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alloca(3) [ultrix man page]

malloc(3)						     Library Functions Manual							 malloc(3)

Name
       malloc, free, realloc, calloc, alloca - memory allocator

Syntax
       char *malloc(size)
       unsigned size;

       free(ptr)
       void *ptr;

       char *realloc(ptr, size)
       void *ptr;
       unsigned size;

       char *calloc(nelem, elsize)
       unsigned nelem, elsize;

       char *alloca(size)
       int size;

Description
       The  and  subroutines  provide a simple general-purpose memory allocation package.  The subroutine returns a pointer to a block of at least
       size bytes beginning on a word boundary.

       The argument to is a pointer to a block previously allocated by This space is made available for further allocation, but its  contents  are
       left undisturbed.

       Needless to say, grave disorder will result if the space assigned by is overrun or if some random number is handed to

       The subroutine maintains multiple lists of free blocks according to size, allocating space from the appropriate list.  It calls to get more
       memory from the system when there is no suitable space already free.  For further information, see

       The subroutine changes the size of the block pointed to by ptr to size bytes and returns a pointer to the (possibly moved) block.  The con-
       tents will be unchanged up to the lesser of the new and old sizes.

       In  order  to  be compatible with older versions, also works if ptr points to a block freed since the last call of or Sequences of and were
       previously used to attempt storage compaction.  This procedure is no longer recommended.

       The subroutine allocates space for an array of nelem elements of size elsize.  The space is initialized to zeros.

       The subroutine allocates size bytes of space associated with the stack frame of the caller.  This temporary space is  available	for  reuse
       when  the  caller returns.  On MIPS machines, calling reclaims all available storage.  On VAX machines, the space is automatically freed on
       return.

       Each of the allocation routines returns a pointer to space suitably aligned (after possible pointer coercion) for storage of  any  type	of
       object.

Restrictions
       When returns 0, the block pointed to by ptr may be destroyed.

       Currently,  the	allocator is unsuitable for direct use in a large virtual environment where many small blocks are kept, since it keeps all
       allocated and freed blocks on a circular list.  Just before more memory is allocated, all allocated and freed blocks are referenced.

       Because the subroutine is machine dependent, its use should be avoided.

Diagnostics
       The and subroutines return a null pointer (0) if there is no available memory or if the arena has been detectably corrupted by storing out-
       side the bounds of a block.

								       RISC								 malloc(3)

Check Out this Related Man Page

MALLOC(3)						     Library Functions Manual							 MALLOC(3)

NAME
malloc, free, realloc, calloc, alloca - memory allocator SYNOPSIS
char *malloc(size) unsigned size; free(ptr) char *ptr; char *realloc(ptr, size) char *ptr; unsigned size; char *calloc(nelem, elsize) unsigned nelem, elsize; char *alloca(size) int size; DESCRIPTION
Malloc and free provide a general-purpose memory allocation package. Malloc returns a pointer to a block of at least size bytes beginning on a word boundary. The argument to free is a pointer to a block previously allocated by malloc; this space is made available for further allocation, but its contents are left undisturbed. Needless to say, grave disorder will result if the space assigned by malloc is overrun or if some random number is handed to free. Malloc maintains multiple lists of free blocks according to size, allocating space from the appropriate list. It calls sbrk (see brk(2)) to get more memory from the system when there is no suitable space already free. Realloc changes the size of the block pointed to by ptr to size bytes and returns a pointer to the (possibly moved) block. The contents will be unchanged up to the lesser of the new and old sizes. In order to be compatible with older versions, realloc also works if ptr points to a block freed since the last call of malloc, realloc or calloc; sequences of free, malloc and realloc were previously used to attempt storage compaction. This procedure is no longer recommended. Calloc allocates space for an array of nelem elements of size elsize. The space is initialized to zeros. Alloca allocates size bytes of space in the stack frame of the caller. This temporary space is automatically freed on return. Each of the allocation routines returns a pointer to space suitably aligned (after possible pointer coercion) for storage of any type of object. If the space is of pagesize or larger, the memory returned will be page-aligned. SEE ALSO
brk(2), pagesize(2) DIAGNOSTICS
Malloc, realloc and calloc return a null pointer (0) if there is no available memory or if the arena has been detectably corrupted by stor- ing outside the bounds of a block. Malloc may be recompiled to check the arena very stringently on every transaction; those sites with a source code license may check the source code to see how this can be done. BUGS
When realloc returns 0, the block pointed to by ptr may be destroyed. The current implementation of malloc does not always fail gracefully when system memory limits are approached. It may fail to allocate memory when larger free blocks could be broken up, or when limits are exceeded because the size is rounded up. It is optimized for sizes that are powers of two. Alloca is machine dependent; its use is discouraged. 4th Berkeley Distribution May 14, 1986 MALLOC(3)

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