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GETFACL(1)			       Access Control Lists			       GETFACL(1)

       getfacl - get file access control lists

       getfacl [-dRLPvh] file ...

       getfacl [-dRLPvh] -

       For  each  file,  getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and the Access Control
       List (ACL). If a directory has a default ACL, getfacl also displays the default ACL.  Non-
       directories cannot have default ACLs.

       If  getfacl  is	used  on  a  file system that does not support ACLs, getfacl displays the
       access permissions defined by the traditional file mode permission bits.

       The output format of getfacl is as follows:
	       1:  # file: somedir/
	       2:  # owner: lisa
	       3:  # group: staff
	       4:  user::rwx
	       5:  user:joe:rwx 	      #effective:r-x
	       6:  group::rwx		      #effective:r-x
	       7:  group:cool:r-x
	       8:  mask:r-x
	       9:  other:r-x
	      10:  default:user::rwx
	      11:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
	      12:  default:group::r-x
	      13:  default:mask:r-x
	      14:  default:other:---

       Lines 4, 6 and 9 correspond to the user, group and other fields of the file  mode  permis-
       sion  bits.  These three are called the base ACL entries. Lines 5 and 7 are named user and
       named group entries. Line 8 is the effective rights mask. This entry limits the	effective
       rights  granted	to  all groups and to named users. (The file owner and others permissions
       are not affected by the effective rights mask; all other entries are.)  Lines 10--14  dis-
       play  the  default ACL associated with this directory. Directories may have a default ACL.
       Regular files never have a default ACL.

       The default behavior for getfacl is to display both the ACL and the default  ACL,  and  to
       include	an  effective  rights comment for lines where the rights of the entry differ from
       the effective rights.

       If output is to a terminal, the effective rights comment is aligned to column  40.  Other-
       wise, a single tab character separates the ACL entry and the effective rights comment.

       The  ACL  listings  of multiple files are separated by blank lines.  The output of getfacl
       can also be used as input to setfacl.

       Process with search access to a file (i.e., processes with read access to  the  containing
       directory  of  a file) are also granted read access to the file's ACLs.	This is analogous
       to the permissions required for accessing the file mode.

	   Display the file access control list.

       -d, --default
	   Display the default access control list.

	   Do not display the comment header (the first three lines of each file's output).

	   Print all effective rights comments, even if identical to the rights  defined  by  the
	   ACL entry.

	   Do not print effective rights comments.

	   Skip files that only have the base ACL entries (owner, group, others).

       -R, --recursive
	   List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.

       -L, --logical
	   Logical  walk,  follow symbolic links. The default behavior is to follow symbolic link
	   arguments, and to skip symbolic links encountered in subdirectories.

       -P, --physical
	   Physical walk, skip all symbolic links. This also skips symbolic link arguments.

	   Use an alternative tabular output format. The ACL and the default  ACL  are	displayed
	   side by side. Permissions that are ineffective due to the ACL mask entry are displayed
	   capitalized. The entry tag names for the ACL_USER_OBJ and  ACL_GROUP_OBJ  entries  are
	   also displayed in capital letters, which helps in spotting those entries.

	   Do  not strip leading slash characters (`/'). The default behavior is to strip leading
	   slash characters.

	   Print the version of getfacl and exit.

	   Print help explaining the command line options.

       --  End of command line options. All remaining parameters are interpreted as  file  names,
	   even if they start with a dash character.

       -   If  the  file name parameter is a single dash character, getfacl reads a list of files
	   from standard input.

       If the environment variable POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the default  behavior  of  getfacl
       changes	in  the  following ways: Unless otherwise specified, only the ACL is printed. The
       default ACL is only printed if the -d option is given. If no  command  line  parameter  is
       given, getfacl behaves as if it was invoked as ``getfacl -''.

       Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org>.

       Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.

       setfacl(1), acl(5)

May 2000				ACL File Utilities			       GETFACL(1)
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