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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for rsyncd.conf (redhat section 5)

rsyncd.conf(5)									   rsyncd.conf(5)

       rsyncd.conf - configuration file for rsync server


       The  rsyncd.conf file is the runtime configuration file for rsync when run with the --dae-
       mon option. When run in this way rsync becomes a rsync server listening on TCP  port  873.
       Connections  from  rsync  clients are accepted for either anonymous or authenticated rsync

       The rsyncd.conf file controls authentication, access, logging and available modules.

       The file consists of modules and parameters. A module begins with the name of  the  module
       in  square brackets and continues until the next module begins. Modules contain parameters
       of the form 'name = value'.

       The file is line-based - that is, each newline-terminated line represents  either  a  com-
       ment, a module name or a parameter.

       Only  the  first equals sign in a parameter is significant. Whitespace before or after the
       first equals sign is discarded. Leading, trailing and internal whitespace  in  module  and
       parameter  names  is  irrelevant.  Leading and trailing whitespace in a parameter value is
       discarded. Internal whitespace within a parameter value is retained verbatim.

       Any line beginning with a hash (#) is ignored, as are lines containing only whitespace.

       Any line ending in a \ is "continued" on the next line in the customary UNIX fashion.

       The values following the equals sign in parameters are all  either  a  string  (no  quotes
       needed) or a boolean, which may be given as yes/no, 0/1 or true/false. Case is not signif-
       icant in boolean values, but is preserved in string values.

       The rsync daemon is launched by specifying the --daemon option to rsync.

       The daemon must run with root privileges if you wish to use chroot, to bind to a port num-
       bered  under  1024  (as is the default 873), or to set file ownership.  Otherwise, it must
       just have permission to read and write the appropriate data, log, and lock files.

       You can launch it either via inetd or as a stand-alone daemon. If run  as  a  daemon  then
       just run the command "rsync --daemon" from a suitable startup script.

       When run via inetd you should add a line like this to /etc/services:

	      rsync	      873/tcp

       and a single line something like this to /etc/inetd.conf:

	      rsync   stream  tcp     nowait  root   /usr/bin/rsync rsyncd --daemon

       Replace	"/usr/bin/rsync"  with the path to where you have rsync installed on your system.
       You will then need to send inetd a HUP signal to tell it to reread its config file.

       Note that you should not send the rsync server a HUP signal to  force  it  to  reread  the
       /etc/rsyncd.conf. The file is re-read on each client connection.

       The first parameters in the file (before a [module] header) are the global parameters.

       You  may also include any module parameters in the global part of the config file in which
       case the supplied value will override the default for that parameter.

       motd file
	      The "motd file" option allows you to specify a "message of the day" to  display  to
	      clients  on  each  connect.  This  usually  contains site information and any legal
	      notices. The default is no motd file.

       log file
	      The "log file" option tells the rsync daemon to log messages to  that  file  rather
	      than  using syslog. This is particularly useful on systems (such as AIX) where sys-
	      log() doesn't work for chrooted programs.

       pid file
	      The "pid file" option tells the rsync daemon to write its process id to that file.

       syslog facility
	      The "syslog facility" option allows you to specify the syslog facility name to  use
	      when logging messages from the rsync server. You may use any standard syslog facil-
	      ity name which is defined on your system. Common names are  auth,  authpriv,  cron,
	      daemon,  ftp,  kern, lpr, mail, news, security, syslog, user, uucp, local0, local1,
	      local2, local3, local4, local5, local6 and local7. The default is daemon.

       socket options
	      This option can provide endless fun for people who like to tune  their  systems  to
	      the utmost degree. You can set all sorts of socket options which may make transfers
	      faster (or slower!). Read the man page for the setsockopt() system call for details
	      on some of the options you may be able to set. By default no special socket options
	      are set.

       After the global options you should define a number of  modules,  each  module  exports	a
       directory  tree	as  a  symbolic name. Modules are exported by specifying a module name in
       square brackets [module] followed by the options for that module.

