

DGESDD(l) ) DGESDD(l) NAME DGESDD  compute the singular value decomposition (SVD) of a real MbyN matrix A, option ally computing the left and right singular vectors SYNOPSIS SUBROUTINE DGESDD( JOBZ, M, N, A, LDA, S, U, LDU, VT, LDVT, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER JOBZ INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDU, LDVT, LWORK, M, N INTEGER IWORK( * ) DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), S( * ), U( LDU, * ), VT( LDVT, * ), WORK( * ) PURPOSE DGESDD computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) of a real MbyN matrix A, option ally computing the left and right singular vectors. If singular vectors are desired, it uses a divideandconquer algorithm. The SVD is written A = U * SIGMA * transpose(V) where SIGMA is an MbyN matrix which is zero except for its min(m,n) diagonal elements, U is an MbyM orthogonal matrix, and V is an NbyN orthogonal matrix. The diagonal ele ments of SIGMA are the singular values of A; they are real and nonnegative, and are returned in descending order. The first min(m,n) columns of U and V are the left and right singular vectors of A. Note that the routine returns VT = V**T, not V. The divide and conquer algorithm makes very mild assumptions about floating point arith metic. It will work on machines with a guard digit in add/subtract, or on those binary machines without guard digits which subtract like the Cray XMP, Cray YMP, Cray C90, or Cray2. It could conceivably fail on hexadecimal or decimal machines without guard digits, but we know of none. ARGUMENTS JOBZ (input) CHARACTER*1 Specifies options for computing all or part of the matrix U: = 'A': all M columns of U and all N rows of V**T are returned in the arrays U and VT; = 'S': the first min(M,N) columns of U and the first min(M,N) rows of V**T are returned in the arrays U and VT; = 'O': If M >= N, the first N columns of U are overwritten on the array A and all rows of V**T are returned in the array VT; otherwise, all columns of U are returned in the array U and the first M rows of V**T are overwritten in the array VT; = 'N': no columns of U or rows of V**T are computed. M (input) INTEGER The number of rows of the input matrix A. M >= 0. N (input) INTEGER The number of columns of the input matrix A. N >= 0. A (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the MbyN matrix A. On exit, if JOBZ = 'O', A is overwritten with the first N columns of U (the left singular vectors, stored columnwise) if M >= N; A is overwritten with the first M rows of V**T (the right singular vectors, stored rowwise) otherwise. if JOBZ .ne. 'O', the contents of A are destroyed. LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M). S (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)) The singular values of A, sorted so that S(i) >= S(i+1). U (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDU,UCOL) UCOL = M if JOBZ = 'A' or JOBZ = 'O' and M < N; UCOL = min(M,N) if JOBZ = 'S'. If JOBZ = 'A' or JOBZ = 'O' and M < N, U contains the MbyM orthogonal matrix U; if JOBZ = 'S', U contains the first min(M,N) columns of U (the left singular vectors, stored columnwise); if JOBZ = 'O' and M >= N, or JOBZ = 'N', U is not referenced. LDU (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array U. LDU >= 1; if JOBZ = 'S' or 'A' or JOBZ = 'O' and M < N, LDU >= M. VT (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDVT,N) If JOBZ = 'A' or JOBZ = 'O' and M >= N, VT contains the NbyN orthogonal matrix V**T; if JOBZ = 'S', VT contains the first min(M,N) rows of V**T (the right singu lar vectors, stored rowwise); if JOBZ = 'O' and M < N, or JOBZ = 'N', VT is not referenced. LDVT (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VT. LDVT >= 1; if JOBZ = 'A' or JOBZ = 'O' and M >= N, LDVT >= N; if JOBZ = 'S', LDVT >= min(M,N). WORK (workspace/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LWORK) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK; LWORK (input) INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1. If JOBZ = 'N', LWORK >= 3*min(M,N) + max(max(M,N),6*min(M,N)). If JOBZ = 'O', LWORK >= 3*min(M,N)*min(M,N) + max(max(M,N),5*min(M,N)*min(M,N)+4*min(M,N)). If JOBZ = 'S' or 'A' LWORK >= 3*min(M,N)*min(M,N) + max(max(M,N),4*min(M,N)*min(M,N)+4*min(M,N)). For good per formance, LWORK should generally be larger. If LWORK < 0 but other input argu ments are legal, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. IWORK (workspace) INTEGER array, dimension (8*min(M,N)) INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit. < 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value. > 0: DBDSDC did not converge, updating process failed. FURTHER DETAILS Based on contributions by Ming Gu and Huan Ren, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA LAPACK version 3.0 15 June 2000 DGESDD(l)