XGetWindowProperty(3X11) MIT X11R4 XGetWindowProperty(3X11)
XGetWindowProperty, XListProperties, XChangeProperty, XRotateWindowProperties, XDeleteProperty - obtain and change window properties
int XGetWindowProperty(display, w, property, long_offset, long_length, delete, req_type, actual_type_return, actual_format_return,
nitems_return, bytes_after_return, prop_return)
long long_offset, long_length;
unsigned long *nitems_return;
unsigned long *bytes_after_return;
unsigned char **prop_return;
Atom *XListProperties(display, w, num_prop_return)
XChangeProperty(display, w, property, type, format, mode, data, nelements)
Atom property, type;
unsigned char *data;
XRotateWindowProperties(display, w, properties, num_prop, npositions)
XDeleteProperty(display, w, property)
Returns the actual format of the property.
Returns the atom identifier that defines the actual type of the property.
Returns the number of bytes remaining to be read in the property if a partial read was performed.
data Specifies the property data.
delete Specifies a Boolean value that determines whether the property is deleted.
display Specifies the connection to the X server.
format Specifies whether the data should be viewed as a list of 8-bit, 16-bit, or 32-bit quantities. Possible values are 8, 16, and 32.
This information allows the X server to correctly perform byte-swap operations as necessary. If the format is 16-bit or 32-bit,
you must explicitly cast your data pointer to a (char *) in the call to
Specifies the length in 32-bit multiples of the data to be retrieved.
Specifies the offset in the specified property (in 32-bit quantities) where the data is to be retrieved.
mode Specifies the mode of the operation. You can pass or
nelements Specifies the number of elements of the specified data format.
Returns the actual number of 8-bit, 16-bit, or 32-bit items stored in the prop_return data.
num_prop Specifies the length of the properties array.
Returns the length of the properties array.
Specifies the rotation amount.
Returns a pointer to the data in the specified format.
property Specifies the property name.
Specifies the array of properties that are to be rotated.
req_type Specifies the atom identifier associated with the property type or
type Specifies the type of the property. The X server does not interpret the type but simply passes it back to an application that
w Specifies the window whose property you want to obtain, change, rotate or delete.
The function returns the actual type of the property; the actual format of the property; the number of 8-bit, 16-bit, or 32-bit items
transferred; the number of bytes remaining to be read in the property; and a pointer to the data actually returned. sets the return argu-
ments as follows:
o If the specified property does not exist for the specified window, returns to actual_type_return and the value zero to actual_for-
mat_return and bytes_after_return. The nitems_return argument is empty. In this case, the delete argument is ignored.
o If the specified property exists but its type does not match the specified type, returns the actual property type to
actual_type_return, the actual property format (never zero) to actual_format_return, and the property length in bytes (even if the
actual_format_return is 16 or 32) to bytes_after_return. It also ignores the delete argument. The nitems_return argument is empty.
o If the specified property exists and either you assign to the req_type argument or the specified type matches the actual property
type, returns the actual property type to actual_type_return and the actual property format (never zero) to actual_format_return. It
also returns a value to bytes_after_return and nitems_return, by defining the following values:
N = actual length of the stored property in bytes
(even if the format is 16 or 32)
I = 4 * long_offset
T = N - I
L = MINIMUM(T, 4 * long_length)
A = N - (I + L)
The returned value starts at byte index I in the property (indexing from zero), and its length in bytes is L. If the value for
long_offset causes L to be negative, a error results. The value of bytes_after_return is A, giving the number of trailing unread
bytes in the stored property.
always allocates one extra byte in prop_return (even if the property is zero length) and sets it to ASCII null so that simple properties
consisting of characters do not have to be copied into yet another string before use. If delete is and bytes_after_return is zero, deletes
the property from the window and generates a event on the window.
The function returns if it executes successfully. To free the resulting data, use
can generate and errors.
The function returns a pointer to an array of atom properties that are defined for the specified window or returns NULL if no properties
were found. To free the memory allocated by this function, use
can generate a error.
The function alters the property for the specified window and causes the X server to generate a event on that window. performs the follow-
o If mode is discards the previous property value and stores the new data.
o If mode is or inserts the specified data before the beginning of the existing data or onto the end of the existing data, respectively.
The type and format must match the existing property value, or a error results. If the property is undefined, it is treated as
defined with the correct type and format with zero-length data.
The lifetime of a property is not tied to the storing client. Properties remain until explicitly deleted, until the window is destroyed,
or until the server resets. The maximum size of a property is server dependent and can vary dynamically depending on the amount of memory
the server has available. (If there is insufficient space, a error results.)
can generate and errors.
The function allows you to rotate properties on a window and causes the X server to generate events. If the property names in the proper-
ties array are viewed as being numbered starting from zero and if there are num_prop property names in the list, then the value associated
with property name I becomes the value associated with property name (I + npositions) mod N for all I from zero to N - 1. The effect is to
rotate the states by npositions places around the virtual ring of property names (right for positive npositions, left for negative nposi-
tions). If npositions mod N is nonzero, the X server generates a event for each property in the order that they are listed in the array.
If an atom occurs more than once in the list or no property with that name is defined for the window, a error results. If a or error
results, no properties are changed.
can generate and errors.
The function deletes the specified property only if the property was defined on the specified window and causes the X server to generate a
event on the window unless the property does not exist.
can generate and errors.
The server failed to allocate the requested resource or server memory.
A value for an Atom argument does not name a defined Atom.
Some numeric value falls outside the range of values accepted by the request.
Unless a specific range is specified for an argument, the full range defined by the argument's type is accepted. Any argument
defined as a set of alternatives can generate this error.
A value for a Window argument does not name a defined Window.
X Window System: The Complete Reference, Second Edition, Robert W. Scheifler and James Gettys