, mbuild_install_arg, mbuild_install_build_command, pager, prefer_installer,
       prefs_dir, prerequisites_policy, randomize_urllist, scan_cache, shell,
       show_unparsable_versions, show_upload_date, show_zero_versions, tar_verbosity,
       term_is_latin, term_ornaments, test_report, perl5lib_verbosity, trust_test_report_history,
       use_sqlite, yaml_load_code, yaml_module

       LICENSE

       CPAN::Kwalify - Interface between CPAN.pm and Kwalify.pm

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   _validate($schema_name, $data, $file, $doc), yaml($schema_name)

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

       CPAN::Version - utility functions to compare CPAN versions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LICENSE

       CPANox, CPAN::Nox - Wrapper around CPAN.pm without using any XS module

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO

       Carp, carp    - warn of errors (from perspective of caller)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Forcing a Stack Trace
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
	   $Carp::MaxEvalLen
	   $Carp::MaxArgLen
	   $Carp::MaxArgNums
	   $Carp::Verbose
	   %Carp::Internal
	   %Carp::CarpInternal
	   $Carp::CarpLevel
       BUGS

       Carp::Heavy - heavy machinery, no user serviceable parts inside

       Class::ISA -- report the search path for a class's ISA tree

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
	   the function Class::ISA::super_path($CLASS), the function
	   Class::ISA::self_and_super_path($CLASS), the function Class::ISA::self_and_super_ver-
	   sions($CLASS)

       CAUTIONARY NOTES
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHOR

       Class::Struct - declare struct-like datatypes as Perl classes

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   The "struct()" function
	   Class Creation at Compile Time
	   Element Types and Accessor Methods
	       Scalar ('$' or '*$'), Array ('@' or '*@'), Hash ('%' or '*%'), Class ('Class_Name'
	       or '*Class_Name')

	   Initializing with "new"
       EXAMPLES
	   Example 1, Example 2, Example 3

       Author and Modification History

       Config - access Perl configuration information

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   myconfig(), config_sh(), config_re($regex), config_vars(@names)

       EXAMPLE
       WARNING
       GLOSSARY
       _

       "_a", "_exe", "_o"

       a

       "afs", "afsroot", "alignbytes", "ansi2knr", "aphostname", "api_revision", "api_subver-
       sion", "api_version", "api_versionstring", "ar", "archlib", "archlibexp", "archname",
       "archname64", "archobjs", "asctime_r_proto", "awk"

       b

       "baserev", "bash", "bin", "binexp", "bison", "byacc", "byteorder"

       c

       "c", "castflags", "cat", "cc", "cccdlflags", "ccdlflags", "ccflags", "ccflags_uselarge-
       files", "ccname", "ccsymbols", "ccversion", "cf_by", "cf_email", "cf_time", "chgrp",
       "chmod", "chown", "clocktype", "comm", "compress", "contains", "cp", "cpio", "cpp",
       "cpp_stuff", "cppccsymbols", "cppflags", "cpplast", "cppminus", "cpprun", "cppstdin",
       "cppsymbols", "crypt_r_proto", "cryptlib", "csh", "ctermid_r_proto", "ctime_r_proto"

       d

       "d__fwalk", "d_access", "d_accessx", "d_aintl", "d_alarm", "d_archlib", "d_asctime_r",
       "d_atolf", "d_atoll", "d_attribute_format", "d_attribute_malloc", "d_attribute_nonnull",
       "d_attribute_noreturn", "d_attribute_pure", "d_attribute_unused",
       "d_attribute_warn_unused_result", "d_bcmp", "d_bcopy", "d_bsd", "d_bsdgetpgrp", "d_bsd-
       setpgrp", "d_builtin_choose_expr", "d_builtin_expect", "d_bzero", "d_c99_variadic_macros",
       "d_casti32", "d_castneg", "d_charvspr", "d_chown", "d_chroot", "d_chsize", "d_class",
       "d_clearenv", "d_closedir", "d_cmsghdr_s", "d_const", "d_copysignl", "d_cplusplus",
       "d_crypt", "d_crypt_r", "d_csh", "d_ctermid", "d_ctermid_r", "d_ctime_r", "d_cuserid",
       "d_dbl_dig", "d_dbminitproto", "d_difftime", "d_dir_dd_fd", "d_dirfd", "d_dirnamlen",
       "d_dlerror", "d_dlopen", "d_dlsymun", "d_dosuid", "d_drand48_r", "d_drand48proto",
       "d_dup2", "d_eaccess", "d_endgrent", "d_endgrent_r", "d_endhent", "d_endhostent_r",
       "d_endnent", "d_endnetent_r", "d_endpent", "d_endprotoent_r", "d_endpwent", "d_endp-
       went_r", "d_endsent", "d_endservent_r", "d_eofnblk", "d_eunice", "d_faststdio",
       "d_fchdir", "d_fchmod", "d_fchown", "d_fcntl", "d_fcntl_can_lock", "d_fd_macros",
       "d_fd_set", "d_fds_bits", "d_fgetpos", "d_finite", "d_finitel", "d_flexfnam", "d_flock",
       "d_flockproto", "d_fork", "d_fp_class", "d_fpathconf", "d_fpclass", "d_fpclassify",
       "d_fpclassl", "d_fpos64_t", "d_frexpl", "d_fs_data_s", "d_fseeko", "d_fsetpos",
       "d_fstatfs", "d_fstatvfs", "d_fsync", "d_ftello", "d_ftime", "d_futimes", "d_Gconvert",
       "d_getcwd", "d_getespwnam", "d_getfsstat", "d_getgrent", "d_getgrent_r", "d_getgrgid_r",
       "d_getgrnam_r", "d_getgrps", "d_gethbyaddr", "d_gethbyname", "d_gethent", "d_gethname",
       "d_gethostbyaddr_r", "d_gethostbyname_r", "d_gethostent_r", "d_gethostprotos",
       "d_getitimer", "d_getlogin", "d_getlogin_r", "d_getmnt", "d_getmntent", "d_getnbyaddr",
       "d_getnbyname", "d_getnent", "d_getnetbyaddr_r", "d_getnetbyname_r", "d_getnetent_r",
       "d_getnetprotos", "d_getpagsz", "d_getpbyname", "d_getpbynumber", "d_getpent",
       "d_getpgid", "d_getpgrp", "d_getpgrp2", "d_getppid", "d_getprior", "d_getprotobyname_r",
       "d_getprotobynumber_r", "d_getprotoent_r", "d_getprotoprotos", "d_getprpwnam", "d_getp-
       went", "d_getpwent_r", "d_getpwnam_r", "d_getpwuid_r", "d_getsbyname", "d_getsbyport",
       "d_getsent", "d_getservbyname_r", "d_getservbyport_r", "d_getservent_r", "d_getservpro-
       tos", "d_getspnam", "d_getspnam_r", "d_gettimeod", "d_gmtime_r", "d_gnulibc",
       "d_grpasswd", "d_hasmntopt", "d_htonl", "d_ilogbl", "d_inc_version_list", "d_index",
       "d_inetaton", "d_int64_t", "d_isascii", "d_isfinite", "d_isinf", "d_isnan", "d_isnanl",
       "d_killpg", "d_lchown", "d_ldbl_dig", "d_libm_lib_version", "d_link", "d_localtime_r",
       "d_localtime_r_needs_tzset", "d_locconv", "d_lockf", "d_longdbl", "d_longlong",
       "d_lseekproto", "d_lstat", "d_madvise", "d_malloc_good_size", "d_malloc_size", "d_mblen",
       "d_mbstowcs", "d_mbtowc", "d_memchr", "d_memcmp", "d_memcpy", "d_memmove", "d_memset",
       "d_mkdir", "d_mkdtemp", "d_mkfifo", "d_mkstemp", "d_mkstemps", "d_mktime", "d_mmap",
       "d_modfl", "d_modfl_pow32_bug", "d_modflproto", "d_mprotect", "d_msg", "d_msg_ctrunc",
       "d_msg_dontroute", "d_msg_oob", "d_msg_peek", "d_msg_proxy", "d_msgctl", "d_msgget",
       "d_msghdr_s", "d_msgrcv", "d_msgsnd", "d_msync", "d_munmap", "d_mymalloc", "d_nanosleep",
       "d_nice", "d_nl_langinfo", "d_nv_preserves_uv", "d_nv_zero_is_allbits_zero", "d_off64_t",
       "d_old_pthread_create_joinable", "d_oldpthreads", "d_oldsock", "d_open3", "d_pathconf",
       "d_pause", "d_perl_otherlibdirs", "d_phostname", "d_pipe", "d_poll", "d_portable",
       "d_PRId64", "d_PRIeldbl", "d_PRIEUldbl", "d_PRIfldbl", "d_PRIFUldbl", "d_PRIgldbl",
       "d_PRIGUldbl", "d_PRIi64", "d_printf_format_null", "d_PRIo64", "d_PRIu64", "d_PRIx64",
       "d_PRIXU64", "d_procselfexe", "d_pseudofork", "d_pthread_atfork",
       "d_pthread_attr_setscope", "d_pthread_yield", "d_pwage", "d_pwchange", "d_pwclass",
       "d_pwcomment", "d_pwexpire", "d_pwgecos", "d_pwpasswd", "d_pwquota", "d_qgcvt", "d_quad",
       "d_random_r", "d_readdir", "d_readdir64_r", "d_readdir_r", "d_readlink", "d_readv",
       "d_recvmsg", "d_rename", "d_rewinddir", "d_rmdir", "d_safebcpy", "d_safemcpy", "d_sanem-
       cmp", "d_sbrkproto", "d_scalbnl", "d_sched_yield", "d_scm_rights", "d_SCNfldbl",
       "d_seekdir", "d_select", "d_sem", "d_semctl", "d_semctl_semid_ds", "d_semctl_semun",
       "d_semget", "d_semop", "d_sendmsg", "d_setegid", "d_seteuid", "d_setgrent", "d_set-
       grent_r", "d_setgrps", "d_sethent", "d_sethostent_r", "d_setitimer", "d_setlinebuf",
       "d_setlocale", "d_setlocale_r", "d_setnent", "d_setnetent_r", "d_setpent", "d_setpgid",
       "d_setpgrp", "d_setpgrp2", "d_setprior", "d_setproctitle", "d_setprotoent_r", "d_setp-
       went", "d_setpwent_r", "d_setregid", "d_setresgid", "d_setresuid", "d_setreuid",
       "d_setrgid", "d_setruid", "d_setsent", "d_setservent_r", "d_setsid", "d_setvbuf",
       "d_sfio", "d_shm", "d_shmat", "d_shmatprototype", "d_shmctl", "d_shmdt", "d_shmget",
       "d_sigaction", "d_signbit", "d_sigprocmask", "d_sigsetjmp", "d_sitearch", "d_snprintf",
       "d_sockatmark", "d_sockatmarkproto", "d_socket", "d_socklen_t", "d_sockpair",
       "d_socks5_init", "d_sprintf_returns_strlen", "d_sqrtl", "d_srand48_r", "d_srandom_r",
       "d_sresgproto", "d_sresuproto", "d_statblks", "d_statfs_f_flags", "d_statfs_s",
       "d_statvfs", "d_stdio_cnt_lval", "d_stdio_ptr_lval", "d_stdio_ptr_lval_nochange_cnt",
       "d_stdio_ptr_lval_sets_cnt", "d_stdio_stream_array", "d_stdiobase", "d_stdstdio",
       "d_strchr", "d_strcoll", "d_strctcpy", "d_strerrm", "d_strerror", "d_strerror_r", "d_strf-
       time", "d_strlcat", "d_strlcpy", "d_strtod", "d_strtol", "d_strtold", "d_strtoll", "d_str-
       toq", "d_strtoul", "d_strtoull", "d_strtouq", "d_strxfrm", "d_suidsafe", "d_symlink",
       "d_syscall", "d_syscallproto", "d_sysconf", "d_sysernlst", "d_syserrlst", "d_system",
       "d_tcgetpgrp", "d_tcsetpgrp", "d_telldir", "d_telldirproto", "d_time", "d_times",
       "d_tm_tm_gmtoff", "d_tm_tm_zone", "d_tmpnam_r", "d_truncate", "d_ttyname_r", "d_tzname",
       "d_u32align", "d_ualarm", "d_umask", "d_uname", "d_union_semun", "d_unordered",
       "d_unsetenv", "d_usleep", "d_usleepproto", "d_ustat", "d_vendorarch", "d_vendorbin",
       "d_vendorlib", "d_vendorscript", "d_vfork", "d_void_closedir", "d_voidsig", "d_voidtty",
       "d_volatile", "d_vprintf", "d_vsnprintf", "d_wait4", "d_waitpid", "d_wcstombs",
       "d_wctomb", "d_writev", "d_xenix", "date", "db_hashtype", "db_prefixtype", "db_ver-
       sion_major", "db_version_minor", "db_version_patch", "defvoidused", "direntrytype",
       "dlext", "dlsrc", "doublesize", "drand01", "drand48_r_proto", "dynamic_ext"

       e

       "eagain", "ebcdic", "echo", "egrep", "emacs", "endgrent_r_proto", "endhostent_r_proto",
       "endnetent_r_proto", "endprotoent_r_proto", "endpwent_r_proto", "endservent_r_proto",
       "eunicefix", "exe_ext", "expr", "extensions", "extern_C", "extras"

       f

       "fflushall", "fflushNULL", "find", "firstmakefile", "flex", "fpossize", "fpostype",
       "freetype", "from", "full_ar", "full_csh", "full_sed"

       g

       "gccansipedantic", "gccosandvers", "gccversion", "getgrent_r_proto", "getgrgid_r_proto",
       "getgrnam_r_proto", "gethostbyaddr_r_proto", "gethostbyname_r_proto", "gethos-
       tent_r_proto", "getlogin_r_proto", "getnetbyaddr_r_proto", "getnetbyname_r_proto", "getne-
       tent_r_proto", "getprotobyname_r_proto", "getprotobynumber_r_proto", "getpro-
       toent_r_proto", "getpwent_r_proto", "getpwnam_r_proto", "getpwuid_r_proto", "getservby-
       name_r_proto", "getservbyport_r_proto", "getservent_r_proto", "getspnam_r_proto", "gidfor-
       mat", "gidsign", "gidsize", "gidtype", "glibpth", "gmake", "gmtime_r_proto", "gnulibc_ver-
       sion", "grep", "groupcat", "groupstype", "gzip"

       h

       "h_fcntl", "h_sysfile", "hint", "hostcat", "html1dir", "html1direxp", "html3dir",
       "html3direxp"

       i

       "i16size", "i16type", "i32size", "i32type", "i64size", "i64type", "i8size", "i8type",
       "i_arpainet", "i_bsdioctl", "i_crypt", "i_db", "i_dbm", "i_dirent", "i_dld", "i_dlfcn",
       "i_fcntl", "i_float", "i_fp", "i_fp_class", "i_gdbm", "i_grp", "i_ieeefp", "i_inttypes",
       "i_langinfo", "i_libutil", "i_limits", "i_locale", "i_machcthr", "i_malloc", "i_math",
       "i_memory", "i_mntent", "i_ndbm", "i_netdb", "i_neterrno", "i_netinettcp", "i_niin",
       "i_poll", "i_prot", "i_pthread", "i_pwd", "i_rpcsvcdbm", "i_sfio", "i_sgtty", "i_shadow",
       "i_socks", "i_stdarg", "i_stddef", "i_stdlib", "i_string", "i_sunmath", "i_sysaccess",
       "i_sysdir", "i_sysfile", "i_sysfilio", "i_sysin", "i_sysioctl", "i_syslog", "i_sysmman",
       "i_sysmode", "i_sysmount", "i_sysndir", "i_sysparam", "i_sysresrc", "i_syssecrt", "i_sys-
       selct", "i_syssockio", "i_sysstat", "i_sysstatfs", "i_sysstatvfs", "i_systime", "i_sys-
       timek", "i_systimes", "i_systypes", "i_sysuio", "i_sysun", "i_sysutsname", "i_sysvfs",
       "i_syswait", "i_termio", "i_termios", "i_time", "i_unistd", "i_ustat", "i_utime", "i_val-
       ues", "i_varargs", "i_varhdr", "i_vfork", "ignore_versioned_solibs", "inc_version_list",
       "inc_version_list_init", "incpath", "inews", "initialinstalllocation", "installarchlib",
       "installbin", "installhtml1dir", "installhtml3dir", "installman1dir", "installman3dir",
       "installprefix", "installprefixexp", "installprivlib", "installscript", "installsitearch",
       "installsitebin", "installsitehtml1dir", "installsitehtml3dir", "installsitelib",
       "installsiteman1dir", "installsiteman3dir", "installsitescript", "installstyle", "instal-
       lusrbinperl", "installvendorarch", "installvendorbin", "installvendorhtml1dir", "install-
       vendorhtml3dir", "installvendorlib", "installvendorman1dir", "installvendorman3dir",
       "installvendorscript", "intsize", "issymlink", "ivdformat", "ivsize", "ivtype"

       k

       "known_extensions", "ksh"

       l

       "ld", "lddlflags", "ldflags", "ldflags_uselargefiles", "ldlibpthname", "less", "lib_ext",
       "libc", "libperl", "libpth", "libs", "libsdirs", "libsfiles", "libsfound", "libspath",
       "libswanted", "libswanted_uselargefiles", "line", "lint", "lkflags", "ln", "lns", "local-
       time_r_proto", "locincpth", "loclibpth", "longdblsize", "longlongsize", "longsize", "lp",
       "lpr", "ls", "lseeksize", "lseektype"

       m

       "mad", "madlyh", "madlyobj", "madlysrc", "mail", "mailx", "make", "make_set_make", "mallo-
       cobj", "mallocsrc", "malloctype", "man1dir", "man1direxp", "man1ext", "man3dir",
       "man3direxp", "man3ext"

       M

       "Mcc", "mips_type", "mistrustnm", "mkdir", "mmaptype", "modetype", "more", "multiarch",
       "mv", "myarchname", "mydomain", "myhostname", "myuname"

       n

       "n", "need_va_copy", "netdb_hlen_type", "netdb_host_type", "netdb_name_type",
       "netdb_net_type", "nm", "nm_opt", "nm_so_opt", "nonxs_ext", "nroff", "nv_pre-
       serves_uv_bits", "nveformat", "nvEUformat", "nvfformat", "nvFUformat", "nvgformat", "nvGU-
       format", "nvsize", "nvtype"

       o

       "o_nonblock", "obj_ext", "old_pthread_create_joinable", "optimize", "orderlib", "osname",
       "osvers", "otherlibdirs"

       p

       "package", "pager", "passcat", "patchlevel", "path_sep", "perl", "perl5"

       P

       "PERL_API_REVISION", "PERL_API_SUBVERSION", "PERL_API_VERSION", "PERL_CONFIG_SH",
       "PERL_PATCHLEVEL", "perl_patchlevel", "PERL_REVISION", "PERL_SUBVERSION", "PERL_VERSION",
       "perladmin", "perllibs", "perlpath", "pg", "phostname", "pidtype", "plibpth", "pmake",
       "pr", "prefix", "prefixexp", "privlib", "privlibexp", "procselfexe", "prototype", "ptr-
       size"

       q

       "quadkind", "quadtype"

       r

       "randbits", "randfunc", "random_r_proto", "randseedtype", "ranlib", "rd_nodata", "read-
       dir64_r_proto", "readdir_r_proto", "revision", "rm", "rm_try", "rmail", "run", "runnm"

       s

       "sched_yield", "scriptdir", "scriptdirexp", "sed", "seedfunc", "selectminbits", "select-
       type", "sendmail", "setgrent_r_proto", "sethostent_r_proto", "setlocale_r_proto", "setne-
       tent_r_proto", "setprotoent_r_proto", "setpwent_r_proto", "setservent_r_proto", "sh",
       "shar", "sharpbang", "shmattype", "shortsize", "shrpenv", "shsharp", "sig_count",
       "sig_name", "sig_name_init", "sig_num", "sig_num_init", "sig_size", "signal_t",
       "sitearch", "sitearchexp", "sitebin", "sitebinexp", "sitehtml1dir", "sitehtml1direxp",
       "sitehtml3dir", "sitehtml3direxp", "sitelib", "sitelib_stem", "sitelibexp", "siteman1dir",
       "siteman1direxp", "siteman3dir", "siteman3direxp", "siteprefix", "siteprefixexp", "site-
       script", "sitescriptexp", "sizesize", "sizetype", "sleep", "smail", "so", "sockethdr",
       "socketlib", "socksizetype", "sort", "spackage", "spitshell", "sPRId64", "sPRIeldbl",
       "sPRIEUldbl", "sPRIfldbl", "sPRIFUldbl", "sPRIgldbl", "sPRIGUldbl", "sPRIi64", "sPRIo64",
       "sPRIu64", "sPRIx64", "sPRIXU64", "srand48_r_proto", "srandom_r_proto", "src", "sSCN-
       fldbl", "ssizetype", "startperl", "startsh", "static_ext", "stdchar", "stdio_base",
       "stdio_bufsiz", "stdio_cnt", "stdio_filbuf", "stdio_ptr", "stdio_stream_array", "str-
       error_r_proto", "strings", "submit", "subversion", "sysman"

       t

       "tail", "tar", "targetarch", "tbl", "tee", "test", "timeincl", "timetype", "tmp-
       nam_r_proto", "to", "touch", "tr", "trnl", "troff", "ttyname_r_proto"

       u

       "u16size", "u16type", "u32size", "u32type", "u64size", "u64type", "u8size", "u8type",
       "uidformat", "uidsign", "uidsize", "uidtype", "uname", "uniq", "uquadtype",
       "use5005threads", "use64bitall", "use64bitint", "usecrosscompile", "usedl", "usefastst-
       dio", "useithreads", "uselargefiles", "uselongdouble", "usemallocwrap", "usemorebits",
       "usemultiplicity", "usemymalloc", "usenm", "useopcode", "useperlio", "useposix", "usereen-
       trant", "userelocatableinc", "usesfio", "useshrplib", "usesitecustomize", "usesocks",
       "usethreads", "usevendorprefix", "usevfork", "usrinc", "uuname", "uvoformat", "uvsize",
       "uvtype", "uvuformat", "uvxformat", "uvXUformat"

       v

       "vendorarch", "vendorarchexp", "vendorbin", "vendorbinexp", "vendorhtml1dir", "ven-
       dorhtml1direxp", "vendorhtml3dir", "vendorhtml3direxp", "vendorlib", "vendorlib_stem",
       "vendorlibexp", "vendorman1dir", "vendorman1direxp", "vendorman3dir", "vendorman3direxp",
       "vendorprefix", "vendorprefixexp", "vendorscript", "vendorscriptexp", "version", "ver-
       sion_patchlevel_string", "versiononly", "vi", "voidflags"

       x

       "xlibpth"

       y

       "yacc", "yaccflags"

       z

       "zcat", "zip"