	      The "comment" option specifies a description string that is displayed next  to  the
	      module name when clients obtain a list of available modules. The default is no com-

       path   The "path" option specifies the directory in the servers filesystem to make  avail-
	      able   in   this	module.   You  must  specify  this  option  for  each  module  in

       use chroot
	      If "use chroot" is true, the rsync server will chroot to the "path" before starting
	      the  file  transfer  with  the  client.  This has the advantage of extra protection
	      against possible implementation security holes, but it  has  the	disadvantages  of
	      requiring super-user privileges and of not being able to follow symbolic links out-
	      side of the new root path when reading.  When "use chroot" is false,  for  security
	      reasons symlinks may only be relative paths pointing to other files within the root
	      path, and leading slashes are removed from absolute paths.  The  default	for  "use
	      chroot" is true.

       max connections
	      The "max connections" option allows you to specify the maximum number of simultane-
	      ous connections you will allow to this module of your  rsync  server.  Any  clients
	      connecting when the maximum has been reached will receive a message telling them to
	      try later.  The default is 0 which means no limit.

       lock file
	      The "lock file" option specifies the file to use to support the  "max  connections"
	      option.  The  rsync  server uses record locking on this file to ensure that the max
	      connections limit is not exceeded. The default is /var/run/rsyncd.lock.

       read only
	      The "read only" option determines whether clients will be able to upload	files  or
	      not. If "read only" is true then any attempted uploads will fail. If "read only" is
	      false then uploads will be possible if file permissions on the server  allow  them.
	      The default is for all modules to be read only.

       list   The  "list"  option determines if this module should be listed when the client asks
	      for a listing of available modules. By setting this to false you can create  hidden
	      modules. The default is for modules to be listable.

       uid    The "uid" option specifies the user name or user id that file transfers to and from
	      that module should take place as when the daemon was run as  root.  In  combination
	      with  the  "gid"	option	this  determines what file permissions are available. The
	      default is uid -2, which is normally the user "nobody".

       gid    The "gid" option specifies the group name or group id that file  transfers  to  and
	      from that module should take place as when the daemon was run as root. This comple-
	      ments the "uid" option. The  default  is	gid  -2,  which  is  normally  the  group

	      The  "exclude"  option  allows you to specify a space separated list of patterns to
	      add to the exclude list. This is equivalent to the client specifying these patterns
	      with  the --exclude option except that the exclude list is not passed to the client
	      and thus only apply on the server.  Only one "exclude" option may be specified, but
	      you can use "-" and "+" before patterns to specify exclude/include.

	      Note  that  this	option	is not designed with strong security in mind, it is quite
	      possible that a client may find a way to bypass this exclude list. If you  want  to
	      absolutely  ensure  that	certain  files	cannot	be  accessed then use the uid/gid
	      options in combination with file permissions.

       exclude from
	      The "exclude from" option specifies a filename on the server that contains  exclude
	      patterns,  one per line. This is equivalent to the client specifying the --exclude-
	      from option with a equivalent file except that the resulting exclude  patterns  are
	      not passed to the client and thus only apply on the server. See also the note about
	      security for the exclude option above.

	      The "include" option allows you to specify a space separated list of patterns which
	      rsync  should  not  exclude. This is equivalent to the client specifying these pat-
	      terns with the --include option.	This is useful as it allows you to build up quite
	      complex exclude/include rules.  Only one "include" option may be specified, but you
	      can use "+" and "-" before patterns to switch include/exclude.

	      See the section of exclude patterns in the rsync man page for  information  on  the
	      syntax of this option.

       include from
	      The  "include from" option specifies a filename on the server that contains include
	      patterns, one per line. This is equivalent to the client specifying the  --include-
	      from option with a equivalent file.

       auth users
	      The  "auth  users"  option  specifies a comma and space separated list of usernames
	      that will be allowed to connect to this module. The usernames do not need to  exist
	      on  the  local system. The usernames may also contain shell wildcard characters. If
	      "auth users" is set then the client will be challenged to  supply  a  username  and
	      password	to connect to the module. A challenge response authentication protocol is
	      used for this exchange. The plain text usernames are passwords are  stored  in  the
	      file  specified  by  the	"secrets file" option. The default is for all users to be
	      able to connect without a password (this is called "anonymous rsync").

       secrets file
	      The "secrets file" option specifies the name of a  file  that  contains  the  user-
	      name:password  pairs  used  for  authenticating this module. This file is only con-
	      sulted if the "auth users" option is specified. The file is line based and contains
	      username:password  pairs separated by a single colon. Any line starting with a hash
	      (#) is considered a comment and is skipped. The passwords can contain  any  charac-
	      ters  but  be warned that many operating systems limit the length of passwords that
	      can be typed at the client end, so you may find that passwords longer than 8  char-
	      acters don't work.

