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ZGGHRD(l)) ZGGHRD(l)NAMEZGGHRD - reduce a pair of complex matrices (A,B) to generalized upper Hessenberg form using unitary transformations, where A is a general matrix and B is upper triangularSYNOPSISSUBROUTINE ZGGHRD( COMPQ, COMPZ, N, ILO, IHI, A, LDA, B, LDB, Q, LDQ, Z, LDZ, INFO ) CHARACTER COMPQ, COMPZ INTEGER IHI, ILO, INFO, LDA, LDB, LDQ, LDZ, N COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), B( LDB, * ), Q( LDQ, * ), Z( LDZ, * )PURPOSEZGGHRD reduces a pair of complex matrices (A,B) to generalized upper Hessenberg form using unitary transformations, where A is a general matrix and B is upper triangular: Q' * A * Z = H and Q' * B * Z = T, where H is upper Hessenberg, T is upper triangular, and Q and Z are unitary, and ' means conjugate transpose. The unitary matrices Q and Z are determined as products of Givens rotations. They may either be formed explicitly, or they may be postmultiplied into input matrices Q1 and Z1, so that Q1 * A * Z1' = (Q1*Q) * H * (Z1*Z)' Q1 * B * Z1' = (Q1*Q) * T * (Z1*Z)'ARGUMENTSCOMPQ (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': do not compute Q; = 'I': Q is initialized to the unit matrix, and the unitary matrix Q is returned; = 'V': Q must contain a unitary matrix Q1 on entry, and the product Q1*Q is returned. COMPZ (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': do not compute Q; = 'I': Q is initialized to the unit matrix, and the unitary matrix Q is returned; = 'V': Q must contain a unitary matrix Q1 on entry, and the product Q1*Q is returned. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0. ILO (input) INTEGER IHI (input) INTEGER It is assumed that A is already upper triangular in rows and columns 1:ILO-1 and IHI+1:N. ILO and IHI are normally set by a previous call to ZGGBAL; otherwise they should be set to 1 and N respectively. 1 <= ILO <= IHI <= N, if N > 0; ILO=1 and IHI=0, if N=0. A (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the N-by-N general matrix to be reduced. On exit, the upper triangle and the first subdiagonal of A are overwritten with the upper Hessenberg matrix H, and the rest is set to zero. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). B (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB, N) On entry, the N-by-N upper triangular matrix B. On exit, the upper triangular matrix T = Q' B Z. The elements below the diagonal are set to zero. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). Q (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDQ, N) If COMPQ='N': Q is not referenced. If COMPQ='I': on entry, Q need not be set, and on exit it contains the unitary matrix Q, where Q' is the product of the Givens transformations which are applied to A and B on the left. If COMPQ='V': on entry, Q must contain a unitary matrix Q1, and on exit this is overwritten by Q1*Q. LDQ (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Q. LDQ >= N if COMPQ='V' or 'I'; LDQ >= 1 oth- erwise. Z (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDZ, N) If COMPZ='N': Z is not referenced. If COMPZ='I': on entry, Z need not be set, and on exit it contains the unitary matrix Z, which is the product of the Givens transformations which are applied to A and B on the right. If COMPZ='V': on entry, Z must contain a unitary matrix Z1, and on exit this is overwritten by Z1*Z. LDZ (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= N if COMPZ='V' or 'I'; LDZ >= 1 oth- erwise. INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit. < 0: if INFO =, the i-th argument had an illegal value.-iFURTHER DETAILSThis routine reduces A to Hessenberg and B to triangular form by an unblocked reduction, as described in _Matrix_Computations_, by Golub and van Loan (Johns Hopkins Press).LAPACK version 3.015 June 2000 ZGGHRD(l)

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