       NOTE

       Cwd - get pathname of current working directory

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   getcwd and friends
	       getcwd, cwd, fastcwd, fastgetcwd, getdcwd

	   abs_path and friends
	       abs_path, realpath, fast_abs_path

	   $ENV{PWD}
       NOTES
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       DB - programmatic interface to the Perl debugging API (draft, subject to change)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Global Variables
		$DB::sub,  %DB::sub,  $DB::single,  $DB::signal,  $DB::trace,  @DB::args,
	       @DB::dbline,  %DB::dbline,  $DB::package,  $DB::filename,  $DB::subname,
	       $DB::lineno

	   API Methods
	       CLIENT->register(), CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->skippkg('D::hide'),
	       CLIENT->run(), CLIENT->step(), CLIENT->next(), CLIENT->done()

	   Client Callback Methods
	       CLIENT->init(), CLIENT->prestop([STRING]), CLIENT->stop(), CLIENT->idle(),
	       CLIENT->poststop([STRING]), CLIENT->evalcode(STRING), CLIENT->cleanup(),
	       CLIENT->output(LIST)

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       DBM_Filter -- Filter DBM keys/values

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       What is a DBM Filter?
	   So what's new?
       METHODS
	   $db->Filter_Push()
	   $db->Filter_Key_Push()
	   $db->Filter_Value_Push()
	       Filter_Push, Filter_Key_Push, Filter_Value_Push

	   $db->Filter_Pop()
	   $db->Filtered()
       Writing a Filter
	   Immediate Filters
	   Canned Filters
	       "name", params

       Filters Included
	   utf8, encode, compress, int32, null

       NOTES
	   Maintain Round Trip Integrity
	   Don't mix filtered & non-filtered data in the same database file.
       EXAMPLE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       DBM_Filter::compress - filter for DBM_Filter

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       DBM_Filter::encode - filter for DBM_Filter

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       DBM_Filter::int32 - filter for DBM_Filter

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       DBM_Filter::null - filter for DBM_Filter

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       DBM_Filter::utf8 - filter for DBM_Filter

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       DB_File - Perl5 access to Berkeley DB version 1.x

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   DB_HASH, DB_BTREE, DB_RECNO

	   Using DB_File with Berkeley DB version 2 or greater
	   Interface to Berkeley DB
	   Opening a Berkeley DB Database File
	   Default Parameters
	   In Memory Databases
       DB_HASH
	   A Simple Example
       DB_BTREE
	   Changing the BTREE sort order
	   Handling Duplicate Keys
	   The get_dup() Method
	   The find_dup() Method
	   The del_dup() Method
	   Matching Partial Keys
       DB_RECNO
	   The 'bval' Option
	   A Simple Example
	   Extra RECNO Methods
	       $X->push(list) ;, $value = $X->pop ;, $X->shift, $X->unshift(list) ;, $X->length,
	       $X->splice(offset, length, elements);

	   Another Example
       THE API INTERFACE
	   $status = $X->get($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->put($key, $value [,
	   $flags]) ;, $status = $X->del($key [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->fd ;, $status =
	   $X->seq($key, $value, $flags) ;, $status = $X->sync([$flags]) ;

       DBM FILTERS
	   filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key, filter_fetch_value

	   The Filter
	   An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
	   Another Example -- Key is a C int.
       HINTS AND TIPS
	   Locking: The Trouble with fd
	   Safe ways to lock a database
	       Tie::DB_Lock, Tie::DB_LockFile, DB_File::Lock

	   Sharing Databases With C Applications
	   The untie() Gotcha
       COMMON QUESTIONS
	   Why is there Perl source in my database?
	   How do I store complex data structures with DB_File?
	   What does "Invalid Argument" mean?
	   What does "Bareword 'DB_File' not allowed" mean?
       REFERENCES
       HISTORY
       BUGS
       AVAILABILITY
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       Data::Dumper - stringified perl data structures, suitable for both printing and "eval"

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Methods
	       PACKAGE->new(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Dump	or PACKAGE->Dump(ARRAYREF [,
	       ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Seen([HASHREF]), $OBJ->Values([ARRAYREF]),
	       $OBJ->Names([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Reset

	   Functions
	       Dumper(LIST)

	   Configuration Variables or Methods
	   Exports
	       Dumper

       EXAMPLES
       BUGS
	   NOTE
       AUTHOR
       VERSION
       SEE ALSO

       Devel::DProf - a Perl code profiler

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       PROFILE FORMAT
       AUTOLOAD
       ENVIRONMENT
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Devel::InnerPackage - find all the inner packages of a package

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   list_packages <package name>
       AUTHOR
       COPYING
       BUGS

       Devel::PPPort - Perl/Pollution/Portability

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Why use ppport.h?
	   How to use ppport.h
	   Running ppport.h
       FUNCTIONS
	   WriteFile
       COMPATIBILITY
	   Provided Perl compatibility API
	   Perl API not supported by ppport.h
	       perl 5.11.0, perl 5.10.0, perl 5.9.5, perl 5.9.4, perl 5.9.3, perl 5.9.2, perl
	       5.9.1, perl 5.9.0, perl 5.8.3, perl 5.8.1, perl 5.8.0, perl 5.7.3, perl 5.7.2,
	       perl 5.7.1, perl 5.6.1, perl 5.6.0, perl 5.005_03, perl 5.005, perl 5.004_05, perl
	       5.004

       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       Devel::Peek - A data debugging tool for the XS programmer

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Runtime debugging
	   Memory footprint debugging
       EXAMPLES
	   A simple scalar string
	   A simple scalar number
	   A simple scalar with an extra reference
	   A reference to a simple scalar
	   A reference to an array
	   A reference to a hash
	   Dumping a large array or hash
	   A reference to an SV which holds a C pointer
	   A reference to a subroutine
       EXPORTS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Devel::SelfStubber - generate stubs for a SelfLoading module

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       Digest - Modules that calculate message digests

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   binary, hex, base64

       OO INTERFACE
	   $ctx = Digest->XXX($arg,...), $ctx = Digest->new(XXX => $arg,...), $ctx =
	   Digest::XXX->new($arg,...), $other_ctx = $ctx->clone, $ctx->reset, $ctx->add( $data ),
	   $ctx->add( $chunk1, $chunk2, ... ), $ctx->addfile( $io_handle ), $ctx->add_bits(
	   $data, $nbits ), $ctx->add_bits( $bitstring ), $ctx->digest, $ctx->hexdigest,
	   $ctx->b64digest

       Digest speed
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       Digest::MD5 - Perl interface to the MD5 Algorithm

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
	   md5($data,...), md5_hex($data,...), md5_base64($data,...)

       METHODS
	   $md5 = Digest::MD5->new, $md5->reset, $md5->clone, $md5->add($data,...),
	   $md5->addfile($io_handle), $md5->add_bits($data, $nbits), $md5->add_bits($bitstring),
	   $md5->digest, $md5->hexdigest, $md5->b64digest

       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHORS

       Digest::base - Digest base class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       Digest::file - Calculate digests of files

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   digest_file( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_hex( $file, $algorithm,
	   [$arg,...] ), digest_file_base64( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...]  )

       SEE ALSO

       DirHandle - supply object methods for directory handles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES

       Dumpvalue - provides screen dump of Perl data.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Creation
	       "arrayDepth", "hashDepth", "compactDump", "veryCompact", "globPrint", "dumpDB-
	       Files", "dumpPackages", "dumpReused", "tick", "quoteHighBit", "printUndef",
	       "usageOnly", unctrl, subdump, bareStringify, quoteHighBit, stopDbSignal

	   Methods
	       dumpValue, dumpValues, stringify, dumpvars, set_quote, set_unctrl, compactDump,
	       veryCompact, set, get

       DynaLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   @dl_library_path, @dl_resolve_using, @dl_require_symbols, @dl_librefs, @dl_modules,
	   @dl_shared_objects, dl_error(), $dl_debug, dl_findfile(), dl_expandspec(),
	   dl_load_file(), dl_unload_file(), dl_load_flags(), dl_find_symbol(), dl_find_sym-
	   bol_anywhere(), dl_undef_symbols(), dl_install_xsub(), bootstrap()

       AUTHOR

       DynaLoader::XSLoader, XSLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Migration from "DynaLoader"
	   Backward compatible boilerplate
       Order of initialization: early load()
	   The most hairy case
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "Can't find '%s' symbol in %s", "Can't load '%s' for module %s: %s", "Undefined sym-
	   bols present after loading %s: %s", "XSLoader::load('Your::Module', $Your::Mod-
	   ule::VERSION)"

       LIMITATIONS
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

       Encode - character encodings

       SYNOPSIS
	   Table of Contents
       DESCRIPTION
	   TERMINOLOGY
       PERL ENCODING API
	   $octets  = encode(ENCODING, $string [, CHECK]), $string = decode(ENCODING, $octets [,
	   CHECK]), [$obj =] find_encoding(ENCODING), [$length =] from_to($octets, FROM_ENC,
	   TO_ENC [, CHECK]), $octets = encode_utf8($string);, $string = decode_utf8($octets [,
	   CHECK]);

	   Listing available encodings
	   Defining Aliases
	   Finding IANA Character Set Registry names
       Encoding via PerlIO
       Handling Malformed Data
	   NOTE: Not all encoding support this feature, CHECK = Encode::FB_DEFAULT ( == 0), CHECK
	   = Encode::FB_CROAK ( == 1), CHECK = Encode::FB_QUIET, CHECK = Encode::FB_WARN, perlqq
	   mode (CHECK = Encode::FB_PERLQQ), HTML charref mode (CHECK = Encode::FB_HTMLCREF), XML
	   charref mode (CHECK = Encode::FB_XMLCREF), The bitmask, Encode::LEAVE_SRC

	   coderef for CHECK
       Defining Encodings
       The UTF8 flag
	   Goal #1:, Goal #2:, Goal #3:, Goal #4:

	   Messing with Perl's Internals
	       is_utf8(STRING [, CHECK]), _utf8_on(STRING), _utf8_off(STRING)

       UTF-8 vs. utf8 vs. UTF8
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
       COPYRIGHT

       Encode::Alias - alias definitions to encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   As a simple string, As a qr// compiled regular expression, e.g.:, As a code reference,
	   e.g.:

	   Alias overloading
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::Byte - Single Byte Encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::CJKConstants -- Internally used by Encode::??::ISO_2022_*

       Encode::CN - China-based Chinese Encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::CN::HZ -- internally used by Encode::CN

       Encode::Config -- internally used by Encode

       Encode::EBCDIC - EBCDIC Encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::Encoding - Encode Implementation Base Class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Methods you should implement
	       ->encode($string [,$check]), ->decode($octets [,$check]), ->cat_decode($destina-
	       tion, $octets, $offset, $terminator [,$check])

	   Other methods defined in Encode::Encodings
	       ->name, ->mime_name, ->renew, ->renewed, ->perlio_ok(), ->needs_lines()

	   Example: Encode::ROT13
       Why the heck Encode API is different?
	   Compiled Encodings
       SEE ALSO
	   Scheme 1, Scheme 2, Other Schemes

       Encode::GSM0338 -- ESTI GSM 03.38 Encoding

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::Guess -- Guesses encoding from data

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
	   Encode::Guess->set_suspects, Encode::Guess->add_suspects, Encode::decode("Guess" ...),
	   Encode::Guess->guess($data), guess_encoding($data, [, list of suspects])

       CAVEATS
       TO DO
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::JP - Japanese Encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       Note on ISO-2022-JP(-1)?
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::JP::H2Z -- internally used by Encode::JP::2022_JP*

       Encode::JP::JIS7 -- internally used by Encode::JP

       Encode::KR - Korean Encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::KR::2022_KR -- internally used by Encode::KR

       Encode::MIME::Header -- MIME 'B' and 'Q' header encoding

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::MIME::Name, Encode::MIME::NAME -- internally used by Encode

       SEE ALSO

       Encode::PerlIO -- a detailed document on Encode and PerlIO

       Overview
       How does it work?
       Line Buffering
	   How can I tell whether my encoding fully supports PerlIO ?
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::Supported -- Encodings supported by Encode

       DESCRIPTION
	   Encoding Names
       Supported Encodings
	   Built-in Encodings
	   Encode::Unicode -- other Unicode encodings
	   Encode::Byte -- Extended ASCII
	       ISO-8859 and corresponding vendor mappings, KOI8 - De Facto Standard for the
	       Cyrillic world

	   gsm0338 - Hentai Latin 1
	       gsm0338 support before 2.19

	   CJK: Chinese, Japanese, Korean (Multibyte)
	       Encode::CN -- Continental China, Encode::JP -- Japan, Encode::KR -- Korea,
	       Encode::TW -- Taiwan, Encode::HanExtra -- More Chinese via CPAN, Encode::JIS2K --
	       JIS X 0213 encodings via CPAN

	   Miscellaneous encodings
	       Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Symbols, Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::Guess

       Unsupported encodings
	     ISO-2022-JP-2 [RFC1554], ISO-2022-CN [RFC1922], Various HP-UX encodings,
	   Cyrillic encoding ISO-IR-111, ISO-8859-8-1 [Hebrew], ISIRI 3342, Iran
	   System, ISIRI 2900 [Farsi], Thai encoding TCVN, Vietnamese encodings VPS,
	   Various Mac encodings, (Mac) Indic encodings

       Encoding vs. Charset -- terminology
       Encoding Classification (by Anton Tagunov and Dan Kogai)
	   Microsoft-related naming mess
	       KS_C_5601-1987, GB2312, Big5, Shift_JIS

       Glossary
	   character repertoire, coded character set (CCS), character encoding scheme (CES),
	   charset (in MIME context), EUC, ISO-2022, UCS, UCS-2, Unicode, UTF, UTF-16

       See Also
       References
	   ECMA, ECMA-035 (eq "ISO-2022"), IANA, Assigned Charset Names by IANA, ISO, RFC, UC,
	   Unicode Glossary

	   Other Notable Sites
	       czyborra.com, CJK.inf, Jungshik Shin's Hangul FAQ, debian.org: "Introduction to
	       i18n"

	   Offline sources
	       "CJKV Information Processing" by Ken Lunde

       Encode::Symbol - Symbol Encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::TW - Taiwan-based Chinese Encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::Unicode -- Various Unicode Transformation Formats

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
	   <http://www.unicode.org/glossary/> says:, Quick Reference

       Size, Endianness, and BOM
	   by size
	   by endianness
	       BOM as integer when fetched in network byte order

       Surrogate Pairs
       Error Checking
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::Unicode::UTF7 -- UTF-7 encoding

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       In Practice
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::lib::Encode::Alias, Encode::Alias - alias definitions to encodings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   As a simple string, As a qr// compiled regular expression, e.g.:, As a code reference,
	   e.g.:

	   Alias overloading
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::lib::Encode::CJKConstants, Encode::CJKConstants.pm -- Internally used by
       Encode::??::ISO_2022_*

       Encode::lib::Encode::CN::HZ, Encode::CN::HZ -- internally used by Encode::CN

       Encode::lib::Encode::Config, Encode::Config -- internally used by Encode

       Encode::lib::Encode::Encoding, Encode::Encoding - Encode Implementation Base Class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Methods you should implement
	       ->encode($string [,$check]), ->decode($octets [,$check]), ->cat_decode($destina-
	       tion, $octets, $offset, $terminator [,$check])

	   Other methods defined in Encode::Encodings
	       ->name, ->mime_name, ->renew, ->renewed, ->perlio_ok(), ->needs_lines()

	   Example: Encode::ROT13
       Why the heck Encode API is different?
	   Compiled Encodings
       SEE ALSO
	   Scheme 1, Scheme 2, Other Schemes

       Encode::lib::Encode::GSM0338, Encode::GSM0338 -- ESTI GSM 03.38 Encoding

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::lib::Encode::Guess, Encode::Guess -- Guesses encoding from data

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
	   Encode::Guess->set_suspects, Encode::Guess->add_suspects, Encode::decode("Guess" ...),
	   Encode::Guess->guess($data), guess_encoding($data, [, list of suspects])

       CAVEATS
       TO DO
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::lib::Encode::JP::H2Z, Encode::JP::H2Z -- internally used by Encode::JP::2022_JP*

       Encode::lib::Encode::JP::JIS7, Encode::JP::JIS7 -- internally used by Encode::JP

       Encode::lib::Encode::KR::2022_KR, Encode::KR::2022_KR -- internally used by Encode::KR

       Encode::lib::Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::MIME::Header -- MIME 'B' and 'Q' header encod-
       ing

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::lib::Encode::MIME::Name, Encode::MIME::NAME -- internally used by Encode

       SEE ALSO

       Encode::lib::Encode::PerlIO, Encode::PerlIO -- a detailed document on Encode and PerlIO

       Overview
       How does it work?
       Line Buffering
	   How can I tell whether my encoding fully supports PerlIO ?
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::lib::Encode::Supported, Encode::Supported -- Encodings supported by Encode

       DESCRIPTION
	   Encoding Names
       Supported Encodings
	   Built-in Encodings
	   Encode::Unicode -- other Unicode encodings
	   Encode::Byte -- Extended ASCII
	       ISO-8859 and corresponding vendor mappings, KOI8 - De Facto Standard for the
	       Cyrillic world

	   gsm0338 - Hentai Latin 1
	       gsm0338 support before 2.19

	   CJK: Chinese, Japanese, Korean (Multibyte)
	       Encode::CN -- Continental China, Encode::JP -- Japan, Encode::KR -- Korea,
	       Encode::TW -- Taiwan, Encode::HanExtra -- More Chinese via CPAN, Encode::JIS2K --
	       JIS X 0213 encodings via CPAN

	   Miscellaneous encodings
	       Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Symbols, Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::Guess

       Unsupported encodings
	     ISO-2022-JP-2 [RFC1554], ISO-2022-CN [RFC1922], Various HP-UX encodings,
	   Cyrillic encoding ISO-IR-111, ISO-8859-8-1 [Hebrew], ISIRI 3342, Iran
	   System, ISIRI 2900 [Farsi], Thai encoding TCVN, Vietnamese encodings VPS,
	   Various Mac encodings, (Mac) Indic encodings

       Encoding vs. Charset -- terminology
       Encoding Classification (by Anton Tagunov and Dan Kogai)
	   Microsoft-related naming mess
	       KS_C_5601-1987, GB2312, Big5, Shift_JIS

       Glossary
	   character repertoire, coded character set (CCS), character encoding scheme (CES),
	   charset (in MIME context), EUC, ISO-2022, UCS, UCS-2, Unicode, UTF, UTF-16

       See Also
       References
	   ECMA, ECMA-035 (eq "ISO-2022"), IANA, Assigned Charset Names by IANA, ISO, RFC, UC,
	   Unicode Glossary

	   Other Notable Sites
	       czyborra.com, CJK.inf, Jungshik Shin's Hangul FAQ, debian.org: "Introduction to
	       i18n"

	   Offline sources
	       "CJKV Information Processing" by Ken Lunde

       Encode::lib::Encode::Unicode::UTF7, Encode::Unicode::UTF7 -- UTF-7 encoding

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       In Practice
       SEE ALSO

       Encode::lib::Encoder, Encode::Encoder -- Object Oriented Encoder

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       Description
	   Predefined Methods
	       $e = Encode::Encoder->new([$data, $encoding]);, encoder(), $e->data([$data]),
	       $e->encoding([$encoding]), $e->bytes([$encoding])

	   Example: base64 transcoder
	   Operator Overloading
       SEE ALSO

       Encodencoding, encoding - allows you to write your script in non-ascii or non-utf8

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
	   Literal Conversions
	   PerlIO layers for "STD(IN|OUT)"
	   Implicit upgrading for byte strings
	   Side effects
       FEATURES THAT REQUIRE 5.8.1
	   "NON-EUC" doublebyte encodings, tr//, DATA pseudo-filehandle

       USAGE
	   use encoding [ENCNAME] ;, use encoding ENCNAME [ STDIN => ENCNAME_IN ...] ;, use
	   encoding ENCNAME Filter=>1;, no encoding;

       The Filter Option
	   Filter-related changes at Encode version 1.87
       CAVEATS
	   NOT SCOPED
	   DO NOT MIX MULTIPLE ENCODINGS
	   tr/// with ranges
	       Legend of characters above

       EXAMPLE - Greekperl
       KNOWN PROBLEMS
	   literals in regex that are longer than 127 bytes, EBCDIC, format, Thread safety

	   The Logic of :locale
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO

       Encoder, Encode::Encoder -- Object Oriented Encoder

       SYNOPSIS
       ABSTRACT
       Description
	   Predefined Methods
	       $e = Encode::Encoder->new([$data, $encoding]);, encoder(), $e->data([$data]),
	       $e->encoding([$encoding]), $e->bytes([$encoding])

	   Example: base64 transcoder
	   Operator Overloading
       SEE ALSO

       English - use nice English (or awk) names for ugly punctuation variables

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       PERFORMANCE

       Env - perl module that imports environment variables as scalars or arrays

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       LIMITATIONS
       AUTHOR

       Errno - System errno constants

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Exporter - Implements default import method for modules

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   How to Export
	   Selecting What To Export
	   How to Import
	       "use YourModule;", "use YourModule ();", "use YourModule qw(...);"

       Advanced features
	   Specialised Import Lists
	   Exporting without using Exporter's import method
	   Exporting without inheriting from Exporter
	   Module Version Checking
	   Managing Unknown Symbols
	   Tag Handling Utility Functions
	   Generating combined tags
	   "AUTOLOAD"ed Constants
       Good Practices
	   Declaring @EXPORT_OK and Friends
	   Playing Safe
	   What not to Export
       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE

       Exporter::Heavy - Exporter guts

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::Command - utilities to replace common UNIX commands in Makefiles etc.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   FUNCTIONS

       cat

       eqtime

       rm_rf

       rm_f

       touch

       mv

       cp

       chmod

       mkpath

       test_f

       test_d

       dos2unix

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::Command::MM - Commands for the MM's to use in Makefiles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   test_harness

       pod2man

       warn_if_old_packlist

       perllocal_install

       uninstall

       ExtUtils::Constant - generate XS code to import C header constants

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
	   IV, UV, NV, PV, PVN, SV, YES, NO, UNDEF

       FUNCTIONS

       constant_types

       XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

       autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER

       WriteMakefileSnippet

       WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...], NAME, DEFAULT_TYPE, BREAKOUT_AT, NAMES, PROXY-
       SUBS, C_FH, C_FILE, XS_FH, XS_FILE, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::Constant::Base - base class for ExtUtils::Constant objects

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE

       header

       memEQ_clause args_hashref

       dump_names arg_hashref, ITEM..

       assign arg_hashref, VALUE..

       return_clause arg_hashref, ITEM

       switch_clause arg_hashref, NAMELEN, ITEMHASH, ITEM..

       params WHAT

       dogfood arg_hashref, ITEM..

       normalise_items args, default_type, seen_types, seen_items, ITEM..

