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listen(2) [redhat man page]

LISTEN(2)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 LISTEN(2)

NAME
listen - listen for connections on a socket SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/socket.h> int listen(int s, int backlog); DESCRIPTION
To accept connections, a socket is first created with socket(2), a willingness to accept incoming connections and a queue limit for incom- ing connections are specified with listen, and then the connections are accepted with accept(2). The listen call applies only to sockets of type SOCK_STREAM or SOCK_SEQPACKET. The backlog parameter defines the maximum length the queue of pending connections may grow to. If a connection request arrives with the queue full the client may receive an error with an indication of ECONNREFUSED or, if the underlying protocol supports retransmission, the request may be ignored so that retries succeed. NOTES
The behaviour of the backlog parameter on TCP sockets changed with Linux 2.2. Now it specifies the queue length for completely established sockets waiting to be accepted, instead of the number of incomplete connection requests. The maximum length of the queue for incomplete sockets can be set using the tcp_max_syn_backlog sysctl. When syncookies are enabled there is no logical maximum length and this sysctl setting is ignored. See tcp(7) for more information. RETURN VALUE
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. ERRORS
EADDRINUSE Another socket is already listening on the same port. EBADF The argument s is not a valid descriptor. ENOTSOCK The argument s is not a socket. EOPNOTSUPP The socket is not of a type that supports the listen operation. CONFORMING TO
Single Unix, 4.4BSD, POSIX 1003.1g draft. The listen function call first appeared in 4.2BSD. BUGS
If the socket is of type AF_INET, and the backlog argument is greater than the constant SOMAXCONN (128 in Linux 2.0 & 2.2), it is silently truncated to SOMAXCONN. Don't rely on this value in portable applications since BSD (and some BSD-derived systems) limit the backlog to 5. SEE ALSO
accept(2), connect(2), socket(2) BSD Man Page 1993-07-23 LISTEN(2)

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LISTEN(2)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							 LISTEN(2)

NAME
listen - listen for connections on a socket SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> /* See NOTES */ #include <sys/socket.h> int listen(int sockfd, int backlog); DESCRIPTION
listen() marks the socket referred to by sockfd as a passive socket, that is, as a socket that will be used to accept incoming connection requests using accept(2). The sockfd argument is a file descriptor that refers to a socket of type SOCK_STREAM or SOCK_SEQPACKET. The backlog argument defines the maximum length to which the queue of pending connections for sockfd may grow. If a connection request arrives when the queue is full, the client may receive an error with an indication of ECONNREFUSED or, if the underlying protocol supports retransmission, the request may be ignored so that a later reattempt at connection succeeds. RETURN VALUE
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. ERRORS
EADDRINUSE Another socket is already listening on the same port. EBADF The argument sockfd is not a valid descriptor. ENOTSOCK The argument sockfd is not a socket. EOPNOTSUPP The socket is not of a type that supports the listen() operation. CONFORMING TO
4.4BSD, POSIX.1-2001. The listen() function call first appeared in 4.2BSD. NOTES
To accept connections, the following steps are performed: 1. A socket is created with socket(2). 2. The socket is bound to a local address using bind(2), so that other sockets may be connect(2)ed to it. 3. A willingness to accept incoming connections and a queue limit for incoming connections are specified with listen(). 4. Connections are accepted with accept(2). POSIX.1-2001 does not require the inclusion of <sys/types.h>, and this header file is not required on Linux. However, some historical (BSD) implementations required this header file, and portable applications are probably wise to include it. The behavior of the backlog argument on TCP sockets changed with Linux 2.2. Now it specifies the queue length for completely established sockets waiting to be accepted, instead of the number of incomplete connection requests. The maximum length of the queue for incomplete sockets can be set using /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_max_syn_backlog. When syncookies are enabled there is no logical maximum length and this setting is ignored. See tcp(7) for more information. If the backlog argument is greater than the value in /proc/sys/net/core/somaxconn, then it is silently truncated to that value; the default value in this file is 128. In kernels before 2.4.25, this limit was a hard coded value, SOMAXCONN, with the value 128. EXAMPLE
See bind(2). SEE ALSO
accept(2), bind(2), connect(2), socket(2), socket(7) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. Linux 2008-11-20 LISTEN(2)

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