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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for sd (redhat section 4)

SD(4)					      Linux Programmer's Manual 					SD(4)

NAME
sd - Driver for SCSI Disk Drives
SYNOPSIS
#include <linux/hdreg.h> /* for HDIO_GETGEO */ #include <linux/fs.h> /* for BLKGETSIZE and BLKRRPART */
CONFIG
The block device name has the following form: sdlp, where l is a letter denoting the physical drive, and p is a number denoting the partition on that physical drive. Often, the partition number, p, will be left off when the device corresponds to the whole drive. SCSI disks have a major device number of 8, and a minor device number of the form (16 * drive_number) + parti- tion_number, where drive_number is the number of the physical drive in order of detection, and partition_num- ber is as follows: partition 0 is the whole drive partitions 1-4 are the DOS "primary" partitions partitions 5-8 are the DOS "extended" (or "logical") partitions For example, /dev/sda will have major 8, minor 0, and will refer to all of the first SCSI drive in the system; and /dev/sdb3 will have major 8, minor 19, and will refer to the third DOS "primary" partition on the second SCSI drive in the system. At this time, only block devices are provided. Raw devices have not yet been implemented.
DESCRIPTION
The following ioctls are provided: HDIO_GETGEO Returns the BIOS disk parameters in the following structure: struct hd_geometry { unsigned char heads; unsigned char sectors; unsigned short cylinders; unsigned long start; }; A pointer to this structure is passed as the ioctl(2) parameter. The information returned in the parameter is the disk geometry of the drive as understood by DOS! This geometry is not the physical geometry of the drive. It is used when constructing the drive's partition table, however, and is needed for convenient operation of fdisk(1), efdisk(1), and lilo(1). If the geometry information is not available, zero will be returned for all of the parameters. BLKGETSIZE Returns the device size in sectors. The ioctl(2) parameter should be a pointer to a long. BLKRRPART Forces a re-read of the SCSI disk partition tables. No parameter is needed. The scsi(4) ioctls are also supported. If the ioctl(2) parameter is required, and it is NULL, then ioctl() will return -EINVAL.
FILES
/dev/sd[a-h]: the whole device /dev/sd[a-h][0-8]: individual block partitions
SEE ALSO
scsi(4) 1992-12-17 SD(4)


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