       C_constant arg_hashref, ITEM.., name, type, value, macro, default, pre, post, def_pre,
       def_post, utf8, weight

       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::Constant::Utils - helper functions for ExtUtils::Constant

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
	   C_stringify NAME

       perl_stringify NAME

       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::Constant::XS, ExtUtils::Constant::Base - base class for ExtUtils::Constant
       objects

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::Embed - Utilities for embedding Perl in C/C++ applications

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       @EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
	   xsinit(), Examples, ldopts(), Examples, perl_inc(), ccflags(), ccdlflags(), ccopts(),
	   xsi_header(), xsi_protos(@modules), xsi_body(@modules)

       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::Install - install files from here to there

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   _chmod($$;$), _warnonce(@), _choke(@)

       _move_file_at_boot( $file, $target, $moan  )

       _unlink_or_rename( $file, $tryhard, $installing )

       Functions
	   _get_install_skip

       _have_write_access

       _can_write_dir($dir)

       _mkpath($dir,$show,$mode,$verbose,$dry_run)

       _copy($from,$to,$verbose,$dry_run)

       _chdir($from)

       install

       _do_cleanup

       install_rooted_file( $file ), install_rooted_dir( $dir )

       forceunlink( $file, $tryhard )

       directory_not_empty( $dir )

       install_default DISCOURAGED

       uninstall

       inc_uninstall($filepath,$libdir,$verbose,$dry_run,$ignore,$results)

       run_filter($cmd,$src,$dest)

       pm_to_blib

       _autosplit

       _invokant

       ENVIRONMENT
	   PERL_INSTALL_ROOT, EU_INSTALL_IGNORE_SKIP, EU_INSTALL_SITE_SKIPFILE,
	   EU_INSTALL_ALWAYS_COPY

       AUTHOR
       LICENSE

       ExtUtils::Installed - Inventory management of installed modules

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
       FUNCTIONS
	   new(), modules(), files(), directories(), directory_tree(), validate(), packlist(),
	   version()

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::Liblist - determine libraries to use and how to use them

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   For static extensions, For dynamic extensions at build/link time, For dynamic exten-
	   sions at load time

	   EXTRALIBS
	   LDLOADLIBS and LD_RUN_PATH
	   BSLOADLIBS
       PORTABILITY
	   VMS implementation
	   Win32 implementation
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MM - OS adjusted ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::MM_AIX - AIX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Overridden methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MM_Any - Platform-agnostic MM methods

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   Cross-platform helper methods
       Targets
       Init methods
       Tools
       File::Spec wrappers
       Misc
       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::MM_BeOS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       os_flavor

       init_linker

       ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   os_flavor

       cflags

       replace_manpage_separator

       init_linker

       ExtUtils::MM_DOS - DOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Overridden methods
	       os_flavor

       replace_manpage_separator

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MM_Darwin - special behaviors for OS X

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Overriden Methods

       ExtUtils::MM_MacOS - once produced Makefiles for MacOS Classic

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::MM_NW5 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       os_flavor

       init_platform, platform_constants

       const_cccmd

       static_lib

       dynamic_lib

       ExtUtils::MM_OS2 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   init_dist

       init_linker

       os_flavor

       ExtUtils::MM_QNX - QNX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Overridden methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MM_UWIN - U/WIN specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Overridden methods
	       os_flavor

       replace_manpage_separator

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MM_Unix - methods used by ExtUtils::MakeMaker

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
       Methods
	   os_flavor

       c_o (o)

       cflags (o)

       const_cccmd (o)

       const_config (o)

       const_loadlibs (o)

       constants (o)

       depend (o)

       init_DEST

       init_dist

       dist (o)

       dist_basics (o)

       dist_ci (o)

       dist_core (o)

       dist_target

       tardist_target

       zipdist_target

       tarfile_target

       zipfile_target

       uutardist_target

       shdist_target

       dlsyms (o)

       dynamic_bs (o)

       dynamic_lib (o)

       exescan

       extliblist

       find_perl

       fixin

       force (o)

       guess_name

       has_link_code

       init_dirscan

       init_MANPODS

       init_MAN1PODS

       init_MAN3PODS

       init_PM

       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_main

       init_others

       init_linker

       init_lib2arch

       init_PERL

       init_platform, platform_constants

       init_PERM

       init_xs

       install (o)

       installbin (o)

       linkext (o)

       lsdir

       macro (o)

       makeaperl (o)

       makefile (o)

       maybe_command

       needs_linking (o)

       parse_abstract

       parse_version

       pasthru (o)

       perl_script

       perldepend (o)

       perm_rw (o)

       perm_rwx (o)

       pm_to_blib

       post_constants (o)

       post_initialize (o)

       postamble (o)

       ppd

       prefixify

       processPL (o)

       quote_paren

       replace_manpage_separator

       cd

       oneliner

       quote_literal

       escape_newlines

       max_exec_len

       static (o)

       static_lib (o)

       staticmake (o)

       subdir_x (o)

       subdirs (o)

       test (o)

       test_via_harness (override)

       test_via_script (override)

       tools_other (o)

       tool_xsubpp (o)

       all_target

       top_targets (o)

       writedoc

       xs_c (o)

       xs_cpp (o)

       xs_o (o)

       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MM_VMS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Methods always loaded
	       wraplist

       Methods
	   guess_name (override)

       find_perl (override)

       maybe_command (override)

       pasthru (override)

       pm_to_blib (override)

       perl_script (override)

       replace_manpage_separator

       init_DEST

       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_main (override)

       init_others (override)

       init_platform (override)

       platform_constants

       init_VERSION (override)

       constants (override)

       special_targets

       cflags (override)

       const_cccmd (override)

       tools_other (override)

       init_dist (override)

       c_o (override)

       xs_c (override)

       xs_o (override)

       dlsyms (override)

       dynamic_lib (override)

       static_lib (override)

       extra_clean_files

       zipfile_target, tarfile_target, shdist_target

       install (override)

       perldepend (override)

       makeaperl (override)

       maketext_filter (override)

       prefixify (override)

       cd

       oneliner

       echo

       quote_literal

       escape_newlines

       max_exec_len

       init_linker

       eliminate_macros

       fixpath

       os_flavor

       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::MM_VOS - VOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Overridden methods
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MM_Win32 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Overridden methods
	   dlsyms

       replace_manpage_separator

       maybe_command

       init_DIRFILESEP

       init_others

       init_platform, platform_constants

       special_targets

       static_lib

       dynamic_lib

       extra_clean_files

       init_linker

       perl_script

       xs_o

       pasthru

       oneliner

       cd

       max_exec_len

       os_flavor

       cflags

       ExtUtils::MM_Win95 - method to customize MakeMaker for Win9X

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Overridden methods
	       xs_c

       xs_cpp

       xs_o

       max_exec_len

       os_flavor

       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::MY - ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass for customization

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::MakeMaker - Create a module Makefile

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   How To Write A Makefile.PL
	   Default Makefile Behaviour
	   make test
	   make testdb
	   make install
	   INSTALL_BASE
	   PREFIX and LIB attribute
	   AFS users
	   Static Linking of a new Perl Binary
	   Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations
	   Which architecture dependent directory?
	   Using Attributes and Parameters
	       ABSTRACT, ABSTRACT_FROM, AUTHOR, BINARY_LOCATION, C, CCFLAGS, CONFIG, CONFIGURE,
	       DEFINE, DESTDIR, DIR, DISTNAME, DISTVNAME, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, EXCLUDE_EXT,
	       EXE_FILES, FIRST_MAKEFILE, FULLPERL, FULLPERLRUN, FULLPERLRUNINST, FUNCLIST, H,
	       IMPORTS, INC, INCLUDE_EXT, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLBIN, INSTALLDIRS, INSTALL-
	       MAN1DIR, INSTALLMAN3DIR, INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLSCRIPT, INSTALLSITEARCH, INSTALL-
	       SITEBIN, INSTALLSITELIB, INSTALLSITEMAN1DIR, INSTALLSITEMAN3DIR, INSTALLSITE-
	       SCRIPT, INSTALLVENDORARCH, INSTALLVENDORBIN, INSTALLVENDORLIB, INSTALLVENDOR-
	       MAN1DIR, INSTALLVENDORMAN3DIR, INSTALLVENDORSCRIPT, INST_ARCHLIB, INST_BIN,
	       INST_LIB, INST_MAN1DIR, INST_MAN3DIR, INST_SCRIPT, LD, LDDLFLAGS, LDFROM, LIB,
	       LIBPERL_A, LIBS, LICENSE, LINKTYPE, MAKE, MAKEAPERL, MAKEFILE_OLD, MAN1PODS,
	       MAN3PODS, MAP_TARGET, META_ADD, META_MERGE, MIN_PERL_VERSION, MYEXTLIB, NAME,
	       NEEDS_LINKING, NOECHO, NORECURS, NO_META, NO_VC, OBJECT, OPTIMIZE, PERL,
	       PERL_CORE, PERLMAINCC, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_LIB, PERL_MALLOC_OK, PERLPREFIX, PERL-
	       RUN, PERLRUNINST, PERL_SRC, PERM_RW, PERM_RWX, PL_FILES, PM, PMLIBDIRS, PM_FILTER,
	       POLLUTE, PPM_INSTALL_EXEC, PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT, PREFIX, PREREQ_FATAL, PREREQ_PM,
	       PREREQ_PRINT, PRINT_PREREQ, SITEPREFIX, SIGN, SKIP, TYPEMAPS, VENDORPREFIX,
	       VERBINST, VERSION, VERSION_FROM, VERSION_SYM, XS, XSOPT, XSPROTOARG, XS_VERSION

	   Additional lowercase attributes
	       clean, depend, dist, dynamic_lib, linkext, macro, postamble, realclean, test,
	       tool_autosplit

	   Overriding MakeMaker Methods
	   The End Of Cargo Cult Programming
	       "MAN3PODS => ' '"

	   Hintsfile support
	   Distribution Support
		  make distcheck,    make skipcheck,	make distclean,    make manifest,
		 make distdir,	 make disttest,    make tardist,    make dist,	  make
	       uutardist,    make shdist,    make zipdist,    make ci

	   Module Meta-Data
	   Disabling an extension
	   Other Handy Functions
	       prompt

       ENVIRONMENT
	   PERL_MM_OPT, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, PERL_CORE

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

       ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config - Wrapper around Config.pm

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions About MakeMaker

       DESCRIPTION
	   Module Installation
	       How do I install a module into my home directory?, How do I get MakeMaker and Mod-
	       ule::Build to install to the same place?, How do I keep from installing man
	       pages?, How do I use a module without installing it?, PREFIX vs INSTALL_BASE from
	       Module::Build::Cookbook

	   Philosophy and History
	       Why not just use <insert other build config tool here>?, What is Module::Build and
	       how does it relate to MakeMaker?, pure perl.    no make, no shell commands, easier
	       to customize, cleaner internals, less cruft

	   Module Writing
	       How do I keep my $VERSION up to date without resetting it manually?, What's this
	       META.yml thing and how did it get in my MANIFEST?!, How do I delete everything not
	       in my MANIFEST?

	   XS  How to I prevent "object version X.XX does not match bootstrap parameter Y.YY"
	       errors?, How do I make two or more XS files coexist in the same directory?

       PATCHING
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial - Writing a module with MakeMaker

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   The Mantra
	   The Layout
	       Makefile.PL, MANIFEST, lib/, t/, Changes, README, INSTALL, MANIFEST.SKIP, bin/

       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes - Version-agnostic bytes.pm

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish - Platform-agnostic vmsish.pm

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::Manifest - utilities to write and check a MANIFEST file

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Functions
	       mkmanifest

       manifind

       manicheck

       filecheck

       fullcheck

       skipcheck

       maniread

       maniskip

       manicopy

       maniadd

       MANIFEST
       MANIFEST.SKIP
	   #!include_default, #!include /Path/to/another/manifest.skip

       EXPORT_OK
       GLOBAL VARIABLES
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "Not in MANIFEST:" file, "Skipping" file, "No such file:" file, "MANIFEST:" $!, "Added
	   to MANIFEST:" file

       ENVIRONMENT
	   PERL_MM_MANIFEST_DEBUG

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::Miniperl, writemain - write the C code for perlmain.c

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap - make a bootstrap file for use by DynaLoader

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       ExtUtils::Mksymlists - write linker options files for dynamic extension

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   DLBASE, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, FILE, FUNCLIST, IMPORTS, NAME

       AUTHOR
       REVISION
	   mkfh()

       __find_relocations

       ExtUtils::Packlist - manage .packlist files

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USAGE
       FUNCTIONS
	   new(), read(), write(), validate(), packlist_file()

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR

       ExtUtils::ParseXS - converts Perl XS code into C code

       SYNOPSIS
       EXPORT
       FUNCTIONS
	   process_xs(), C++, hiertype, except, typemap, prototypes, versioncheck, linenumbers,
	   optimize, inout, argtypes, s, errors()

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       ExtUtils::testlib - add blib/* directories to @INC

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       Fatal - replace functions with equivalents which succeed or die

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       Fcntl - load the C Fcntl.h defines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       EXPORTED SYMBOLS

       File::Basename - Parse file paths into directory, filename and suffix.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       "fileparse"

       "basename"

       "dirname"

       "fileparse_set_fstype"

       SEE ALSO

       File::CheckTree - run many filetest checks on a tree

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       HISTORY

       File::Compare - Compare files or filehandles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       RETURN
       AUTHOR

       File::Copy - Copy files or filehandles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   copy  , move   , syscopy , rmscopy($from,$to[,$date_flag])

       RETURN
       NOTES
       AUTHOR

       File::DosGlob - DOS like globbing and then some

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       EXPORTS (by request only)
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO

       File::Find - Traverse a directory tree.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   find, finddepth

	   %options
	       "wanted", "bydepth", "preprocess", "postprocess", "follow", "follow_fast", "fol-
	       low_skip", "dangling_symlinks", "no_chdir", "untaint", "untaint_pattern",
	       "untaint_skip"

	   The wanted function
	       $File::Find::dir is the current directory name,, $_ is the current filename within
	       that directory, $File::Find::name is the complete pathname to the file

       WARNINGS
       CAVEAT
	   $dont_use_nlink, symlinks

       NOTES
       BUGS AND CAVEATS
       HISTORY

       File::Glob - Perl extension for BSD glob routine

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   META CHARACTERS
	   POSIX FLAGS
	       "GLOB_ERR", "GLOB_LIMIT", "GLOB_MARK", "GLOB_NOCASE", "GLOB_NOCHECK",
	       "GLOB_NOSORT", "GLOB_BRACE", "GLOB_NOMAGIC", "GLOB_QUOTE", "GLOB_TILDE",
	       "GLOB_CSH", "GLOB_ALPHASORT"

       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "GLOB_NOSPACE", "GLOB_ABEND"

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       File::Path - Create or remove directory trees

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   make_path( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), make_path( $dir1, $dir2, ...., \%opts ), mode =>
	   $num, verbose => $bool, error => \$err, mkpath( $dir ), mkpath( $dir, $verbose, $mode
	   ), mkpath( [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose, $mode ), mkpath( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt ),
	   remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, ...., \%opts ), verbose
	   => $bool, safe => $bool, keep_root => $bool, result => \$res, error => \$err, rmtree(
	   $dir ), rmtree( $dir, $verbose, $safe ), rmtree( [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose, $safe
	   ), rmtree( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt )

	   ERROR HANDLING
	       NOTE:

	   NOTES
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   mkdir [path]: [errmsg] (SEVERE), No root path(s) specified, No such file or directory,
	   cannot fetch initial working directory: [errmsg], cannot stat initial working direc-
	   tory: [errmsg], cannot chdir to [dir]: [errmsg], directory [dir] changed before chdir,
	   expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting. (FATAL), cannot make
	   directory [dir] read+writeable: [errmsg], cannot read [dir]: [errmsg], cannot reset
	   chmod [dir]: [errmsg], cannot remove [dir] when cwd is [dir], cannot chdir to [par-
	   ent-dir] from [child-dir]: [errmsg], aborting. (FATAL), cannot stat prior working
	   directory [dir]: [errmsg], aborting. (FATAL), previous directory [parent-dir] changed
	   before entering [child-dir], expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], abort-
	   ing. (FATAL), cannot make directory [dir] writeable: [errmsg], cannot remove directory
	   [dir]: [errmsg], cannot restore permissions of [dir] to [0nnn]: [errmsg], cannot make
	   file [file] writeable: [errmsg], cannot unlink file [file]: [errmsg], cannot restore
	   permissions of [file] to [0nnn]: [errmsg]

       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

       File::Spec - portably perform operations on file names

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   canonpath , catdir , catfile , curdir , devnull , rootdir , tmpdir , updir ,
	   no_upwards, case_tolerant, file_name_is_absolute, path , join , splitpath  , splitdir
	    , catpath(), abs2rel , rel2abs()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       File::Spec::Cygwin - methods for Cygwin file specs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       canonpath

       file_name_is_absolute

       tmpdir (override)

       case_tolerant

       COPYRIGHT

       File::Spec::Epoc - methods for Epoc file specs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       canonpath()

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       File::Spec::Functions - portably perform operations on file names

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Exports
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       File::Spec::Mac - File::Spec for Mac OS (Classic)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   canonpath

       catdir()

       catfile

       curdir

       devnull

       rootdir

       tmpdir

       updir

       file_name_is_absolute

       path

       splitpath

       splitdir

       catpath

       abs2rel

       rel2abs

       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       File::Spec::OS2 - methods for OS/2 file specs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   tmpdir, splitpath

       COPYRIGHT

       File::Spec::Unix - File::Spec for Unix, base for other File::Spec modules

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   canonpath()

       catdir()

       catfile

       curdir

       devnull

       rootdir

       tmpdir

       updir

       no_upwards

       case_tolerant

       file_name_is_absolute

       path

       join

       splitpath

       splitdir

       catpath()

       abs2rel

       rel2abs()

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       File::Spec::VMS - methods for VMS file specs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   canonpath (override)

       catdir (override)

       catfile (override)

       curdir (override)

       devnull (override)

       rootdir (override)

       tmpdir (override)

       updir (override)

       case_tolerant (override)

       path (override)

       file_name_is_absolute (override)

       splitpath (override)

       splitdir (override)

       catpath (override)

       abs2rel (override)

       rel2abs (override)

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   devnull

       tmpdir

       case_tolerant

       file_name_is_absolute

       catfile

       canonpath

       splitpath

       splitdir

       catpath

       Note For File::Spec::Win32 Maintainers
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       File::Temp - return name and handle of a temporary file safely

       PORTABILITY
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE
	   new

       newdir

       filename

       dirname, unlink_on_destroy

       DESTROY

       FUNCTIONS
	   tempfile

       tempdir

       MKTEMP FUNCTIONS
	   mkstemp

       mkstemps

       mkdtemp

       mktemp

       POSIX FUNCTIONS
	   tmpnam

       tmpfile

       ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
	   tempnam

       UTILITY FUNCTIONS
	   unlink0

       cmpstat

       unlink1

       cleanup

       PACKAGE VARIABLES
	   safe_level, STANDARD, MEDIUM, HIGH

       TopSystemUID

       $KEEP_ALL, $DEBUG

       WARNING
	   Temporary files and NFS
	   Forking
	   BINMODE
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       File::stat - by-name interface to Perl's built-in stat() functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

       FileCache - keep more files open than the system permits

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   cacheout EXPR, cacheout MODE, EXPR

       CAVEATS
       BUGS

       FileHandle - supply object methods for filehandles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   $fh->print, $fh->printf, $fh->getline, $fh->getlines

       SEE ALSO

       Filter::Simple - Simplified source filtering

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   The Problem
	   A Solution
	   Disabling or changing <no> behaviour
	   All-in-one interface
	   Filtering only specific components of source code
	       "code", "code_no_comments", "executable", "executable_no_comments", "quotelike",
	       "string", "regex", "all"

	   Filtering only the code parts of source code
	       Most source code ceases to be grammatically correct when it is broken up into the
	       pieces between string literals and regexes. So the 'code' and 'code_no_comments'
	       component filter behave slightly differently from the other partial filters
	       described in the previous section.

