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mknod(2) [v7 man page]

MKNOD(2)							System Calls Manual							  MKNOD(2)

mknod - make a directory or a special file SYNOPSIS
mknod(name, mode, addr) char *name; DESCRIPTION
Mknod creates a new file whose name is the null-terminated string pointed to by name. The mode of the new file (including directory and special file bits) is initialized from mode. (The protection part of the mode is modified by the process's mode mask; see umask(2)). The first block pointer of the i-node is initialized from addr. For ordinary files and directories addr is normally zero. In the case of a special file, addr specifies which special file. Mknod may be invoked only by the super-user. SEE ALSO
mkdir(1), mknod(1), filsys(5) DIAGNOSTICS
Zero is returned if the file has been made; -1 if the file already exists or if the user is not the super-user. ASSEMBLER
(mknod = 14.) sys mknod; name; mode; addr MKNOD(2)

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MKNOD(2)						      BSD System Calls Manual							  MKNOD(2)

mknod -- make a special file node SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int mknod(const char *path, mode_t mode, dev_t dev); DESCRIPTION
The device special file path is created with the major and minor device numbers extracted from mode. The access permissions of path are descendant from the umask(2) of the parent process. If mode indicates a block or character special file, dev is a configuration dependent specification of a character or block I/O device and the superblock of the device. If mode does not indicate a block special or character special device, dev is ignored. Mknod() requires super-user privileges. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion a value of 0 is returned. Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
Mknod() will fail and the file will be not created if: [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters. [ENOENT] A component of the path prefix does not exist. [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname. [EPERM] The process's effective user ID is not super-user. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while making the directory entry or allocating the inode. [ENOSPC] The directory in which the entry for the new node is being placed cannot be extended because there is no space left on the file system containing the directory. [ENOSPC] There are no free inodes on the file system on which the node is being created. [EDQUOT] The directory in which the entry for the new node is being placed cannot be extended because the user's quota of disk blocks on the file system containing the directory has been exhausted. [EDQUOT] The user's quota of inodes on the file system on which the node is being created has been exhausted. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. [EEXIST] The named file exists. [EFAULT] Path points outside the process's allocated address space. SEE ALSO
chmod(2), stat(2), umask(2) HISTORY
A mknod() function call appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX. 4th Berkeley Distribution June 4, 1993 4th Berkeley Distribution
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