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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for minicom (redhat section 1)

MINICOM(1)									       MINICOM(1)

       minicom - friendly serial communication program

       minicom [-somMlwz8] [-c on|off] [-S script] [-d entry]
	       [-a on|off] [-t term] [-p pty] [-C capturefile] [configuration]

       minicom	is  a  communication program which somewhat resembles the shareware program TELIX
       but is free with source code and runs under most unices.  Features include dialing  direc-
       tory  with  auto-redial,  support  for UUCP-style lock files on serial devices, a seperate
       script language interpreter, capture to file, multiple users  with  individual  configura-
       tions, and more.

       -s   Setup.   Root  edits  the  system-wide  defaults in /etc/minirc.dfl with this option.
	    When it is used, minicom does not initialize, but puts you directly into the configu-
	    ration  menu.  This  is very handy if minicom refuses to start up because your system
	    has changed, or for the first time you run	minicom.  For  most  systems,  reasonable
	    defaults are already compiled in.

       -o   Do	not  initialize. Minicom will skip the initialization code.  This option is handy
	    if you quitted from minicom without resetting, and then want to restart a session. It
	    is	potentially  dangerous	though: no check for lock files etc. is made, so a normal
	    user could interfere with things like uucp... Maybe this will be taken out later. For
	    now  it is assumed, that users who are given access to a modem are responsible enough
	    for their actions.

       -m   Override command-key with the Meta or ALT key. This is the default in 1.80 and it can
	    also  be configured in one of minicom's menus, but if you use different terminals all
	    the time, of which some don't have a Meta or ALT key, it's handy to set  the  default
	    command key to Ctrl-A and use this option when you have a keyboard supporting Meta or
	    ALT keys. Minicom assumes that your Meta key sends the  ESC  prefix,  not  the  other
	    variant that sets the highest bit of the character.

       -M   Same  as  -m,  but	assumes that your Meta key sets the 8th bit of the character high
	    (sends 128 + character code).

       -z   Use terminal status line. This only works on terminals that support it and that  have
	    the relevant information in their termcap or terminfo database entry.

       -l   Literal  translation  of characters with the high bit set. With this flag on, minicom
	    will not try to translate the IBM line characters to ASCII, but passes them  straight
	    trough. Many PC-unix clones will display them correctly without translation (Linux in
	    a special mode, Coherent and Sco).

       -w   Turns linewrap on at startup by default.

       -a   Attribute usage. Some terminals, notably televideo's, have a  rotten  attribute  han-
	    dling  (serial instead of parallel). By default, minicom uses '-a on', but if you are
	    using such a terminal you can (must!)  supply the option '-a off'. The trailing  'on'
	    or 'off' is needed.

       -t   Terminal  type. With this flag, you can override the environment TERM variable.  This
	    is handy for use in the MINICOM environment variable; one can create a special  term-
	    cap  entry	for  use  with minicom on the console, that initializes the screen to raw
	    mode so that in conjunction with the -l flag, the IBM line characters  are	displayed

       -c   Color  usage. Some terminals (such as the Linux console) support color with the stan-
	    dard ANSI escape sequences. Because there is apparently no termcap support for color,
	    these  escape  sequences are hard-coded into minicom. Therefore this option is off by
	    default.  You can turn it on with '-c on'. This, and the '-m' option, are good candi-
	    dates to put into the MINICOM environment variable.

       -S   script.   Run the named script at startup. So far, passing username and password to a
	    startup script is not supported. If you also use the -d option to  start  dialing  at
	    startup, the -S script will be run BEFORE dialing the entries specified with -d.

       -d   Dial an entry from the dialing directory on startup. You can specify an index number,
	    but also a substring of the name of the entry. If you specify a name that has  multi-
	    ple  entries  in the directory, they are all tagged for dialing. You can also specify
	    multiple names or index numbers by separating them	with  commas.  The  dialing  will
	    start  from  the  first entry specified after all other program initialization proce-
	    dures are completed.

       -p   Pseudo terminal to use. This overrrides the terminal port defined in  the  configura-
	    tion files, but only if it is a pseudo tty. The filename supplied must be of the form
	    (/dev/)tty[p-z/][0-f], (/dev/)pts[p-z/][0-f] or (/dev/)pty[p-z/][0-f].  For  example,
	    /dev/ttyp1, pts/0 or /dev/ptyp2.