	   Using Filter::Simple with an explicit "import" subroutine
	   Using Filter::Simple and Exporter together
	   How it works
       AUTHOR
       CONTACT
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Filter::Util::Call - Perl Source Filter Utility Module

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   use Filter::Util::Call
	   import()
	   filter() and anonymous sub
	       $_, $status, filter_read and filter_read_exact, filter_del

       EXAMPLES
	   Example 1: A simple filter.
	   Example 2: Using the context
	   Example 3: Using the context within the filter
	   Example 4: Using filter_del
       Filter::Simple
       AUTHOR
       DATE

       FindBin - Locate directory of original perl script

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTABLE VARIABLES
       KNOWN ISSUES
       KNOWN BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       GDBM_File - Perl5 access to the gdbm library.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AVAILABILITY
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Getopt::Long - Extended processing of command line options

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Command Line Options, an Introduction
       Getting Started with Getopt::Long
	   Simple options
	   A little bit less simple options
	   Mixing command line option with other arguments
	   Options with values
	   Options with multiple values
	   Options with hash values
	   User-defined subroutines to handle options
	   Options with multiple names
	   Case and abbreviations
	   Summary of Option Specifications
	       !, +, s, i, o, f, : type [ desttype ], : number [ desttype ], : + [ desttype ]

       Advanced Possibilities
	   Object oriented interface
	   Thread Safety
	   Documentation and help texts
	   Parsing options from an arbitrary array
	   Parsing options from an arbitrary string
	   Storing options values in a hash
	   Bundling
	   The lonesome dash
	   Argument callback
       Configuring Getopt::Long
	   default, posix_default, auto_abbrev, getopt_compat, gnu_compat, gnu_getopt,
	   require_order, permute, bundling (default: disabled), bundling_override (default: dis-
	   abled), ignore_case	(default: enabled), ignore_case_always (default: disabled),
	   auto_version (default:disabled), auto_help (default:disabled), pass_through (default:
	   disabled), prefix, prefix_pattern, long_prefix_pattern, debug (default: disabled)

       Exportable Methods
	   VersionMessage, "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-output", HelpMessage

       Return values and Errors
       Legacy
	   Default destinations
	   Alternative option starters
	   Configuration variables
       Tips and Techniques
	   Pushing multiple values in a hash option
       Trouble Shooting
	   GetOptions does not return a false result when an option is not supplied
	   GetOptions does not split the command line correctly
	   Undefined subroutine &main::GetOptions called
	   How do I put a "-?" option into a Getopt::Long?
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER

       Getopt::Std, getopt, getopts - Process single-character switches with switch clustering

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       "--help" and "--version"

       Hash::Util - A selection of general-utility hash subroutines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Restricted hashes
	       lock_keys, unlock_keys

       lock_keys_plus

       lock_value, unlock_value

       lock_hash, unlock_hash

       lock_hash_recurse, unlock_hash_recurse

       hash_unlocked

       b<legal_keys>, hidden_keys, all_keys, hash_seed

       hv_store

       Operating on references to hashes.
	   lock_ref_keys, unlock_ref_keys, lock_ref_keys_plus, lock_ref_value, unlock_ref_value,
	   lock_hashref, unlock_hashref, lock_hashref_recurse, unlock_hashref_recurse,
	   hash_ref_unlocked, legal_ref_keys, hidden_ref_keys

       CAVEATS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Hash::Utilib::Hash::Util, Hash::Util - A selection of general-utility hash subroutines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Restricted hashes
	       lock_keys, unlock_keys

       lock_keys_plus

       lock_value, unlock_value

       lock_hash, unlock_hash

       lock_hash_recurse, unlock_hash_recurse

       hash_unlocked

       b<legal_keys>, hidden_keys, all_keys, hash_seed

       hv_store

       Operating on references to hashes.
	   lock_ref_keys, unlock_ref_keys, lock_ref_keys_plus, lock_ref_value, unlock_ref_value,
	   lock_hashref, unlock_hashref, lock_hashref_recurse, unlock_hashref_recurse,
	   hash_ref_unlocked, legal_ref_keys, hidden_ref_keys

       CAVEATS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       I18N::Collate - compare 8-bit scalar data according to the current locale

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       I18N::LangTags - functions for dealing with RFC3066-style language tags

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       the function is_language_tag($lang1)

       the function extract_language_tags($whatever)

       the function same_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

       the function similarity_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

       the function is_dialect_of($lang1, $lang2)

       the function super_languages($lang1)

       the function locale2language_tag($locale_identifier)

       the function encode_language_tag($lang1)

       the function alternate_language_tags($lang1)

       the function @langs = panic_languages(@accept_languages)

       the function implicate_supers( ...languages... ), the function implicate_supers_strictly(
       ...languages... )

       ABOUT LOWERCASING
       ABOUT UNICODE PLAINTEXT LANGUAGE TAGS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHOR

       I18N::LangTags::Detect - detect the user's language preferences

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
       ENVIRONMENT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHOR

       I18N::LangTags::List -- tags and names for human languages

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       ABOUT LANGUAGE TAGS
       LIST OF LANGUAGES
	   {ab} : Abkhazian, {ace} : Achinese, {ach} : Acoli, {ada} : Adangme, {ady} : Adyghe,
	   {aa} : Afar, {afh} : Afrihili, {af} : Afrikaans, [{afa} : Afro-Asiatic (Other)], {ak}
	   : Akan, {akk} : Akkadian, {sq} : Albanian, {ale} : Aleut, [{alg} : Algonquian lan-
	   guages], [{tut} : Altaic (Other)], {am} : Amharic, {i-ami} : Ami, [{apa} : Apache lan-
	   guages], {ar} : Arabic, {arc} : Aramaic, {arp} : Arapaho, {arn} : Araucanian, {arw} :
	   Arawak, {hy} : Armenian, {an} : Aragonese, [{art} : Artificial (Other)], {ast} :
	   Asturian, {as} : Assamese, [{ath} : Athapascan languages], [{aus} : Australian lan-
	   guages], [{map} : Austronesian (Other)], {av} : Avaric, {ae} : Avestan, {awa} :
	   Awadhi, {ay} : Aymara, {az} : Azerbaijani, {ban} : Balinese, [{bat} : Baltic (Other)],
	   {bal} : Baluchi, {bm} : Bambara, [{bai} : Bamileke languages], {bad} : Banda, [{bnt} :
	   Bantu (Other)], {bas} : Basa, {ba} : Bashkir, {eu} : Basque, {btk} : Batak (Indone-
	   sia), {bej} : Beja, {be} : Belarusian, {bem} : Bemba, {bn} : Bengali, [{ber} : Berber
	   (Other)], {bho} : Bhojpuri, {bh} : Bihari, {bik} : Bikol, {bin} : Bini, {bi} : Bis-
	   lama, {bs} : Bosnian, {bra} : Braj, {br} : Breton, {bug} : Buginese, {bg} : Bulgarian,
	   {i-bnn} : Bunun, {bua} : Buriat, {my} : Burmese, {cad} : Caddo, {car} : Carib, {ca} :
	   Catalan, [{cau} : Caucasian (Other)], {ceb} : Cebuano, [{cel} : Celtic (Other)],
	   [{cai} : Central American Indian (Other)], {chg} : Chagatai, [{cmc} : Chamic lan-
	   guages], {ch} : Chamorro, {ce} : Chechen, {chr} : Cherokee, {chy} : Cheyenne, {chb} :
	   Chibcha, {ny} : Chichewa, {zh} : Chinese, {chn} : Chinook Jargon, {chp} : Chipewyan,
	   {cho} : Choctaw, {cu} : Church Slavic, {chk} : Chuukese, {cv} : Chuvash, {cop} : Cop-
	   tic, {kw} : Cornish, {co} : Corsican, {cr} : Cree, {mus} : Creek, [{cpe} : English-
	   based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpf} : French-based Creoles and pidgins
	   (Other)], [{cpp} : Portuguese-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{crp} : Creoles and
	   pidgins (Other)], {hr} : Croatian, [{cus} : Cushitic (Other)], {cs} : Czech, {dak} :
	   Dakota, {da} : Danish, {dar} : Dargwa, {day} : Dayak, {i-default} : Default (Fallthru)
	   Language, {del} : Delaware, {din} : Dinka, {dv} : Divehi, {doi} : Dogri, {dgr} :
	   Dogrib, [{dra} : Dravidian (Other)], {dua} : Duala, {nl} : Dutch, {dum} : Middle Dutch
	   (ca.1050-1350), {dyu} : Dyula, {dz} : Dzongkha, {efi} : Efik, {egy} : Ancient Egyp-
	   tian, {eka} : Ekajuk, {elx} : Elamite, {en} : English, {enm} : Old English
	   (1100-1500), {ang} : Old English (ca.450-1100), {i-enochian} : Enochian (Artificial),
	   {myv} : Erzya, {eo} : Esperanto, {et} : Estonian, {ee} : Ewe, {ewo} : Ewondo, {fan} :
	   Fang, {fat} : Fanti, {fo} : Faroese, {fj} : Fijian, {fi} : Finnish, [{fiu} : Finno-
	   Ugrian (Other)], {fon} : Fon, {fr} : French, {frm} : Middle French (ca.1400-1600),
	   {fro} : Old French (842-ca.1400), {fy} : Frisian, {fur} : Friulian, {ff} : Fulah,
	   {gaa} : Ga, {gd} : Scots Gaelic, {gl} : Gallegan, {lg} : Ganda, {gay} : Gayo, {gba} :
	   Gbaya, {gez} : Geez, {ka} : Georgian, {de} : German, {gmh} : Middle High German
	   (ca.1050-1500), {goh} : Old High German (ca.750-1050), [{gem} : Germanic (Other)],
	   {gil} : Gilbertese, {gon} : Gondi, {gor} : Gorontalo, {got} : Gothic, {grb} : Grebo,
	   {grc} : Ancient Greek, {el} : Modern Greek, {gn} : Guarani, {gu} : Gujarati, {gwi} :
	   Gwich'in, {hai} : Haida, {ht} : Haitian, {ha} : Hausa, {haw} : Hawaiian, {he} :
	   Hebrew, {hz} : Herero, {hil} : Hiligaynon, {him} : Himachali, {hi} : Hindi, {ho} :
	   Hiri Motu, {hit} : Hittite, {hmn} : Hmong, {hu} : Hungarian, {hup} : Hupa, {iba} :
	   Iban, {is} : Icelandic, {io} : Ido, {ig} : Igbo, {ijo} : Ijo, {ilo} : Iloko, [{inc} :
	   Indic (Other)], [{ine} : Indo-European (Other)], {id} : Indonesian, {inh} : Ingush,
	   {ia} : Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association), {ie} : Interlingue,
	   {iu} : Inuktitut, {ik} : Inupiaq, [{ira} : Iranian (Other)], {ga} : Irish, {mga} :
	   Middle Irish (900-1200), {sga} : Old Irish (to 900), [{iro} : Iroquoian languages],
	   {it} : Italian, {ja} : Japanese, {jv} : Javanese, {jrb} : Judeo-Arabic, {jpr} :
	   Judeo-Persian, {kbd} : Kabardian, {kab} : Kabyle, {kac} : Kachin, {kl} : Kalaallisut,
	   {xal} : Kalmyk, {kam} : Kamba, {kn} : Kannada, {kr} : Kanuri, {krc} : Karachay-Balkar,
	   {kaa} : Kara-Kalpak, {kar} : Karen, {ks} : Kashmiri, {csb} : Kashubian, {kaw} : Kawi,
	   {kk} : Kazakh, {kha} : Khasi, {km} : Khmer, [{khi} : Khoisan (Other)], {kho} :
	   Khotanese, {ki} : Kikuyu, {kmb} : Kimbundu, {rw} : Kinyarwanda, {ky} : Kirghiz,
	   {i-klingon} : Klingon, {kv} : Komi, {kg} : Kongo, {kok} : Konkani, {ko} : Korean,
	   {kos} : Kosraean, {kpe} : Kpelle, {kro} : Kru, {kj} : Kuanyama, {kum} : Kumyk, {ku} :
	   Kurdish, {kru} : Kurukh, {kut} : Kutenai, {lad} : Ladino, {lah} : Lahnda, {lam} :
	   Lamba, {lo} : Lao, {la} : Latin, {lv} : Latvian, {lb} : Letzeburgesch, {lez} :
	   Lezghian, {li} : Limburgish, {ln} : Lingala, {lt} : Lithuanian, {nds} : Low German,
	   {art-lojban} : Lojban (Artificial), {loz} : Lozi, {lu} : Luba-Katanga, {lua} :
	   Luba-Lulua, {lui} : Luiseno, {lun} : Lunda, {luo} : Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), {lus} :
	   Lushai, {mk} : Macedonian, {mad} : Madurese, {mag} : Magahi, {mai} : Maithili, {mak} :
	   Makasar, {mg} : Malagasy, {ms} : Malay, {ml} : Malayalam, {mt} : Maltese, {mnc} :
	   Manchu, {mdr} : Mandar, {man} : Mandingo, {mni} : Manipuri, [{mno} : Manobo lan-
	   guages], {gv} : Manx, {mi} : Maori, {mr} : Marathi, {chm} : Mari, {mh} : Marshall,
	   {mwr} : Marwari, {mas} : Masai, [{myn} : Mayan languages], {men} : Mende, {mic} : Mic-
	   mac, {min} : Minangkabau, {i-mingo} : Mingo, [{mis} : Miscellaneous languages], {moh}
	   : Mohawk, {mdf} : Moksha, {mo} : Moldavian, [{mkh} : Mon-Khmer (Other)], {lol} :
	   Mongo, {mn} : Mongolian, {mos} : Mossi, [{mul} : Multiple languages], [{mun} : Munda
	   languages], {nah} : Nahuatl, {nap} : Neapolitan, {na} : Nauru, {nv} : Navajo, {nd} :
	   North Ndebele, {nr} : South Ndebele, {ng} : Ndonga, {ne} : Nepali, {new} : Newari,
	   {nia} : Nias, [{nic} : Niger-Kordofanian (Other)], [{ssa} : Nilo-Saharan (Other)],
	   {niu} : Niuean, {nog} : Nogai, {non} : Old Norse, [{nai} : North American Indian],
	   {no} : Norwegian, {nb} : Norwegian Bokmal, {nn} : Norwegian Nynorsk, [{nub} : Nubian
	   languages], {nym} : Nyamwezi, {nyn} : Nyankole, {nyo} : Nyoro, {nzi} : Nzima, {oc} :
	   Occitan (post 1500), {oj} : Ojibwa, {or} : Oriya, {om} : Oromo, {osa} : Osage, {os} :
	   Ossetian; Ossetic, [{oto} : Otomian languages], {pal} : Pahlavi, {i-pwn} : Paiwan,
	   {pau} : Palauan, {pi} : Pali, {pam} : Pampanga, {pag} : Pangasinan, {pa} : Panjabi,
	   {pap} : Papiamento, [{paa} : Papuan (Other)], {fa} : Persian, {peo} : Old Persian
	   (ca.600-400 B.C.), [{phi} : Philippine (Other)], {phn} : Phoenician, {pon} : Pohn-
	   peian, {pl} : Polish, {pt} : Portuguese, [{pra} : Prakrit languages], {pro} : Old
	   Provencal (to 1500), {ps} : Pushto, {qu} : Quechua, {rm} : Raeto-Romance, {raj} :
	   Rajasthani, {rap} : Rapanui, {rar} : Rarotongan, [{qaa - qtz} : Reserved for local
	   use.], [{roa} : Romance (Other)], {ro} : Romanian, {rom} : Romany, {rn} : Rundi, {ru}
	   : Russian, [{sal} : Salishan languages], {sam} : Samaritan Aramaic, {se} : Northern
	   Sami, {sma} : Southern Sami, {smn} : Inari Sami, {smj} : Lule Sami, {sms} : Skolt
	   Sami, [{smi} : Sami languages (Other)], {sm} : Samoan, {sad} : Sandawe, {sg} : Sango,
	   {sa} : Sanskrit, {sat} : Santali, {sc} : Sardinian, {sas} : Sasak, {sco} : Scots,
	   {sel} : Selkup, [{sem} : Semitic (Other)], {sr} : Serbian, {srr} : Serer, {shn} :
	   Shan, {sn} : Shona, {sid} : Sidamo, {sgn-...} : Sign Languages, {bla} : Siksika, {sd}
	   : Sindhi, {si} : Sinhalese, [{sit} : Sino-Tibetan (Other)], [{sio} : Siouan lan-
	   guages], {den} : Slave (Athapascan), [{sla} : Slavic (Other)], {sk} : Slovak, {sl} :
	   Slovenian, {sog} : Sogdian, {so} : Somali, {son} : Songhai, {snk} : Soninke, {wen} :
	   Sorbian languages, {nso} : Northern Sotho, {st} : Southern Sotho, [{sai} : South Amer-
	   ican Indian (Other)], {es} : Spanish, {suk} : Sukuma, {sux} : Sumerian, {su} : Sun-
	   danese, {sus} : Susu, {sw} : Swahili, {ss} : Swati, {sv} : Swedish, {syr} : Syriac,
	   {tl} : Tagalog, {ty} : Tahitian, [{tai} : Tai (Other)], {tg} : Tajik, {tmh} :
	   Tamashek, {ta} : Tamil, {i-tao} : Tao, {tt} : Tatar, {i-tay} : Tayal, {te} : Telugu,
	   {ter} : Tereno, {tet} : Tetum, {th} : Thai, {bo} : Tibetan, {tig} : Tigre, {ti} :
	   Tigrinya, {tem} : Timne, {tiv} : Tiv, {tli} : Tlingit, {tpi} : Tok Pisin, {tkl} :
	   Tokelau, {tog} : Tonga (Nyasa), {to} : Tonga (Tonga Islands), {tsi} : Tsimshian, {ts}
	   : Tsonga, {i-tsu} : Tsou, {tn} : Tswana, {tum} : Tumbuka, [{tup} : Tupi languages],
	   {tr} : Turkish, {ota} : Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928), {crh} : Crimean Turkish, {tk} :
	   Turkmen, {tvl} : Tuvalu, {tyv} : Tuvinian, {tw} : Twi, {udm} : Udmurt, {uga} :
	   Ugaritic, {ug} : Uighur, {uk} : Ukrainian, {umb} : Umbundu, {und} : Undetermined, {ur}
	   : Urdu, {uz} : Uzbek, {vai} : Vai, {ve} : Venda, {vi} : Vietnamese, {vo} : Volapuk,
	   {vot} : Votic, [{wak} : Wakashan languages], {wa} : Walloon, {wal} : Walamo, {war} :
	   Waray, {was} : Washo, {cy} : Welsh, {wo} : Wolof, {x-...} : Unregistered (Semi-Private
	   Use), {xh} : Xhosa, {sah} : Yakut, {yao} : Yao, {yap} : Yapese, {ii} : Sichuan Yi,
	   {yi} : Yiddish, {yo} : Yoruba, [{ypk} : Yupik languages], {znd} : Zande, [{zap} :
	   Zapotec], {zen} : Zenaga, {za} : Zhuang, {zu} : Zulu, {zun} : Zuni

       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
       AUTHOR

       I18N::Langinfo - query locale information

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   EXPORT
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       IO - load various IO modules

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DEPRECATED

       IO::Dir - supply object methods for directory handles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek ( POS ), tell (), rewind (),
	   close (), tie %hash, 'IO::Dir', DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::File - supply object methods for filehandles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), new_tmpfile

       METHODS
	   open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), open( FILENAME, IOLAYERS ), binmode( [LAYER] )

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       IO::Handle - supply object methods for I/O handles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

       METHODS
	   $io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline, $io->getlines, $io->ungetc ( ORD
	   ), $io->write ( BUF, LEN [, OFFSET ] ), $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync,
	   $io->flush, $io->printflush ( ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [ BOOL ] ), $io->untaint

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       HISTORY

       IO::Pipe - supply object methods for pipes

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [READER, WRITER] )

       METHODS
	   reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::Poll - Object interface to system poll call

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), events ( IO ), remove ( IO ), han-
	   dles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::Seekable - supply seek based methods for I/O objects

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   $io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ), WHENCE=0 (SEEK_SET), WHENCE=1
	   (SEEK_CUR), WHENCE=2 (SEEK_END), $io->sysseek( POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       IO::Select - OO interface to the select system call

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ HANDLES ] )

       METHODS
	   add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ), handles, can_read ( [ TIMEOUT
	   ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), has_exception ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(),
	   select ( READ, WRITE, EXCEPTION [, TIMEOUT ] )

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
	   accept([PKG]), socketpair(DOMAIN, TYPE, PROTOCOL), atmark, connected, protocol, sock-
	   domain, sockopt(OPT [, VAL]), socktype, timeout([VAL])

