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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for pdl::reduce (redhat section 3)

Reduce(3)		       User Contributed Perl Documentation			Reduce(3)

       PDL::Reduce -- a "reduce" function for PDL

       Many languages have a "reduce" function used to reduce the rank of an N-D array by one. It
       works by applying a selected operation along a specified dimension. This module implements
       such a function for PDL by providing a simplified interface to the existing projection
       functions (e.g. "sumover", "maximum", "average", etc).

	use PDL::Reduce;
	$a = sequence 5,5;
	# reduce by adding all
	# elements along 2nd dimension
	$b = $a->reduce('add',1);
	@ops = $a->canreduce; # return a list of all allowed operations


       reduce dimension of piddle by one by applying an operation along the specified dimension

	$a = sequence 5,5;
	# reduce by adding all
	# elements along 2nd dimension
	$b = $a->reduce('add',1);
	$b = $a->reduce('plus',1);
	$b = $a->reduce('+',1);     # three ways to do the same thing

       [ As an aside: if you are familiar with threading you will see that this is actually the
       same as

	$b = $a->mv(1,0)->sumover


       NOTE: You should quote the name of the operation (1st arg) that you want "reduce" to per-
       form. This is important since some of the names are identical to the names of the actual
       PDL functions which might be imported into your namespace. And you definitely want a
       string as argument, not a function invocation! For example, this will probably fail:

	 $b = $a->reduce(avg,1); # gives an error from invocation of 'avg'

       Rather use

	 $b = $a->reduce('avg',1);

       "reduce" provides a simple and unified interface to the projection functions and makes
       people coming from other data/array languages hopefully feel more at home.

	$result = $pdl->reduce($operation [,$dim]);

       "reduce" applies the named operation along the specified dimension reducing the input pid-
       dle dimension by one. If the dimension is omitted the operation is applied along the first
       dimension. To get a list of valid operations see canreduce.


       return list of valid named "reduce" operations Some common operations can be accessed
       using a number of names, e.g. '+', "add" and "plus" all sum the elements along the chosen

	 @ops = PDL->canreduce;

       This list is useful if you want to make sure which operations can be used with "reduce".

       Copyright (C) 2000 Christian Soeller ( All rights reserved.
       There is no warranty. You are allowed to redistribute this software / documentation under
       certain conditions. For details, see the file COPYING in the PDL distribution. If this
       file is separated from the PDL distribution, the copyright notice should be included in
       the file.

perl v5.8.0				    2001-07-07					Reduce(3)

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