       -C   filename.  Open capture file at startup.

       -8   8bit  characters  pass  through  without  any  modification.   'Continuous'  means no
	    locate/attribute  control	sequences   are   inserted   without   real   change   of
	    locate/attribute. This mode is to display 8bit multibyte characters such as Japanese.
	    Not needed in every language with 8bit characters. (For  example  displaying  Finnish
	    text doesn't need this.)

	    When  minicom starts, it first searches the MINICOM environment variable for command-
	    line arguments, which can be over-ridden on the command line.  Thus, if you have done

		 MINICOM='-m -c on'
		 export MINICOM
	    or the equivalent, and start minicom, minicom will assume that your  terminal  has	a
	    Meta  or  <ALT>  key and that color is supported.  If you then log in from a terminal
	    without color support, and you have set MINICOM in your startup (.profile or  equiva-
	    lent) file, and don't want to re-set your environment variable, you can type 'minicom
	    -c off' and run without color support for that session.

	    The configuration argument is more interesting. Normally, minicom gets  its  defaults
	    from  a file called "minirc.dfl". If you however give an argument to minicom, it will
	    try to get its defaults from a file called "minirc.configuration".	So it is possible
	    to	create	multiple  configuration  files, for different ports, different users etc.
	    Most sensible is to use device names, such as tty1, tty64, sio2 etc. If a  user  cre-
	    ates  his  own  configuration  file,  it  will  show  up  in  his  home  directory as

       Minicom is window based. To popup a window with the function  you  want,  press	Control-A
       (from  now on, we will use C-A to mean Control-A), and then the function key (a-z or A-Z).
       By pressing C-A first and then 'z', a help screen comes up with a  short  summary  of  all
       commands.  This escape key can be altered when minicom is configured (-s option or C-A O),
       but we'll stick to Control-A for now.

       For every menu the next keys can be used:
       UP     arrow-up or 'k'
       DOWN   arrow-down or 'j'
       LEFT   arrow-left or 'h'
       RIGHT  arrow-right or 'l'
       CHOOSE Enter
       CANCEL ESCape.

       The screen is divided into two portions: the upper  24  lines  are  the	terminal-emulator
       screen.	In  this  window,  ANSI or VT100 escape sequences are interpreted.  If there is a
       line left at the bottom, a status line is placed there.	If this is not possible the  sta-
       tus  line will be showed every time you press C-A. On terminals that have a special status
       line that will be used if the termcap information is complete and the  -k  flag	has  been

       Possible commands are listed next, in alphabetical order.
       C-A  Pressing  C-A  a  second time will just send a C-A to the remote system.  If you have
	    changed your "escape character" to something other than C-A, this  works  analogously
	    for that character.
       A    Toggle  'Add Linefeed' on/off. If it is on, a linefeed is added before every carriage
	    return displayed on the screen.
       B    Gives you a scroll back buffer. You can scroll up with u, down with d, a page up with
	    b,	a page down with f, and if you have them the arrow and page up/page down keys can
	    also be used. You can search for text in the buffer  with  s  (case-sensitive)  or	S
	    (case-insensitive).  N  will  find	the  next occurrence of the string.  c will enter
	    citation mode. A text cursor appears and you specify the start line by hitting  Enter
	    key. Then scroll back mode will finish and the contents with prefix '>' will be sent.
       C    Clears the screen.
       D    Dial a number, or go to the dialing directory.
       E    Toggle local echo on and off (if your version of minicom supports it).
       F    A break signal is sent to the modem.
       G    Run script (Go). Runs a login script.
       H    Hangup.
       I    Toggle  the  type  of  escape  sequence  that the cursor keys send between normal and
	    applications mode. (See also the comment about the status line below).
       J    Jump to a shell. On return, the whole screen will be redrawn.
       K    Clears the screen, runs kermit and redraws the screen upon return.
       L    Turn Capture file on off. If turned on, all output sent to the screen  will  be  cap-
	    tured in the file too.
       M    Sends  the modem initialization string. If you are online and the DCD line setting is
	    on, you are asked for confirmation before the modem is initialized.
       O    Configure minicom. Puts you in the configuration menu.
       P    Communication Parameters. Allows you to change the bps rate,  parity  and  number  of
       Q    Exit  minicom  without resetting the modem. If macros changed and were not saved, you
	    will have a chance to do so.
       R    Receive files. Choose from various protocols (external). If  you  have  the  filename
	    selection  window  and the prompt for download directory enabled, you'll get a selec-
	    tion window for choosing the directory for downloading. Otherwise the download direc-
	    tory defined in the Filenames and paths menu will be used.
       S    Send  files.  Choose  the protocol like you do with the receive command. If you don't
	    have the filename selection window enabled (in the	File  transfer	protocols  menu),
	    you'll  just have to write the filename(s) in a dialog window. If you have the selec-
	    tion window enabled, a window will pop up showing the filenames in your upload direc-
	    tory.  You	can  tag and untag filenames by pressing spacebar, and move the cursor up
	    and down with the cursor keys or j/k. The selected filenames are  shown  highlighted.
	    Directory names are shown [within brackets] and you can move up or down in the direc-
	    tory tree by pressing the spacebar twice. Finally, send the files by  pressing  ENTER
	    or quit by pressing ESC.
       T    Choose  Terminal  emulation: Ansi(color) or vt100.	You can also change the backspace
	    key here, turn the status line on or off, and define delay	(in  milliseconds)  after
	    each newline if you need that.
       W    Toggle linewrap on/off.
       X    Exit  minicom,  reset  modem.  If  macros changed and were not saved, you will have a
	    chance to do so.
       Z    Pop up the help screen.

