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VIM(1)											   VIM(1)

       vim - Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor

       vim [options] [file ..]
       vim [options] -
       vim [options] -t tag
       vim [options] -q [errorfile]

       gvim gview
       rvim rview rgvim rgview

       Vim  is	a text editor that is upwards compatible to Vi.  It can be used to edit all kinds
       of plain text.  It is especially useful for editing programs.

       There are a lot of enhancements above Vi: multi level undo,  multi  windows  and  buffers,
       syntax  highlighting,  command  line  editing,  filename  completion, on-line help, visual
       selection, etc..  See ":help vi_diff.txt" for a summary of the differences between Vim and

       While  running  Vim  a  lot of help can be obtained from the on-line help system, with the
       ":help" command.  See the ON-LINE HELP section below.

       Most often Vim is started to edit a single file with the command

	    vim file

       More generally Vim is started with:

	    vim [options] [filelist]

       If the filelist is missing, the editor will start with an empty buffer.	Otherwise exactly
       one out of the following four may be used to choose one or more files to be edited.

       file ..	   A list of filenames.  The first one will be the current file and read into the
		   buffer.  The cursor will be positioned on the first line of the  buffer.   You
		   can	get  to  the  other  files with the ":next" command.  To edit a file that
		   starts with a dash, precede the filelist with "--".

       -	   The file to edit is read from stdin.  Commands are  read  from  stderr,  which
		   should be a tty.

       -t {tag}    The file to edit and the initial cursor position depends on a "tag", a sort of
		   goto label.	{tag} is looked up in the tags file, the associated file  becomes
		   the	current file and the associated command is executed.  Mostly this is used
		   for C programs, in which case {tag} could be a function name.  The  effect  is
		   that the file containing that function becomes the current file and the cursor
		   is positioned on the start of the function.	See ":help tag-commands".

       -q [errorfile]
		   Start in quickFix mode.  The file [errorfile] is read and the first	error  is
		   displayed.	If  [errorfile]  is  omitted,  the  filename is obtained from the
		   'errorfile' option (defaults to "AztecC.Err" for the  Amiga,  "errors.vim"  on
		   other  systems).  Further errors can be jumped to with the ":cn" command.  See
		   ":help quickfix".

       Vim behaves differently, depending on the name of the command (the executable may still be
       the same file).

       vim	 The "normal" way, everything is default.

       ex	 Start	in  Ex mode.  Go to Normal mode with the ":vi" command.  Can also be done
		 with the "-e" argument.

       view	 Start in read-only mode.  You will be protected from  writing	the  files.   Can
		 also be done with the "-R" argument.

       gvim gview
		 The GUI version.  Starts a new window.  Can also be done with the "-g" argument.

       rvim rview rgvim rgview
		 Like  the  above, but with restrictions.  It will not be possible to start shell
		 commands, or suspend Vim.  Can also be done with the "-Z" argument.

       The options may be given in any order, before or  after	filenames.   Options  without  an
       argument can be combined after a single dash.

       +[num]	   For	the  first file the cursor will be positioned on line "num".  If "num" is
		   missing, the cursor will be positioned on the last line.

       +/{pat}	   For the first file the cursor will be positioned on the  first  occurrence  of
		   {pat}.  See ":help search-pattern" for the available search patterns.


       -c {command}
		   {command}  will  be executed after the first file has been read.  {command} is
		   interpreted as an Ex command.  If the {command} contains  spaces  it  must  be
		   enclosed  in double quotes (this depends on the shell that is used).  Example:
		   Vim "+set si" main.c
		   Note: You can use up to 10 "+" or "-c" commands.

       --cmd {command}
		   Like using "-c", but the command is executed just before processing any  vimrc
		   file.   You	can  use up to 10 of these commands, independently from "-c" com-

       -b	   Binary mode.  A few options will be set that  makes	it  possible  to  edit	a
		   binary or executable file.

       -C	   Compatible.	 Set  the  'compatible' option.  This will make Vim behave mostly
		   like Vi, even though a .vimrc file exists.

       -d	   Start in diff mode.	There should be two or three file  name  arguments.   Vim
		   will  open  all the files and show differences between them.  Works like vimd-

       -d {device} Open {device} for use as  a	terminal.   Only  on  the  Amiga.   Example:  "-d

       -e	   Start Vim in Ex mode, just like the executable was called "ex".

       -f	   Foreground.	 For the GUI version, Vim will not fork and detach from the shell
		   it was started in.  On the Amiga, Vim is not restarted to open a  new  window.
		   This  option  should  be used when Vim is executed by a program that will wait
		   for the edit session to finish (e.g. mail).	On the Amiga the ":sh"	and  ":!"
		   commands will not work.

       -F	   If Vim has been compiled with FKMAP support for editing right-to-left oriented
		   files and Farsi keyboard mapping, this option starts Vim in Farsi  mode,  i.e.
		   'fkmap'  and 'rightleft' are set.  Otherwise an error message is given and Vim

       -g	   If Vim has been compiled with GUI support, this option enables the GUI.  If no
		   GUI support was compiled in, an error message is given and Vim aborts.

       -h	   Give  a  bit of help about the command line arguments and options.  After this
		   Vim exits.

       -H	   If Vim has been compiled with RIGHTLEFT support for editing right-to-left ori-
		   ented  files  and  Hebrew  keyboard	mapping, this option starts Vim in Hebrew
		   mode, i.e. 'hkmap' and 'rightleft' are set.	Otherwise  an  error  message  is
		   given and Vim aborts.

       -i {viminfo}
		   When  using the viminfo file is enabled, this option sets the filename to use,
		   instead of the default "~/.viminfo".  This can also be used to skip the use of
		   the .viminfo file, by giving the name "NONE".

       -L	   Same as -r.

