
ZGERFS(l) ) ZGERFS(l)
NAME
ZGERFS  improve the computed solution to a system of linear equations and provides error
bounds and backward error estimates for the solution
SYNOPSIS
SUBROUTINE ZGERFS( TRANS, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR,
WORK, RWORK, INFO )
CHARACTER TRANS
INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDAF, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS
INTEGER IPIV( * )
DOUBLE PRECISION BERR( * ), FERR( * ), RWORK( * )
COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), AF( LDAF, * ), B( LDB, * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )
PURPOSE
ZGERFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations and provides error
bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.
ARGUMENTS
TRANS (input) CHARACTER*1
Specifies the form of the system of equations:
= 'N': A * X = B (No transpose)
= 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose)
= 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose)
N (input) INTEGER
The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
NRHS (input) INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and
X. NRHS >= 0.
A (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
The original NbyN matrix A.
LDA (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
AF (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
The factors L and U from the factorization A = P*L*U as computed by ZGETRF.
LDAF (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N).
IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N)
The pivot indices from ZGETRF; for 1<=i<=N, row i of the matrix was interchanged
with row IPIV(i).
B (input) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.
LDB (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
X (input/output) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by ZGETRS. On exit, the improved
solution matrix X.
LDX (input) INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
FERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the jth column
of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j),
FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in
(X(j)  XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The esti
mate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight over
estimate of the true error.
BERR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the
smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solu
tion).
WORK (workspace) COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)
RWORK (workspace) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
INFO (output) INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value
PARAMETERS
ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.
LAPACK version 3.0 15 June 2000 ZGERFS(l) 
