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nl(1) [ultrix man page]

nl(1)							      General Commands Manual							     nl(1)

       nl - line numbering filter

       nl [-h type] [-b type] [-f type] [-v start#] [-i incr] [-p ] [-l num] [-s sep] [-w width] [-n format] [-d delim] file

       The  command reads lines from the named file or from the standard input, if no file is named, and reproduces the lines on the standard out-
       put.  Lines are numbered on the left in accordance with the command options in effect.

       The command views the text it reads in terms of logical pages.  Line numbering is reset at the start of each logical page.  A logical  page
       consists  of  a header, a body, and a footer section.  Empty sections are valid.  Different line numbering options are independently avail-
       able for header, body, and footer.  For example, you can elect not to number header and footer lines while numbering  blank  lines  in  the

       The start of logical page sections is signaled by input lines containing nothing but the following delimiter characters:

		 Line contents	Start of

		 ::: 	header

		 ::		body

		 :		footer

       Unless otherwise specified, assumes that the text it is reading is in the body of a single logical page.

       Command options may appear in any order and may be intermingled with an optional file name.  Only one file may be named.

       -b type		   Specifies  which  logical page body lines are to be numbered.  The following are recognized types and their meaning: a,
			   number all lines; t, number lines with printable text only; n, no line numbering; pstring, number only lines that  con-
			   tain the regular expression specified in string.

			   The default type for logical page body is t (text lines numbered).

       -h type		   Same as -b type except for header.  Default type for logical page header is n (no lines numbered).

       -f type		   Same as -b type except for footer.  Default for logical page footer is n (no lines numbered).

       -p		   Do not restart numbering at logical page delimiters.

       -v start#	   The initial value used to number logical page lines.  Default is 1.

       -i incr		   The increment value used to number logical page lines.  Default is 1.

       -s sep		   The character used in separating the line number and the corresponding text line.  Default sep is a tab.

       -w width 	   The number of characters used for the line number.  Default width is 6.

       -n format	   The	line  numbering  format.   Recognized values are the following: ln, left justified, leading zeroes suppressed; rn,
			   right justified, leading zeroes suppressed; rz, right justified, leading zeroes kept.  Default format is rn (right jus-

       -l num		   The	number	of  blank lines to be considered as one.  For example, -l2 results in only the second adjacent blank being
			   numbered (if the appropriate -ha, -ba, or -fa option is set).  Default is 1.

       -d xx		   The delimiter characters specifying the start of a logical page section may be changed from the default characters (:)
			   to two user-specified characters.  If only one character is entered, the second character remains the default character
			   (:).  No space should appear between the -d and the delimiter characters.  To enter a  backslash,  you  must  type  two
			   backslashes (//).

       nl -v10 -i10 -d!+ file1
       This command numbers file1 starting at line number 10 with an increment of ten.	The logical page delimiters are !+.

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nl(1)							      General Commands Manual							     nl(1)

nl - Numbers lines in a file SYNOPSIS
nl [-b type] [-d delimiter1[delimiter2]] [-f type] [-h type] [-i number] [-l number] [-n format] [-p] [-s [separator]] [-vnumber] [-wnum- ber] [file] STANDARDS
Interfaces documented on this reference page conform to industry standards as follows: nl: XCU5.0 Refer to the standards(5) reference page for more information about industry standards and associated tags. OPTIONS
Use the following options to change the default settings. Specifies which body section lines to number. The recognized types are as fol- lows: Numbers all lines. Number only non-empty lines. Does not number any lines. Numbers only those lines containing the specified pat- tern. The full range of regular expressions is supported for pattern. The default for type is t. Uses delimiter1 and delimiter2 as the delimiters for the start of a logical page section. The default characters are : (backslash followed by a colon). You can specify either one or two characters after the -d option. If you want to use a backslash as a delimiter, enter two back- slashes (\). If you specify only one character, it is used as start of a logical page, and the end delimiter remains the default. Specifies which logical page footer lines to number. The types recognized are the same as in -b type. The default for type is n. Specifies which logical page header lines to number. The types recognized are the same as in -b type. The default for type is n. Increments logical page line numbers by number. The default is 1. Counts number blank lines as 1. You must use one or more of the "-ba", "-fa", and "-ha" options with this option for it to be effective. For example, -l3 will only number the third adjacent blank. The default is 1. Specifies format as the line numbering format. Recognized formats are as fol- lows: Left justified, leading zeroes are suppressed. Right justified, leading zeroes are suppressed (default). Right justified, leading zeroes are kept. Ignores logical page delimiters (does not restart numbering). Separates text from line numbers with the separator string. The default value of separator is a tab character. [Tru64 UNIX] If you enter -s without an argument, there is no separation between the line number and its text. Sets the initial logical page line number to number. Specifies number as the number of digits in the line number. The default value of number is 6. OPERANDS
The path name of a file in which the lines are to be numbered. If file is not specified, standard input is used. DESCRIPTION
The nl command reads file (standard input by default), numbers the lines in the input, and writes the numbered lines to standard output. In the output, nl numbers the lines on the left, according to the options you specify on the command line. The input text must be written in logical pages. Each logical page has a header, a body, and a footer section (sections can be empty). Unless you use the -p option, nl resets the line numbers at the start of each logical page. You can set line numbering options indepen- dently for the header, body, and footer sections (for example, no numbering of header and footer lines while numbering text lines only in the body). Signal the start of logical page sections with lines in file that contain nothing but the following delimiter characters (assuming the default delimiters--see the description of the -d option): Line Contents Start of ::: Header :: Body : Footer You can name only one file on the command line. You can list the options and the file name in any order. EXIT STATUS
The following exit values are returned: Successful completion. An error occurred. EXAMPLES
To number only the nonblank lines, enter: nl chap1 This displays a numbered listing of chap1, numbering only the nonblank lines in the body sections. If chap1 contains no :: :, : :, or : delimiters, then the entire file is considered the body. To number all lines, enter: nl -ba chap1 This numbers all the lines in the body sections, including blank lines. This form of the nl command is adequate for most uses. To specify a different line number format, enter: nl -i10 -nrz -s:: -v10 -w4 chap1 This numbers the lines of chap1, starting with 10 (-v10) and counting by 10s (-i10). It displays four digits for each number (-w4), including leading zeroes (-nrz). The line numbers are separated from the text by two colons (-s::). For example, if chap1 contains the following text: A not-so-important note to remember: You can't kill time without injuring eternity. then the numbered listing is as follows: 0010::A not-so-important note to remember: 0020::You can't kill time without injuring eternity. Notice that the blank line was not numbered. To do this, use the -ba option as shown in Example 2. ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
The following environment variables affect the execution of nl: Provides a default value for the internationalization variables that are unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from the default locale is used. If any of the internationalization vari- ables contain an invalid setting, the utility behaves as if none of the variables had been defined. If set to a non-empty string value, overrides the values of all the other internationalization variables. Determines the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multibyte characters in arguments and input files), the behavior of classes within regular expressions, and for deciding which characters are in character class graph. Determines the locale for the format and contents of diagnostic messages written to standard error. Determines the location of message catalogues for the processing of LC_MES- SAGES. SEE ALSO
Commands: cat(1), pr(1) Standards: standards(5) nl(1)
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