Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

p2open(3gen) [sunos man page]

p2open(3GEN)					     String Pattern-Matching Library Functions					      p2open(3GEN)

p2open, p2close - open, close pipes to and from a command SYNOPSIS
cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lgen [ library ... ] #include <libgen.h> int p2open(const char *cmd, FILE *fp[2]); int p2close(FILE *fp[2]); DESCRIPTION
p2open() forks and execs a shell running the command line pointed to by cmd. On return, fp[0] points to a FILE pointer to write the com- mand's standard input and fp[1] points to a FILE pointer to read from the command's standard output. In this way the program has control over the input and output of the command. The function returns 0 if successful; otherwise, it returns -1. p2close() is used to close the file pointers that p2open() opened. It waits for the process to terminate and returns the process status. It returns 0 if successful; otherwise, it returns -1. RETURN VALUES
A common problem is having too few file descriptors. p2close() returns -1 if the two file pointers are not from the same p2open(). EXAMPLES
Example 1: Example of file descriptors. #include <stdio.h> #include <libgen.h> main(argc,argv) int argc; char **argv; { FILE *fp[2]; pid_t pid; char buf[16]; pid=p2open("/usr/bin/cat", fp); if ( pid == -1 ) { fprintf(stderr, "p2open failed "); exit(1); } write(fileno(fp[0]),"This is a test ", 16); if(read(fileno(fp[1]), buf, 16) <=0) fprintf(stderr, "p2open failed "); else write(1, buf, 16); (void)p2close(fp); } ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |MT-Level |Unsafe | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
fclose(3C), popen(3C), setbuf(3C), attributes(5) NOTES
Buffered writes on fp[0] can make it appear that the command is not listening. Judiciously placed fflush() calls or unbuffering fp[0] can be a big help; see fclose(3C). Many commands use buffered output when connected to a pipe. That, too, can make it appear as if things are not working. Usage is not the same as for popen(), although it is closely related. SunOS 5.10 29 Dec 1996 p2open(3GEN)

Check Out this Related Man Page

popen(3C)						   Standard C Library Functions 						 popen(3C)

popen, pclose - initiate a pipe to or from a process SYNOPSIS
#include <stdio.h> FILE *popen(const char *command, const char *mode); int pclose(FILE *stream); DESCRIPTION
The popen() function creates a pipe between the calling program and the command to be executed. The arguments to popen() are pointers to null-terminated strings. The command argument consists of a shell command line. The mode argument is an I/O mode, either r for reading or w for writing. The value returned is a stream pointer such that one can write to the standard input of the command, if the I/O mode is w, by writing to the file stream (see Intro(3)); and one can read from the standard output of the command, if the I/O mode is r, by reading from the file stream. Because open files are shared, a type r command may be used as an input filter and a type w as an output filter. A trailing F character can also be included in the mode argument as described in fopen(3C) to enable extended FILE facility. The environment of the executed command will be as if a child process were created within the popen() call using fork(2). If the applica- tion is standard-conforming (see standards(5)), the child is created as if invoked with the call: execl("/usr/xpg4/bin/sh", "sh", "-c",command, (char *)0); otherwise, the child is created as if invoked with the call: execl("/usr/bin/sh", "sh", "-c",command, (char *)0); The pclose() function closes a stream opened by popen() by closing the pipe. It waits for the associated process to terminate and returns the termination status of the process running the command language interpreter. This is the value returned by waitpid(3C). See wait.h(3HEAD) for more information on termination status. If, however, a call to waitpid() with a pid argument equal to the process ID of the command line interpreter causes the termination status to be unavailable to pclose(), then pclose() returns -1 with errno set to ECHILD to report this condition. RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, popen() returns a pointer to an open stream that can be used to read or write to the pipe. Otherwise, it returns a null pointer and may set errno to indicate the error. Upon successful completion, pclose() returns the termination status of the command language interpreter as returned by waitpid(). Other- wise, it returns -1 and sets errno to indicate the error. ERRORS
The pclose() function will fail if: ECHILD The status of the child process could not be obtained, as described in the DESCRIPTION. The popen() function may fail if: EMFILE There are currently FOPEN_MAX or STREAM_MAX streams open in the calling process. EINVAL The mode argument is invalid. The popen() function may also set errno values as described by fork(2) or pipe(2). USAGE
If the original and popen() processes concurrently read or write a common file, neither should use buffered I/O. Problems with an output filter may be forestalled by careful buffer flushing, for example, with fflush() (see fclose(3C)). A security hole exists through the IFS and PATH environment variables. Full pathnames should be used (or PATH reset) and IFS should be set to space and tab (" "). Even if the process has established a signal handler for SIGCHLD, it will be called when the command terminates. Even if another thread in the same process issues a wait(3C) call, it will interfere with the return value of pclose(). Even if the process's signal handler for SIGCHLD has been set to ignore the signal, there will be no effect on pclose(). EXAMPLES
Example 1 popen() example The following program will print on the standard output (see stdio(3C)) the names of files in the current directory with a .c suffix. #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> main() { char *cmd = "/usr/bin/ls *.c"; char buf[BUFSIZ]; FILE *ptr; if ((ptr = popen(cmd, "r")) != NULL) { while (fgets(buf, BUFSIZ, ptr) != NULL) (void) printf("%s", buf); (void) pclose(ptr); } return 0; } Example 2 system() replacement The following function can be used in a multithreaded process in place of the most common usage of the Unsafe system(3C) function: int my_system(const char *cmd) { FILE *p; if ((p = popen(cmd, "w")) == NULL) return (-1); return (pclose(p)); } ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |See below. | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |MT-Level |Safe | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ The F character in the mode argument of popen() is Evolving. In all other respects this function is Standard. The pclose() function is Standard. SEE ALSO
ksh(1), pipe(2), fclose(3C), fopen(3C), posix_spawn(3C), stdio(3C), system(3C), wait(3C), waitpid(3C), wait.h(3HEAD), attributes(5), stan- dards(5) SunOS 5.11 14 Dec 2006 popen(3C)
Man Page