

DGEGV(l) ) DGEGV(l) NAME DGEGV  routine is deprecated and has been replaced by routine DGGEV SYNOPSIS SUBROUTINE DGEGV( JOBVL, JOBVR, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, ALPHAR, ALPHAI, BETA, VL, LDVL, VR, LDVR, WORK, LWORK, INFO ) CHARACTER JOBVL, JOBVR INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDB, LDVL, LDVR, LWORK, N DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), ALPHAI( * ), ALPHAR( * ), B( LDB, * ), BETA( * ), VL( LDVL, * ), VR( LDVR, * ), WORK( * ) PURPOSE This routine is deprecated and has been replaced by routine DGGEV. DGEGV computes for a pair of nbyn real nonsymmetric matrices A and B, the generalized eigenvalues (alphar +/ alphai*i, beta), and optionally, the left and/or right generalized eigenvectors (VL and VR). A generalized eigenvalue for a pair of matrices (A,B) is, roughly speaking, a scalar w or a ratio alpha/beta = w, such that A  w*B is singular. It is usually represented as the pair (alpha,beta), as there is a reasonable interpretation for beta=0, and even for both being zero. A good beginning reference is the book, "Matrix Computations", by G. Golub & C. van Loan (Johns Hopkins U. Press) A right generalized eigenvector corresponding to a generalized eigenvalue w for a pair of matrices (A,B) is a vector r such that (A  w B) r = 0 . A left generalized eigen vector is a vector l such that l**H * (A  w B) = 0, where l**H is the conjugatetranspose of l. Note: this routine performs "full balancing" on A and B  see "Further Details", below. ARGUMENTS JOBVL (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': do not compute the left generalized eigenvectors; = 'V': compute the left generalized eigenvectors. JOBVR (input) CHARACTER*1 = 'N': do not compute the right generalized eigenvectors; = 'V': compute the right generalized eigenvectors. N (input) INTEGER The order of the matrices A, B, VL, and VR. N >= 0. A (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA, N) On entry, the first of the pair of matrices whose generalized eigenvalues and (optionally) generalized eigenvectors are to be computed. On exit, the contents will have been destroyed. (For a description of the contents of A on exit, see "Further Details", below.) LDA (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of A. LDA >= max(1,N). B (input/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB, N) On entry, the second of the pair of matrices whose generalized eigenvalues and (optionally) generalized eigenvectors are to be computed. On exit, the contents will have been destroyed. (For a description of the contents of B on exit, see "Further Details", below.) LDB (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of B. LDB >= max(1,N). ALPHAR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) ALPHAI (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) BETA (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) On exit, (ALPHAR(j) + ALPHAI(j)*i)/BETA(j), j=1,...,N, will be the generalized eigenvalues. If ALPHAI(j) is zero, then the j th eigenvalue is real; if positive, then the jth and (j+1)st eigenvalues are a complex conjugate pair, with ALPHAI(j+1) negative. Note: the quotients ALPHAR(j)/BETA(j) and ALPHAI(j)/BETA(j) may easily over or underflow, and BETA(j) may even be zero. Thus, the user should avoid naively com puting the ratio alpha/beta. However, ALPHAR and ALPHAI will be always less than and usually comparable with norm(A) in magnitude, and BETA always less than and usually comparable with norm(B). VL (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDVL,N) If JOBVL = 'V', the left generalized eigenvectors. (See "Purpose", above.) Real eigenvectors take one column, complex take two columns, the first for the real part and the second for the imaginary part. Complex eigenvectors correspond to an eigenvalue with positive imaginary part. Each eigenvector will be scaled so the largest component will have abs(real part) + abs(imag. part) = 1, *except* that for eigenvalues with alpha=beta=0, a zero vector will be returned as the corre sponding eigenvector. Not referenced if JOBVL = 'N'. LDVL (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the matrix VL. LDVL >= 1, and if JOBVL = 'V', LDVL >= N. VR (output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDVR,N) If JOBVR = 'V', the right generalized eigenvectors. (See "Purpose", above.) Real eigenvectors take one column, complex take two columns, the first for the real part and the second for the imaginary part. Complex eigenvectors correspond to an eigenvalue with positive imaginary part. Each eigenvector will be scaled so the largest component will have abs(real part) + abs(imag. part) = 1, *except* that for eigenvalues with alpha=beta=0, a zero vector will be returned as the corre sponding eigenvector. Not referenced if JOBVR = 'N'. LDVR (input) INTEGER The leading dimension of the matrix VR. LDVR >= 1, and if JOBVR = 'V', LDVR >= N. WORK (workspace/output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LWORK) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. LWORK (input) INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,8*N). For good performance, LWORK must generally be larger. To compute the optimal value of LWORK, call ILAENV to get blocksizes (for DGEQRF, DORMQR, and DORGQR.) Then compute: NB  MAX of the blocksizes for DGEQRF, DORMQR, and DORGQR; The optimal LWORK is: 2*N + MAX( 6*N, N*(NB+1) ). If LWORK = 1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. INFO (output) INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value. = 1,...,N: The QZ iteration failed. No eigenvectors have been calculated, but ALPHAR(j), ALPHAI(j), and BETA(j) should be correct for j=INFO+1,...,N. > N: errors that usually indicate LAPACK problems: =N+1: error return from DGGBAL =N+2: error return from DGEQRF =N+3: error return from DORMQR =N+4: error return from DORGQR =N+5: error return from DGGHRD =N+6: error return from DHGEQZ (other than failed iteration) =N+7: error return from DTGEVC =N+8: error return from DGGBAK (computing VL) =N+9: error return from DGGBAK (computing VR) =N+10: error return from DLASCL (various calls) FURTHER DETAILS Balancing  This driver calls DGGBAL to both permute and scale rows and columns of A and B. The per mutations PL and PR are chosen so that PL*A*PR and PL*B*R will be upper triangular except for the diagonal blocks A(i:j,i:j) and B(i:j,i:j), with i and j as close together as pos sible. The diagonal scaling matrices DL and DR are chosen so that the pair DL*PL*A*PR*DR, DL*PL*B*PR*DR have elements close to one (except for the elements that start out zero.) After the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the balanced matrices have been computed, DGGBAK transforms the eigenvectors back to what they would have been (in perfect arithmetic) if they had not been balanced. Contents of A and B on Exit        If any eigenvectors are computed (either JOBVL='V' or JOBVR='V' or both), then on exit the arrays A and B will contain the real Schur form[*] of the "balanced" versions of A and B. If no eigenvectors are computed, then only the diagonal blocks will be correct. [*] See DHGEQZ, DGEGS, or read the book "Matrix Computations", by Golub & van Loan, pub. by Johns Hopkins U. Press. LAPACK version 3.0 15 June 2000 DGEGV(l)