	      There  is no default for the "secrets file" option, you must choose a name (such as
	      /etc/rsyncd.secrets).  The file must normally  not  be  readable	by  "other";  see
	      "strict modes".

       strict modes
	      The  "strict modes" option determines whether or not the permissions on the secrets
	      file will be checked.  If "strict modes" is true, then the secrets file must not be
	      readable	by any user id other than the one that the rsync daemon is running under.
	      If "strict modes" is false, the check is not performed.  The default is true.  This
	      option was added to accommodate rsync running on the Windows operating system.

       hosts allow
	      The  "hosts allow" option allows you to specify a list of patterns that are matched
	      against a connecting clients hostname and IP address. If none of the patterns match
	      then the connection is rejected.

	      Each pattern can be in one of five forms:

       o      a  dotted  decimal  IP  address. In this case the incoming machines IP address must
	      match exactly.

       o      a address/mask in the form a.b.c.d/n were n is the number of one	bits  in  in  the
	      netmask. All IP addresses which match the masked IP address will be allowed in.

       o      a  address/mask  in  the	form a.b.c.d/e.f.g.h where e.f.g.h is a netmask in dotted
	      decimal notation. All IP addresses which	match  the  masked  IP	address  will  be
	      allowed in.

       o      a  hostname.  The  hostname as determined by a reverse lookup will be matched (case
	      insensitive) against the pattern. Only an exact match is allowed in.

       o      a hostname pattern using wildcards. These are matched using the same rules as  nor-
	      mal unix filename matching. If the pattern matches then the client is allowed in.

	      You  can	also  combine  "hosts allow" with a separate "hosts deny" option. If both
	      options are specified then the "hosts allow" option s checked  first  and  a  match
	      results  in  the	client	being  able  to  connect. The "hosts deny" option is then
	      checked and a match means that the host is rejected. If the  host  does  not  match
	      either  the  "hosts  allow" or the "hosts deny" patterns then it is allowed to con-

	      The default is no "hosts allow" option, which means all hosts can connect.

       hosts deny
	      The "hosts deny" option allows you to specify a list of patterns that  are  matched
	      against  a  connecting clients hostname and IP address. If the pattern matches then
	      the connection is rejected. See the "hosts allow" option for more information.

	      The default is no "hosts deny" option, which means all hosts can connect.

       ignore errors
	      The "ignore errors" option tells rsyncd to ignore IO  errors  on	the  server  when
	      deciding	whether to run the delete phase of the transfer. Normally rsync skips the
	      --delete step if any IO errors have occurred in order to prevent disasterous  dele-
	      tion  due  to  a	temporary resource shortage or other IO error. In some cases this
	      test is counter productive so you can use this option to turn off this behaviour.

       ignore nonreadable
	      This tells the rsync server to completely ignore files that are not readable by the
	      user.  This  is  useful  for  public archives that may have some non-readable files
	      among the directories, and the sysadmin doesn't want those files to be seen at all.

       transfer logging
	      The "transfer logging" option enables per-file logging of downloads and uploads  in
	      a format somewhat similar to that used by ftp daemons. If you want to customize the
	      log formats look at the log format option.

       log format
	      The "log format" option allows you to specify the  format  used  for  logging  file
	      transfers  when transfer logging is enabled. The format is a text string containing
	      embedded single character escape sequences prefixed with a percent (%) character.

	      The prefixes that are understood are:

       o      %h for the remote host name

       o      %a for the remote IP address

       o      %l for the length of the file in bytes

       o      %p for the process id of this rsync session

       o      %o for the operation, which is either "send" or "recv"

       o      %f for the filename

       o      %P for the module path

       o      %m for the module name

       o      %t for the current date time

       o      %u for the authenticated username (or the null string)

       o      %b for the number of bytes actually transferred

       o      %c when sending files this gives the number of checksum  bytes  received	for  this

	      The  default  log  format is "%o %h [%a] %m (%u) %f %l", and a "%t [%p] " is always
	      added to the beginning when using the "log file" option.

