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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for rjoe (redhat section 1)

JOE(1)							      General Commands Manual							    JOE(1)

Name
       joe - Joe's Own Editor

Syntax
       joe [global-options] [ [local-options] filename ]...

       jstar [global-options] [ [local-options] filename ]...

       jmacs [global-options] [ [local-options] filename ]...

       rjoe [global-options] [ [local-options] filename ]...

       jpico [global-options] [ [local-options] filename ]...

Description
       JOE  is a powerful ASCII-text screen editor.  It has a "mode-less" user interface which is similer to many user-friendly PC editors.  Users
       of Micro-Pro's WordStar or Borland's "Turbo" languages will feel at home.  JOE is a full featured UNIX screen-editor though, and  has  many
       features for editing programs and text.

       JOE  also emulates several other editors.  JSTAR is a close immitation of WordStar with many "JOE" extensions.  JPICO is a close immitation
       of the Pine mailing system's PICO editor, but with many extensions  and	improvements.	JMACS  is  a  GNU-EMACS  immitation.   RJOE  is  a
       restricted version of JOE, which allowes you to edit only the files specified on the command line.

       Although JOE is actually five different editors, it still requires only one executable, but one with five different names.  The name of the
       editor with an "rc" appended gives the name of JOE's initialization file, which determines the personality of the editor.

       JOE is free software;  you can distribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published  by  the  Free
       Software  Foundation.   I  have	no plans for turning JOE into a commercial or share-ware product.  JOE is available over the Internet from
       www.sourceforge.net/projects/joe-editor.

Usage
       To start the editor, type joe followed by zero or more names of files you want to edit.	Each file name may be preceeded by a local  option
       setting (see the local options table which follows).  Other global options, which apply to the editor as a whole, may also be placed on the
       command line (see the global options table which follows).  If you are editing a new file, you can either give the name	of  the  new  file
       when you invoke the editor, or in the editor when you save the new file.  A modified syntax for file names is provided to allow you to edit
       program output, standard input/output, or sections of files or devices.	See the section Filenames below for details.

       Once you are in the editor, you can type in text and use special control-character sequences to perform other editing tasks.  To  find  out
       what the control-character sequences are, read the rest of this man page or type ^K H for help in the editor.

       Now for some obscure computer-lore:

       The  ^  means that you hold down the Control key while pressing the following key (the same way the Shift key works for uppercase letters).
       A number of control-key sequences are duplicated on other keys, so that you don't need to press the control key: ESC will work in place	of
       ^[,  Del  will work in place of ^?, Backspace will work in place of ^H, Tab will work in place of ^I, Return or Enter will work in place of
       ^M and Linefeed will work in place of ^J.  Some keyboards may give you trouble with some control keys.	^_,  ^^  and  ^@  can  usually	be
       entered	without  pressing shift (I.E., try ^-, ^6 and ^2).  Other keyboards may reassign these to other keys.  Try: ^., ^, and ^/.  ^SPACE
       can usually be used in place of ^@.  ^\ and ^] are interpreted by many communication programs, including telnet and  kermit.   Usually  you
       just hit the key twice to get it to pass through the communication program.

       Once  you  have typed ^K H, the first help window appears at the top of the screen.  You can continue to enter and edit text while the help
       window is on.  To page through other topics, hit ^[, and ^[. (that is, ESC , and ESC .).  Use ^K H to dismiss the help window.

       You can customize the keyboard layout, the help screens and a number of behavior defaults by copying  JOE's  initialization  file  (usually
       /etc/joe/joerc) to .joerc in your home directory and then by modifying it.  See the section joerc below.

       To have JOE used as your default editor for e-mail and News, you need to set the EDITOR and VISUAL environment variables in your shell ini-
       tialization file (.cshrc or .profile) to refer to JOE (joe usually resides as ${exec_prefix}/bin/joe).

       There are a number of other obscure invocation parameters which may have to be set, particularly if your terminal screen is not updating as
       you think it should.  See the section Environment variables below.

Command Line Options
       The following global options may be specified on the command line:

       -asis  Characters  with codes above 127 will be sent to the terminal as-is, instead of as inverse of the corresponding character below 128.
	      If this does not work, check your terminal server.

       -backpath path
	      If this option is given, backup files will be stored in the specified directory instead of in each file's original directory.