       By pressing C-A D the program puts you in the  dialing  directory.  Select  a  command  by
       pressing the capitalized letter or moving cursor right/left with the arrow keys or the h/l
       keys and pressing Enter. You can add, delete or edit entries and move them up and down  in
       the  directory  list.  By  choosing  "dial" the phone numbers of the tagged entries, or if
       nothing is tagged, the number of the highlighted entry will be dialed. While the modem  is
       dialing, you can press escape to cancel dialing. Any other key will close the dial window,
       but won't cancel the dialing itself. Your dialing directory will be saved into a the  file
       ".dialdir"  in  your  home directory.  You can scroll up and down with the arrow keys, but
       you can also scroll complete pages by pressing the PageUp or PageDown key.  If  you  don't
       have those, use Control-B (Backward) and Control-F (Forward). You can use the space bar to
       tag a number of entries and minicom will rotate trough this list if a connection can't  be
       made. A '>' symbol is drawn in the directory before the names of the tagged entries.

       The "edit" menu speaks for itself, but I will discuss it briefly here.
       A - Name  The name for this entry
       B - Number
		 and its telephone number.
       C - Dial string #
		 Which specific dial string you want to use to connect. There are three different
		 dial strings (prefixes and suffixes) that can be configured  in  the  Modem  and
		 dialing menu.
       D - Local echo
		 can be on or off for this system (if your version of minicom supports it).
       E - Script
		 The  script that must be executed after a succesfull connection is made (see the
		 manual for runscript)
       F - Username
		 The username that is passed to the runscript program.	It is passed in the envi-
		 ronment string "$LOGIN".
       G - Password
		 The password is passed as "$PASS".
       H - Terminal Emulation
		 Use ANSI or VT100 emulation.
       I - Backspace key sends
		 What code (Backspace or Delete) the backspace key sends.
       J - Linewrap
		 Can be on or off.
       K - Line settings
		 Bps  rate, bits, parity and number of stop bits to use for this connection.  You
		 can choose current for the speed, so that it will use whatever  speed	is  being
		 used at that moment (useful if you have multiple modems).
       L - Conversion table
		 You  may  spacify  a character conversion table to be loaded whenever this entry
		 answers, before running the login script. If this field is blank, the conversion
		 table stays unchanged.
       The edit menu also shows the latest date and time when you called this entry and the total
       number of calls there, but doesn't let you change them.	They  are  updated  automatically
       when you connect.

       The  moVe  command lets you move the highlighted entry up or down in the dialing directory
       with the up/down arrow keys or the k and j keys. Press Enter or	ESC  to  end  moving  the

       By  pressing  C-A  O  you  will	be thrown into the setup menu. Most settings there can be
       changed by everyone, but some are restricted to root only. Those priviliged  settings  are
       marked with a star (*) here.

