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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for postalias (redhat section 1)

POSTALIAS(1)				       General Commands Manual					 POSTALIAS(1)

NAME
postalias - Postfix alias database maintenance
SYNOPSIS
postalias [-Nfinrvw] [-c config_dir] [-d key] [-q key] [file_type:]file_name ...
DESCRIPTION
The postalias command creates or queries one or more Postfix alias databases, or updates an existing one. The input and output file formats are expected to be compatible with Sendmail version 8, and are expected to be suitable for the use as NIS alias maps. While a database update is in progress, signal delivery is postponed, and an exclusive, advisory, lock is placed on the entire database, in order to avoid surprises in spectator programs. Options: -N Include the terminating null character that terminates lookup keys and values. By default, Postfix does whatever is the default for the host operating system. -c config_dir Read the main.cf configuration file in the named directory instead of the default configuration direc- tory. -d key Search the specified maps for key and remove one entry per map. The exit status is zero when the requested information was found. If a key value of - is specified, the program reads key values from the standard input stream. The exit status is zero when at least one of the requested keys was found. -f Do not fold the lookup key to lower case while creating or querying a map. -i Incremental mode. Read entries from standard input and do not truncate an existing database. By default, postalias creates a new database from the entries in file_name. -n Don't include the terminating null character that terminates lookup keys and values. By default, Post- fix does whatever is the default for the host operating system. -q key Search the specified maps for key and print the first value found on the standard output stream. The exit status is zero when the requested information was found. If a key value of - is specified, the program reads key values from the standard input stream and prints one line of key: value output for each key that was found. The exit status is zero when at least one of the requested keys was found. -r When updating a table, do not warn about duplicate entries; silently replace them. -v Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes. Multiple -v options make the software increasingly ver- bose. -w When updating a table, do not warn about duplicate entries; silently ignore them. Arguments: file_type The type of database to be produced. btree The output is a btree file, named file_name.db. This is available only on systems with support for db databases. dbm The output consists of two files, named file_name.pag and file_name.dir. This is available only on systems with support for dbm databases. hash The output is a hashed file, named file_name.db. This is available only on systems with support for db databases. When no file_type is specified, the software uses the database type specified via the database_type configuration parameter. The default value for this parameter depends on the host environment. file_name The name of the alias database source file when rebuilding a database.
DIAGNOSTICS
Problems are logged to the standard error stream. No output means no problems were detected. Duplicate entries are skipped and are flagged with a warning. postalias terminates with zero exit status in case of success (including successful postmap -q lookup) and terminates with non-zero exit status in case of failure.
ENVIRONMENT
MAIL_CONFIG Directory with Postfix configuration files. MAIL_VERBOSE Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes.
CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS
The following main.cf parameters are especially relevant to this program. See the Postfix main.cf file for syntax details and for default values. database_type Default alias database type. On many UNIX systems, the default type is either dbm or hash.
STANDARDS
RFC 822 (ARPA Internet Text Messages)
SEE ALSO
aliases(5) format of alias database input file. sendmail(1) mail posting and compatibility interface.
LICENSE
The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software. AUTHOR(S) Wietse Venema IBM T.J. Watson Research P.O. Box 704 Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA POSTALIAS(1)


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