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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for gst-launch (redhat section 1)

GStreamer(1)						      General Commands Manual						      GStreamer(1)

gst-launch - build and run a GStreamer pipeline
gst-launch is a tool that builds and runs basic GStreamer pipelines. In simple form, a PIPELINE-DESCRIPTION is a list of elements separated by exclamation marks (!). Options may be appended to elements, in the form "option=value". A group of elements surrounded by curly braces {, } will be executed in a separate thread. Connections between non-consecutive elements are created by specifying a element names and pad names immediately before and after the exclamation mark, in the form "element0.sinkpad!element1.srcpad". The default name given to an element is the name of its class followed by an index. If the element names are omitted, the previous and next elements in the PIPELINE-DESCRIPTION will be used. If the pad names are omitted, a default pad of the correct type (source or sink) is found on the given element, typically named "src" or "sink". See the GStreamer documentation for a complete description of a a PIPELINE-DESCRIPTION.
The examples below assume that you have the correct plug-ins available. In general, "osssink" can be substituted with another audio output plug-in such as "esdsink", "alsasink", or "artsdsink". Likewise, "xvideosink" can be substituted with "sdlvideosink" or "aasink". Audio playback Play the mp3 music file "music.mp3" using a libmad-based plug-in and output to an OSS device: gst-launch filesrc location=music.mp3 ! mad ! osssink Play an Ogg Vorbis format file: gst-launch filesrc location=music.ogg ! vorbisfile ! osssink Play an mp3 file or stream retrieved via http: gst-launch httpsrc location= ! mad ! osssink Play an mp3 file or stream using GNOME-VFS: gst-launch gnomevfssrc location=music.mp3 ! mad ! osssink gst-launch gnomevfssrc location= ! mad ! osssink Use GNOME-VFS to play an mp3 file located on an SMB server: gst-launch gnomevfssrc location=smb://computer/music.mp3 ! mad ! osssink Format conversion Convert an mp3 music file to an Ogg Vorbis file: gst-launch filesrc location=music.mp3 ! mad ! vorbisenc ! filesink location=music.ogg Alternatively, to convert to the FLAC format, use the command line: gst-launch filesrc location=claptrap.mp3 ! mad ! flacenc ! filesink location=test.flac Other Plays a .WAV file: gst-launch filesrc location=music.wav ! wavparse ! osssink Convert a .WAV file into Ogg Vorbis (or mp3) file: gst-launch filesrc location=music.wav ! wavparse ! vorbisenc ! filesink location=music.ogg gst-launch filesrc location=music.wav ! wavparse ! mpegaudio ! filesink location=music.mp3 Alternatively, if you have lame installed (and have the lame plug-in), you can substitute lame for mpegaudio in the previous example. It gives better results than mpegaudio. Rip all tracks from compact disc and convert them into a single mp3 file: gst-launch cdparanoia ! mpegaudio ! filesink location=cd.mp3 Using gst-inspect, it is possible to discover settings for cdparanoia that will tell it to rip individual tracks. Record sound from your audio input and encode it into an ogg file: gst-launch osssrc ! vorbisenc ! filesink location=input.ogg Video Display only the video portion of an MPEG-1 video file, outputting to an X display window (The "queue" element is necessary to buffer data between the threads): gst-launch filesrc location=JB_FF9_TheGravityOfLove.mpg ! mpegdemux video_%02d!src { queue ! mpeg2dec ! xvideosink } Display the video portion of a .vob file (used on DVDs), outputting to an SDL window: gst-launch filesrc location=/flflfj.vob ! mpegdemux video_%02d!src { queue ! mpeg2dec ! sdlvideosink } Play both video and audio portions of an MPEG movie: gst-launch filesrc location=movie.mpg ! mpegdemux video_%02d!src { queue ! mpeg2dec ! sdlvideosink } mpegdemux0.audio_%02d!src { queue ! mad ! osssink } Play an AVI movie: gst-launch filesrc location=movie.avi ! avidemux video_%02d!src { queue ! windec ! sdlvideosink } Network streaming An MPEG-1 system stream can be streamed via RTP from one machine to another. On the receiver, execute: gst-launch rtprecv media_type=mpeg1_sys ! mpegdemux video_%02d!src { queue ! mpeg2dec ! xvideosink } mpegdemux0.audio_%02d!src { queue ! mad ! osssink } On the transmitter, execute: gst-launch filesrc location=mpeg1system.mpeg ! mpegparse ! rtpsend ip=IPorHostname Diagnostic Generate a null stream and ignore it: gst-launch fakesrc ! fakesink Generate a pure tone to test the audio output: gst-launch sinesrc ! osssink Generate a familiar test pattern to test the video output: gst-launch videotestsrc ! xvideosink
gst-launch accepts the following options: --help Print help synopsis and available FLAGS --silent Do not output status information --exclude=TYPE, -XTYPE Do not output status information of TYPE --output=FILE, -oFILE Save XML representation of pipeline to FILE and exit --gst-info-mask=FLAGS GStreamer info flags to set (list with --help) --gst-debug-mask=FLAGS GStreamer debugging flags to set (list with --help) --gst-mask=FLAGS GStreamer info and debugging flags to set (list with --help) --gst-plugin-spew GStreamer info flags to set Enable printout of errors while loading GStreamer plugins --gst-plugin-path=PATH Add directories separated with ':' to the plugin search path
gst-complete(1), gst-register(1), gst-inspect(1)
The GStreamer team at March 2001 GStreamer(1)