       Filenames and paths
	 This menu defines your default directories.
	 A - Download directory
	      where the downloaded files go to.
	 B - Upload directory
	      where the uploaded files are read from.
	 C - Script directory
	      Where you keep your login scripts.
	 D - Script program
	      Which  program  to  use  as  the	script interpreter. Defaults to the program "run-
	      script", but if you want to use something else (eg, /bin/sh or "expect") it is pos-
	      sible.  Stdin and stdout are connected to the modem, stderr to the screen.
	      If  the  path  is  relative (ie, does not start with a slash) then it's relative to
	      your home directory, except for the script interpreter.
	 E - Kermit program
	      Where to find the executable for kermit, and it's options. Some simple macro's  can
	      be  used on the command line: '%l' is expanded to the complete filename of the dial
	      out-device, '%f' is expanded to  the  serial  port  file	descriptor  and  '%b'  is
	      expanded to the current serial port speed.
	 F - Logging options
	      Options to configure the logfile writing.

	      A - File name
		   Here  you  can enter the name of the logfile. The file will be written in your
		   home directory, and the default value is  "minicom.log".   If  you  blank  the
		   name, all logging is turned off.

	      B - Log connects and hangups
		   This  option defines whether or not the logfile is written when the remote end
		   answers the call or hangs up. Or when you give the hangup command yourself  or
		   leave minicom without hangup while online.

	      C - Log file transfers
		   Do you want log entries of receiving and sending files.
	 The  'log'  command  in  the  scripts is not affected by logging options B and C.  It is
	 always executed, if you just have the name of the log file defined.

       File Transfer Protocols
	 Protocols defined here will show up when C-A s/r is pressed.  "Name" in the beginning of
	 the  line is the name that will show up in the menu. "Program" is the path to the proto-
	 col. "Name" after that defines if the program needs an argument, eg. a file to be trans-
	 mitted.  U/D  defines	if  this entry should show up in the upload or the download menu.
	 Fullscr defines if the program should run full screen, or that minicom  will  only  show
	 it's  stderr in a window. IO-Red defines if minicom should attach the program's standard
	 in and output to the modem port or not. "Multi"  tells  the  filename	selection  window
	 whether  or  not the protocol can send multiple files with one command. It has no effect
	 on download protocols, and it is also ignored with upload protocols if you don't use the
	 filename  selection  window. The old sz and rz are not full screen, and have IO-Red set.
	 However, there are curses based versions of at least rz that do not want their stdin and
	 stdout  redirected,  and  run full screen.  All file transfer protocols are run with the
	 UID of the user, and not with UID=root. '%l', '%f' and '%b' can be used on  the  command
	 line  as with kermit.	Within this menu you can also define if you want to use the file-
	 name selection window when prompted for files to upload, and if you like to be  prompted
	 for  the  download  directory every time the automatic download is started. If you leave
	 the download directory prompt disabled, the download directory defined in the	file  and
	 directory menu is used.

       Serial port setup
	 *A - Serial device
	      /dev/tty1  or  /dev/ttyS1  for  most  people.   /dev/cua<n> is still possible under
	      linux, but not recommended any more because these devices  are  obsolete	and  many
	      newly  installed	systems  with  kernel  2.2.x  or  newer  don't	have  them.   Use
	      /dev/ttyS<n> instead.  You may also have	/dev/modem  as	a  symlink  to	the  real
	      If  you  have  modems connected to two or more serial ports, you may specify all of
	      them here in a list separated by space, comma or semicolon. When Minicom starts, it
	      checks  the list until it finds an available modem and uses that one. (However, you
	      can't specify different init strings to them ..at least not yet.)
	 *B - Lock file location
	      On most systems This should be /usr/spool/uucp. Linux  systems  use  /var/lock.  If
	      this directory does not exist, minicom will not attempt to use lockfiles.
	 *C - Callin program
	      If you have a uugetty or something on your serial port, it could be that you want a
	      program to be run to switch the modem cq. port into dialin/dialout  mode.  This  is
	      the program to get into dialin mode.
	 *D - Callout program
	      And this to get into dialout mode.
	 E - Bps/Par/Bits
	      Default parameters at startup.

