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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for mpi_bsend (redhat section 3)

MPI_Bsend(3)				     LAM/MPI				     MPI_Bsend(3)

       MPI_Bsend -  Basic send with user-specified buffering

       #include <mpi.h>
       int MPI_Bsend(void *buf, int count, MPI_Datatype dtype,
	      int dest, int tag, MPI_Comm comm)

       buf    - initial address of send buffer (choice)
       count  - number of elements in send buffer (nonnegative integer)
       dtype  - datatype of each send buffer element (handle)
       dest   - rank of destination (integer)
       tag    - message tag (integer)
       comm   - communicator (handle)

       This send is provided as a convenience function; it allows the user to send messages with-
       out worring about where they are buffered (because the  user  must  have  provided  buffer
       space with MPI_Buffer_attach ).

       In  deciding  how  much	buffer	space  to allocate, remember that the buffer space is not
       available for reuse by subsequent MPI_Bsend s unless you are certain that the message  has
       been  received  (not just that it should have been received).  For example, this code does
       not allocate enough buffer space

       MPI_Buffer_attach(b, n*sizeof(double) + MPI_BSEND_OVERHEAD);
       for (i = 0; i < m; i++) {
       MPI_Bsend(buf, n, MPI_DOUBLE, ...);

       because only enough buffer space is provided for a single send, and the loop may  start	a
       second MPI_Bsend before the first is done making use of the buffer.

       In C, you can force the messages to be delivered by
       MPI_Buffer_detach(&b, &n);
       MPI_Buffer_attach(b, n);

       (The MPI_Buffer_detach will not complete until all buffered messages are delivered.)

       It is generally a bad idea to use the MPI_Bsend function, as it guarantees that the entire
       message will suffer the overhead of an additional memory copy.	For  large  messages,  or
       when  shared  memory  message transports are being used, this overhead can be quite expen-

       All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK ) have an additional argu-
       ment ierr at the end of the argument list.  ierr is an integer and has the same meaning as
       the return value of the routine in C.  In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines,  and  are
       invoked with the call statement.

       All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype , MPI_Comm ) are of type INTEGER in Fortran.

       If  an  error occurs in an MPI function, the current MPI error handler is called to handle
       it.  By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job.	The error handler may be  changed
       with  MPI_Errhandler_set  ;  the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to
       cause error values to be returned (in C and Fortran; this error handler is less useful  in
       with  the  C++  MPI  bindings.	The predefined error handler MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS
       should be used in C++ if the error value needs to be recovered).  Note that MPI	does  not
       guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

       All  MPI  routines  (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick ) return an error value; C routines as
       the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.  The C++ bindings for
       MPI  do not return error values; instead, error values are communicated by throwing excep-
       tions of type MPI::Exception (but not by default).  Exceptions  are  only  thrown  if  the
       error value is not MPI::SUCCESS

       Note that if the MPI::ERRORS_RETURN handler is set in C++, while MPI functions will return
       upon an error, there will be no way to recover what the actual error value was.
	      - No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
	      - Invalid communicator.  A common error is to use a null	communicator  in  a  call
	      (not even allowed in MPI_Comm_rank ).
	      - Invalid count argument.  Count arguments must be non-negative; a count of zero is
	      often valid.
	      - Invalid datatype argument.  May be an uncommitted MPI_Datatype (see MPI_Type_com-
	      mit ).
	      -  Invalid  source or destination rank.  Ranks must be between zero and the size of
	      the  communicator  minus	one;  ranks  in  a  receive  (	MPI_Recv  ,  MPI_Irecv	,
	      MPI_Sendrecv , etc.) may also be MPI_ANY_SOURCE
	      -  Invalid tag argument.	Tags must be non-negative; tags in a receive ( MPI_Recv ,
	      MPI_Irecv , MPI_Sendrecv , etc.)	may also be MPI_ANY_TAG
	       .  The largest tag value is available through the the attribute MPI_TAG_UB

       MPI_Buffer_attach, MPI_Buffer_detach, MPI_Ibsend, MPI_Bsend_init

       For more information, please see the official MPI Forum web site, which contains the  text
       of both the MPI-1 and MPI-2 standards.  These documents contain detailed information about
       each MPI function (most of which is not duplicated in these man pages).


       The LAM Team would like the thank the MPICH Team for the handy  program	to  generate  man
       pages  ("doctext"  from ftp://ftp.mcs.anl.gov/pub/sowing/sowing.tar.gz ), the initial for-
       matting, and some initial text for most of the MPI-1 man pages.


LAM/MPI 6.5.8				    11/10/2002				     MPI_Bsend(3)

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