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ZPBRFS(l)) ZPBRFS(l)NAMEZPBRFS - improve the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coeffi- cient matrix is Hermitian positive definite and banded, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solutionSYNOPSISSUBROUTINE ZPBRFS( UPLO, N, KD, NRHS, AB, LDAB, AFB, LDAFB, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER UPLO INTEGER INFO, KD, LDAB, LDAFB, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS DOUBLE PRECISION BERR( * ), FERR( * ), RWORK( * ) COMPLEX*16 AB( LDAB, * ), AFB( LDAFB, * ), B( LDB, * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )PURPOSEZPBRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations when the coefficient matrix is Hermitian positive definite and banded, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.ARGUMENTSUPLO (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. KD (input) INTEGER The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U', or the number of sub- diagonals if UPLO = 'L'. KD >= 0. NRHS (input) INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. AB (input) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDAB,N) The upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian band matrix A, stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: if UPLO = 'U', AB(kd+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-kd)<=i<=j; if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(n,j+kd). LDAB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= KD+1. AFB (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAFB,N) The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H of the band matrix A as computed by ZPBTRF, in the same storage format as A (see AB). LDAFB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AFB. LDAFB >= KD+1. B (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The right hand side matrix B. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). X (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by ZPBTRS. On exit, the improved solution matrix X. LDX (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). FERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The esti- mate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight over- estimate of the true error. BERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solu- tion). WORK (workspace) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N) RWORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO =, the i-th argument had an illegal value-iPARAMETERSITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.LAPACK version 3.015 June 2000 ZPBRFS(l)

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