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::Socket::INET - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ARGS] )

	   METHODS
	       sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (), peerport (), peerhost ()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::Socket::UNIX - Object interface for AF_UNIX domain sockets

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
	   hostpath(), peerpath()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::lib::IO::Dir, IO::Dir - supply object methods for directory handles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek ( POS ), tell (), rewind (),
	   close (), tie %hash, 'IO::Dir', DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::lib::IO::File, IO::File - supply object methods for filehandles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), new_tmpfile

       METHODS
	   open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), open( FILENAME, IOLAYERS ), binmode( [LAYER] )

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       IO::lib::IO::Handle, IO::Handle - supply object methods for I/O handles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

       METHODS
	   $io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline, $io->getlines, $io->ungetc ( ORD
	   ), $io->write ( BUF, LEN [, OFFSET ] ), $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync,
	   $io->flush, $io->printflush ( ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [ BOOL ] ), $io->untaint

       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       BUGS
       HISTORY

       IO::lib::IO::Pipe, IO::Pipe - supply object methods for pipes

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [READER, WRITER] )

       METHODS
	   reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::lib::IO::Poll, IO::Poll - Object interface to system poll call

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), events ( IO ), remove ( IO ), han-
	   dles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::lib::IO::Seekable, IO::Seekable - supply seek based methods for I/O objects

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   $io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ), WHENCE=0 (SEEK_SET), WHENCE=1
	   (SEEK_CUR), WHENCE=2 (SEEK_END), $io->sysseek( POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell

       SEE ALSO
       HISTORY

       IO::lib::IO::Select, IO::Select - OO interface to the select system call

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ HANDLES ] )

       METHODS
	   add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ), handles, can_read ( [ TIMEOUT
	   ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), has_exception ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(),
	   select ( READ, WRITE, EXCEPTION [, TIMEOUT ] )

       EXAMPLE
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::lib::IO::Socket, IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
	   accept([PKG]), socketpair(DOMAIN, TYPE, PROTOCOL), atmark, connected, protocol, sock-
	   domain, sockopt(OPT [, VAL]), socktype, timeout([VAL])

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::lib::IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::INET - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ARGS] )

	   METHODS
	       sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (), peerport (), peerhost ()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IO::lib::IO::Socket::UNIX, IO::Socket::UNIX - Object interface for AF_UNIX domain sockets

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
	   hostpath(), peerpath()

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       IPC::Msg - SysV Msg IPC object class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS ]] ), remove, set ( STAT ),
	   set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       IPC::Open2, open2 - open a process for both reading and writing

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       WARNING
       SEE ALSO

       IPC::Open3, open3 - open a process for reading, writing, and error handling

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       See Also
	   IPC::Open2, IPC::Run

       WARNING

       IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC object class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ), getpid ( SEM ), getval ( SEM ),
	   getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op ( OPLIST ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME
	   => VALUE ...] ), setall ( VALUES ), setval ( N , VALUE ), stat

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       IPC::SharedMem - SysV Shared Memory IPC object class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   new ( KEY , SIZE , FLAGS ), id, read ( POS, SIZE ), write ( STRING, POS, SIZE ),
	   remove, is_removed, stat, attach ( [FLAG] ), detach, addr

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       IPC::SysV - System V IPC constants and system calls

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   ftok( PATH ), ftok( PATH, ID ), shmat( ID, ADDR, FLAG ), shmdt( ADDR ), memread( ADDR,
	   VAR, POS, SIZE ), memwrite( ADDR, STRING, POS, SIZE )

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       IPC::SysV::lib::IPC::Msg, IPC::Msg - SysV Msg IPC object class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS ]] ), remove, set ( STAT ),
	   set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ...] ), snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       IPC::SysV::lib::IPC::Semaphore, IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC object class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ), getpid ( SEM ), getval ( SEM ),
	   getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op ( OPLIST ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME
	   => VALUE ...] ), setall ( VALUES ), setval ( N , VALUE ), stat

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       IPC::SysV::lib::IPC::SharedMem, IPC::SharedMem - SysV Shared Memory IPC object class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   new ( KEY , SIZE , FLAGS ), id, read ( POS, SIZE ), write ( STRING, POS, SIZE ),
	   remove, is_removed, stat, attach ( [FLAG] ), detach, addr

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       IPC::SysV::lib::IPC::SysV, IPC::SysV - System V IPC constants and system calls

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   ftok( PATH ), ftok( PATH, ID ), shmat( ID, ADDR, FLAG ), shmdt( ADDR ), memread( ADDR,
	   VAR, POS, SIZE ), memwrite( ADDR, STRING, POS, SIZE )

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       List::Util - A selection of general-utility list subroutines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   first BLOCK LIST, max LIST, maxstr LIST, min LIST, minstr LIST, reduce BLOCK LIST,
	   shuffle LIST, sum LIST

       KNOWN BUGS
       SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

       List::Utilib::List::Util, List::Util - A selection of general-utility list subroutines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   first BLOCK LIST, max LIST, maxstr LIST, min LIST, minstr LIST, reduce BLOCK LIST,
	   shuffle LIST, sum LIST

       KNOWN BUGS
       SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

       List::Utilib::Scalar::Util, Scalar::Util - A selection of general-utility scalar subrou-
       tines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   blessed EXPR, dualvar NUM, STRING, isvstring EXPR, isweak EXPR, looks_like_number
	   EXPR, openhandle FH, refaddr EXPR, reftype EXPR, set_prototype CODEREF, PROTOTYPE,
	   tainted EXPR, weaken REF

       KNOWN BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       BLATANT PLUG

       Locale::Constants - constants for Locale codes

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
	   Locale::Language, Locale::Country, Locale::Script, Locale::Currency

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Locale::Country - ISO codes for country identification (ISO 3166)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   alpha-2, alpha-3, numeric

       CONVERSION ROUTINES
	   code2country( CODE, [ CODESET ] ), country2code( STRING, [ CODESET ] ), coun-
	   try_code2code( CODE, CODESET, CODESET )

       QUERY ROUTINES
	   "all_country_codes( [ CODESET ] )", "all_country_names( [ CODESET ] )"

       SEMI-PRIVATE ROUTINES
	   alias_code
	   rename_country
       EXAMPLES
       DOMAIN NAMES
       KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
	   Locale::Language, Locale::Script, Locale::Currency, Locale::SubCountry, ISO 3166-1,
	   http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/iso3166ma/index.html, http://www.egt.ie/stan-
	   dards/iso3166/iso3166-1-en.html, http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/fact-
	   book/docs/app-d-1.html

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Locale::Currency - ISO three letter codes for currency identification (ISO 4217)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   XTS, XXX

       CONVERSION ROUTINES
	   code2currency(), currency2code()

       QUERY ROUTINES
	   "all_currency_codes()", "all_currency_names()"

       EXAMPLES
       KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
	   Locale::Country, Locale::Script, ISO 4217:1995, http://www.bsi-global.com/iso4217cur-
	   rency

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Locale::Language - ISO two letter codes for language identification (ISO 639)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONVERSION ROUTINES
	   code2language(), language2code()

       QUERY ROUTINES
	   "all_language_codes()", "all_language_names()"

       EXAMPLES
       KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
	   Locale::Country, Locale::Script, Locale::Currency, ISO 639:1988 (E/F),
	   http://lcweb.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/langhome.html

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Locale::Maketext - framework for localization

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       QUICK OVERVIEW
       METHODS
	   Construction Methods
	   The "maketext" Method
	       $lh->fail_with or $lh->fail_with(PARAM), $lh->failure_handler_auto

	   Utility Methods
	       $language->quant($number, $singular), $language->quant($number, $singular, $plu-
	       ral), $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural, $negative), $lan-
	       guage->numf($number), $language->sprintf($format, @items), $language->lan-
	       guage_tag(), $language->encoding()

	   Language Handle Attributes and Internals
       LANGUAGE CLASS HIERARCHIES
       ENTRIES IN EACH LEXICON
       BRACKET NOTATION
       AUTO LEXICONS
       CONTROLLING LOOKUP FAILURE
       HOW TO USE MAKETEXT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
       AUTHOR

       Locale::Maketext::TPJ13 -- article about software localization

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Localization and Perl: gettext breaks, Maketext fixes
	   A Localization Horror Story: It Could Happen To You
	   The Linguistic View
	   Breaking gettext
	   Replacing gettext
	   Buzzwords: Abstraction and Encapsulation
	   Buzzword: Isomorphism
	   Buzzword: Inheritance
	   Buzzword: Concision
	   The Devil in the Details
	   The Proof in the Pudding: Localizing Web Sites
	   References

       Locale::Script - ISO codes for script identification (ISO 15924)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   alpha-2, alpha-3, numeric

	   SPECIAL CODES
       CONVERSION ROUTINES
	   code2script( CODE, [ CODESET ] ), script2code( STRING, [ CODESET ] ),
	   script_code2code( CODE, CODESET, CODESET )

       QUERY ROUTINES
	   "all_script_codes ( [ CODESET ] )", "all_script_names ( [ CODESET ] )"

       EXAMPLES
       KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
	   Locale::Language, Locale::Currency, Locale::Country, ISO 15924, http://www.ever-
	   type.com/standards/iso15924/

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       MIME::Base64 - Encoding and decoding of base64 strings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   encode_base64($str), encode_base64($str, $eol);, decode_base64($str)

       DIAGNOSTICS
	   Premature end of base64 data, Premature padding of base64 data, Wide character in sub-
	   routine entry

       EXAMPLES
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       MIME::Base64::QuotedPrint, MIME::QuotedPrint - Encoding and decoding of quoted-printable
       strings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   encode_qp($str), encode_qp($str, $eol), encode_qp($str, $eol, $binmode),
	   decode_qp($str);

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       MIME::QuotedPrint - Encoding and decoding of quoted-printable strings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   encode_qp($str), encode_qp($str, $eol), encode_qp($str, $eol, $binmode),
	   decode_qp($str);

       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       Math::BigFloat - Arbitrary size floating point math package

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Canonical notation
	   Output
	   "mantissa()", "exponent()" and "parts()"
	   Accuracy vs. Precision
	   Rounding
	       ffround ( +$scale ), ffround ( -$scale ), ffround ( 0 ), fround	( +$scale ),
	       fround  ( -$scale ) and fround ( 0 )

       METHODS
	   accuracy
	   precision()
	   bexp()
	   bnok()
	   bpi()
	   bcos()
	   bsin()
	   batan2()
	   batan()
	   bmuladd()
       Autocreating constants
	   Math library
	   Using Math::BigInt::Lite
       EXPORTS
       BUGS
       CAVEATS
	   stringify, bstr(), bdiv, brsft, Modifying and =, bpow, precision() vs.  accuracy()

       SEE ALSO
       LICENSE
       AUTHORS

       Math::BigInt - Arbitrary size integer/float math package

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Input, Output

       METHODS
	   config()
	   accuracy()
	   precision()
	   brsft()
	   new()
	   from_oct()
	   from_hex()
	   from_bin()
	   bnan()
	   bzero()
	   binf()
	   bone()
	   is_one()/is_zero()/is_nan()/is_inf()
	   is_pos()/is_neg()/is_positive()/is_negative()
		       $x->is_pos();		       # true if > 0
		       $x->is_neg();		       # true if < 0

	   is_odd()/is_even()/is_int()
	   bcmp()
	   bacmp()
	   sign()
	   digit()
	   bneg()
	   babs()
	   bnorm()
	   bnot()
	   binc()
	   bdec()
	   badd()
	   bsub()
	   bmul()
	   bmuladd()
	   bdiv()
	   bmod()
	   bmodinv()
	   bmodpow()
	   bpow()
	   blog()
	   bexp()
	   bnok()
	   bpi()
	   bcos()
	   bsin()
	   batan2()
	   batan()
	   blsft()
	   brsft()
	   band()
	   bior()
	   bxor()
	   bnot()
	   bsqrt()
	   broot()
	   bfac()
	   round()
	   bround()
	   bfround()
	   bfloor()
	   bceil()
	   bgcd()
	   blcm()
	   exponent()
	   mantissa()
	   parts()
	   copy()
	   as_int()/as_number()
	   bsstr()
	   as_hex()
	   as_bin()
	   as_oct()
	   numify()
	   modify()
	   upgrade()/downgrade()
	   div_scale()
	   round_mode()
       ACCURACY and PRECISION
	   Precision P
	   Accuracy A
	   Fallback F
	   Rounding mode R
	       'trunc', 'even', 'odd', '+inf', '-inf', 'zero', 'common', Precision, Accuracy
	       (significant digits), Setting/Accessing, Creating numbers, Usage, Precedence,
	       Overriding globals, Local settings, Rounding, Default values, Remarks

       Infinity and Not a Number
	   oct()/hex(), log(-inf), exp(), cos(), sin(), atan2()

       INTERNALS
	   MATH LIBRARY
	   SIGN
	   mantissa(), exponent() and parts()
       EXAMPLES
	     use Math::BigInt;

       Autocreating constants
       PERFORMANCE
	   Alternative math libraries
	   SUBCLASSING
       Subclassing Math::BigInt
       UPGRADING
	   Auto-upgrade
	       bsqrt(), div(), blog(), bexp()

       EXPORTS
       CAVEATS
	   bstr(), bsstr() and 'cmp', int(), length, bdiv, infinity handling, Modifying and =,
	   bpow, Overloading -$x, Mixing different object types, bsqrt(), brsft()

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

       Math::BigInt::Calc - Pure Perl module to support Math::BigInt

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       STORAGE
       METHODS
       WRAP YOUR OWN
       LICENSE
	   This program is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
	   terms as Perl itself.

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

       Math::BigInt::CalcEmu - Emulate low-level math with BigInt code

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   __emu_bxor
	   __emu_band
	   __emu_bior
       LICENSE
	   This program is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
	   terms as Perl itself.

       AUTHORS
       SEE ALSO

       Math::BigRat - Arbitrary big rational numbers

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   MATH LIBRARY
       METHODS
	   new()
	   numerator()
	   denominator()
		       $d = $x->denominator();

	   parts()
	   numify()
	   as_int()/as_number()
	   as_float()
	   as_hex()
	   as_bin()
	   as_oct()
	   from_hex()/from_bin()/from_oct()
	   length()
	   digit()
	   bnorm()
	   bfac()
	   bround()/round()/bfround()
	   bmod()
	   bneg()
	   is_one()
	   is_zero()
	   is_pos()/is_positive()
	   is_neg()/is_negative()
	   is_int()
	   is_odd()
	   is_even()
	   bceil()
	   bfloor()
		       $x->bfloor();

	   bsqrt()
		       $x->bsqrt();

	   broot()
		       $x->broot($n);

	   badd()/bmul()/bsub()/bdiv()/bdec()/binc()
	   copy()
	   bstr()/bsstr()
	   bacmp()/bcmp()
	   blsft()/brsft()
	   bpow()
	   bexp()
	   bnok()
	   config()
	   objectify()
       BUGS
	   inf handling (partial), NaN handling (partial), rounding (not implemented except for
	   bceil/bfloor), $x ** $y where $y is not an integer, bmod(), blog(), bmodinv() and
	   bmodpow() (partial)

       LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

       Math::Complex - complex numbers and associated mathematical functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPERATIONS
       CREATION
       DISPLAYING
	   CHANGED IN PERL 5.6
       USAGE
       CONSTANTS
	   PI
	   Inf
       ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO OR LOGARITHM OF ZERO
       ERRORS DUE TO INDIGESTIBLE ARGUMENTS
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

       Math::Trig - trigonometric functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
	   tan

	   ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO
	   SIMPLE (REAL) ARGUMENTS, COMPLEX RESULTS
       PLANE ANGLE CONVERSIONS
	   deg2rad, grad2rad, rad2deg, grad2deg, deg2grad, rad2grad, rad2rad, deg2deg, grad2grad

       RADIAL COORDINATE CONVERSIONS
	   COORDINATE SYSTEMS
	   3-D ANGLE CONVERSIONS
	       cartesian_to_cylindrical, cartesian_to_spherical, cylindrical_to_cartesian, cylin-
	       drical_to_spherical, spherical_to_cartesian, spherical_to_cylindrical

       GREAT CIRCLE DISTANCES AND DIRECTIONS
	   great_circle_distance
	   great_circle_direction
	   great_circle_bearing
	   great_circle_destination
	   great_circle_midpoint
	   great_circle_waypoint
       EXAMPLES
	   CAVEAT FOR GREAT CIRCLE FORMULAS
	   Real-valued asin and acos
	       asin_real, acos_real

       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

       Memoize - Make functions faster by trading space for time

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DETAILS
       OPTIONS
	   INSTALL
	   NORMALIZER
	   "SCALAR_CACHE", "LIST_CACHE"
	       "MEMORY", "HASH", "TIE", "FAULT", "MERGE"

       OTHER FACILITIES
	   "unmemoize"
	   "flush_cache"
       CAVEATS
       PERSISTENT CACHE SUPPORT
       EXPIRATION SUPPORT
       BUGS
       MAILING LIST
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       THANK YOU

       Memoize::AnyDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for AnyDBM_File for Storable use

       DESCRIPTION

       Memoize::Expire - Plug-in module for automatic expiration of memoized values

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       INTERFACE
	    TIEHASH,  EXISTS,  STORE

       ALTERNATIVES
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Memoize::ExpireFile - test for Memoize expiration semantics

       DESCRIPTION

       Memoize::ExpireTest - test for Memoize expiration semantics

       DESCRIPTION

       Memoize::NDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for NDBM_File for Storable use

       DESCRIPTION

       Memoize::SDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for SDBM_File for Storable use

       DESCRIPTION

       Memoize::Storable - store Memoized data in Storable database

       DESCRIPTION

       Module::CoreList - what modules shipped with versions of perl

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS
       HISTORY
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT
       SEE ALSO

       Module::Pluggable - automatically give your module the ability to have plugins

       SYNOPSIS
       EXAMPLE
       DESCRIPTION
       ADVANCED USAGE
       INNER PACKAGES
       OPTIONS
	   sub_name
	   search_path
	   search_dirs
	   instantiate
	   require
	   inner
	   only
	   except
	   package
	   file_regex
	   include_editor_junk
       METHODs
	   search_path
       FUTURE PLANS
       AUTHOR
       COPYING
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Module::Pluggable::Object - automatically give your module the ability to have plugins

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
       AUTHOR
       COPYING
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Module::Pluggable::lib::Devel::InnerPackage, Devel::InnerPackage - find all the inner
       packages of a package

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   list_packages <package name>
       AUTHOR
       COPYING
       BUGS

       Module::Pluggable::lib::Module::Pluggable, Module::Pluggable - automatically give your
       module the ability to have plugins

       SYNOPSIS
       EXAMPLE
       DESCRIPTION
       ADVANCED USAGE
       INNER PACKAGES
       OPTIONS
	   sub_name
	   search_path
	   search_dirs
	   instantiate
	   require
	   inner
	   only
	   except
	   package
	   file_regex
	   include_editor_junk
       METHODs
	   search_path
       FUTURE PLANS
       AUTHOR
       COPYING
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Module::Pluggable::lib::Module::Pluggable::Object, Module::Pluggable::Object - automati-
       cally give your module the ability to have plugins

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OPTIONS
       AUTHOR
       COPYING
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       NDBM_File - Tied access to ndbm files

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "ndbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
       BUGS AND WARNINGS

       NEXT - Provide a pseudo-class NEXT (et al) that allows method redispatch

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Enforcing redispatch
	   Avoiding repetitions
	   Invoking all versions of a method with a single call
	   Using "EVERY" methods
       AUTHOR
       BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::Cmd - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       USER METHODS
	   debug ( VALUE ), message (), code (), ok (), status (), datasend ( DATA ), dataend ()

       CLASS METHODS
	   debug_print ( DIR, TEXT ), debug_text ( TEXT ), command ( CMD [, ARGS, ...  ]), unsup-
	   ported (), response (), parse_response ( TEXT ), getline (), ungetline ( TEXT ), raw-
	   datasend ( DATA ), read_until_dot (), tied_fh ()

       EXPORTS
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::Config - Local configuration data for libnet

       SYNOPSYS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   requires_firewall HOST

       NetConfig VALUES
	   nntp_hosts, snpp_hosts, pop3_hosts, smtp_hosts, ph_hosts, daytime_hosts, time_hosts,
	   inet_domain, ftp_firewall, ftp_firewall_type, ftp_ext_passive, ftp_int_passive,
	   local_netmask, test_hosts, test_exists

       Net::Domain - Attempt to evaluate the current host's internet name and domain

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   hostfqdn (), domainname (), hostname (), hostdomain ()

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::FTP - FTP Client class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERVIEW
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ([ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

       METHODS
	   login ([LOGIN [,PASSWORD [, ACCOUNT] ] ]), authorize ( [AUTH [, RESP]]), site (ARGS),
	   ascii, binary, rename ( OLDNAME, NEWNAME ), delete ( FILENAME ), cwd ( [ DIR ] ), cdup
	   (), pwd (), restart ( WHERE ), rmdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), mkdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]),
	   alloc ( SIZE [, RECORD_SIZE] ), ls ( [ DIR ] ), dir ( [ DIR ] ), get ( REMOTE_FILE [,
	   LOCAL_FILE [, WHERE]] ), put ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), put_unique ( LOCAL_FILE
	   [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), append ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), unique_name (), mdtm (
	   FILE ), size ( FILE ), supported ( CMD ), hash ( [FILEHANDLE_GLOB_REF],[
	   BYTES_PER_HASH_MARK] ), feature ( NAME ), nlst ( [ DIR ] ), list ( [ DIR ] ), retr (
	   FILE ), stor ( FILE ), stou ( FILE ), appe ( FILE ), port ( [ PORT ] ), pasv (),
	   pasv_xfer ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_xfer_unique ( SRC_FILE,
	   DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_wait ( NON_PASV_SERVER ), abort (), quit ()