       -baud nnn
	      Set the baud rate for the purposes of terminal screen optimization.  Joe inserts delays for baud rates below 19200,  which  bypasses
	      tty buffering so that typeahead will interrupt the screen output.  Scrolling commands will not be used for 38400 baud.  This is use-
	      ful for X-terms and other console ttys which really aren't going over a serial line.

       -beep  Joe will beep on command errors and when the cursor goes past extremes.

       -columns nnn
	      Sets the number of screen columns.

       -csmode
	      Continued search mode: a search immediatly following a search will repeat the previous search instead of prompting for  new  string.
	      This is useful for the the ^[S and ^[R commands and for when joe is trying to be emacs.

       -dopadding
	      Joe  usually assumes that there is some kind of flow control between it and the tty.  If there isn't, this option will make joe out-
	      put extra ^@s to the tty as specified by the termcap entry.  The extra ^@s allow the terminal to catch up after long  terminal  com-
	      mands.

       -exask This option makes ^KX verify the file name that it's about to write.

       -force This option makes sure that the last line of the file has a line-feed which it's saved.

       -help  The editor will start with the help screen on if this option is given.

       -keepup
	      Normally	the  column  number and control-key prefix fields of the status lines are on a one second delay to reduce CPU consumption,
	      but with this option they are updated after each key-stroke.

       -lightoff
	      The block highlighting will go away after any block command if this option is given.

       -lines nnn
	      Sets the number of screen lines.

       -marking
	      Text between ^KB and the cursor is highlighted (use with -lightoff and a modified joerc file to have drop-anchor style block  selec-
	      tion).

       -mid   If  this	option	is set and the cursor moves off the window, the window will be scrolled so that the cursor is in the center.  This
	      option is forced on slow terminals which don't have scrolling commands.

       -nobackups
	      This option prevents backup files.

       -nonotice
	      This option prevent the copyright notice from being displayed when the editor starts.

       -nosta This option eliminates the top-most status line.	It's nice for when you only want to see your text on the screen or if you're using
	      a vt52.

       -noxon Attempt to turn off ^S/^Q processing.  This is useful for when joe is trying to be WordStar or EMACS.

       -orphan
	      When this option is active, extra files on the command line will be placed in orphaned buffers instead of in extra windows.  This is
	      useful for when joe is trying to be emacs.

       -pg nnn
	      This specifies the number of lines to keep after PgUp/PgDn (^U/^V).  If -1 is given, half the window is kept.

       -skiptop nnn
	      Don't use the top nnn lines of the screen.  Useful for when joe is used as a BBS editor.

       Each of these options may be specified in the joerc file as well.  In addition, the NOXON, BAUD, LINES, COLUMNS and DOPADDING  options  may
       be specified with environment variables.

       The JOETERM environment variable may be set to override the regular TERM environment variable for specifying your terminal type.

       The following options may be specified before each filename on the command line:

       +nnn   The cursor starts on the specified line.

       -crlf  Joe uses CR-LF as the end of line sequence instead of just LF.  This is for editing MS-DOS or VMS files.

       -wordwrap
	      Joe wraps the previous word when you type past the right margin.

       -autoindent
	      When you hit Return on an indented line, the indentation is duplicated onto the new line.

       -overwrite
	      Typing overwrites existing characters instead of inserting before them.

       -lmargin nnn
	      Sets the left margin.

       -rmargin nnn
	      Sets the right margin.

       -tab nnn
	      Sets the tab width.

       -indentc nnn
	      Sets the indentation character for ^K, and ^K. (32 for SPACE, 9 for TAB).

       -istep nnn
	      Sets the indentation step for ^K, and ^K..

       -linums
	      Line numbers are displayed before each line.

       -rdonly
	      The file is read only.

       -keymap name
	      Use an alternate section of the joerc file for the key sequence bindings.

       These  options  can  also  be  specified  in the joerc file.  They can be set depending on the file-name extension.  Programs (.c, .h or .p
       extension) usually have autoindent enabled.  Wordwrap is enabled on other files, but rc files have it disabled.

Editing Tasks
   Basic Editing
       When you type characters into the editor, they are normally inserted into the file being edited (or appended to the file if the	cursor	is
       at  the	end of the file).  This is the normal operating mode of the editor.  If you want to replace some existing text, you have to delete
       the old text before or after you type in the replacement text.  The Backspace key can be used for deleting text: move the cursor  to  right
       after the text you want to delete and hit Backspace a number of times.

