WRITE(1) General Commands Manual WRITE(1)NAME
write - write to another user
write user [ ttyname ]
Write copies lines from your terminal to that of another user. When first called, it sends the message
Message from yourname yourttyname...
The recipient of the message should write back at this point. Communication continues until an end of file is read from the terminal or an
interrupt is sent. At that point write writes `EOT' on the other terminal and exits.
If you want to write to a user who is logged in more than once, the ttyname argument may be used to indicate the appropriate terminal name.
Permission to write may be denied or granted by use of the mesg command. At the outset writing is allowed. Certain commands, in particu-
lar nroff and pr(1) disallow messages in order to prevent messy output.
If the character `!' is found at the beginning of a line, write calls the shell to execute the rest of the line as a command.
The following protocol is suggested for using write: when you first write to another user, wait for him to write back before starting to
send. Each party should end each message with a distinctive signal--(o) for `over' is conventional--that the other may reply. (oo) for
`over and out' is suggested when conversation is about to be terminated.
/etc/utmp to find user
/bin/sh to execute `!'
SEE ALSO mesg(1), who(1), mail(1)WRITE(1)
Check Out this Related Man Page
WRITE(1) User Commands WRITE(1)NAME
write - send a message to another user
write user [ttyname]
Write allows you to communicate with other users, by copying lines from your terminal to theirs.
When you run the write command, the user you are writing to gets a message of the form:
Message from yourname@yourhost on yourtty at hh:mm ...
Any further lines you enter will be copied to the specified user's terminal. If the other user wants to reply, they must run write as
When you are done, type an end-of-file or interrupt character. The other user will see the message EOF indicating that the conversation is
You can prevent people (other than the super-user) from writing to you with the mesg(1) command. Some commands, for example nroff(1) and
pr(1), may disallow writing automatically, so that your output isn't overwritten.
If the user you want to write to is logged in on more than one terminal, you can specify which terminal to write to by specifying the ter-
minal name as the second operand to the write command. Alternatively, you can let write select one of the terminals - it will pick the one
with the shortest idle time. This is so that if the user is logged in at work and also dialed up from home, the message will go to the
The traditional protocol for writing to someone is that the string `-o', either at the end of a line or on a line by itself, means that
it's the other person's turn to talk. The string `oo' means that the person believes the conversation to be over.
SEE ALSO mesg(1), talk(1), who(1)HISTORY
A write command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.
The write command is part of the util-linux package and is available from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.
util-linux March 1995 WRITE(1)
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