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EXPIRE(8)			    InterNetNews Documentation				EXPIRE(8)

       expire - Usenet article and history expiration program

       expire [-iNnptx] [-d dir] [-f file] [-g file] [-h file] [-r reason] [-s size] [-v level]
       [-w number] [-z file] [expire.ctl]

       expire scans the history(5)-format text file pathdb/history and uses the information
       recorded in it to purge itself of old news articles.  Articles stored using a storage
       method that has self-expire functionality are by default not affected by expire's primary
       behavior (but see the -N flag to disable this).	In this case, expire.ctl is ignored
       except the "/remember/" line for that article; expire does still probe to see if the
       article still exists and purges the relevant history and overview entries if appropriate.
       However, if groupbaseexpiry in inn.conf is true, expire acts on all articles as specified
       by expire.ctl regardless of whether their storage methods have self-expire functionality.

       Note that expire never purges articles which do not match any entry in expire.ctl.

       -d dir
	   If the -d flag is used, then the new history file and database is created in the
	   specified directory dir.  This is useful when the filesystem does not have sufficient
	   space to hold both the old and new history files.  When this flag is used, expire
	   leaves the server paused and creates a zero-length file named after the new history
	   file, with an extension of ".done" to indicate that it has successfully completed the
	   expiration.	The calling script should install the new history file and unpause the
	   server.  The -r flag should be used with this flag.

       -f file
	   To specify an alternate history file, use the -f flag.  This flag is valid when used
	   with the -d flag, and the output will be written to the specified file.  The default
	   without -f is "history".

       -g file
	   If the -g flag is given, then a one-line summary equivalent to the output of -v 1,
	   except preceded by the current time, will be appended to the specified file.

       -h file
	   To specify an alternate input text history file, use the -h flag.  expire uses the old
	   dbz(3) database to determine the size of the new one.  (If the -d flag is not used,
	   the output filename will be the same as the input filename with an extension of ".n".)

	   The default without the -h flag is pathdb/history.

       -i  To ignore the old database, use the -i flag.

       -N  The control file is normally ignored for articles in storage methods which have self-
	   expire functionality.  If the -N flag is used, expire still uses the control file for
	   these articles.

       -n  If innd is not running, use the -n flag and expire will not send the "pause" or "go"
	   commands.  (For more details on the commands, see ctlinnd(8)).  Note that expire only
	   needs exclusive access for a very short time -- long enough to see if any new articles
	   arrived since it first hit the end of the file, and to rename the new files to the
	   working files.

       -p  expire makes its decisions on the time the article arrived, as found in the history
	   file.  This means articles are often kept a little longer than with other expiration
	   programs that base their decisions on the article's posting date.  To use the
	   article's posting date, use the -p flag.

       -r reason
	   expire normally sends a "pause" command to the local innd daemon when it needs
	   exclusive access to the history file, using the string "Expiring" as the reason.  To
	   give a different reason, use the -r flag.  The process ID will be appended to the
	   reason.  When expire is finished and the new history file is ready, it sends a "go"
	   command.  See also the -n flag.

       -s size
	   Optimize the new history database for approximately size pairs (lines in history).
	   Accurately specifying the size will create a more efficient database.  (The size
	   should be the estimated eventual size of the file, typically the size of the old

       -t  If the -t flag is used, then expire will generate a list of the tokens that should be
	   removed on its standard output, and the new history file will be left in history.n,
	   history.n.dir, history.n.index and history.n.hash.  This flag is useful for debugging
	   when used with the -n flag.	Note that if the -f flag is used, then the name specified
	   with that flag will be used instead of history.

       -v level
	   The -v flag is used to increase the verbosity of the program, generating messages to
	   standard output.  The level should be a number, where higher numbers result in more
	   output.  Level one will print totals of the various actions done (not valid if a new
	   history file is not written), level two will print a report on each individual file,
	   while level five results in multiple lines of output for every history line processed.

       -w number
	   Use the -w flag to "warp" time so that expire thinks it is running at some time other
	   then the current time.  The value should be a signed floating point number indicating
	   the number of days to use as the offset.

       -x  If the -x flag is used, then expire will not create any new history files.  This is
	   most useful when combined with the -n and -t flags to see how different expiration
	   policies would change the amount of disk space used.

       -z file
	   If the -z flag is used, then articles are not removed, but their names are appended to
	   the specified file.	See the description of delayrm in news.daily(8).  If a filename
	   is specified, it is taken as the control file and parsed according to the rules in
	   expire.ctl.	A single dash ("-") may be used to read the file from standard input.  If
	   no file is specified, the file pathetc/expire.ctl is read.

       Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for InterNetNews.  Converted to POD by Julien

       $Id: expire.pod 8577 2009-08-18 14:02:02Z iulius $

       ctlinnd(8), dbz(3), expire.ctl(5), history(5), inn.conf(5), innd(8), inndcomm(3),

INN 2.5.2				    2009-09-11					EXPIRE(8)
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