	 If  one  of  the  entries is left blank, it will not be used. So if you don't care about
	 locking, and don't have a getty running on your modemline, entries B - D should be  left
	 blank.  Be warned! The callin and callout programs are run with the effective user id of
	 "root", eg 0!

       Modem and Dialing
	 Here, the parameters for your modem are defined. I will not explain this further because
	 the  defaults	are  for generic Hayes modems, and should work always. This file is not a
	 Hayes tutorial :-) The only things worth noticing are that  control  characters  can  be
	 sent by prefixing them with a '^', in which '^^' means '^' itself, and the '\' character
	 must also be doubled as '\\', because backslash is used specially in the  macro  defini-
	 tions.  Some options however, don't have much to do with the modem but more with the be-
	 haviour of minicom itself:
	 M - Dial time
	      The number of seconds before minicom times out if no connection is established.
	 N - Delay before redial
	      Minicom will redial if no connection was made, but it first waits some time.
	 O - Number of tries
	      Maximum number of times that minicom attempts to dial.
	 P - Drop DTR time
	      If you set this to 0, minicom hangs up by sending a Hayes-type hangup sequence.  If
	      you specify a non-zero value, the hangup will be done by dropping the DTR line. The
	      value tells in seconds how long DTR will be kept down.
	 Q - Auto bps detect
	      If this is on, minicom tries to match the dialed party's speed.  With  most  modern
	      modems  this  is	NOT  desirable, since the modem buffers the data and converts the
	 R - Modem has DCD line
	      If your modem, and your O/S both support the DCD line (that goes 'high' when a con-
	      nection  is  made)  minicom will use it. When you have this option on, minicom will
	      also NOT start dialing while you are already online.
	 S - Status line shows DTE speed / line speed
	      You can toggle the status line to show either the DTE speed (the speed which  mini-
	      com  uses  to  communicate  with your modem) or the line speed (the speed that your
	      modem uses on the line to communicate with the other modem). Notice that	the  line
	      speed  may  change  during  the connection, but you will still only see the initial
	      speed that the modems started the  connection  with.  This  is  because  the  modem
	      doesn't  tell the program if the speed is changed. Also, to see the line speed, you
	      need to have the modem set to show it in the connect string.   Otherwise	you  will
	      only see 0 as the line speed.
	 T - Multi-line untag
	      You  can toggle the feature to untag entries from the dialing directory when a con-
	      nection is established to a multi-line BBS. All the tagged entries  that	have  the
	      same name are untagged.

	    Note that a special exception is made for this menu: every user can change all param-
	    eters here, but some of them will not be saved.

       Screen and keyboard
	 A - Command key is
	      the 'Hot Key' that brings you into command mode. If this is set to 'ALT'	or  'meta
	      key', you can directly call commands by alt-key instead of HotKey-key.
	 B - Backspace key sends
	      There still are some systems that want a VT100 to send DEL instead of BS. With this
	      option you can enable that stupidity.  (Eh, it's even on by default...)
	 C - Status line is
	      Enabled or disabled. Some slow terminals (for example, X-terminals) cause the  sta-
	      tus  line  to jump "up and down" when scrolling, so you can turn it off if desired.
	      It will still be shown in command-mode.
	 D - Alarm sound
	      If turned on, minicom will sound an alarm (on the console only) after a  succesfull
	      connection and when up/downloading is complete.
	 E - Foreground Color (menu)
	      indicates the foreground color to use for all the configuration windows in minicom.
	 F - Background Color (menu)
	      indicates the background color to use for all the configuration windows in minicom.
	      Note that minicom will not allow you to set forground and background colors to  the
	      same value.
	 G - Foreground Color (term)
	      indicates the foreground color to use in the terminal window.
	 H - Background Color (term)
	      indicates  the  background  color  to use in the terminal window. Note that minicom
	      will not allow you to set forground and background colors to the same value.
	 I - Foreground Color (stat)
	      indicates the foreground color to use in for the status bar.
	 J - Background Color (stat)
	      indicates the color to use in for the status bar. Note that minicom will allow  you
	      to  set  the  status  bar's forground and background colors to the same value. This
	      will effectively make the status bar invisible but if these  are	your  intensions,
	      please see the option
	 K - History buffer size
	      The number of lines to keep in the history buffer (for backscrolling).
	 L - Macros file
	      is the full path to the file that holds macros. Macros allow you to define a string
	      to be sent when you press a certain key. In minicom, you may define F1 through  F10
	      to  send up to 256 characters [this is set at compile time]. The filename you spec-
	      ify is verified as soon as you hit ENTER. If you do not have permissions to  create
	      the specified file, an error message will so indicate and you will be forced to re-
	      edit the filename. If you are permitted to create the file, minicom checks  to  see
	      if  it  already  exists. If so, it assumes it's a macro file and reads it in. If it
	      isn't, well, it's your problem :-) If the file does  not	exist,	the  filename  is
	 M - Edit Macros
	      opens up a new window which allows you to edit the F1 through F10 macros.
	 N - Macros enabled
	      - Yes or No. If macros are disabled, the F1-F10 keys will just send the VT100/VT220
	      function key escape sequences.
	 O - Character conversion
	      The active conversion table filename is shown here. If you can see no name, no con-
	      version is active. Pressing O, you will see the conversion table edit menu.

