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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for newaliases.postfix (redhat section 1)

SENDMAIL(1)									      SENDMAIL(1)

NAME
       sendmail - Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface

SYNOPSIS
       sendmail [option ...] [recipient ...]

       mailq
       sendmail -bp

       newaliases
       sendmail -I

DESCRIPTION
       The  sendmail program implements the Postfix to Sendmail compatibility interface.  For the
       sake of compatibility with existing applications, some Sendmail command-line  options  are
       recognized but silently ignored.

       By  default,  sendmail  reads  a message from standard input until EOF or until it reads a
       line with only a . character, and arranges for delivery.  sendmail  relies  on  the  post-
       drop(1) command to create a queue file in the maildrop directory.

       Specific command aliases are provided for other common modes of operation:

       mailq  List  the  mail  queue.  Each  entry shows the queue file ID, message size, arrival
	      time, sender, and the recipients that still need to be delivered.   If  mail  could
	      not  be delivered upon the last attempt, the reason for failure is shown. This mode
	      of operation is implemented by executing the postqueue(1) command.

       newaliases
	      Initialize the alias database.  If no input file is specified (with the -oA option,
	      see  below),  the  program  processes the file(s) specified with the alias_database
	      configuration parameter.	If no alias database type is specified, the program  uses
	      the  type  specified  with the database_type configuration parameter.  This mode of
	      operation is implemented by running the postalias(1) command.

	      Note: it may take a minute or so before an alias database update	becomes  visible.
	      Use the postfix reload command to eliminate this delay.

       These and other features can be selected by specifying the appropriate combination of com-
       mand-line options. Some features are controlled by parameters in the main.cf configuration
       file.

       The following options are recognized:

       -B body_type (ignored)
	      The message body MIME type. Currently, Postfix implements just-send-eight.

       -C config_file (ignored :-)
	      The  path  name  of  the	sendmail.cf file. Postfix configuration files are kept in
	      /etc/postfix.

       -F full_name
	      Set the sender full name. This is used only with messages that have no  From:  mes-
	      sage header.

       -G (ignored)
	      Gateway (relay) submission, as opposed to initial user submission.

       -I     Initialize alias database. See the newaliases command above.

       -L label (ignored)
	      The logging label. Use the syslog_name configuration parameter instead.

       -N dsn (ignored)
	      Delivery status notification control. Currently, Postfix does not implement DSN.

       -R return_limit (ignored)
	      Limit  the  size of bounced mail. Use the bounce_size_limit configuration parameter
	      instead.

       -X log_file (ignored)
	      Log mailer traffic. Use  the  debug_peer_list  and  debug_peer_level  configuration
	      parameters instead.

       -U (ignored)
	      Initial user submission.

       -V     Variable	Envelope Return Path. Given an envelope sender address of the form owner-
	      listname@origin, each recipient user@domain receives mail with a personalized enve-
	      lope sender address.

	      By   default,   the   personalized   envelope   sender   address	 is   owner-list-
	      name+user=domain@origin. The default + and = characters are configurable	with  the
	      default_verp_delimiters configuration parameter.

       -Vxy   As -V, but uses x and y as the VERP delimiter characters, instead of the characters
	      specified with the default_verp_delimiters configuration parameter.

       -bd    Go into daemon mode. This mode of operation is implemented by executing the postfix
	      start command.

       -bi    Initialize alias database. See the newaliases command above.

       -bm    Read  mail  from standard input and arrange for delivery.  This is the default mode
	      of operation.

       -bp    List the mail queue. See the mailq command above.

       -bs    Stand-alone SMTP server mode. Read SMTP commands from  standard  input,  and  write
	      responses  to  standard  output.	In stand-alone SMTP server mode, UCE restrictions
	      and access controls are disabled by default. To enable them, run the process as the
	      mail_owner user.

	      This mode of operation is implemented by running the smtpd(8) daemon.

       -f sender
	      Set  the	envelope  sender address. This is the address where delivery problems are
	      sent to, unless the message contains an Errors-To: message header.

       -h hop_count (ignored)
	      Hop count limit. Use the hopcount_limit configuration parameter instead.

       -i     When reading a message from standard input, don't treat a line with only a .  char-
	      acter as the end of input.

       -m (ignored)
	      Backwards compatibility.

       -n (ignored)
	      Backwards compatibility.

       -oAalias_database
	      Non-default alias database. Specify pathname or type:pathname. See postalias(1) for
	      details.