       Hit  the  Enter	or Return key to insert a line-break.  For example, if the cursor was in the middle of a line and you hit Return, the line
       would be split into two lines with the cursor appearing at the beginning of the second line.  Hit Backspace at the beginning of a  line	to
       eliminate a line-break.

       Use  the  arrow	keys to move around the file.  If your keyboard doesn't have arrow keys (or if they don't work for some reason), use ^F to
       move forwards (right), ^B to move backwards (left), ^P to move to the previous line (up), and ^N to move to  the  next  line  (down).   The
       right  and left arrow keys simply move forwards or backwards one character at a time through the text: if you're at the beginning of a line
       and you press left-arrow, you will end up at the end of the previous line.  The up and down arrow  keys	move  forwards	and  backwards	by
       enough characters so that the cursor appears in the same column that it was in on the original line.

       If  you	want  to  indent the text you enter, you can use the TAB key.  This inserts a special control character which makes the characters
       which follow it begin at the next TAB STOP.  TAB STOPS normally occur every 8 columns, but this can be changed with the ^T D command.  PAS-
       CAL and C programmers often set TAB STOPS on every 4 columns.

       If  for	some  reason  your  terminal  screen gets messed up (for example, if you receive a mail notice from biff), you can have the editor
       refresh the screen by hitting ^R.

       There are many other keys for deleting text and moving around the file.	For example, hit ^D to delete  the  character  the  cursor  is	on
       instead	of  deleting backwards like Backspace.	^D will also delete a line-break if the cursor is at the end of a line.  Type ^Y to delete
       the entire line the cursor is on or ^J to delete just from the cursor to the end of the line.

       Hit ^A to move the cursor to the beginning of the line it's on.	Hit ^E to move the cursor to the end of  the  line.   Hit  ^U  or  ^V  for
       scrolling  the  cursor  up  or down 1/2 a screen's worth.  "Scrolling" means that the text on the screen moves, but the cursor stays at the
       same place relative to the screen.  Hit ^K U or ^K V to move the cursor to the beginning or the end of the file.  Look at the help  screens
       in the editor to find even more delete and movement commands.

       If  you	make a mistake, you can hit ^_ to "undo" it.  On most keyboards you hit just ^- to get ^_, but on some you might have to hold both
       the Shift and Control keys down at the same time to get it.  If you "undo" too much, you can "redo" the changes back into existence by hit-
       ting ^^ (type this with just ^6 on most keyboards).

       If  you	were  editing in one place within the file, and you then temporarily had to look or edit some other place within the file, you can
       get back to the original place by hitting ^K -.	This command actually returns you to the last place you made a change in  the  file.   You
       can  step  through  a history of places with ^K - and ^K =, in the same way you can step through the history of changes with the "undo" and
       "redo" commands.

       When you are done editing the file, hit ^K X to exit the editor.  You will be prompted for a file name if you hadn't already named the file
       you were editing.

       When  you edit a file, you actually edit only a copy of the file.  So if you decide that you don't want the changes you made to a file dur-
       ing a particular edit session, you can hit ^C to exit the editor without saving them.

       If you edit a file and save the changes, a "backup" copy of that file is created in the current directory, with a ~ appended to	the  name,
       which contains the original version of the file.

   Word wrap and formatting
       If you type past the right edge of the screen in a C language or PASCAL file, the screen will scroll to the right to follow the cursor.	If
       you type past the right edge of the screen in a normal file (one whose name doesn't end in .c, .h or .p), JOE will automatically  wrap  the
       last  word onto the next line so that you don't have to hit Return.  This is called word-wrap mode.  Word-wrap can be turned on or off with
       the ^T W command.  JOE's initialization file is usually set up so that this mode is automatically turned on for all non-program files.  See
       the section below on the joerc file to change this and other defaults.

       Aside for Word-wrap mode, JOE does not automatically keep paragraphs formatted like some word-processors.  Instead, if you need a paragraph
       to be reformatted, hit ^K J.  This command "fills in" the paragraph that the cursor is in, fitting as many words in a line as is  possible.
       A paragraph, in this case, is a block of text separated above and below by a blank line.

       The margins which JOE uses for paragraph formatting and word-wrap can be set with the ^T L and ^T R commands.  If the left margin is set to
       a value other than 1, then when you start typing at the beginning of a line, the cursor will immediately jump to the left margin.

       If you want to center a line within the margins, use the ^K A command.

