QTimer - Timer signals and single-shot timers
QTimer ( QObject * parent = 0, const char * name = 0 )
bool isActive () const
int start ( int msec, bool sshot = FALSE )
void changeInterval ( int msec )
void stop ()
int timerId () const
void timeout ()
Static Public Members
void singleShot ( int msec, QObject * receiver, const char * member )
The QTimer class provides timer signals and single-shot timers.
It uses timer events internally to provide a more versatile timer. QTimer is very easy to
use: create a QTimer, call start() to start it and connect its timeout() to the
appropriate slots. When the time is up it will emit the timeout() signal.
Note that a QTimer object is destroyed automatically when its parent object is destroyed.
QTimer *timer = new QTimer( myObject );
connect( timer, SIGNAL(timeout()), myObject, SLOT(timerDone()) );
timer->start( 2000, TRUE ); // 2 seconds single-shot timer
You can also use the static singleShot() function to create a single shot timer.
As a special case, a QTimer with timeout 0 times out as soon as all the events in the
window system's event queue have been processed.
This can be used to do heavy work while providing a snappy user interface:
QTimer *t = new QTimer( myObject );
connect( t, SIGNAL(timeout()), SLOT(processOneThing()) );
t->start( 0, FALSE );
myObject->processOneThing() will be called repeatedly and should return quickly (typically
after processing one data item) so that Qt can deliver events to widgets and stop the
timer as soon as it has done all its work. This is the traditional way of implementing
heavy work in GUI applications; multi-threading is now becoming available on more and more
platforms, and we expect that null events will eventually be replaced by threading.
Note that QTimer's accuracy depends on the underlying operating system and hardware. Most
platforms support an accuracy of 20ms; some provide more. If Qt is unable to deliver the
requested number of timer clicks, it will silently discard some.
An alternative to using QTimer is to call QObject::startTimer() for your object and
reimplement the QObject::timerEvent() event handler in your class (which must, of course,
inherit QObject). The disadvantage is that timerEvent() does not support such high-level
features as single-shot timers or signals.
Some operating systems limit the number of timers that may be used; Qt tries to work
around these limitations.
See also Event Classes and Time and Date.
MEMBER FUNCTION DOCUMENTATION
QTimer::QTimer ( QObject * parent = 0, const char * name = 0 )
Constructs a timer called name, with the parent parent.
Note that the parent object's destructor will destroy this timer object.
Destroys the timer.
void QTimer::changeInterval ( int msec )
Changes the timeout interval to msec milliseconds.
If the timer signal is pending, it will be stopped and restarted; otherwise it will be
See also start() and isActive().
bool QTimer::isActive () const
Returns TRUE if the timer is running (pending); otherwise returns FALSE.
void QTimer::singleShot ( int msec, QObject * receiver, const char * member ) [static]
This static function calls a slot after a given time interval.
It is very convenient to use this function because you do not need to bother with a
timerEvent or to create a local QTimer object.
int main( int argc, char **argv )
QApplication a( argc, argv );
QTimer::singleShot( 10*60*1000, &a, SLOT(quit()) );
... // create and show your widgets
This sample program automatically terminates after 10 minutes (i.e. 600000 milliseconds).
The receiver is the receiving object and the member is the slot. The time interval is
int QTimer::start ( int msec, bool sshot = FALSE )
Starts the timer with a msec milliseconds timeout, and returns the ID of the timer, or
zero when starting the timer failed.
If sshot is TRUE, the timer will be activated only once; otherwise it will continue until
it is stopped.
Any pending timer will be stopped.
See also singleShot(), stop(), changeInterval(), and isActive().
void QTimer::stop ()
Stops the timer.
See also start().
void QTimer::timeout () [signal]
This signal is emitted when the timer is activated.
int QTimer::timerId () const
Returns the ID of the timer if the timer is running; otherwise returns -1.
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Trolltech AS 9 December 2002 QTimer(3qt)