       -l	   Lisp mode.  Sets the 'lisp' and 'showmatch' options on.

       -m	   Modifying files is disabled.  Resets the 'write' option, so that writing files
		   is not possible.

       -N	   No-compatible mode.	Reset the 'compatible' option.	This will make Vim behave
		   a  bit  better,  but  less  Vi  compatible, even though a .vimrc file does not

       -n	   No swap file will be used.  Recovery after a crash will be impossible.   Handy
		   if  you  want to edit a file on a very slow medium (e.g. floppy).  Can also be
		   done with ":set uc=0".  Can be undone with ":set uc=200".

       -o[N]	   Open N windows.  When N is omitted, open one window for each file.

       -R	   Read-only mode.  The 'readonly' option will be set.	You can  still	edit  the
		   buffer,  but  will be prevented from accidently overwriting a file.	If you do
		   want to overwrite a file, add an exclamation mark to the  Ex  command,  as  in
		   ":w!".   The -R option also implies the -n option (see below).  The 'readonly'
		   option can be reset with ":set noro".  See ":help 'readonly'".

       -r	   List swap files, with information about using them for recovery.

       -r {file}   Recovery mode.  The swap file is used to recover a  crashed	editing  session.
		   The	swap  file  is a file with the same filename as the text file with ".swp"
		   appended.  See ":help recovery".

       -s	   Silent mode.  Only when started as "Ex" or when  the  "-e"  option  was  given
		   before the "-s" option.

       -s {scriptin}
		   The	script	file  {scriptin}  is read.  The characters in the file are inter-
		   preted as if you had typed them.  The  same	can  be  done  with  the  command
		   ":source!  {scriptin}".   If  the end of the file is reached before the editor
		   exits, further characters are read from the keyboard.

       -T {terminal}
		   Tells Vim the name of the terminal you are  using.	Only  required	when  the
		   automatic  way  doesn't  work.  Should be a terminal known to Vim (builtin) or
		   defined in the termcap or terminfo file.

       -u {vimrc}  Use the commands in the file {vimrc} for initializations.  All the other  ini-
		   tializations  are  skipped.	Use this to edit a special kind of files.  It can
		   also be used to skip all initializations  by  giving  the  name  "NONE".   See
		   ":help initialization" within vim for more details.

       -U {gvimrc} Use	the commands in the file {gvimrc} for GUI initializations.  All the other
		   GUI initializations are skipped.  It can also be used to skip all GUI initial-
		   izations  by giving the name "NONE".  See ":help gui-init" within vim for more

       -V	   Verbose.  Give messages about which files are  sourced  and	for  reading  and
		   writing a viminfo file.

       -v	   Start Vim in Vi mode, just like the executable was called "vi".  This only has
		   effect when the executable is called "ex".

       -w {scriptout}
		   All the characters that you type are recorded in the file  {scriptout},  until
		   you	exit  Vim.  This is useful if you want to create a script file to be used
		   with "vim -s" or ":source!".  If the {scriptout} file exists,  characters  are

       -W {scriptout}
		   Like -w, but an existing file is overwritten.

       -x	   Use encryption when writing files.	Will prompt for a crypt key.

       -Z	   Restricted mode.  Works like the executable starts with "r".

       --	   Denotes  the  end  of  the options.	Arguments after this will be handled as a
		   file name.  This can be used to edit a filename that starts with a '-'.

       --help	   Give a help message and exit, just like "-h".

       --version   Print version information and exit.

       --remote    Connect to a Vim server and make it edit the files given in the  rest  of  the

		   List the names of all Vim servers that can be found.

       --servername {name}
		   Use	{name}	as the server name.  Used for the current Vim, unless used with a
		   --serversend or --remote, then it's the name of the server to connect to.

       --serversend {keys}
		   Connect to a Vim server and send {keys} to it.

       --socketid {id}
		   GTK GUI only: Use the GtkPlug mechanism to run gvim in another window.

       --echo-wid  GTK GUI only: Echo the Window ID on stdout

       Type ":help" in Vim to get started.  Type ":help subject" to get help on a  specific  sub-
       ject.   For example: ":help ZZ" to get help for the "ZZ" command.  Use <Tab> and CTRL-D to
       complete subjects (":help cmdline-completion").	Tags are present to jump from  one  place
       to  another (sort of hypertext links, see ":help").  All documentation files can be viewed
       in this way, for example ":help syntax.txt".

		      The Vim documentation files.  Use ":help doc-file-list" to get the complete

		      The tags file used for finding information in the documentation files.

		      System wide syntax initializations.

		      Syntax files for various languages.

		      System wide Vim initializations.

		      System wide gvim initializations.

		      Script used for the ":options" command, a nice way to view and set options.

		      System wide menu initializations for gvim.

		      Script to generate a bug report.	See ":help bugs".

		      Script to detect the type of a file by its name.	See ":help 'filetype'".

		      Script  to  detect  the  type of a file by its contents.	See ":help 'file-

		      Files used for PostScript printing.

       For recent info read the VIM home page:


       Most of Vim was made by Bram Moolenaar, with a lot of help from others.	See ":help  cred-
       its" in Vim.
       Vim  is	based on Stevie, worked on by: Tim Thompson, Tony Andrews and G.R. (Fred) Walter.
       Although hardly any of the original code remains.

       Probably.  See ":help todo" for a list of known problems.

       Note that a number of things that may be regarded as bugs by some, are in fact caused by a
       too-faithful  reproduction  of  Vi's  behaviour.   And  if you think other things are bugs
       "because Vi does it differently", you should take a closer look at  the	vi_diff.txt  file
       (or  type :help vi_diff.txt when in Vim).  Also have a look at the 'compatible' and 'cpop-
       tions' options.

					   2002 Feb 22					   VIM(1)
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