	   Methods for the adventurous
	       quot (CMD [,ARGS])

       THE dataconn CLASS
	   read ( BUFFER, SIZE [, TIMEOUT ] ), write ( BUFFER, SIZE [, TIMEOUT ] ), bytes_read
	   (), abort (), close ()

       UNIMPLEMENTED
	   SMNT, HELP, MODE, SYST, STAT, STRU, REIN

       REPORTING BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       USE EXAMPLES
	   http://www.csh.rit.edu/~adam/Progs/

       CREDITS
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::NNTP - NNTP Client class

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

       METHODS
	   article ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), body ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), head ( [
	   MSGID|MSGNUM ], [FH] ), articlefh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), bodyfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ),
	   headfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), nntpstat ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), group ( [ GROUP ] ), ihave
	   ( MSGID [, MESSAGE ]), last (), date (), postok (), authinfo ( USER, PASS ), list (),
	   newgroups ( SINCE [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]), newnews ( SINCE [, GROUPS [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]]),
	   next (), post ( [ MESSAGE ] ), postfh (), slave (), quit ()

	   Extension methods
	       newsgroups ( [ PATTERN ] ), distributions (), subscriptions (), overview_fmt (),
	       active_times (), active ( [ PATTERN ] ), xgtitle ( PATTERN ), xhdr ( HEADER, MES-
	       SAGE-SPEC ), xover ( MESSAGE-SPEC ), xpath ( MESSAGE-ID ), xpat ( HEADER, PATTERN,
	       MESSAGE-SPEC), xrover, listgroup ( [ GROUP ] ), reader

       UNSUPPORTED
       DEFINITIONS
	   MESSAGE-SPEC, PATTERN, Examples, "[^]-]", *bdc, "[0-9a-zA-Z]", "a??d"

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::POP3 - Post Office Protocol 3 Client class (RFC1939)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] 0

       METHODS
	   auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), user ( USER ), pass ( PASS ), login ( [ USER [, PASS ]]
	   ), apop ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), banner (), capa (),  capabilities (), top ( MSGNUM [,
	   NUMLINES ] ), list ( [ MSGNUM ] ), get ( MSGNUM [, FH ] ), getfh ( MSGNUM ), last (),
	   popstat (), ping ( USER ), uidl ( [ MSGNUM ] ), delete ( MSGNUM ), reset (), quit ()

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::Ping - check a remote host for reachability

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Functions
	       Net::Ping->new([$proto [, $def_timeout [, $bytes [, $device [, $tos ]]]]]);,
	       $p->ping($host [, $timeout]);, $p->source_verify( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->service_check(
	       { 0 | 1 } );, $p->tcp_service_check( { 0 | 1 } );, $p->hires( { 0 | 1 } );,
	       $p->bind($local_addr);, $p->open($host);, $p->ack( [ $host ] );, $p->nack(
	       $failed_ack_host );, $p->close();, $p->port_number([$port_number]), pingecho($host
	       [, $timeout]);

       NOTES
       INSTALL
       BUGS
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Client

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       CONSTRUCTOR
	   new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )

       METHODS
	   banner (), domain (), hello ( DOMAIN ), host (), etrn ( DOMAIN ), auth ( USERNAME,
	   PASSWORD ), mail ( ADDRESS [, OPTIONS] ), send ( ADDRESS ), send_or_mail ( ADDRESS ),
	   send_and_mail ( ADDRESS ), reset (), recipient ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS, [...]] [, OPTIONS
	   ] ), to ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]]	), cc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), bcc (
	   ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), data ( [ DATA ] ), expand ( ADDRESS ), verify ( ADDRESS
	   ), help ( [ $subject ] ), quit ()

       ADDRESSES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::Time - time and daytime network client interface

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   inet_time ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT]]]), inet_daytime ( [HOST [, PROTOCOL [,
	   TIMEOUT]]])

       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT

       Net::hostent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gethost*() functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

       Net::libnetFAQ, libnetFAQ - libnet Frequently Asked Questions

       DESCRIPTION
	   Where to get this document
	   How to contribute to this document
       Author and Copyright Information
	   Disclaimer
       Obtaining and installing libnet
	   What is libnet ?
	   Which version of perl do I need ?
	   What other modules do I need ?
	   What machines support libnet ?
	   Where can I get the latest libnet release
       Using Net::FTP
	   How do I download files from an FTP server ?
	   How do I transfer files in binary mode ?
	   How can I get the size of a file on a remote FTP server ?
	   How can I get the modification time of a file on a remote FTP server ?
	   How can I change the permissions of a file on a remote server ?
	   Can I do a reget operation like the ftp command ?
	   How do I get a directory listing from an FTP server ?
	   Changing directory to "" does not fail ?
	   I am behind a SOCKS firewall, but the Firewall option does not work ?
	   I am behind an FTP proxy firewall, but cannot access machines outside ?
	   My ftp proxy firewall does not listen on port 21
	   Is it possible to change the file permissions of a file on an FTP server ?
	   I have seen scripts call a method message, but cannot find it documented ?
	   Why does Net::FTP not implement mput and mget methods
       Using Net::SMTP
	   Why can't the part of an Email address after the @ be used as the hostname ?
	   Why does Net::SMTP not do DNS MX lookups ?
	   The verify method always returns true ?
       Debugging scripts
	   How can I debug my scripts that use Net::* modules ?
       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       Net::netent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getnet*() functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

       Net::protoent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getproto*() functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

       Net::servent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getserv*() functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

       Netrc, Net::Netrc - OO interface to users netrc file

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       THE .netrc FILE
	   machine name, default, login name, password string, account string, macdef name

       CONSTRUCTOR
	   lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])

       METHODS
	   login (), password (), account (), lpa ()

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

       O - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONVENTIONS
       IMPLEMENTATION
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       ODBM_File - Tied access to odbm files

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "odbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
       BUGS AND WARNINGS

       Opcode - Disable named opcodes when compiling perl code

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       WARNING
       Operator Names and Operator Lists
	   an operator name (opname), an operator tag name (optag), a negated opname or optag, an
	   operator set (opset)

       Opcode Functions
	   opcodes, opset (OP, ...), opset_to_ops (OPSET), opset_to_hex (OPSET), full_opset,
	   empty_opset, invert_opset (OPSET), verify_opset (OPSET, ...), define_optag (OPTAG,
	   OPSET), opmask_add (OPSET), opmask, opdesc (OP, ...), opdump (PAT)

       Manipulating Opsets
       TO DO (maybe)
       Predefined Opcode Tags
	   :base_core, :base_mem, :base_loop, :base_io, :base_orig, :base_math, :base_thread,
	   :default, :filesys_read, :sys_db, :browse, :filesys_open, :filesys_write, :subprocess,
	   :ownprocess, :others, :still_to_be_decided, :dangerous

       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS

       Opcode::Safe, Safe - Compile and execute code in restricted compartments

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   a new namespace, an operator mask

       WARNING
	   RECENT CHANGES
	   Methods in class Safe
	       permit (OP, ...), permit_only (OP, ...), deny (OP, ...), deny_only (OP, ...), trap
	       (OP, ...), untrap (OP, ...), share (NAME, ...), share_from (PACKAGE, ARRAYREF),
	       varglob (VARNAME), reval (STRING), rdo (FILENAME), root (NAMESPACE), mask (MASK)

	   Some Safety Issues
	       Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes

	   AUTHOR

       Opcode::ops, ops - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe operations when compiling

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       POSIX - Perl interface to IEEE Std 1003.1

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       CAVEATS
       FUNCTIONS
	   _exit, abort, abs, access, acos, alarm, asctime, asin, assert, atan, atan2, atexit,
	   atof, atoi, atol, bsearch, calloc, ceil, chdir, chmod, chown, clearerr, clock, close,
	   closedir, cos, cosh, creat, ctermid, ctime, cuserid, difftime, div, dup, dup2, errno,
	   execl, execle, execlp, execv, execve, execvp, exit, exp, fabs, fclose, fcntl, fdopen,
	   feof, ferror, fflush, fgetc, fgetpos, fgets, fileno, floor, fmod, fopen, fork, fpath-
	   conf, fprintf, fputc, fputs, fread, free, freopen, frexp, fscanf, fseek, fsetpos,
	   fstat, fsync, ftell, fwrite, getc, getchar, getcwd, getegid, getenv, geteuid, getgid,
	   getgrgid, getgrnam, getgroups, getlogin, getpgrp, getpid, getppid, getpwnam, getpwuid,
	   gets, getuid, gmtime, isalnum, isalpha, isatty, iscntrl, isdigit, isgraph, islower,
	   isprint, ispunct, isspace, isupper, isxdigit, kill, labs, ldexp, ldiv, link, locale-
	   conv, localtime, log, log10, longjmp, lseek, malloc, mblen, mbstowcs, mbtowc, memchr,
	   memcmp, memcpy, memmove, memset, mkdir, mkfifo, mktime, modf, nice, offsetof, open,
	   opendir, pathconf, pause, perror, pipe, pow, printf, putc, putchar, puts, qsort,
	   raise, rand, read, readdir, realloc, remove, rename, rewind, rewinddir, rmdir, scanf,
	   setgid, setjmp, setlocale, setpgid, setsid, setuid, sigaction, siglongjmp, sigpending,
	   sigprocmask, sigsetjmp, sigsuspend, sin, sinh, sleep, sprintf, sqrt, srand, sscanf,
	   stat, strcat, strchr, strcmp, strcoll, strcpy, strcspn, strerror, strftime, strlen,
	   strncat, strncmp, strncpy, strpbrk, strrchr, strspn, strstr, strtod, strtok, strtol,
	   strtoul, strxfrm, sysconf, system, tan, tanh, tcdrain, tcflow, tcflush, tcgetpgrp,
	   tcsendbreak, tcsetpgrp, time, times, tmpfile, tmpnam, tolower, toupper, ttyname,
	   tzname, tzset, umask, uname, ungetc, unlink, utime, vfprintf, vprintf, vsprintf, wait,
	   waitpid, wcstombs, wctomb, write

       CLASSES
	   POSIX::SigAction
	       new, handler, mask, flags, safe

	   POSIX::SigRt
	       %SIGRT, SIGRTMIN, SIGRTMAX

	   POSIX::SigSet
	       new, addset, delset, emptyset, fillset, ismember

	   POSIX::Termios
	       new, getattr, getcc, getcflag, getiflag, getispeed, getlflag, getoflag, getospeed,
	       setattr, setcc, setcflag, setiflag, setispeed, setlflag, setoflag, setospeed, Baud
	       rate values, Terminal interface values, c_cc field values, c_cflag field values,
	       c_iflag field values, c_lflag field values, c_oflag field values

       PATHNAME CONSTANTS
	   Constants

       POSIX CONSTANTS
	   Constants

       SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
	   Constants

       ERRNO
	   Constants

       FCNTL
	   Constants

       FLOAT
	   Constants

       LIMITS
	   Constants

       LOCALE
	   Constants

       MATH
	   Constants

       SIGNAL
	   Constants

       STAT
	   Constants, Macros

       STDLIB
	   Constants

       STDIO
	   Constants

       TIME
	   Constants

       UNISTD
	   Constants

       WAIT
	   Constants, WNOHANG, WUNTRACED, Macros, WIFEXITED, WEXITSTATUS, WIFSIGNALED, WTERMSIG,
	   WIFSTOPPED, WSTOPSIG

       PerlIO - On demand loader for PerlIO layers and root of PerlIO::* name space

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   :unix, :stdio, :perlio, :crlf, :mmap, :utf8, :bytes, :raw, :pop, :win32

	   Custom Layers
	       :encoding, :via

	   Alternatives to raw
	   Defaults and how to override them
	   Querying the layers of filehandles
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       PerlIO::encoding - encoding layer

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO

       PerlIO::scalar - in-memory IO, scalar IO

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       IMPLEMENTATION NOTE

       PerlIO::via - Helper class for PerlIO layers implemented in perl

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPECTED METHODS
	   $class->PUSHED([$mode[,$fh]]), $obj->POPPED([$fh]), $obj->UTF8($bellowFlag,[$fh]),
	   $obj->OPEN($path,$mode[,$fh]), $obj->BINMODE([,$fh]), $obj->FDOPEN($fd[,$fh]),
	   $obj->SYSOPEN($path,$imode,$perm,[,$fh]), $obj->FILENO($fh), $obj->READ($buf-
	   fer,$len,$fh), $obj->WRITE($buffer,$fh), $obj->FILL($fh), $obj->CLOSE($fh),
	   $obj->SEEK($posn,$whence,$fh), $obj->TELL($fh), $obj->UNREAD($buffer,$fh),
	   $obj->FLUSH($fh), $obj->SETLINEBUF($fh), $obj->CLEARERR($fh), $obj->ERROR($fh),
	   $obj->EOF($fh)

       EXAMPLES
	   Example - a Hexadecimal Handle

       PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint - PerlIO layer for quoted-printable strings

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       REQUIRED MODULES
       SEE ALSO
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       COPYRIGHT

       Pod::Checker, podchecker() - check pod documents for syntax errors

       SYNOPSIS
       OPTIONS/ARGUMENTS
	   podchecker()
	       -warnings => val

       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   Errors
	       empty =headn, =over on line N without closing =back, =item without previous =over,
	       =back without previous =over, No argument for =begin, =end without =begin, Nested
	       =begin's, =for without formatter specification, unresolved internal link NAME,
	       Unknown command "CMD", Unknown interior-sequence "SEQ", nested commands
	       CMD<...CMD<...>...>, garbled entity STRING, Entity number out of range, malformed
	       link L<>, nonempty Z<>, empty X<>, Spurious text after =pod / =cut, Spurious char-
	       acter(s) after =back

	   Warnings
	       multiple occurrence of link target name, line containing nothing but whitespace in
	       paragraph, file does not start with =head, previous =item has no contents, preced-
	       ing non-item paragraph(s), =item type mismatch (one vs. two), N unescaped "<>" in
	       paragraph, Unknown entity, No items in =over, No argument for =item, empty section
	       in previous paragraph, Verbatim paragraph in NAME section, =headn without preced-
	       ing higher level

	   Hyperlinks
	       ignoring leading/trailing whitespace in link, (section) in '$page' deprecated,
	       alternative text/node '%s' contains non-escaped | or /

       RETURN VALUE
       EXAMPLES
       INTERFACE

       "Pod::Checker->new( %options )"

       "$checker->poderror( @args )", "$checker->poderror( {%opts}, @args )"

       "$checker->num_errors()"

       "$checker->num_warnings()"

       "$checker->name()"

       "$checker->node()"

       "$checker->idx()"

       "$checker->hyperlink()"

       AUTHOR

       Pod::Find - find POD documents in directory trees

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       "pod_find( { %opts } , @directories )"
	   "-verbose => 1", "-perl => 1", "-script => 1", "-inc => 1"

       "simplify_name( $str )"
       "pod_where( { %opts }, $pod )"
	   "-inc => 1", "-dirs => [ $dir1, $dir2, ... ]", "-verbose => 1"

       "contains_pod( $file , $verbose )"
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Pod::Html - module to convert pod files to HTML

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
	   pod2html
	       backlink, cachedir, css, flush, header, help, hiddendirs, htmldir, htmlroot,
	       index, infile, libpods, netscape, outfile, podpath, podroot, quiet, recurse,
	       title, verbose

	   htmlify
	   anchorify
       ENVIRONMENT
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT

       Pod::InputObjects - objects representing POD input paragraphs, commands, etc.

       SYNOPSIS
       REQUIRES
       EXPORTS
       DESCRIPTION
	   package Pod::InputSource, package Pod::Paragraph, package Pod::InteriorSequence, pack-
	   age Pod::ParseTree

       Pod::InputSource
       new()
       name()
       handle()
       was_cutting()
       Pod::Paragraph
       Pod::Paragraph->new()
       $pod_para->cmd_name()
       $pod_para->text()
       $pod_para->raw_text()
       $pod_para->cmd_prefix()
       $pod_para->cmd_separator()
       $pod_para->parse_tree()
       $pod_para->file_line()
       Pod::InteriorSequence
       Pod::InteriorSequence->new()
       $pod_seq->cmd_name()
       $pod_seq->prepend()
       $pod_seq->append()
       $pod_seq->nested()
       $pod_seq->raw_text()
       $pod_seq->left_delimiter()
       $pod_seq->right_delimiter()
       $pod_seq->parse_tree()
       $pod_seq->file_line()
       Pod::InteriorSequence::DESTROY()
       Pod::ParseTree
       Pod::ParseTree->new()
       $ptree->top()
       $ptree->children()
       $ptree->prepend()
       $ptree->append()
       $ptree->raw_text()
       Pod::ParseTree::DESTROY()
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       Pod::LaTeX - Convert Pod data to formatted Latex

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OBJECT METHODS
	   "initialize"

       Data Accessors
	   AddPreamble

       AddPostamble

       Head1Level

       Label

       LevelNoNum

       MakeIndex

       ReplaceNAMEwithSection

       StartWithNewPage

       TableOfContents

       UniqueLabels

       UserPreamble

       UserPostamble

       Lists

       Subclassed methods

       begin_pod

       end_pod

       command

       verbatim

       textblock

       interior_sequence

       List Methods
	   begin_list

       end_list

       add_item

       Methods for headings
	   head

       Internal methods
	   _output

       _replace_special_chars

       _replace_special_chars_late

       _create_label

       _create_index

       _clean_latex_commands

       _split_delimited

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT
       REVISION

       Pod::Man - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   center, date, fixed, fixedbold, fixeditalic, fixedbolditalic, name, quotes, release,
	   section

       DIAGNOSTICS
	   roff font should be 1 or 2 chars, not "%s", Invalid link %s, Invalid quote specifica-
	   tion "%s", %s:%d: Unknown command paragraph "%s", %s:%d: Unknown escape E<%s>, %s:%d:
	   Unknown formatting code %s, %s:%d: Unmatched =back

       BUGS
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Pod::ParseLink - Parse an L<> formatting code in POD text

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Pod::ParseUtils - helpers for POD parsing and conversion

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Pod::List
	   Pod::List->new()

       $list->file()

       $list->start()

       $list->indent()

       $list->type()

       $list->rx()

       $list->item()

       $list->parent()

       $list->tag()

       Pod::Hyperlink
	   Pod::Hyperlink->new()

       $link->parse($string)

       $link->markup($string)

       $link->text()

       $link->warning()

       $link->file(), $link->line()

       $link->page()

       $link->node()

       $link->alttext()

       $link->type()

       $link->link()

       Pod::Cache
	   Pod::Cache->new()

       $cache->item()

       $cache->find_page($name)

       Pod::Cache::Item
	   Pod::Cache::Item->new()

       $cacheitem->page()

       $cacheitem->description()

       $cacheitem->path()

       $cacheitem->file()

       $cacheitem->nodes()

       $cacheitem->find_node($name)

       $cacheitem->idx()

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Pod::Parser - base class for creating POD filters and translators

       SYNOPSIS
       REQUIRES
       EXPORTS
       DESCRIPTION
       QUICK OVERVIEW
       PARSING OPTIONS
	   -want_nonPODs (default: unset), -process_cut_cmd (default: unset), -warnings (default:
	   unset)

       RECOMMENDED SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
       command()
	   $cmd, $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       verbatim()
	   $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       textblock()
	   $text, $line_num, $pod_para

       interior_sequence()
       OPTIONAL SUBROUTINE/METHOD OVERRIDES
       new()
       initialize()
       begin_pod()
       begin_input()
       end_input()
       end_pod()
       preprocess_line()
       preprocess_paragraph()
       METHODS FOR PARSING AND PROCESSING
       parse_text()
	   -expand_seq => code-ref|method-name, -expand_text => code-ref|method-name,
	   -expand_ptree => code-ref|method-name

       interpolate()
       parse_paragraph()
       parse_from_filehandle()
       parse_from_file()
       ACCESSOR METHODS
       errorsub()
       cutting()
       parseopts()
       output_file()
       output_handle()
       input_file()
       input_handle()
       input_streams()
       top_stream()
       PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
       _push_input_stream()
       _pop_input_stream()
       TREE-BASED PARSING
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker - let Perldoc check Pod for errors

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Perldoc::ToMan - let Perldoc render Pod as man pages

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff - let Perldoc convert Pod to nroff

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Perldoc::ToPod - let Perldoc render Pod as ... Pod!

