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SGERFS(l)) SGERFS(l)NAMESGERFS - improve the computed solution to a system of linear equations and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solutionSYNOPSISSUBROUTINE SGERFS( TRANS, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, IWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER TRANS INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDAF, LDB, LDX, N, NRHS INTEGER IPIV( * ), IWORK( * ) REAL A( LDA, * ), AF( LDAF, * ), B( LDB, * ), BERR( * ), FERR( * ), WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )PURPOSESGERFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.ARGUMENTSTRANS (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations: = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose = Transpose) N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. NRHS (input) INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0. A (input) REAL array, dimension (LDA,N) The original N-by-N matrix A. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). AF (input) REAL array, dimension (LDAF,N) The factors L and U from the factorization A = P*L*U as computed by SGETRF. LDAF (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N). IPIV (input) INTEGER array, dimension (N) The pivot indices from SGETRF; for 1<=i<=N, row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i). B (input) REAL array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The right hand side matrix B. LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N). X (input/output) REAL array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by SGETRS. On exit, the improved solution matrix X. LDX (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N). FERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The esti- mate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight over- estimate of the true error. BERR (output) REAL array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solu- tion). WORK (workspace) REAL array, dimension (3*N) IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (N) INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO =, the i-th argument had an illegal value-iPARAMETERSITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.LAPACK version 3.015 June 2000 SGERFS(l)

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