Date::Format(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Format(3)
Date::Format - Date formating subroutines
@lt = localtime(time);
print time2str($template, time);
print strftime($template, @lt);
print time2str($template, time, $zone);
print strftime($template, @lt, $zone);
print ctime(time, $zone);
print asctime(@lt, $zone);
This module provides routines to format dates into ASCII strings. They correspond to the C
library routines "strftime" and "ctime".
time2str(TEMPLATE, TIME [, ZONE])
"time2str" converts "TIME" into an ASCII string using the conversion specification
given in "TEMPLATE". "ZONE" if given specifies the zone which the output is required
to be in, "ZONE" defaults to your current zone.
strftime(TEMPLATE, TIME [, ZONE])
"strftime" is similar to "time2str" with the exception that the time is passed as an
array, such as the array returned by "localtime".
ctime(TIME [, ZONE])
"ctime" calls "time2str" with the given arguments using the conversion specification
"%a %b %e %T %Y\n"
asctime(TIME [, ZONE])
"asctime" calls "time2str" with the given arguments using the conversion specification
"%a %b %e %T %Y\n"
Date::Format is capable of formating into several languages, these are English, French,
German and Italian. Changing the language is done via a static method call, for example
will change the language in which all subsequent dates are formatted.
This is only a first pass, I am considering changing this to be
$lang = Date::Language->new('German');
$lang->time2str("%a %b %e %T %Y\n", time);
I am open to suggestions on this.
Each conversion specification is replaced by appropriate characters as described
in the following list. The appropriate characters are determined by the
LC_TIME category of the program's locale.
%a day of the week abbr
%A day of the week
%b month abbr
%c MM/DD/YY HH:MM:SS
%C ctime format: Sat Nov 19 21:05:57 1994
%d numeric day of the month, with leading zeros (eg 01..31)
%e numeric day of the month, without leading zeros (eg 1..31)
%h month abbr
%H hour, 24 hour clock, leading 0's)
%I hour, 12 hour clock, leading 0's)
%j day of the year
%l hour, 12 hour clock
%L month number, starting with 1
%m month number, starting with 01
%M minute, leading 0's
%o ornate day of month -- "1st", "2nd", "25th", etc.
%p AM or PM
%P am or pm (Yes %p and %P are backwards :)
%q Quarter number, starting with 1
%r time format: 09:05:57 PM
%R time format: 21:05
%s seconds since the Epoch, UCT
%S seconds, leading 0's
%T time format: 21:05:57
%U week number, Sunday as first day of week
%w day of the week, numerically, Sunday == 0
%W week number, Monday as first day of week
%x date format: 11/19/94
%X time format: 21:05:57
%y year (2 digits)
%Y year (4 digits)
%Z timezone in ascii. eg: PST
%z timezone in format -/+0000
%d, %e, %H, %I, %j, %k, %l, %m, %M, %q, %y and %Y can be output in Roman numerals by pre-
fixing the letter with "O", e.g. %OY will output the year as roman numerals.
Graham Barr <email@example.com>
Copyright (c) 1995-1999 Graham Barr. All rights reserved. This program is free software;
you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
perl v5.8.0 2002-03-07 Date::Format(3)