# math(5) [ultrix man page]

```math(5) 							File Formats Manual							   math(5)

Name
math - math functions and constants

Syntax
#include <math.h>

Description
This  file  contains declarations of all the functions in the Math Library (described in Section 3m), as well as various functions in the C
Library (Section 3c) that return floating-point values.

It defines the structure and constants used by the error-handling mechanisms, including the following  constant	used  as  an  error-return
value:

HUGE	      The maximum value of a single-precision floating-point number.

The following mathematical constants are defined for user convenience:

M_E	      The base of natural logarithms (e).

M_LOG2E	      The base-2 logarithm of e.

M_LOG10E       The base-10 logarithm of e.

M_LN2	      The natural logarithm of 2.

M_LN10	      The natural logarithm of 10.

M_PI	      n, the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter.

M_PI_2	      n/2.

M_PI_4	      n/4.

M_1_PI	      1/n.

M_2_PI	      2/n.

M_2_SQRTPI     2//n.

M_SQRT2	      The positive square root of 2.

M_SQRT1_2      The positive square root of 1/2.

For the definitions of various machine-dependent constants, see the description of the <values.h> header file.

intro(3), values(5)

RISC								   math(5)```

## Check Out this Related Man Page

```math.h(3HEAD)							      Headers							     math.h(3HEAD)

NAME
math.h, math - mathematical declarations

SYNOPSIS
#include <math.h>

DESCRIPTION
The <math.h> header includes definitions for the following types:

float_t	       A real-floating type at least as wide as float.

double_t        A real-floating type at least as wide as double, and at least as wide as float_t.

If FLT_EVAL_METHOD equals 0, float_t and double_t are float and double, respectively. If FLT_EVAL_METHOD equals 1, they are both double. If
FLT_EVAL_METHOD equals 2, they are both be long double. Other values of FLT_EVAL_METHOD are implementation-defined.

The <math.h> header provides the following constants. The values are of type double and are accurate within the	precision  of  the  double
type.

M_E	       The base of natural logarithms (e).

M_LOG2E	       The base-2 logarithm of e.

M_LOG10E        The base-10 logarithm of e.

M_LN2	       The natural logarithm of 2.

M_LN10	       The natural logarithm of 10.

M_PI	       , the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter.

M_PI_2	       /2.

M_PI_4	       /4.

M_1_PI	       1/.

M_2_PI	       2/.

M_2_SQRTPI      2 over the square root of .

M_SQRT2	       The positive square root of 2.

M_SQRT1_2       The positive square root of 1/2.

The <math.h> header defines the following symbolic constants:

MAXFLOAT        The maximum value of a non-infinite single-precision floating point number.

HUGE_VAL        A  positive double expression, not necessarily representable as a float. Used as an error value returned by the mathematics
library. HUGE_VAL evaluates to +infinity on systems supporting IEEE Std 754-1985.

HUGE_VALF       A positive float constant expression. Used as an error value returned by the mathematics library.  HUGE_VALF  evaluates	to
+infinity on systems supporting IEEE Std 754-1985.

HUGE_VALL       A positive long double constant expression. Used as an error value returned by the mathematics library. HUGE_VALL evaluates
to +infinity on systems supporting IEEE Std 754-1985.

INFINITY        A constant expression of type float representing positive or unsigned infinity, if available; else a positive  constant	of
type float that overflows at translation time.

NAN	       A  constant expression of type float representing a quiet NaN. This symbolic constant is only defined if the implementation
supports quiet NaNs for the float type.

The following macros are defined for number classification. They represent the mutually-exclusive  kinds  of  floating-point  values.  They
expand to integer constant expressions with distinct values

FP_INFINITE
FP_NAN
FP_NORMAL
FP_SUBNORMAL
FP_ZERO

The following optional macros indicate whether the fma() family of functions are fast compared with direct code:

FP_FAST_FMA
FP_FAST_FMAF
FP_FAST_FMAL

The FP_FAST_FMA macro is defined to indicate that the fma() function generally executes about as fast as, or faster than, a multiply and an
add of double operands. The other macros have the equivalent meaning for the float and long double versions.

The following macros expand to integer constant expressions whose values are returned by ilogb(x) if x is zero or  NaN,	respectively.  The
value of FP_ILOGB0 is either {INT_MIN} or -{INT_MAX}. The value of FP_ILOGBNAN is either {INT_MAX} or {INT_MIN}.

FP_ILOGB0
FP_ILOGBNAN

The following macros expand to the integer constants 1 and 2, respectively:

MATH_ERRNO
MATH_ERREXCEPT

The following macro expands to an expression that has type int and the value MATH_ERREXCEPT:

math_errhandling

The  value  of  the  macro  math_errhandling  is constant for the duration of the program. If a macro definition is suppressed or a program
defines an identifier with the name math_errhandling, the behavior is undefined.

The <math.h> header defines he following external variable:

extern int signgam;

The <math.h> header defines the structure and constants used by the matherr(3M) error-handling mechanisms.

ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

+-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
|      ATTRIBUTE TYPE	     |	    ATTRIBUTE VALUE	   |
+-----------------------------+-----------------------------+
|Interface Stability	     |Standard			   |
+-----------------------------+-----------------------------+