MPROTECT(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual MPROTECT(3P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of
this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of
Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
mprotect - set protection of memory mapping
int mprotect(void *addr, size_t len, int prot);
The mprotect() function shall change the access protections to be that specified by prot
for those whole pages containing any part of the address space of the process starting at
address addr and continuing for len bytes. The parameter prot determines whether read,
write, execute, or some combination of accesses are permitted to the data being mapped.
The prot argument should be either PROT_NONE or the bitwise-inclusive OR of one or more of
PROT_READ, PROT_WRITE, and PROT_EXEC.
If an implementation cannot support the combination of access types specified by prot, the
call to mprotect() shall fail.
An implementation may permit accesses other than those specified by prot; however, no
implementation shall permit a write to succeed where PROT_WRITE has not been set or shall
permit any access where PROT_NONE alone has been set. Implementations shall support at
least the following values of prot: PROT_NONE, PROT_READ, PROT_WRITE, and the bitwise-
inclusive OR of PROT_READ and PROT_WRITE. If PROT_WRITE is specified, the application
shall ensure that it has opened the mapped objects in the specified address range with
write permission, unless MAP_PRIVATE was specified in the original mapping, regardless of
whether the file descriptors used to map the objects have since been closed.
The implementation shall require that addr be a multiple of the page size as returned by
The behavior of this function is unspecified if the mapping was not established by a call
When mprotect() fails for reasons other than [EINVAL], the protections on some of the
pages in the range [addr,addr+len) may have been changed.
Upon successful completion, mprotect() shall return 0; otherwise, it shall return -1 and
set errno to indicate the error.
The mprotect() function shall fail if:
EACCES The prot argument specifies a protection that violates the access permission the
process has to the underlying memory object.
EAGAIN The prot argument specifies PROT_WRITE over a MAP_PRIVATE mapping and there are
insufficient memory resources to reserve for locking the private page.
EINVAL The addr argument is not a multiple of the page size as returned by sysconf().
ENOMEM Addresses in the range [addr,addr+len) are invalid for the address space of a
process, or specify one or more pages which are not mapped.
ENOMEM The prot argument specifies PROT_WRITE on a MAP_PRIVATE mapping, and it would
require more space than the system is able to supply for locking the private pages,
The implementation does not support the combination of accesses requested in the
The following sections are informative.
The [EINVAL] error above is marked EX because it is defined as an optional error in the
POSIX Realtime Extension.
mmap(), sysconf(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <sys/mman.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std
1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System
Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by
the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group
Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The orig-
inal Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2003 MPROTECT(3P)