	      A perl script called rsyncstats to summarize this format is included in  the  rsync
	      source code distribution.

	      The  "timeout"  option allows you to override the clients choice for IO timeout for
	      this module. Using this option you can ensure that  rsync  won't	wait  on  a  dead
	      client forever. The timeout is specified in seconds. A value of zero means no time-
	      out and is the default. A good choice for anonymous rsync servers may be 600  (giv-
	      ing a 10 minute timeout).

       refuse options
	      The  "refuse  options" option allows you to specify a space separated list of rsync
	      command line options that will be refused by your rsync server.  The full names  of
	      the  options  must be used (i.e., you must use "checksum" not "c" to disable check-
	      summing).  When an option is refused, the server prints an error message and exits.
	      To  prevent all compression, you can use "dont compress = *" (see below) instead of
	      "refuse options = compress" to avoid returning an error to a client  that  requests

       dont compress
	      The  "dont  compress"  option allows you to select filenames based on wildcard pat-
	      terns that should not be compressed during transfer. Compression	is  expensive  in
	      terms  of  CPU  usage so it is usually good to not try to compress files that won't
	      compress well, such as already compressed files.

	      The "dont compress" option takes a space separated list of  case-insensitive  wild-
	      card  patterns.  Any  source filename matching one of the patterns will not be com-
	      pressed during transfer.

	      The default setting is

	      *.gz *.tgz *.zip *.z *.rpm *.deb *.iso *.bz2 *.tbz

       The authentication protocol used in rsync is a 128 bit MD4 based challenge  response  sys-
       tem. Although I believe that no one has ever demonstrated a brute-force break of this sort
       of system you should realize that this is not a "military strength" authentication system.
       It  should  be  good  enough for most purposes but if you want really top quality security
       then I recommend that you run rsync over ssh.

       Also note that the rsync server protocol does not currently provide any encryption of  the
       data  that  is  transferred over the link. Only authentication is provided. Use ssh as the
       transport if you want encryption.

       Future versions of rsync may support SSL for better  authentication  and  encryption,  but
       that is still being investigated.

       A simple rsyncd.conf file that allow anonymous rsync to a ftp area at /home/ftp would be:

	       path = /home/ftp
	       comment = ftp export area

       A more sophisticated example would be:

       uid = nobody
       gid = nobody
       use chroot = no
       max connections = 4
       syslog facility = local5
       pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid

	       path = /var/ftp/pub
	       comment = whole ftp area (approx 6.1 GB)

	       path = /var/ftp/pub/samba
	       comment = Samba ftp area (approx 300 MB)

	       path = /var/ftp/pub/rsync
	       comment = rsync ftp area (approx 6 MB)

	       path = /public_html/samba
	       comment = Samba WWW pages (approx 240 MB)

	       path = /data/cvs
	       comment = CVS repository (requires authentication)
	       auth users = tridge, susan
	       secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.secrets

       The /etc/rsyncd.secrets file would look something like this:




       The  rsync  server  does  not send all types of error messages to the client. this means a
       client may be mystified as to why a transfer failed. The error will have  been  logged  by
       syslog on the server.

       Please report bugs! The rsync bug tracking system is online at http://rsync.samba.org/

       This man page is current for version 2.0 of rsync

       rsync is distributed under the GNU public license.  See the file COPYING for details.

       The primary ftp site for rsync is ftp://rsync.samba.org/pub/rsync.

       A WEB site is available at http://rsync.samba.org/

       We would be delighted to hear from you if you like this program.

       This program uses the zlib compression library written by Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler.

       Thanks  to  Warren Stanley for his original idea and patch for the rsync server. Thanks to
       Karsten Thygesen for his many suggestions and documentation!

       rsync was written by Andrew Tridgell and Paul Mackerras.  They may be contacted via  email
       at tridge@samba.org and Paul.Mackerras@cs.anu.edu.au

					   12 Feb 1999				   rsyncd.conf(5)

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