	      Edit Macros
		 Here,	the macros for F1 through F10 are defined. The bottom of the window shows
		 a legend of character combinations that have special meaning.	They allow you to
		 enter	special  control characters with plain text by prefixing them with a '^',
		 in which '^^' means '^' itself. You can send a 1  second  delay  with	the  '^~'
		 code.	This  is  useful when you are trying to login after ftp'ing or telnet'ing
		 somewhere.  You can also include your current username  and  password	from  the
		 phone	directory in the macros with '\u' and '\p', respectively. If you need the
		 backslash character in the macro, write it doubled as '\\'.  To  edit	a  macro,
		 press	the  number  (or  letter for F10) and you will be moved to the end of the
		 macro. When editing the line, you may use the left & right arrows,  Home  &  End
		 keys,	Delete	&  BackSpace,  and  ESC and RETURN.  ESC cancels any changes made
		 while ENTER accepts the changes.

	      Character conversion
		 Here you can edit the character conversion table. If you are  not  an	American,
		 you  know  that  in many languages there are characters that are not included in
		 the ASCII character set, and in the old times they may have replaced  some  less
		 important  characters in ASCII and now they are often represented with character
		 codes above 127. AND there are various different ways to represent them. This is
		 where	you  may edit conversion tables for systems that use a character set dif-
		 ferent from the one on your computer.

	      A - Load table
		   You probably guessed it. This command loads a table from the  disk.	 You  are
		   asked  a file name for the table.  Predefined tables .mciso, .mcpc8 and .mcsf7
		   should be included with the program. Table .mciso does no  conversion,  .mcpc8
		   is  to  be  used  for connections with systems that use the 8-bit pc character
		   set, and .mcsf7 is for compatibility with the systems that uses the	good  old
		   7-bit  coding to replace the characters {|}[]\ with the diacritical characters
		   used in Finnish and Swedish.

	      B - Save table
		   This one saves the active table on the filename you specify.

	      C - edit char
		   This is where you can make your  own  modifications	to  the  existing  table.
		   First you are asked the character value (in decimal) whose conversion you want
		   to change. Next you'll say which character you want to see on your screen when
		   that character comes from the outside world. And then you'll be asked what you
		   want to be sent out when you enter that character from your keyboard.

	      D - next screen

	      E - prev screen
		   Yeah, you probably noticed that this screen shows you what kind of conversions
		   are	active. The screen just is (usually) too small to show the whole table at
		   once in an easy-to-understand format. This is how you  can  scroll  the  table
		   left and right.

	      F - convert capture
		   Toggles whether or not the character conversion table is used when writing the
		   capture file.

       Save setup as dfl
	 Save the parameters as the default for the next time the program is started. Instead  of
	 dfl,  any other parameter name may appear, depending on which one was used when the pro-
	 gram was started.

       Save setup as..
	 Save the parameters under a special name. Whenever Minicom is started with this name  as
	 an argument, it will use these parameters. This option is of course priviliged to root.

	 Escape from this menu without saving.	This can also be done with ESC.

       Exit from minicom
	 Only root will see this menu entry, if he/she started minicom with the '-s' option. This
	 way, it is possible to change the configuration without actually running minicom.

