RINT(3) Linux Programmer's Manual RINT(3)
nearbyint, nearbyintf, nearbyintl, rint, rintf, rintl - round to nearest integer
double nearbyint(double x);
float nearbyintf(float x);
long double nearbyintl(long double x);
double rint(double x);
float rintf(float x);
long double rintl(long double x);
The nearbyint functions round their argument to an integer value in floating point format,
using the current rounding direction and without raising the inexact exception.
The rint functions do the same, but will raise the inexact exception when the result dif-
fers in value from the argument.
The rounded integer value. If x is integral or infinite, x itself is returned.
No errors other than EDOM and ERANGE can occur. If x is NaN, then NaN is returned and
errno may be set to EDOM.
SUSv2 and POSIX 1003.1-2001 contain text about overflow (which might set errno to ERANGE,
or raise an exception). In practice, the result cannot overflow on any current machine,
so this error-handling stuff is just nonsense. (More precisely, overflow can happen only
when the maximum value of the exponent is smaller than the number of mantissa bits. For
the IEEE-754 standard 32-bit and 64-bit floating point numbers the maximum value of the
exponent is 128 (resp. 1024), and the number of mantissa bits is 24 (resp. 53).)
The rint() function conforms to BSD 4.3. The other functions are from C99.
ceil(3), floor(3), lrint(3), nearbyint(3), round(3), trunc(3)