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf - let Perldoc render Pod as RTF

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Perldoc::ToText - let Perldoc render Pod as plaintext

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEAT
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Perldoc::ToTk - let Perldoc use Tk::Pod to render Pod

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Perldoc::ToXml - let Perldoc render Pod as XML

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
       AUTHOR

       Pod::PlainText - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   alt, indent, loose, sentence, width

       DIAGNOSTICS
	   Bizarre space in item, Can't open %s for reading: %s, Unknown escape: %s, Unknown
	   sequence: %s, Unmatched =back

       RESTRICTIONS
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Plainer - Perl extension for converting Pod to old style Pod.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   EXPORT
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Pod::Select, podselect() - extract selected sections of POD from input

       SYNOPSIS
       REQUIRES
       EXPORTS
       DESCRIPTION
       SECTION SPECIFICATIONS
       RANGE SPECIFICATIONS
       OBJECT METHODS
       curr_headings()
       select()
       add_selection()
       clear_selections()
       match_section()
       is_selected()
       EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
       podselect()
	   -output, -sections, -ranges

       PRIVATE METHODS AND DATA
       _compile_section_spec()
       $self->{_SECTION_HEADINGS}
       $self->{_SELECTED_SECTIONS}
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       Pod::Text - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   alt, code, indent, loose, margin, quotes, sentence, width

       DIAGNOSTICS
	   Bizarre space in item, Item called without tag, Can't open %s for reading: %s, Invalid
	   quote specification "%s", %s:%d: Unknown command paragraph: %s, %s:%d: Unknown escape:
	   %s, %s:%d: Unknown formatting code: %s, %s:%d: Unmatched =back

       RESTRICTIONS
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Pod::Text::Color - Convert POD data to formatted color ASCII text

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Pod::Text::Overstrike - Convert POD data to formatted overstrike text

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Pod::Text::Termcap - Convert POD data to ASCII text with format escapes

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Pod::Usage, pod2usage() - print a usage message from embedded pod documentation

       SYNOPSIS
       ARGUMENTS
	   "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-verbose", "-sections", "-output", "-input", "-path-
	   list", "-noperldoc"

       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
	   Recommended Use
       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR
       ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

       SDBM_File - Tied access to sdbm files

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   "O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "sdbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."
       BUGS AND WARNINGS

       Safe - Compile and execute code in restricted compartments

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   a new namespace, an operator mask

       WARNING
	   RECENT CHANGES
	   Methods in class Safe
	       permit (OP, ...), permit_only (OP, ...), deny (OP, ...), deny_only (OP, ...), trap
	       (OP, ...), untrap (OP, ...), share (NAME, ...), share_from (PACKAGE, ARRAYREF),
	       varglob (VARNAME), reval (STRING), rdo (FILENAME), root (NAMESPACE), mask (MASK)

	   Some Safety Issues
	       Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes

	   AUTHOR

       Scalar::Util - A selection of general-utility scalar subroutines

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   blessed EXPR, dualvar NUM, STRING, isvstring EXPR, isweak EXPR, looks_like_number
	   EXPR, openhandle FH, refaddr EXPR, reftype EXPR, set_prototype CODEREF, PROTOTYPE,
	   tainted EXPR, weaken REF

       KNOWN BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       COPYRIGHT
       BLATANT PLUG

       Search::Dict, look - search for key in dictionary file

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       SelectSaver - save and restore selected file handle

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       SelfLoader - load functions only on demand

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   The __DATA__ token
	   SelfLoader autoloading
	   Autoloading and package lexicals
	   SelfLoader and AutoLoader
	   __DATA__, __END__, and the FOOBAR::DATA filehandle.
	   Classes and inherited methods.
       Multiple packages and fully qualified subroutine names
       AUTHOR
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       _make_cmd

       Shell - run shell commands transparently within perl

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Caveats
	   Escaping Magic Characters
	   Configuration
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       Socket, sockaddr_in, sockaddr_un, inet_aton, inet_ntoa - load the C socket.h defines and
       structure manipulators

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   inet_aton HOSTNAME, inet_ntoa IP_ADDRESS, INADDR_ANY, INADDR_BROADCAST, INADDR_LOOP-
	   BACK, INADDR_NONE, sockaddr_family SOCKADDR, sockaddr_in PORT, ADDRESS, sockaddr_in
	   SOCKADDR_IN, pack_sockaddr_in PORT, IP_ADDRESS, unpack_sockaddr_in SOCKADDR_IN, sock-
	   addr_un PATHNAME, sockaddr_un SOCKADDR_UN, pack_sockaddr_un PATH, unpack_sockaddr_un
	   SOCKADDR_UN

       Storable - persistence for Perl data structures

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       MEMORY STORE
       ADVISORY LOCKING
       SPEED
       CANONICAL REPRESENTATION
       CODE REFERENCES
       FORWARD COMPATIBILITY
	   utf8 data, restricted hashes, files from future versions of Storable

       ERROR REPORTING
       WIZARDS ONLY
	   Hooks
	       "STORABLE_freeze" obj, cloning, "STORABLE_thaw" obj, cloning, serialized, ..,
	       "STORABLE_attach" class, cloning, serialized

	   Predicates
	       "Storable::last_op_in_netorder", "Storable::is_storing", "Storable::is_retrieving"

	   Recursion
	   Deep Cloning
       Storable magic
	   $info = Storable::file_magic( $filename ), "version", "version_nv", "major", "minor",
	   "hdrsize", "netorder", "byteorder", "intsize", "longsize", "ptrsize", "nvsize",
	   "file", $info = Storable::read_magic( $buffer ), $info = Storable::read_magic( $buf-
	   fer, $must_be_file )

       EXAMPLES
       WARNING
       BUGS
	   64 bit data in perl 5.6.0 and 5.6.1
       CREDITS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Switch - A switch statement for Perl

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       BACKGROUND
       DESCRIPTION
	   Allowing fall-through
	   Automating fall-through
	   Alternative syntax
	   Higher-order Operations
       DEPENDENCIES
       AUTHOR
       BUGS
       LIMITATIONS
       COPYRIGHT

       Symbol - manipulate Perl symbols and their names

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS

       Sys::Hostname - Try every conceivable way to get hostname

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

       Syslog, Sys::Syslog - Perl interface to the UNIX syslog(3) calls

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTS
       FUNCTIONS
	   openlog($ident, $logopt, $facility), syslog($priority, $message), syslog($priority,
	   $format, @args), Note, setlogmask($mask_priority), setlogsock($sock_type), setlog-
	   sock($sock_type, $stream_location) (added in Perl 5.004_02), setlogsock($sock_type,
	   $stream_location, $sock_timeout) (added in 0.25), Note, closelog()

       THE RULES OF SYS::SYSLOG
       EXAMPLES
       CONSTANTS
	   Facilities
	   Levels
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "Invalid argument passed to setlogsock", "eventlog passed to setlogsock, but no Win32
	   API available", "no connection to syslog available", "stream passed to setlogsock, but
	   %s is not writable", "stream passed to setlogsock, but could not find any device",
	   "tcp passed to setlogsock, but tcp service unavailable", "syslog: expecting argument
	   %s", "syslog: invalid level/facility: %s", "syslog: too many levels given: %s", "sys-
	   log: too many facilities given: %s", "syslog: level must be given", "udp passed to
	   setlogsock, but udp service unavailable", "unix passed to setlogsock, but path not
	   available"

       SEE ALSO
	   Manual Pages
	   RFCs
	   Articles
	   Event Log
       AUTHORS & ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
	   AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, RT: CPAN's request tracker,
	   Search CPAN, Kobes' CPAN Search, Perl Documentation

       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

       Syslog::Syslog, Sys::Syslog - Perl interface to the UNIX syslog(3) calls

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXPORTS
       FUNCTIONS
	   openlog($ident, $logopt, $facility), syslog($priority, $message), syslog($priority,
	   $format, @args), Note, setlogmask($mask_priority), setlogsock($sock_type), setlog-
	   sock($sock_type, $stream_location) (added in Perl 5.004_02), setlogsock($sock_type,
	   $stream_location, $sock_timeout) (added in 0.25), Note, closelog()

       THE RULES OF SYS::SYSLOG
       EXAMPLES
       CONSTANTS
	   Facilities
	   Levels
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "Invalid argument passed to setlogsock", "eventlog passed to setlogsock, but no Win32
	   API available", "no connection to syslog available", "stream passed to setlogsock, but
	   %s is not writable", "stream passed to setlogsock, but could not find any device",
	   "tcp passed to setlogsock, but tcp service unavailable", "syslog: expecting argument
	   %s", "syslog: invalid level/facility: %s", "syslog: too many levels given: %s", "sys-
	   log: too many facilities given: %s", "syslog: level must be given", "udp passed to
	   setlogsock, but udp service unavailable", "unix passed to setlogsock, but path not
	   available"

       SEE ALSO
	   Manual Pages
	   RFCs
	   Articles
	   Event Log
       AUTHORS & ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
	   AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, RT: CPAN's request tracker,
	   Search CPAN, Kobes' CPAN Search, Perl Documentation

       COPYRIGHT
       LICENSE

       Syslog::win32::Win32, Sys::Syslog::Win32 - Win32 support for Sys::Syslog

       DESCRIPTION
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       LICENSE

       Term::ANSIColor - Color screen output using ANSI escape sequences

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   Bad escape sequence %s, Bareword "%s" not allowed while "strict subs" in use, Invalid
	   attribute name %s, Name "%s" used only once: possible typo, No comma allowed after
	   filehandle, No name for escape sequence %s

       ENVIRONMENT
	   ANSI_COLORS_DISABLED

       RESTRICTIONS
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Term::Cap - Perl termcap interface

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   METHODS

       Tgetent, OSPEED, TERM

       Tpad, $string, $cnt, $FH

       Tputs, $cap, $cnt, $FH

       Tgoto, $cap, $col, $row, $FH

       Trequire

       EXAMPLES
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Term::Complete - Perl word completion module

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   <tab>, ^D, ^U, <del>, <bs>

       DIAGNOSTICS
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       Term::ReadLine - Perl interface to various "readline" packages. If no real package is
       found, substitutes stubs instead of basic functions.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Minimal set of supported functions
	   "ReadLine", "new", "readline", "addhistory", "IN", "OUT", "MinLine", "findConsole",
	   Attribs, "Features"

       Additional supported functions
	   "tkRunning", "ornaments", "newTTY"

       EXPORTS
       ENVIRONMENT
       CAVEATS

       Test - provides a simple framework for writing test scripts

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       QUICK START GUIDE
	   Functions
	       "plan(...)", "tests => number", "todo => [1,5,14]", "onfail => sub { ... }",
	       "onfail => \&some_sub"

       _to_value

       "ok(...)"

       "skip(skip_if_true, args...)"

       TEST TYPES
	   NORMAL TESTS, SKIPPED TESTS, TODO TESTS

       ONFAIL
       BUGS and CAVEATS
       ENVIRONMENT
       NOTE
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHOR

       Test::Builder - Backend for building test libraries

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Construction
	       new

       create

       reset

       Setting up tests
	   plan

       expected_tests

       no_plan

       has_plan

       skip_all

       exported_to

       Running tests
	   ok

       is_eq, is_num

       isnt_eq, isnt_num

       like, unlike

       cmp_ok

       Other Testing Methods
	   BAIL_OUT

       skip

       todo_skip

       skip_rest

       Test building utility methods
	   maybe_regex

       _try

       is_fh

       Test style
	   level

       use_numbers

       no_diag, no_ending, no_header

       Output
	   diag

       _print

       _print_diag

       output, failure_output, todo_output

       carp, croak

       Test Status and Info
	   current_test

       summary

       details

       todo

       caller

       _sanity_check

       _whoa

       _my_exit

       EXIT CODES
       THREADS
       EXAMPLES
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       Test::Builder::Module - Base class for test modules

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Importing
       Builder

       Test::Builder::Tester - test testsuites that have been built with Test::Builder

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Functions
	   test_out, test_err

       test_fail

       test_diag

       test_test, title (synonym 'name', 'label'), skip_out, skip_err

       line_num

       color

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       NOTES
       SEE ALSO

       Test::Builder::Tester::Color - turn on colour in Test::Builder::Tester

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO

       Test::Harness - Run Perl standard test scripts with statistics

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Taint mode
	   Configuration variables.
	       $Test::Harness::Verbose, $Test::Harness::switches, $Test::Harness::Timer

	   Failure
	       Failed Test, Stat, Wstat, Total, Fail, List of Failed

       FUNCTIONS
	   runtests( @test_files )
       execute_tests( tests => \@test_files, out => \*FH )
       EXPORT
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "All tests successful.\nFiles=%d,  Tests=%d, %s", "FAILED tests %s\n\tFailed %d/%d
	   tests, %.2f%% okay.", "Test returned status %d (wstat %d)", "Failed 1 test, %.2f%%
	   okay. %s", "Failed %d/%d tests, %.2f%% okay.  %s", "FAILED--Further testing stopped:
	   %s"

       ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT TEST::HARNESS SETS
	   "HARNESS_ACTIVE", "HARNESS_VERSION"

       ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT AFFECT TEST::HARNESS
	   "HARNESS_COLUMNS", "HARNESS_COMPILE_TEST", "HARNESS_DEBUG", "HARNESS_FILELEAK_IN_DIR",
	   "HARNESS_NOTTY", "HARNESS_PERL", "HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES", "HARNESS_TIMER", "HAR-
	   NESS_VERBOSE", "HARNESS_STRAP_CLASS"

       EXAMPLE
       SEE ALSO
       TODO
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
	   AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, RT: CPAN's request tracker,
	   Search CPAN

       SOURCE CODE
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       Test::Harness::Assert - simple assert

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
	   "assert()"
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Test::Harness::Iterator - Internal Test::Harness Iterator

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   new()
	   next()

       Test::Harness::Point - object for tracking a single test point

       SYNOPSIS
       CONSTRUCTION
	   new()
       from_test_line( $line )
       ACCESSORS
	   ok, number

       Test::Harness::Results - object for tracking results from a single test file

       SYNOPSIS
       CONSTRUCTION
	   new()
       ACCESSORS
	   wait, exit

       Test::Harness::Straps - detailed analysis of test results

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CONSTRUCTION
	   new()
       ANALYSIS
	   $strap->analyze( $name, \@output_lines )
       $strap->analyze_file( $test_file )
       Parsing
       EXAMPLES
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Test::Harness::TAP - Documentation for the TAP format

       SYNOPSIS
       TODO
       THE TAP FORMAT
       HARNESS BEHAVIOR
       TESTS LINES AND THE PLAN
	   The plan
	   The test line
	       "ok" or "not ok", Test number, Description, Directive, ok/not ok (required), Test
	       number (recommended), Description (recommended), Directive (only when necessary)

       DIRECTIVES
	   TODO tests
	   Skipping tests
       OTHER LINES
	   Bail out!
	   Diagnostics
	   Anything else
       EXAMPLES
	   Common with explanation
	   Unknown amount and failures
	   Giving up
	   Skipping a few
	   Skipping everything
	   Got spare tuits?
	   Creative liberties
       Non-Perl TAP
	   C/C++
	       Specify a test plan, Run tests, Skip tests in certain situations, Have TODO tests,
	       Produce TAP compatible diagnostics

	   Python
	   JavaScript
	   PHP phpt, PHPUnit, SimpleTest, Apache-Test

       AUTHORS
       ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       COPYRIGHT

       Test::Harness::Util - Utility functions for Test::Harness::*

       SYNOPSIS
       PUBLIC FUNCTIONS
	   all_in( {parm => value, parm => value} )
	       start, recurse

       shuffle( @list )
       blibdir()

       Test::More - yet another framework for writing test scripts

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   I love it when a plan comes together
       Test names
       I'm ok, you're not ok.
	   ok

       is, isnt

       like

       unlike

       cmp_ok

       can_ok

       isa_ok

       pass, fail

       Module tests
	   use_ok

       require_ok

       Complex data structures
	   is_deeply

       Diagnostics
	   diag

       Conditional tests
	   SKIP: BLOCK

       TODO: BLOCK, todo_skip

       When do I use SKIP vs. TODO?

       Test control
	   BAIL_OUT

       Discouraged comparison functions
	   eq_array

       eq_hash

       eq_set

       Extending and Embedding Test::More
	   builder

       EXIT CODES
       CAVEATS and NOTES
	   Backwards compatibility, Overloaded objects, Threads, Test::Harness upgrade

       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       BUGS
       COPYRIGHT

       Test::Simple - Basic utilities for writing tests.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   ok

       EXAMPLE
       CAVEATS
       NOTES
       HISTORY
       SEE ALSO
	   Test::More, Test, Test::Unit, Test::Inline, SelfTest, Test::Harness

       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       Test::Tutorial - A tutorial about writing really basic tests

       DESCRIPTION
	   Nuts and bolts of testing.
	   Where to start?
	   Names
	   Test the manual
	   Sometimes the tests are wrong
	   Testing lots of values
	   Informative names
	   Skipping tests
	   Todo tests
	   Testing with taint mode.
       FOOTNOTES
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT

       Text::Abbrev, abbrev - create an abbreviation table from a list

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE

       Text::Balanced - Extract delimited text sequences from strings.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   General behaviour in list contexts
	       [0], [1], [2]

	   General behaviour in scalar and void contexts
	   A note about prefixes
	   "extract_delimited"
	   "extract_bracketed"
	   "extract_variable"
	       [0], [1], [2]

	   "extract_tagged"
	       "reject => $listref", "ignore => $listref", "fail => $str", [0], [1], [2], [3],
	       [4], [5]

	   "gen_extract_tagged"
	   "extract_quotelike"
	       [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10]

	   "extract_quotelike" and "here documents"
	       [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7..10]

	   "extract_codeblock"
	   "extract_multiple"
	   "gen_delimited_pat"
	   "delimited_pat"
       DIAGNOSTICS
	    C<Did not find a suitable bracket: "%s">,  C<Did not find prefix: /%s/>,
	   C<Did not find opening bracket after prefix: "%s">,	C<No quotelike
	   operator found after prefix: "%s">,	C<Unmatched closing bracket: "%c">,
	   C<Unmatched opening bracket(s): "%s">, C<Unmatched embedded quote (%s)>,
	   C<Did not find closing delimiter to match '%s'>,  C<Mismatched closing
	   bracket: expected "%c" but found "%s">,  C<No block delimiter found after
	   quotelike "%s">, C<Did not find leading dereferencer>, C<Bad identifier
	   after dereferencer>, C<Did not find expected opening bracket at %s>,
	   C<Improperly nested codeblock at %s>,  C<Missing second block for quotelike
	   "%s">, C<No match found for opening bracket>, C<Did not find opening tag:
	   /%s/>, C<Unable to construct closing tag to match: /%s/>, C<Found invalid
	   nested tag: %s>, C<Found unbalanced nested tag: %s>, C<Did not find closing
	   tag>

       AUTHOR
       BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
       COPYRIGHT

       Text::ParseWords - parse text into an array of tokens or array of arrays

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       AUTHORS

       Text::Soundex - Implementation of the soundex algorithm.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLES
       LIMITATIONS
       MAINTAINER
       HISTORY

       Text::Tabs -- expand and unexpand tabs per the unix expand(1) and unexpand(1)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       LICENSE

       Text::Wrap - line wrapping to form simple paragraphs

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       OVERRIDES
       EXAMPLES
       LICENSE

       Thread - manipulate threads in Perl (for old code only)

       CAVEAT
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
	   $thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub), $thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub, LIST), lock
	   VARIABLE, async BLOCK;, Thread->self, Thread->list, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_signal
	   VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE, yield

       METHODS
	   join, eval, detach, equal, tid, flags, done

       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO

       Thread::Queue - Thread-safe queues

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Ordinary scalars, Array refs, Hash refs, Scalar refs, Objects based on the above

       QUEUE CREATION
	   ->new(), ->new(LIST)

       BASIC METHODS
	   ->enqueue(LIST), ->dequeue(), ->dequeue(COUNT), ->dequeue_nb(), ->dequeue_nb(COUNT),
	   ->pending()

       ADVANCED METHODS
	   ->peek(), ->peek(INDEX), ->insert(INDEX, LIST), ->extract(), ->extract(INDEX),
	   ->extract(INDEX, COUNT)

       NOTES
       LIMITATIONS
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
       LICENSE

       Thread::Semaphore - Thread-safe semaphores

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       METHODS
	   ->new(), ->new(NUMBER), ->down(), ->down(NUMBER), ->up(), ->up(NUMBER)

       NOTES
       SEE ALSO
       MAINTAINER
       LICENSE

       Thread::Signal - Start a thread which runs signal handlers reliably (for old code)

       CAVEAT
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       BUGS

       Thread::Specific - thread-specific keys

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       Tie::Array - base class for tied arrays

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   TIEARRAY classname, LIST, STORE this, index, value, FETCH this, index, FETCHSIZE this,
	   STORESIZE this, count, EXTEND this, count, EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR
	   this, DESTROY this, PUSH this, LIST, POP this, SHIFT this, UNSHIFT this, LIST, SPLICE
	   this, offset, length, LIST

       CAVEATS
       AUTHOR

       Tie::File - Access the lines of a disk file via a Perl array

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   "recsep"
	   "autochomp"
	   "mode"
	   "memory"
	   "dw_size"
	   Option Format
       Public Methods
	   "flock"
	   "autochomp"
	   "defer", "flush", "discard", and "autodefer"
	   "offset"
       Tying to an already-opened filehandle
       Deferred Writing
	   Autodeferring
       CONCURRENT ACCESS TO FILES
       CAVEATS
       SUBCLASSING
       WHAT ABOUT "DB_File"?
       AUTHOR
       LICENSE
       WARRANTY
       THANKS
       TODO

       Tie::Handle - base class definitions for tied handles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, scalar, length, offset, PRINT this, LIST,
	   PRINTF this, format, LIST, READ this, scalar, length, offset, READLINE this, GETC
	   this, CLOSE this, OPEN this, filename, BINMODE this, EOF this, TELL this, SEEK this,
	   offset, whence, DESTROY this

       MORE INFORMATION
       COMPATIBILITY

       Tie::Hash, Tie::StdHash, Tie::ExtraHash - base class definitions for tied hashes

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   TIEHASH classname, LIST, STORE this, key, value, FETCH this, key, FIRSTKEY this, NEX-
	   TKEY this, lastkey, EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, SCALAR this

       Inheriting from Tie::StdHash
       Inheriting from Tie::ExtraHash
       "SCALAR", "UNTIE" and "DESTROY"
       MORE INFORMATION

       Tie::Memoize - add data to hash when needed

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       Inheriting from Tie::Memoize
       EXAMPLE
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       Tie::RefHash - use references as hash keys

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       EXAMPLE
       THREAD SUPPORT
       STORABLE SUPPORT
       RELIC SUPPORT
       MAINTAINER
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Tie::Scalar, Tie::StdScalar - base class definitions for tied scalars

