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Unix Version 7 - man page for dir (v7 section 5)

DIR(5)				       File Formats Manual				   DIR(5)

NAME
       dir - format of directories

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/dir.h>

DESCRIPTION
       A  directory  behaves  exactly  like  an ordinary file, save that no user may write into a
       directory.  The fact that a file is a directory is indicated by a bit in the flag word  of
       its  i-node  entry  see,  filsys(5).   The  structure of a directory entry as given in the
       include file is:

       By convention, the first two entries in each directory are for `.' and `..'.  The first is
       an  entry  for the directory itself.  The second is for the parent directory.  The meaning
       of `..' is modified for the root directory of the master file  system  and  for	the  root
       directories  of removable file systems.	In the first case, there is no parent, and in the
       second, the system does not permit off-device references.  Therefore in	both  cases  `..'
       has the same meaning as `.'.

SEE ALSO
       filsys(5)

											   DIR(5)


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