   Over-type mode
       Sometimes it's tiresome to have to delete old text before or after you insert new text.	This happens, for example, when you are changing a
       table  and  you want to maintain the column position of the right side of the table.  When this occurs, you can put the editor in over-type
       mode with ^T T.	When the editor is in this mode, the characters you type in replace existing characters, in the  way  an  idealized  type-
       writer  would.  Also, Backspace simply moves left instead of deleting the character to the left, when it's not at the end or beginning of a
       line.  Over-type mode is not the natural way of dealing with text electronically, so you should go back to insert-mode as soon as  possible
       by typing ^T T again.

       If you need to insert while you're in over-type mode, hit ^@.  This inserts a single SPACE into the text.

   Control and Meta characters
       Each  character	is  represented  by  a number.	For example, the number for 'A' is 65 and the number for '1' is 49.  All of the characters
       which you normally see have numbers in the range of 32 - 126 (this particular arbitrary assignment between characters and numbers is called
       the  ASCII  character  set).   The numbers outside of this range, from 0 to 255, aren't usually displayed, but sometimes have other special
       meanings.  The number 10, for example, is used for the line-breaks.  You can enter these special, non-displayed control characters by first
       hitting	`  and then hitting a character in the range @ A B C ... X Y Z [ ^ ] \ _ to get the number 0 - 31, and ? to get 127.  For example,
       if you hit ` J, you'll insert a line-break character, or if you hit ` I, you'll insert a TAB character (which does the same thing  the  TAB
       key  does).   A useful control character to enter is 12 (` L), which causes most printers to advance to the top of the page.  You'll notice
       that JOE displays this character as an underlined L.  You can enter the characters above 127, the meta characters,  by  first  hitting  ^\.
       This  adds  128	to  the next (possibly control) character entered.  JOE displays characters above 128 in inverse-video.  Some foreign lan-
       guages, which have more letters than English, use the meta characters for the rest of their alphabet.  You have to put the editor  in  ASIS
       mode (described later) to have these passed untranslated to the terminal.

   Prompts
       If you hit TAB at any file name prompt, joe will attempt to complete the name you entered as much as possible.  If it couldn't complete the
       entire name, because there are more than one possible completions, joe beeps.  If you hit TAB again, joe list the completions.  You can use
       the arrow keys to move around this directory menu and press RETURN or SPACE to select an item.  If you press the first letter of one of the
       directory entries, it will be selected, or if more than one entry has the same first letter, the cursor will jump  between  those  entries.
       If  you	select	a subdirectory or .., the directory name is appended to the prompt and the new directory is loaded into the menu.  You can
       hit Backspace to go back to the previous directory.

       Most prompts record a history of the responses you give them.  You can hit up and down arrow to step through these histories.

       Prompts are actually single line windows with no status line, so you can use any editing command that you normally use on text  within  the
       prompts.   The  prompt history is actually just other lines of the same "prompt file".  Thus you can can search backwards though the prompt
       history with the normal ^K F command if you want.

       Since prompts are windows, you can also switch out of them with ^K P and ^K N.

   Where am I?
       Hit ^K SPACE to have JOE report the line number, column number, and byte number on the last line of the screen.	The number associated with
       the  character  the cursor is on (its ASCII code) is also shown.  You can have the line number and/or column number always displayed on the
       status line by setting placing the appropriate escape sequences in the status line setup strings.  Edit the joerc file for details.

   File operations
       You can hit ^K D to save the current file (possibly under a different name from what the file was called originally).  After  the  file	is
       saved, you can hit ^K E to edit a different file.

       If you want to save only a selected section of the file, see the section on Blocks below.

       If you want to include another file in the file you're editing, use ^K R to insert it.

   Temporarily suspending the editor
       If  you	need to temporarily stop the editor and go back to the shell, hit ^K Z.  You might want to do this to stop whatever you're editing
       and answer an e-mail message or read this man page, for example.  You have to type fg or exit (you'll be told which when you hit ^K  Z)	to
       return to the editor.