       The status line has several indicators, that speak for themselves.  The mysterious APP  or
       NOR  indicator  probably  needs	explanation.  The  VT100 cursor keys can be in two modes:
       applications mode and cursor mode. This is controlled by an escape sequence. If	you  find
       that  the cursor keys do not work in, say, vi when you're logged in using minicom then you
       can see with this indicator whether the cursor keys are in applications	or  cursor  mode.
       You  can toggle the two with the C-A I key. If the cursor keys then work, it's probably an
       error in the remote system's termcap initialization strings (is).

       Minicom has now support for local languages. This means you can change most of the English
       messages  and  other strings to another language by setting the environment variable LANG.
       On September 2001 the supported languages are  Brazilian  Portuguese,  Finnish,	Japanese,
       French, Polish, Czech, Russian and Spanish.  Turkish is under construction.

       Since  Minicom  is run setuid root on some computers, you probably want to restrict access
       to it. This is possible by using a configuration file in the same directory as the default
       files, called "minicom.users".  The syntax of this file is as following:

	    <username> <configuration> [configuration...]

       To  allow  user	'miquels' to use the default configuration, enter the following line into

	    miquels dfl

       If you want users to be able to use more than the default  configurations,  just  add  the
       names  of  those  configurations behind the user name. If no configuration is given behind
       the username, minicom assumes that the user has access to all configurations.

       If minicom is hung, kill it with SIGTERM . (This means  kill  -15,  or  since  sigterm  is
       default, just plain "kill <minicompid>". This will cause a graceful exit of minicom, doing
       resets and everything.  You may kill minicom from a script with the command "! killall  -9
       minicom"  without  hanging  up  the line. Without the -9 parameter, minicom first hangs up
       before exiting.

       Since a lot of escape sequences begin with ESC (Arrow up is ESC [  A),  Minicom	does  not
       know  if  the  escape  character  it  gets  is  you  pressing the escape key, or part of a

       An old version of Minicom, V1.2, solved this in a rather crude way: to get the escape key,
       you had to press it twice.

       As  of  release 1.3 this has bettered a little: now a 1-second timeout is builtin, like in
       vi. For systems that have the select() system call the timeout is 0.5 seconds. And... sur-
       prise:  a special Linux-dependant hack :-) was added. Now, minicom can separate the escape
       key and escape-sequences. To see how dirty this was done, look into wkeys.c.  But it works
       like a charm!

       Minicom	keeps  it's  configuration  files  in  one  directory,	usually /var/lib/minicom,
       /usr/local/etc or /etc. To find out what default directory minicom has compiled in,  issue
       the  command  minicom  -h.  You'll probably also find the demo files for runscript(1), and
       the examples of character conversion tables either  there  or  in  the  subdirectories  of
       /usr/doc/minicom*.  The conversion tables are named something like mc.* in that directory,
       but you probably want to copy the ones you need in your home directory as something begin-
       ning with a dot.


       Minicom is now up to version 2.00.0.

       The  original  author of minicom is Miquel van Smoorenburg (miquels@cistron.nl).  He wrote
       versions up to 1.75.
       Jukka Lahtinen (walker@clinet.fi, walker@megabaud.fi) has been responsible  for	new  ver-
       sions since 1.78, helped by some other people, including:
       filipg@paranoia.com wrote the History buffer searching to 1.79.
       Arnaldo	Carvalho  de  Melo  (acme@conectiva.com.br)  did the internationalization and the
       Brasilian Portuguese translations.
       Jim Seymour (jseymour@jimsun.LinxNet.com) wrote the multiple modem support and  the  file-
       name selection window used since 1.80.
       Tomohiro  Kubota  (kubota@debian.or.jp)	wrote  the Japanese translations and the citation
       facility, and did some fixes.
       Gael Queri (gqueri@mail.dotcom.fr) wrote the French translations.
       Arkadiusz Miskiewicz (misiek@pld.org.pl) wrote the Polish translations.
       Kim Soyoung (nexti@chollian.net) wrote the Korean translations.

       Most of this man page is copied, with corrections, from the original minicom  README,  but
       some pieces and the corrections are by Michael K. Johnson.

       Jukka  Lahtinen	(walker@clinet.fi)  has  added some information of the changes made after
       version 1.75.

User's Manual			   $Date: 2001/09/30 13:10:34 $ 		       MINICOM(1)

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