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SGESVD(l)) SGESVD(l)SGESVD - compute the singular value decomposition (SVD) of a real M-by-N matrix A, optionally computing the left and/or right singular vectorsNAMESUBROUTINE SGESVD( JOBU, JOBVT, M, N, A, LDA, S, U, LDU, VT, LDVT, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER JOBU, JOBVT INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDU, LDVT, LWORK, M, N REAL A( LDA, * ), S( * ), U( LDU, * ), VT( LDVT, * ), WORK( * )SYNOPSISSGESVD computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) of a real M-by-N matrix A, optionally computing the left and/or right singular vectors. The SVD is written A = U * SIGMA * transpose(V) where SIGMA is an M-by-N matrix which is zero except for its min(m,n) diagonal elements, U is an M-by-M orthogonal matrix, and V is an N-by-N orthogonal matrix. The diagonal elements of SIGMA are the singular val- ues of A; they are real and non-negative, and are returned in descending order. The first min(m,n) columns of U and V are the left and right singular vectors of A. Note that the routine returns V**T, not V.PURPOSEJOBU (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies options for computing all or part of the matrix U: = 'A': all M columns of U are returned in array U: = 'S': the first min(m,n) columns of U (the left singular vectors) are returned in the array U; = 'O': the first min(m,n) columns of U (the left singular vectors) are overwritten on the array A; = 'N': no columns of U (no left singular vectors) are computed. JOBVT (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies options for computing all or part of the matrix V**T: = 'A': all N rows of V**T are returned in the array VT; = 'S': the first min(m,n) rows of V**T (the right singular vectors) are returned in the array VT; = 'O': the first min(m,n) rows of V**T (the right singular vectors) are overwritten on the array A; = 'N': no rows of V**T (no right singular vectors) are computed. JOBVT and JOBU cannot both be 'O'. M (input) INTEGER The number of rows of the input matrix A. M >= 0. N (input) INTEGER The number of columns of the input matrix A. N >= 0. A (input/output) REAL array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the M-by-N matrix A. On exit, if JOBU = 'O', A is overwritten with the first min(m,n) col- umns of U (the left singular vectors, stored columnwise); if JOBVT = 'O', A is overwritten with the first min(m,n) rows of V**T (the right singular vectors, stored rowwise); if JOBU .ne. 'O' and JOBVT .ne. 'O', the contents of A are destroyed. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M). S (output) REAL array, dimension (min(M,N)) The singular values of A, sorted so that S(i) >= S(i+1). U (output) REAL array, dimension (LDU,UCOL) (LDU,M) if JOBU = 'A' or (LDU,min(M,N)) if JOBU = 'S'. If JOBU = 'A', U contains the M-by-M orthogo- nal matrix U; if JOBU = 'S', U contains the first min(m,n) columns of U (the left singular vectors, stored columnwise); if JOBU = 'N' or 'O', U is not referenced. LDU (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array U. LDU >= 1; if JOBU = 'S' or 'A', LDU >= M. VT (output) REAL array, dimension (LDVT,N) If JOBVT = 'A', VT contains the N-by-N orthogonal matrix V**T; if JOBVT = 'S', VT contains the first min(m,n) rows of V**T (the right singular vectors, stored rowwise); if JOBVT = 'N' or 'O', VT is not referenced. LDVT (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VT. LDVT >= 1; if JOBVT = 'A', LDVT >= N; if JOBVT = 'S', LDVT >= min(M,N). WORK (workspace/output) REAL array, dimension (LWORK) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK; if INFO > 0, WORK(2:MIN(M,N)) contains the unconverged superdiagonal elements of an upper bidiagonal matrix B whose diagonal is in S (not neces- sarily sorted). B satisfies A = U * B * VT, so it has the same singular values as A, and singular vec- tors related by U and VT. LWORK (input) INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1. LWORK >= MAX(3*MIN(M,N)+MAX(M,N),5*MIN(M,N)). For good performance, LWORK should generally be larger. If LWORK =ARGUMENTS, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit. < 0: if INFO =-1, the i-th argument had an illegal value. > 0: if SBDSQR did not converge, INFO specifies how many superdiagonals of an intermediate bidiagonal form B did not converge to zero. See the description of WORK above for details.-iLAPACK version 3.015 June 2000 SGESVD(l)

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