       -o7 (ignored)

       -o8 (ignored)
	      The message body type. Currently, Postfix implements just-send-eight.

       -oi    When reading a message from standard input, don't treat a line with only a .  char-
	      acter as the end of input.

       -om (ignored)
	      The sender is never eliminated from alias etc. expansions.

       -o x value (ignored)
	      Set  option  x  to  value.  Use  the  equivalent configuration parameter in main.cf
	      instead.

       -r sender
	      Set the envelope sender address. This is the address where  delivery  problems  are
	      sent to, unless the message contains an Errors-To: message header.

       -q     Attempt  to  deliver  all  queued  mail.	This  is  implemented  by  executing  the
	      postqueue(1) command.

       -qinterval (ignored)
	      The interval between queue runs. Use the	queue_run_delay  configuration	parameter
	      instead.

       -qRsite
	      Schedule	immediate  delivery  of  all mail that is queued for the named site. This
	      option accepts only site names that are eligible for the "fast flush" service,  and
	      is implemented by executing the postqueue(1) command.  See flush(8) for more infor-
	      mation about the "fast flush" service.

       -qSsite
	      This command is not implemented. Use the slower sendmail -q command instead.

       -t     Extract recipients from message headers. This requires that no recipients be speci-
	      fied on the command line.

       -v     Enable  verbose  logging for debugging purposes. Multiple -v options make the soft-
	      ware increasingly verbose.

SECURITY
       By design, this program is not set-user (or group) id. However, it must handle  data  from
       untrusted  users  or  untrusted	machines.   Thus,  the usual precautions need to be taken
       against malicious inputs.

DIAGNOSTICS
       Problems are logged to syslogd(8) and to the standard error stream.

ENVIRONMENT
       MAIL_CONFIG
	      Directory with Postfix configuration files.

       MAIL_VERBOSE
	      Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes.

       MAIL_DEBUG
	      Enable debugging with an external command, as specified with  the  debugger_command
	      configuration parameter.

FILES
       /var/spool/postfix, mail queue
       /etc/postfix, configuration files

CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS
       See  the  Postfix  main.cf file for syntax details and for default values. Use the postfix
       reload command after a configuration change.

       alias_database
	      Default alias database(s) for newaliases. The default value for this  parameter  is
	      system-specific.

       bounce_size_limit
	      The amount of original message context that is sent along with a non-delivery noti-
	      fication.

       database_type
	      Default alias etc. database type. On many UNIX systems the default type  is  either
	      dbm or hash.

       debugger_command
	      Command that is executed after a Postfix daemon has initialized.

       debug_peer_level
	      Increment  in  verbose  logging  level  when a remote host matches a pattern in the
	      debug_peer_list parameter.

       debug_peer_list
	      List of domain or network patterns. When a remote host matches a pattern,  increase
	      the  verbose  logging level by the amount specified in the debug_peer_level parame-
	      ter.

       default_verp_delimiters
	      The VERP delimiter characters that are used when the  -V	command  line  option  is
	      specified without delimiter characters.

       fast_flush_domains
	      List  of	domains that will receive "fast flush" service (default: all domains that
	      this system is willing to relay mail to). This  list  specifies  the  domains  that
	      Postfix accepts in the SMTP ETRN request and in the sendmail -qR command.

       fork_attempts
	      Number of attempts to fork() a process before giving up.

       fork_delay
	      Delay in seconds between successive fork() attempts.

       hopcount_limit
	      Limit the number of Received: message headers.

       mail_owner
	      The owner of the mail queue and of most Postfix processes.

       command_directory
	      Directory with Postfix support commands (default: $program_directory).

       daemon_directory
	      Directory with Postfix daemon programs (default: $program_directory).

       queue_directory
	      Top-level  directory of the Postfix queue. This is also the root directory of Post-
	      fix daemons that run chrooted.

       queue_run_delay
	      The time between successive scans of the deferred queue.

       verp_delimiter_filter
	      The characters that Postfix accepts as VERP delimiter characters.

SEE ALSO
       pickup(8) mail pickup daemon
       postalias(1) maintain alias database
       postdrop(1) mail posting utility
       postfix(1) mail system control
       postqueue(1) mail queue control
       qmgr(8) queue manager
       smtpd(8) SMTP server
       flush(8) fast flush service
       syslogd(8) system logging

LICENSE
       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.

AUTHOR(S)
       Wietse Venema
       IBM T.J. Watson Research
       P.O. Box 704
       Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA

										      SENDMAIL(1)


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