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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for postmap (redhat section 1)

POSTMAP(1)				       General Commands Manual					   POSTMAP(1)

NAME
postmap - Postfix lookup table management
SYNOPSIS
postmap [-Nfinrvw] [-c config_dir] [-d key] [-q key] [file_type:]file_name ...
DESCRIPTION
The postmap command creates or queries one or more Postfix lookup tables, or updates an existing one. The input and output file formats are expected to be compatible with: makemap file_type file_name < file_name If the result files do not exist they will be created with the same group and other read permissions as the source file. While the table update is in progress, signal delivery is postponed, and an exclusive, advisory, lock is placed on the entire table, in order to avoid surprises in spectator programs. The format of a lookup table input file is as follows: o A table entry has the form key whitespace value o Empty lines and whitespace-only lines are ignored, as are lines whose first non-whitespace character is a `#'. o A logical line starts with non-whitespace text. A line that starts with whitespace continues a logical line. The key and value are processed as is, except that surrounding white space is stripped off. Unlike with Post- fix alias databases, quotes cannot be used to protect lookup keys that contain special characters such as `#' or whitespace. The key is mapped to lowercase to make mapping lookups case insensitive. Options: -N Include the terminating null character that terminates lookup keys and values. By default, Postfix does whatever is the default for the host operating system. -c config_dir Read the main.cf configuration file in the named directory instead of the default configuration direc- tory. -d key Search the specified maps for key and remove one entry per map. The exit status is zero when the requested information was found. If a key value of - is specified, the program reads key values from the standard input stream. The exit status is zero when at least one of the requested keys was found. -f Do not fold the lookup key to lower case while creating or querying a map. -i Incremental mode. Read entries from standard input and do not truncate an existing database. By default, postmap creates a new database from the entries in file_name. -n Don't include the terminating null character that terminates lookup keys and values. By default, Post- fix does whatever is the default for the host operating system. -q key Search the specified maps for key and print the first value found on the standard output stream. The exit status is zero when the requested information was found. If a key value of - is specified, the program reads key values from the standard input stream and prints one line of key value output for each key that was found. The exit status is zero when at least one of the requested keys was found. -r When updating a table, do not warn about duplicate entries; silently replace them. -v Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes. Multiple -v options make the software increasingly ver- bose. -w When updating a table, do not warn about duplicate entries; silently ignore them. Arguments: file_type The type of database to be produced. btree The output file is a btree file, named file_name.db. This is available only on systems with support for db databases. dbm The output consists of two files, named file_name.pag and file_name.dir. This is available only on systems with support for dbm databases. hash The output file is a hashed file, named file_name.db. This is available only on systems with support for db databases. When no file_type is specified, the software uses the database type specified via the database_type configuration parameter. file_name The name of the lookup table source file when rebuilding a database.
DIAGNOSTICS
Problems and transactions are logged to the standard error stream. No output means no problems. Duplicate entries are skipped and are flagged with a warning. postmap terminates with zero exit status in case of success (including successful postmap -q lookup) and ter- minates with non-zero exit status in case of failure.
ENVIRONMENT
MAIL_CONFIG Directory with Postfix configuration files. MAIL_VERBOSE Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes.
CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS
database_type Default output database type. On many UNIX systems, the default database type is either hash or dbm.
LICENSE
The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software. AUTHOR(S) Wietse Venema IBM T.J. Watson Research P.O. Box 704 Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA POSTMAP(1)


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