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TAIL(1) 				       FSF					  TAIL(1)

       tail - output the last part of files

       tail [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Print the last 10 lines of each FILE to standard output.  With more than one FILE, precede
       each with a header giving the file name.  With no FILE, or when FILE is -,  read  standard

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

	      keep  trying  to	open  a file even if it is inaccessible when tail starts or if it
	      becomes inaccessible later -- useful only with -f

       -c, --bytes=N
	      output the last N bytes

       -f, --follow[={name|descriptor}]
	      output appended data as the file grows; -f, --follow, and  --follow=descriptor  are

       -F     same as --follow=name --retry

       -n, --lines=N
	      output the last N lines, instead of the last 10

	      with  --follow=name,  reopen  a FILE which has not changed size after N (default 5)
	      iterations to see if it has been unlinked or renamed (this is  the  usual  case  of
	      rotated log files)

	      with -f, terminate after process ID, PID dies

       -q, --quiet, --silent
	      never output headers giving file names

       -s, --sleep-interval=S
	      with -f, sleep for approximately S seconds (default 1.0) between iterations.

       -v, --verbose
	      always output headers giving file names

       --help display this help and exit

	      output version information and exit

       If  the first character of N (the number of bytes or lines) is a `+', print beginning with
       the Nth item from the start of each file, otherwise, print the last N items in  the  file.
       N may have a multiplier suffix: b for 512, k for 1024, m for 1048576 (1 Meg).

       With  --follow (-f), tail defaults to following the file descriptor, which means that even
       if a tail'ed file is renamed, tail will continue to track its end.  This default  behavior
       is  not	desirable when you really want to track the actual name of the file, not the file
       descriptor (e.g., log rotation).  Use --follow=name in that case.   That  causes  tail  to
       track the named file by reopening it periodically to see if it has been removed and recre-
       ated by some other program.

       Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, Ian Lance Taylor, and Jim Meyering.

       Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.

       Copyright (C) 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO  warranty;  not

       The  full  documentation for tail is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and tail
       programs are properly installed at your site, the command

	      info tail

       should give you access to the complete manual.

tail (coreutils) 4.5.3			  February 2003 				  TAIL(1)
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