   Searching for text
       Hit ^K F to have the editor search forwards or backwards for a text fragment (string) for you.  You will be prompted for the text to search
       for.  After you hit Return, you are prompted to enter options.  You can just hit Return again to have the editor  immediately  search  for-
       wards for the text, or you can enter one or more of these options:

       b      Search backwards instead of forwards.

       i      Treat  uppercase	and  lower case letters as the same when searching.  Normally uppercase and lowercase letters are considered to be
	      different.

       nnn    (where nnn is a number) If you enter a number, JOE searches for the Nth occurrence of the text.  This is useful for  going  to  spe-
	      cific places in files structured in some regular manner.

       r      Replace  text.   If  you enter the r option, then you will be further prompted for replacement text.  Each time the editor finds the
	      search text, you will be prompted as to whether you want to replace the found search text with the replacement text.  You hit: y	to
	      replace  the  text and then find the next occurrence, n to not replace this text, but to then find the next occurrence, r to replace
	      all of the remaining occurrences of the search text in the remainder of the file without asking for confirmation (subject to the nnn
	      option above), or ^C to stop searching and replacing.

       You can hit ^L to repeat the previous search.

   Regular Expressions
       A number of special character sequences may be entered as search text:

       \*     This  finds  zero  or  more characters.  For example, if you give A\*B as the search text, JOE will try to find an A followed by any
	      number of characters and then a B.

       \?     This finds exactly one character.  For example, if you give A\?B as the search text, JOE will find AXB, but not AB or AXXB.

       \^ \$  These match the beginning and end of a line.  For example, if you give \^test\$, then JOE with find test on a line by itself.

       \< \>  These match the beginning and end of a word.  For example, if you give \<\*is\*\>, then joe will find whole  words  which  have  the
	      sub-string is within them.

       \[...] This matches any single character which appears within the brackets.  For example, if \[Tt]his is entered as the search string, then
	      JOE finds both This and this.  Ranges of characters can be entered within the brackets.  For example,  \[A-Z]  finds  any  uppercase
	      letter.  If the first character given in the brackets is ^, then JOE tries to find any character not given in the the brackets.

       \c     This works like \*, but matches a balanced C-language expression.  For example, if you search for malloc(\c), then JOE will find all
	      function calls to malloc, even if there was a ) within the parenthesis.

       \+     This finds zero or more of the character which immediately follows the \+.  For example, if you give \[ ]\+\[ ], where  the  charac-
	      ters within the brackets are both SPACE and TAB, then JOE will find whitespace.

       \\     Matches a single \.

       \n     This finds the special end-of-line or line-break character.

       A number of special character sequences may also be given in the replacement string:

       \&     This  gets replaced by the text which matched the search string.	For example, if the search string was \<\*\>, which matches words,
	      and you give "\&", then joe will put quote marks around words.

       \0 - \9
	      These get replaced with the text which matched the Nth \*, \?, \+, \c, \+, or \[...] in the search string.

       \\     Use this if you need to put a \ in the replacement string.

       \n     Use this if you need to put a line-break in the replacement string.

       Some examples:

       Suppose you have a list of addresses, each on a separate line, which starts with "Address:" and has each element separated by commas.  Like
       so:

       Address: S. Holmes, 221b Baker St., London, England

       If  you	wanted	to rearrange the list, to get the country first, then the city, then the person's name, and then the address, you could do
       this:

       Type ^K F to start the search, and type:

       Address:\*,\*,\*,\*\$

       to match "Address:", the four comma-separated elements, and then the end of the line.  When asked for options, you would type r to  replace
       the string, and then type:

       Address:\3,\2,\0,\1

       To shuffle the information the way you want it. After hitting return, the search would begin, and the sample line would be changed to:

       Address: England, London, S. Holmes, 221b Baker St.

   Blocks
       If you want to move, copy, save or delete a specific section of text, you can do it with highlighted blocks.  First, move the cursor to the
       start of the section of text you want to work on, and press ^K B.  Then move the cursor to the character just after the end of the text you
       want  to  affect  and press ^K K.  The text between the ^K B and ^K K should become highlighted.  Now you can move your cursor to someplace
       else in your document and press ^K M to move the highlighted text there.  You can press ^K C to make a copy of  the  highlighted  text  and
       insert it to where the cursor is positioned.  ^K Y to deletes the highlighted text.  ^K W, writes the highlighted text to a file.

       A  very useful command is ^K /, which filters a block of text through a unix command.  For example, if you select a list of words with ^K B
       and ^K K, and then type ^K / sort, the list of words will be sorted.  Another useful unix command for ^K /, is tr.  If you type ^K / tr a-z
       A-Z, then all of the letters in the highlighted block will be converted to uppercase.

