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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for mkfifo (redhat section 3)

MKFIFO(3)			    Linux Programmer's Manual				MKFIFO(3)

NAME
       mkfifo - make a FIFO special file (a named pipe)

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/stat.h>

       int mkfifo(const char *pathname, mode_t mode);

DESCRIPTION
       mkfifo  makes  a  FIFO special file with name pathname.	mode specifies the FIFO's permis-
       sions. It is modified by the process's umask in the usual way: the permissions of the cre-
       ated file are (mode & ~umask).

       A  FIFO	special  file is similar to a pipe, except that it is created in a different way.
       Instead of being an anonymous communications channel, a FIFO special file is entered  into
       the file system by calling mkfifo.

       Once you have created a FIFO special file in this way, any process can open it for reading
       or writing, in the same way as an ordinary file.  However, it has to be open at both  ends
       simultaneously before you can proceed to do any input or output operations on it.  Opening
       a FIFO for reading normally blocks until some other process opens the same FIFO for  writ-
       ing, and vice versa. See fifo(4) for non-blocking handling of FIFO special files.

RETURN VALUE
       The  normal,  successful  return  value	from mkfifo is 0.  In the case of an error, -1 is
       returned (in which case, errno is set appropriately).

ERRORS
       EACCES One of the directories in pathname did not allow search (execute) permission.

       EEXIST pathname already exists.

       ENAMETOOLONG
	      Either the total length of pathname is greater than PATH_MAX, or an individual file
	      name  component has a length greater than NAME_MAX.  In the GNU system, there is no
	      imposed limit on overall file name length, but some file systems may  place  limits
	      on the length of a component.

       ENOENT A directory component in pathname does not exist or is a dangling symbolic link.

       ENOSPC The directory or filesystem has no room for the new file.

       ENOTDIR
	      A component used as a directory in pathname is not, in fact, a directory.

       EROFS  pathname refers to a read-only filesystem.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1

SEE ALSO
       mkfifo(1), read(2), write(2), open(2), close(2), stat(2), umask(2), fifo(4)

Linux 1.2.13				    1995-09-03					MKFIFO(3)


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