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this, value, DESTROY this

       MORE INFORMATION

       Tie::StdHandle - base class definitions for tied handles

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION

       Tie::SubstrHash - Fixed-table-size, fixed-key-length hashing

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       CAVEATS

       Time::HiRes - High resolution alarm, sleep, gettimeofday, interval timers

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   gettimeofday (), usleep ( $useconds ), nanosleep ( $nanoseconds ), ualarm ( $useconds
	   [, $interval_useconds ] ), tv_interval, time (), sleep ( $floating_seconds ), alarm (
	   $floating_seconds [, $interval_floating_seconds ] ), setitimer ( $which, $float-
	   ing_seconds [, $interval_floating_seconds ] ), getitimer ( $which ), clock_gettime (
	   $which ), clock_getres ( $which ), clock_nanosleep ( $which, $nanoseconds, $flags =
	   0), clock(), stat, stat FH, stat EXPR

       EXAMPLES
       C API
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   useconds or interval more than ...
	   negative time not invented yet
	   internal error: useconds < 0 (unsigned ... signed ...)
	   useconds or uinterval equal to or more than 1000000
	   unimplemented in this platform
       CAVEATS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

       Time::Local - efficiently compute time from local and GMT time

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       FUNCTIONS
	   "timelocal()" and "timegm()"
	   "timelocal_nocheck()" and "timegm_nocheck()"
	   Year Value Interpretation
	   Limits of time_t
	   Ambiguous Local Times (DST)
	   Non-Existent Local Times (DST)
	   Negative Epoch Values
       IMPLEMENTATION
       BUGS
       SUPPORT
       COPYRIGHT
       AUTHOR

       Time::gmtime - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gmtime() function

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

       Time::localtime - by-name interface to Perl's built-in localtime() function

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

       Time::tm - internal object used by Time::gmtime and Time::localtime

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       AUTHOR

       UNIVERSAL - base class for ALL classes (blessed references)

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   "$obj->isa( TYPE )", "CLASS->isa( TYPE )", "isa( VAL, TYPE )", "TYPE", $obj, "CLASS",
	   "VAL", "$obj->can( METHOD )", "CLASS->can( METHOD )", "can( VAL, METHOD )", "VERSION (
	   [ REQUIRE ] )"

       EXPORTS

       Unicode::Collate - Unicode Collation Algorithm

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Constructor and Tailoring
	       UCA_Version, alternate, backwards, entry, hangul_terminator, ignoreChar, ignore-
	       Name, katakana_before_hiragana, level, normalization, overrideCJK, overrideHangul,
	       preprocess, rearrange, table, undefChar, undefName, upper_before_lower, variable

	   Methods for Collation
	       "@sorted = $Collator->sort(@not_sorted)", "$result = $Collator->cmp($a, $b)",
	       "$result = $Collator->eq($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->ne($a, $b)", "$result =
	       $Collator->lt($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->le($a, $b)", "$result = $Colla-
	       tor->gt($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->ge($a, $b)", "$sortKey = $Collator->get-
	       SortKey($string)", "$sortKeyForm = $Collator->viewSortKey($string)"

	   Methods for Searching
	       "$position = $Collator->index($string, $substring[, $position])", "($position,
	       $length) = $Collator->index($string, $substring[, $position])", "$match_ref =
	       $Collator->match($string, $substring)", "($match)   = $Collator->match($string,
	       $substring)", "@match = $Collator->gmatch($string, $substring)", "$count = $Colla-
	       tor->subst($string, $substring, $replacement)", "$count = $Colla-
	       tor->gsubst($string, $substring, $replacement)"

	   Other Methods
	       "%old_tailoring = $Collator->change(%new_tailoring)", "$version = $Collator->ver-
	       sion()", "UCA_Version()", "Base_Unicode_Version()"

       EXPORT
       INSTALL
       CAVEATS
	   Normalization, Conformance Test

       AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       SEE ALSO
	   Unicode Collation Algorithm - UTS #10, The Default Unicode Collation Element Table
	   (DUCET), The conformance test for the UCA, Hangul Syllable Type, Unicode Normalization
	   Forms - UAX #15

       Unicode::Normalize - Unicode Normalization Forms

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Normalization Forms
	       "$NFD_string = NFD($string)", "$NFC_string = NFC($string)", "$NFKD_string =
	       NFKD($string)", "$NFKC_string = NFKC($string)", "$FCD_string = FCD($string)",
	       "$FCC_string = FCC($string)", "$normalized_string = normalize($form_name,
	       $string)"

	   Decomposition and Composition
	       "$decomposed_string = decompose($string [, $useCompatMapping])",
	       "$reordered_string = reorder($string)", "$composed_string = compose($string)"

	   Quick Check
	       "$result = checkNFD($string)", "$result = checkNFC($string)", "$result = checkN-
	       FKD($string)", "$result = checkNFKC($string)", "$result = checkFCD($string)",
	       "$result = checkFCC($string)", "$result = check($form_name, $string)"

	   Character Data
	       "$canonical_decomposition = getCanon($code_point)", "$compatibility_decomposition
	       = getCompat($code_point)", "$code_point_composite = getComposite($code_point_here,
	       $code_point_next)", "$combining_class = getCombinClass($code_point)",
	       "$may_be_composed_with_prev_char = isComp2nd($code_point)", "$is_exclusion = isEx-
	       clusion($code_point)", "$is_singleton = isSingleton($code_point)",
	       "$is_non_starter_decomposition = isNonStDecomp($code_point)", "$is_Full_Composi-
	       tion_Exclusion = isComp_Ex($code_point)", "$NFD_is_NO = isNFD_NO($code_point)",
	       "$NFC_is_NO = isNFC_NO($code_point)", "$NFC_is_MAYBE = isNFC_MAYBE($code_point)",
	       "$NFKD_is_NO = isNFKD_NO($code_point)", "$NFKC_is_NO = isNFKC_NO($code_point)",
	       "$NFKC_is_MAYBE = isNFKC_MAYBE($code_point)"

       EXPORT
       CAVEATS
	   Perl's version vs. Unicode version, Correction of decomposition mapping, Revised defi-
	   nition of canonical composition

       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO
	   http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr15/, http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/Composi-
	   tionExclusions.txt, http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/DerivedNormalization-
	   Props.txt, http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/NormalizationCorrections.txt,
	   http://www.unicode.org/review/pr-29.html, http://www.unicode.org/notes/tn5/

       Unicode::UCD - Unicode character database

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       charinfo
       charblock
       charscript
       charblocks
       charscripts
       Blocks versus Scripts
       Matching Scripts and Blocks
       Code Point Arguments
       charinrange
       general_categories
       bidi_types
       compexcl
       casefold
       casespec
       namedseq()
       Unicode::UCD::UnicodeVersion
       Implementation Note
       BUGS
       AUTHOR

       User::grent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getgr*() functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
       NOTE
       AUTHOR

       User::pwent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getpw*() functions

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   System Specifics
       NOTE
       AUTHOR
       HISTORY
	   March 18th, 2000

       Win32 - Interfaces to some Win32 API Functions

       DESCRIPTION
	   Alphabetical Listing of Win32 Functions
	       Win32::AbortSystemShutdown(MACHINE), Win32::BuildNumber(), Win32::CopyFile(FROM,
	       TO, OVERWRITE), Win32::CreateDirectory(DIRECTORY), Win32::CreateFile(FILE),
	       Win32::DomainName(), Win32::ExpandEnvironmentStrings(STRING), Win32::FormatMes-
	       sage(ERRORCODE), Win32::FsType(), Win32::FreeLibrary(HANDLE), Win32::GetANSIPath-
	       Name(FILENAME), Win32::GetArchName(), Win32::GetChipName(), Win32::GetCwd(),
	       Win32::GetCurrentProcessId(), Win32::GetCurrentThreadId(), Win32::GetFileVer-
	       sion(FILENAME), Win32::GetFolderPath(FOLDER [, CREATE]), Win32::GetFullPath-
	       Name(FILENAME), Win32::GetLastError(), Win32::GetLongPathName(PATHNAME),
	       Win32::GetNextAvailDrive(), Win32::GetOSVersion(), Win32::GetOSName(), Win32::Get-
	       ShortPathName(PATHNAME), Win32::GetProcAddress(INSTANCE, PROCNAME),
	       Win32::GetTickCount(), Win32::GuidGen(), Win32::IsAdminUser(), Win32::IsWinNT(),
	       Win32::IsWin95(), Win32::LoadLibrary(LIBNAME), Win32::LoginName(), Win32::Looku-
	       pAccountName(SYSTEM, ACCOUNT, DOMAIN, SID, SIDTYPE), Win32::LookupAccountSID(SYS-
	       TEM, SID, ACCOUNT, DOMAIN, SIDTYPE), Win32::MsgBox(MESSAGE [, FLAGS [, TITLE]]),
	       Win32::NodeName(), Win32::OutputDebugString(STRING), Win32::Regis-
	       terServer(LIBRARYNAME), Win32::SetChildShowWindow(SHOWWINDOW),
	       Win32::SetCwd(NEWDIRECTORY), Win32::SetLastError(ERROR), Win32::Sleep(TIME),
	       Win32::Spawn(COMMAND, ARGS, PID), Win32::UnregisterServer(LIBRARYNAME)

       Win32API::File - Low-level access to Win32 system API calls for files/dirs.

       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Object Oriented/Tied Handle Interface
	   Exports
	       ":Func", attrLetsToBits, "$uBits= attrLetsToBits( $sAttributeLetters )", "a", "c",
	       "h", "o", "r", "s", "t", createFile, "$hObject= createFile( $sPath )", "$hObject=
	       createFile( $sPath, $rvhvOptions )", "$hObject= createFile( $sPath, $svAccess )",
	       "$hObject= createFile( $sPath, $svAccess, $rvhvOptions )", "$hObject= createFile(
	       $sPath, $svAccess, $svShare )", "$hObject= createFile( $sPath, $svAccess,
	       $svShare, $rvhvOptions )", "q", "r", "w", "k", "t", "n", "c", "e", "kc", "ke",
	       "tc", "te", "nc", "ne", Flags => $uFlags, Attributes => $sAttributes, Security =>
	       $pSecurityAttributes, Model => $hModelFile, Access => $sAccess, Access =>
	       $uAccess, Create => $sCreate, Create => $uCreate, Share => $sShare, Share =>
	       $uShare, getLogicalDrives, "@roots= getLogicalDrives()", CloseHandle, "CloseHan-
	       dle( $hObject )", CopyFile, "CopyFile( $sOldFileName, $sNewFileName, $bFailIfEx-
	       ists )", CreateFile, "$hObject= CreateFile( $sPath, $uAccess, $uShare, $pSecAttr,
	       $uCreate, $uFlags, $hModel )", "//./PhysicalDrive0", "//./C:", "//./A:",
	       "//./PIPE/PipeName", DefineDosDevice, "DefineDosDevice( $uFlags, $sDosDeviceName,
	       $sTargetPath )", "DDD_RAW_TARGET_PATH", "DDD_REMOVE_DEFINITION",
	       "DDD_EXACT_MATCH_ON_REMOVE", DeleteFile, "DeleteFile( $sFileName )", DeviceIoCon-
	       trol, "DeviceIoControl( $hDevice, $uIoControlCode, $pInBuf, $lInBuf, $opOutBuf,
	       $lOutBuf, $olRetBytes, $pOverlapped )", FdGetOsFHandle, "$hNativeHandle=
	       FdGetOsFHandle( $ivFd )", fileConstant, "$value= fileConstant( $sConstantName )",
	       fileLastError, "$svError= fileLastError();", "fileLastError( $uError );", GetDriv-
	       eType, "$uDriveType= GetDriveType( $sRootPath )", "DRIVE_UNKNOWN",
	       "DRIVE_NO_ROOT_DIR", "DRIVE_REMOVABLE", "DRIVE_FIXED", "DRIVE_REMOTE",
	       "DRIVE_CDROM", "DRIVE_RAMDISK", GetFileAttributes, "$uAttrs = GetFileAttributes(
	       $sPath )", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ARCHIVE", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_COMPRESSED",
	       "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_ENCRYPTED",
	       "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NOT_CON-
	       TENT_INDEXED", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_OFFLINE", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY",
	       "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SPARSE_FILE", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_SYS-
	       TEM", "FILE_ATTRIBUTE_TEMPORARY", GetFileType, "$uFileType= GetFileType( $hFile
	       )", "FILE_TYPE_UNKNOWN", "FILE_TYPE_DISK", "FILE_TYPE_CHAR", "FILE_TYPE_PIPE",
	       getFileSize, "$size= getFileSize( $hFile )", GetFileSize, "$iSizeLow= GetFile-
	       Size($win32Handle, $iSizeHigh)", GetOverlappedResult, "$bRetval= GetOverlappe-
	       dResult( $win32Handle, $pOverlapped,  $numBytesTransferred, $bWait )", GetLogi-
	       calDrives, "$uDriveBits= GetLogicalDrives()", GetLogicalDriveStrings, "$olOut-
	       Length= GetLogicalDriveStrings( $lBufSize, $osBuffer )", GetHandleInformation,
	       "GetHandleInformation( $hObject, $ouFlags )", GetOsFHandle, "$hNativeHandle=
	       GetOsFHandle( FILE )", GetVolumeInformation, "GetVolumeInformation( $sRootPath,
	       $osVolName, $lVolName, $ouSerialNum, $ouMaxNameLen, $ouFsFlags, $osFsType,
	       $lFsType )", "FS_CASE_IS_PRESERVED", "FS_CASE_SENSITIVE", "FS_UNI-
	       CODE_STORED_ON_DISK", "FS_PERSISTENT_ACLS", "FS_FILE_COMPRESSION", "FS_VOL_IS_COM-
	       PRESSED", IsRecognizedPartition, "IsRecognizedPartition( $ivPartitionType )",
	       IsContainerPartition, "IsContainerPartition( $ivPartitionType )", MoveFile, "Move-
	       File( $sOldName, $sNewName )", MoveFileEx, "MoveFileEx( $sOldName, $sNewName,
	       $uFlags )", "MOVEFILE_REPLACE_EXISTING", "MOVEFILE_COPY_ALLOWED", "MOVE-
	       FILE_DELAY_UNTIL_REBOOT", "MOVEFILE_WRITE_THROUGH", OsFHandleOpen, "OsFHandleOpen(
	       FILE, $hNativeHandle, $sMode )", OsFHandleOpenFd, "$ivFD= OsFHandleOpenFd( $hNa-
	       tiveHandle, $uMode )", QueryDosDevice, "$olTargetLen= QueryDosDevice( $sDosDevice-
	       Name, $osTargetPath, $lTargetBuf )", ReadFile, "ReadFile( $hFile, $opBuffer,
	       $lBytes, $olBytesRead, $pOverlapped )", SetErrorMode, "$uOldMode= SetErrorMode(
	       $uNewMode )", "SEM_FAILCRITICALERRORS", "SEM_NOALIGNMENTFAULTEXCEPT", "SEM_NOGP-
	       FAULTERRORBOX", "SEM_NOOPENFILEERRORBOX", setFilePointer, "$uNewPos = setFile-
	       Pointer( $hFile, $ivOffset, $uFromWhere )", SetFilePointer, "$uNewPos = SetFile-
	       Pointer( $hFile, $ivOffset, $ioivOffsetHigh, $uFromWhere )", SetHandleInformation,
	       "SetHandleInformation( $hObject, $uMask, $uFlags )", WriteFile, "WriteFile(
	       $hFile, $pBuffer, $lBytes, $ouBytesWritten, $pOverlapped )", ":FuncA", ":FuncW",
	       CopyFileW, "CopyFileW( $swOldFileName, $swNewFileName, $bFailIfExists )", Create-
	       FileW, "$hObject= CreateFileW( $swPath, $uAccess, $uShare, $pSecAttr, $uCreate,
	       $uFlags, $hModel )", DefineDosDeviceW, "DefineDosDeviceW( $uFlags, $swDosDevice-
	       Name, $swTargetPath )", DeleteFileW, "DeleteFileW( $swFileName )", GetDriveTypeW,
	       "$uDriveType= GetDriveTypeW( $swRootPath )", GetFileAttributesW, "$uAttrs= Get-
	       FileAttributesW( $swPath )", GetLogicalDriveStringsW, "$olwOutLength= GetLogi-
	       calDriveStringsW( $lwBufSize, $oswBuffer )", GetVolumeInformationW, "GetVolumeIn-
	       formationW( $swRootPath, $oswVolName, $lwVolName, $ouSerialNum, $ouMaxNameLen,
	       $ouFsFlags, $oswFsType, $lwFsType )", MoveFileW, "MoveFileW( $swOldName, $swNew-
	       Name )", MoveFileExW, "MoveFileExW( $swOldName, $swNewName, $uFlags )", QueryDos-
	       DeviceW, "$olwTargetLen= QueryDosDeviceW( $swDeviceName, $oswTargetPath, $lwTar-
	       getBuf )", ":Misc", ":DDD_", ":DRIVE_", ":FILE_", ":FILE_ATTRIBUTE_",
	       ":FILE_FLAG_", ":FILE_SHARE_", ":FILE_TYPE_", ":FS_", ":HANDLE_FLAG_", HAN-
	       DLE_FLAG_INHERIT, HANDLE_FLAG_PROTECT_FROM_CLOSE, ":IOCTL_STORAGE_", "IOCTL_STOR-
	       AGE_CHECK_VERIFY", "IOCTL_STORAGE_MEDIA_REMOVAL", "IOCTL_STORAGE_EJECT_MEDIA",
	       "IOCTL_STORAGE_LOAD_MEDIA", "IOCTL_STORAGE_RESERVE", "IOCTL_STORAGE_RELEASE",
	       "IOCTL_STORAGE_FIND_NEW_DEVICES", "IOCTL_STORAGE_GET_MEDIA_TYPES", $ucCylsLow[$i],
	       $ivcCylsHigh[$i], $uMediaType[$i], $uTracksPerCyl[$i], $uSectsPerTrack[$i],
	       $uBytesPerSect[$i], ":IOCTL_DISK_", "IOCTL_DISK_GET_DRIVE_GEOMETRY", $ucCylsLow,
	       $ivcCylsHigh, $uMediaType, $uTracksPerCyl, $uSectsPerTrack, $uBytesPerSect,
	       "IOCTL_DISK_GET_PARTITION_INFO", $uStartLow and $ivStartHigh, $ucHiddenSects,
	       $uPartitionSeqNumber, $uPartitionType, $bActive, $bRecognized, $bToRewrite,
	       "IOCTL_DISK_SET_PARTITION_INFO", "IOCTL_DISK_GET_DRIVE_LAYOUT", $cPartitions,
	       $uDiskSignature, "IOCTL_DISK_GET_MEDIA_TYPES", "IOCTL_DISK_SET_DRIVE_LAYOUT",
	       "IOCTL_DISK_VERIFY", $uStartOffsetLow and $ivStartOffsetHigh, $uLength,
	       "IOCTL_DISK_FORMAT_TRACKS", "IOCTL_DISK_REASSIGN_BLOCKS", "IOCTL_DISK_PERFOR-
	       MANCE", "IOCTL_DISK_IS_WRITABLE", "IOCTL_DISK_LOGGING", DISK_LOGGING_START,
	       DISK_LOGGING_STOP, DISK_LOGGING_DUMP, DISK_LOGGING_BINNING, "IOCTL_DISK_FOR-
	       MAT_TRACKS_EX", "IOCTL_DISK_HISTOGRAM_STRUCTURE", "IOCTL_DISK_HISTOGRAM_DATA",
	       "IOCTL_DISK_HISTOGRAM_RESET", "IOCTL_DISK_REQUEST_STRUCTURE",
	       "IOCTL_DISK_REQUEST_DATA", ":FSCTL_", "FSCTL_SET_REPARSE_POINT",
	       "FSCTL_GET_REPARSE_POINT", "FSCTL_DELETE_REPARSE_POINT", ":GENERIC_",
	       ":MEDIA_TYPE", "Unknown", "F5_1Pt2_512", "F3_1Pt44_512", "F3_2Pt88_512",
	       "F3_20Pt8_512", "F3_720_512", "F5_360_512", "F5_320_512", "F5_320_1024",
	       "F5_180_512", "F5_160_512", "RemovableMedia", "FixedMedia", "F3_120M_512", ":MOVE-
	       FILE_", ":SECURITY_", ":SEM_", ":PARTITION_", ":ALL"

       BUGS
       AUTHOR
       SEE ALSO

       Win32CORE - Win32 CORE function stubs

       DESCRIPTION
       HISTORY

       XSLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code

       VERSION
       SYNOPSIS
       DESCRIPTION
	   Migration from "DynaLoader"
	   Backward compatible boilerplate
       Order of initialization: early load()
	   The most hairy case
       DIAGNOSTICS
	   "Can't find '%s' symbol in %s", "Can't load '%s' for module %s: %s", "Undefined sym-
	   bols present after loading %s: %s", "XSLoader::load('Your::Module', $Your::Mod-
	   ule::VERSION)"

       LIMITATIONS
       BUGS
       SEE ALSO
       AUTHORS
       COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

AUXILIARY DOCUMENTATION
       Here should be listed all the extra programs' documentation, but they don't all have man-
       ual pages yet:

       a2p
       c2ph
       dprofpp
       h2ph
       h2xs
       perlbug
       perldoc
       pl2pm
       pod2html
       pod2man
       s2p
       splain
       xsubpp

AUTHOR
       Larry Wall <larry@wall.org>, with the help of oodles of other folks.

perl v5.8.9				    2007-11-17				       PERLTOC(1)
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