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ps(1) [v7 man page]

PS(1)							      General Commands Manual							     PS(1)

NAME
ps - process status SYNOPSIS
ps [ aklx ] [ namelist ] DESCRIPTION
Ps prints certain indicia about active processes. The a option asks for information about all processes with terminals (ordinarily only one's own processes are displayed); x asks even about processes with no terminal; l asks for a long listing. The short listing contains the process ID, tty letter, the cumulative execution time of the process and an approximation to the command line. The long listing is columnar and contains F Flags associated with the process. 01: in core; 02: system process; 04: locked in core (e.g. for physical I/O); 10: being swapped; 20: being traced by another process. S The state of the process. 0: nonexistent; S: sleeping; W: waiting; R: running; I: intermediate; Z: terminated; T: stopped. UID The user ID of the process owner. PID The process ID of the process; as in certain cults it is possible to kill a process if you know its true name. PPID The process ID of the parent process. CPU Processor utilization for scheduling. PRI The priority of the process; high numbers mean low priority. NICE Used in priority computation. ADDR The core address of the process if resident, otherwise the disk address. SZ The size in blocks of the core image of the process. WCHAN The event for which the process is waiting or sleeping; if blank, the process is running. TTY The controlling tty for the process. TIME The cumulative execution time for the process. The command and its arguments. A process that has exited and has a parent, but has not yet been waited for by the parent is marked <defunct>. Ps makes an educated guess as to the file name and arguments given when the process was created by examining core memory or the swap area. The method is inherently somewhat unreliable and in any event a process is entitled to destroy this information, so the names cannot be counted on too much. If the k option is specified, the file /usr/sys/core is used in place of /dev/mem. This is used for postmortem system debugging. If a second argument is given, it is taken to be the file containing the system's namelist. FILES
/unix system namelist /dev/mem core memory /usr/sys/core alternate core file /dev searched to find swap device and tty names SEE ALSO
kill(1) BUGS
Things can change while ps is running; the picture it gives is only a close approximation to reality. Some data printed for defunct processes is irrelevant PDP11 PS(1)

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gcore(1)                                                           User Commands                                                          gcore(1)

NAME
gcore - get core images of running processes SYNOPSIS
gcore [-pgF] [-o filename] [-c content] process-id... DESCRIPTION
The gcore utility creates a core image of each specified process. By default, the name of the core image file for the process whose process ID is process-id will be core.process-id. OPTIONS
The following options are supported: -c content Produces core image files with the specified content. The content description uses the same tokens as in coreadm(1M). The -c option does not apply to cores produced due to the -p or -g flags. -F Force. Grabs the target process even if another process has control. -g Produces core image files in the global core file repository with the global content as configured by coreadm(1M). The com- mand will fail if the user does not have permissions to the global core file repository. -o filename Substitutes filename in place of core as the first part of the name of the core image files. filename can contain the same tokens to be expanded as the paths in coreadm(1M). -p Produces a core image file in the process-specific location with the process-specific content for each process as config- ured by coreadm(1M). The command will fail if the user does not have permissions to the per-process core file repository. OPERANDS
The following operand is supported: process-id process ID EXIT STATUS
The following exit values are returned: 0 On success. non-zero On failure, such as non-existent process ID. FILES
core.process-id core images ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWtoo | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |See below. | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ Command Syntax is Evolving. Output Format(s) are Unstable. SEE ALSO
kill(1), coreadm(1M), setrlimit(2), core(4), proc(4), attributes(5) NOTES
gcore is unaffected by the setrlimit(2) system call using the RLIMIT_CORE value. SunOS 5.10 11 Feb 2004 gcore(1)
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