       After  you  are	finished  with some block operations, you can just leave the highlighting on if you don't mind it (of course, if you acci-
       dently hit ^K Y without noticing...).  If it really bothers you, however, just hit ^K B ^K K, to turn the highlighting off.

   Indenting program blocks
       Auto-indent mode toggled with the ^T I command.	The joerc is normally set up so that files with names ending with .p, .c or .h have  auto-
       indent mode enabled.  When auto-indent mode is enabled and you hit Return, the cursor will be placed in the same column that the first non-
       SPACE/TAB character was in on the original line.

       You can use the ^K , and ^K . commands to shift a block of text to the left or right.  If no highlighting is set when you give  these  com-
       mands,  the program block the cursor is located in will be selected, and will be moved by subsequent ^K , and ^K . commands.  The number of
       columns these commands shift by can be set through a ^T option.

   Windows
       You can edit more than one file at the same time or edit two or more different places of the same file.	To do this, hit ^K O, to split the
       screen  into two windows.  Use ^K P or ^K N to move the cursor into the top window or the lower window.	Use ^K E to edit a new file in one
       of the windows.	A window will go away when you save the file with ^K X or abort the file with ^C.  If you abort a file which exists in two
       windows, one of the window goes away, not the file.

       You  can hit ^K O within a window to create even more windows.  If you have too many windows on the screen, but you don't want to eliminate
       them, you can hit ^K I.	This will show only the window the cursor is in, or if there was only one window on the screen to begin with,  try
       to  fit all hidden windows on the screen.  If there are more windows than can fit on the screen, you can hit ^K N on the bottom-most window
       or ^K P on the top-most window to get to them.

       If you gave more than one file name to JOE on the command line, each file will be placed in a different window.

       You can change the height of the windows with the ^K G and ^K T commands.

   Keyboard macros
       Macros allow you to record a series of keystrokes and replay them with the press of two keys.  This is useful to automate repetitive tasks.
       To  start a macro recording, hit ^K [ followed by a number from 0 to 9.	The status line will display (Macro n recording...).  Now, type in
       the series of keystrokes that you want to be able to repeat.  The commands you type will have their usual effect. Hit ^K ] to stop  record-
       ing the macro.  Hit ^K followed by the number you recorded the macro in to execute one iteration of the key-strokes.

       For example, if you want to put "**" in front of a number of lines, you can type:

       ^K [ ^A ** <down arrow> ^K ]

       Which  starts  the  macro  recording, moves the cursor to the beginning of the line, inserts "**", moves the cursor down one line, and then
       ends the recording. Since we included the key-strokes needed to position the cursor on the next line, we  can  repeatedly  use  this  macro
       without having to move the cursor ourselves, something you should always keep in mind when recording a macro.

       If  you	find  that the macro you are recording itself has a repeated set of key-strokes in it, you can record a macro within the macro, as
       long as you use a different macro number.  Also you can execute previously recorded macros from within new macros.

   Repeat
       You can use the repeat command, ^K \, to repeat a macro, or any other edit command or even a normal character, a specified number of times.
       Hit  ^K \, type in the number of times you want the command repeated and press Return.  The next edit command you now give will be repeated
       that many times.

       For example, to delete the next 20 lines of text, type:

       ^K  20<return>^Y

   Rectangle mode
       Type ^T X to have ^K B and ^K K select rectangular blocks instead of stream-of-text blocks.  This  mode	is  useful  for  moving,  copying,
       deleting  or saving columns of text.  You can also filter columns of text with the ^K / command- if you want to sort a column, for example.
       The insert file command, ^K R is also effected.

       When rectangle mode is selected, over-type mode is also useful (^T T).  When over-type mode is selected, rectangles will  replace  existing
       text  instead  of  getting inserted before it.  Also the delete block command (^K Y) will clear the selected rectangle with SPACEs and TABs
       instead of deleting it.	Over-type mode is especially useful for the filter block command (^K /), since it will maintain the original width
       of the selected column.

   Tag search
       If  you	are editing a large C program with many source files, you can use the ctags program to generate a tags file.  This file contains a
       list of program symbols and the files and positions where the symbols are defined.  The ^K ; command can be used to lookup a symbol  (func-
       tions,  defined	constants,  etc.),  load the file where the symbol is defined into the current window and position the cursor to where the
       symbol is defined.  ^K ; prompts you for the symbol you want, but uses the symbol the cursor was on as a default.  Since  ^K  ;	loads  the
       definition file into the current window, you probably want to split the window first with ^K O, to have both the original file and the def-
       inition file loaded.

