SNMP_API(3) Net-SNMP SNMP_API(3)
snmp_sess_init, snmp_open, snmp_send, snmp_free_pdu, snmp_select_info, snmp_read,
snmp_timeout, snmp_close, snmp_perror, snmp_sess_perror, snmp_error, snmp_api_errstring -
send and receive SNMP messages
void snmp_sess_init ( struct snmp_session * );
struct snmp_session * snmp_open ( struct snmp_session *);
/* Input parameter not used in active sessions */
int snmp_send ( struct snmp_session *session,
struct snmp_pdu *pdu );
int snmp_select_info ( int *numfds, fd_set *fdset,
struct timeval *timeout, int *block );
void snmp_read ( fd_set *fdset );
void snmp_timeout ( void );
int snmp_close ( struct snmp_session *session );
void snmp_free_pdu ( struct snmp_pdu *pdu );
void snmp_error ( struct snmp_session *session,
int *pcliberr, int *psnmperr, char **pperrstring );
char *snmp_api_errstring ( int snmperr );
void snmp_perror ( char * msg );
/* for parsing errors only */
void snmp_sess_perror (char * msg, struct snmp_session *);
/* all other SNMP library errors */
Snmp_sess_init prepares a struct snmp_session that sources transport characteristics and
common information that will be used for a set of SNMP transactions. After this structure
is passed to snmp_open to create an SNMP session, the structure is not used.
Snmp_open returns a pointer to a newly-formed struct snmp_session object, which the appli-
cation must use to reference the active SNMP session.
Snmp_send and snmp_free_pdu each take as input a pointer to a struct snmp_pdu object.
This structure contains information that describes a transaction that will be performed
over an open session.
Consult snmp_api.h for the definitions of these structures.
Snmp_read, snmp_select_info, and snmp_timeout provide an interface for the use of the
select(2) system call so that SNMP transactions can occur asynchronously.
Snmp_select_info is given the information that would have been passed to select in the
absence of SNMP. For example, this might include window update information. This infor-
mation is modified so that SNMP will get the service it requires from the call to select.
In this case, numfds, fdset, and timeout correspond to the nfds, readfds, and timeout
arguments to select, respectively. The only exception is that timeout must always point
to an allocated (but perhaps uninitialized) struct timeval. If timeout would have been
passed as NULL, block is set to true, and timeout is treated as undefined. This same rule
applies upon return from snmp_select_info.
After calling snmp_select_info, select is called with the returned data. When select
returns, snmp_read should be called with the fd_set returned from select to read each SNMP
socket that has input. If select times out, snmp_timeout should be called to see if the
timeout was intended for SNMP.
Previous versions of the library used snmp_get_errno to read the global variable
snmp_errno which may have held the error status within the SNMP library. The existing
method snmp_perror should be used to log ASN.1 coding errors only.
The new method snmp_sess_perror is provided to capture errors that occur during the pro-
cessing of a particular SNMP session. Snmp_sess_perror calls snmp_error function to
obtain the "C" library error errno , the SNMP library error snmperr , and the SNMP library
detailed error message that is associated with an error that occurred during a given ses-
Note that in all cases except one, snmp_sess_perror should be handed the struct snmp_ses-
sion * pointer returned from snmp_open. If snmp_open returns a null pointer, pass the
INPUT struct snmp_session * pointer used to call snmp_open.
Error return status from snmp_close and snmp_send is indicated by return of 0. A success-
ful status will return a 1 for snmp_close and then request id of the packet for snmp_send.
Upon successful return from snmp_send the pdu will be freed by the library.
Consult snmp_api.h for the complete set of SNMP library error values. The SNMP library
error value snmperr can be one of the following values:
SNMPERR_GENERR A generic error occurred.
SNMPERR_BAD_LOCPORT The local port was bad because it had already been allocated or
permission was denied.
SNMPERR_BAD_ADDRESS The host name or address given was not useable.
SNMPERR_BAD_SESSION The specified session was not open.
A string representation of the error code can be obtained with snmp_api_errstring, and a
standard error message may be printed using snmp_perror that functions like the perror
4.2 Berkeley Distribution 21 Oct 1999 SNMP_API(3)