   Shell windows
       Hit ^K ' to run a command shell in one of JOE's windows.  When the cursor is at the end of a shell window (use ^K V if it's not),  whatever
       you type is passed to the shell instead of the window.  Any output from the shell or from commands executed in the shell is appended to the
       shell window (the cursor will follow this output if it's at the end of the shell window).  This command is useful for recording the results
       of  shell commands- for example the output of make, the result of grepping a set of files for a string, or directory listings from FTP ses-
       sions.  Besides typeable characters, the keys ^C, Backspace, DEL, Return and ^D are passed to the shell.  Type the shell  exit  command	to
       stop recording shell output.  If you press ^C in a shell window, when the cursor is not at the end of the window, the shell is killed.

Environment variables
       For JOE to operate correctly, a number of other environment settings must be correct.  The throughput (baud rate) of the connection between
       the computer and your terminal must be set correctly for JOE to update the screen smoothly and allow typeahead to defer the screen  update.
       Use the stty nnn command to set this.  You want to set it as close as possible to actual throughput of the connection.  For example, if you
       are connected via a 1200 baud modem, you want to use this value for stty.  If you are connected via 14.4k modem, but  the  terminal  server
       you are connected to connects to the computer a 9600 baud, you want to set your speed as 9600 baud.  The special baud rate of 38400 or extb
       is used to indicate that you have a very-high speed connection, such as a memory mapped console or an X-window terminal emulator.   If  you
       can't  use stty to set the actual throughput (perhaps because of a modem communicating with the computer at a different rate than it's com-
       municating over the phone line), you can put a numeric value in the BAUD environment variable instead (use setenv  BAUD	9600  for  csh	or
       BAUD=9600; export BAUD for sh).

       The  TERM environment variable must be set to the type of terminal you're using.  If the size (number of lines/columns) of your terminal is
       different from what is reported in the TERMCAP or TERMINFO entry, you can set this with the stty rows nn cols nn command, or by setting the
       LINES and COLUMNS environment variables.

       JOE  normally  expects  that flow control between the computer and your terminal to use ^S/^Q handshaking (I.E., if the computer is sending
       characters too fast for your terminal, your terminal sends ^S to stop the output and ^Q to restart it).	If the flow control  uses  out-of-
       band  or  hardware  handshaking	or if your terminal is fast enough to always keep up with the computer output and you wish to map ^S/^Q to
       edit commands, you can set the environment variable NOXON to have JOE attempt to turn off ^S/^Q handshaking.  If the connection between the
       computer and your terminal uses no handshaking and your terminal is not fast enough to keep up with the output of the computer, you can set
       the environment variable DOPADDING to have JOE slow down the output by interspersing PAD characters  between  the  terminal  screen  update
       sequences.

Filenames
       Wherever JOE expects you to enter a file name, whether on the command line or in prompts within the editor, you may also type:

       !command
	      Read  or	write data to or from a shell command.	For example, use joe '!ls' to get a copy of your directory listing to edit or from
	      within the editor use ^K D !mail jhallen@world.std.com to send the file being edited to me.

       >>filename
	      Use this to have JOE append the edited text to the end of the file "filename."

       filename,START,SIZE
	      Use this to access a fixed section of a file or device.  START and SIZE may be entered in decimal (ex.: 123) octal  (ex.:  0777)	or
	      hexadecimal (ex.: 0xFF).	For example, use joe /dev/fd0,508,2 to edit bytes 508 and 509 of the first floppy drive in Linux.

       -      Use  this to get input from the standard input or to write output to the standard output.  For example, you can put joe in a pipe of
	      commands: quota -v | joe - | mail root, if you want to complain about your low quota.

The joerc file
       ^T options, the help screens and the key-sequence to editor command bindings are all defined in JOE's initialization file.  If you  make  a
       copy  of  this file (which normally resides in /etc/joe/joerc) to $HOME/.joerc, you can customize these setting to your liking.	The syntax
       of the initialization file should be fairly obvious and there are further instruction in it.

Acknowledgements
       JOE was writen by Joseph  H.  Allen.   If  you  have  bug  reports  or  questions,  e-mail  them  to  jhallen@world.std.com.   Larry  Foard
       (entropy@world.std.com) and Gary Gray (ggray@world.std.com) also helped with the creation of JOE.

																	    JOE(1)