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CREATEDB(1)			  PostgreSQL Client Applications		      CREATEDB(1)

       createdb - create a new PostgreSQL database

       createdb [ options... ] [ dbname ] [ description ]

       createdb creates a new PostgreSQL database.

       Normally,  the  database user who executes this command becomes the owner of the new data-
       base.  However a different owner can be specified via the -O option, if the executing user
       has appropriate privileges.

       createdb  is  a	shell script wrapper around the SQL command CREATE DATABASE [create_data-
       base(7)] via the PostgreSQL interactive terminal psql(1). Thus, there is  nothing  special
       about  creating databases via this or other methods. This means that the psql program must
       be found by the script and that a database server must be running at  the  targeted  port.
       Also,  any  default  settings  and  environment	variables available to psql and the libpq
       front-end library will apply.

       createdb accepts the following command-line arguments:

       dbname Specifies the name of the database to be created. The name must be unique among all
	      PostgreSQL  databases  in  this  installation.  The default is to create a database
	      with the same name as the current system user.

	      This optionally specifies a comment to be associated with the newly  created  data-

       -D location

       --location location
	      Specifies the alternative location for the database. See also initlocation(1).


       --echo Echo the queries that createdb generates and sends to the server.

       -E encoding

       --encoding encoding
	      Specifies the character encoding scheme to be used in this database.

       -O owner

       --owner owner
	      Specifies the database user who will own the new database.


	      Do not display a response.

       -T template

       --template template
	      Specifies the template database from which to build this database.

       The  options -D, -E, -O, and -T correspond to options of the underlying SQL command CREATE
       DATABASE [create_database(7)]; see there for more information about them.

       createdb also accepts the following command-line arguments for connection parameters:

       -h host

       --host host
	      Specifies the host name of the machine on which the  server  is  running.  If  host
	      begins with a slash, it is used as the directory for the Unix domain socket.

       -p port

       --port port
	      Specifies  the  Internet TCP/IP port or the local Unix domain socket file extension
	      on which the server is listening for connections.

       -U username

       --username username
	      User name to connect as


	      Force password prompt.

	      The database was successfully created.

       createdb: Database creation failed.
	      (Says it all.)

       createdb: Comment creation failed. (Database was created.)
	      The comment/description for the database could not be created.  The database itself
	      will  have been created already. You can use the SQL command COMMENT ON DATABASE to
	      create the comment later on.

       If there is an error condition, the backend error message will be displayed.   See  CREATE
       DATABASE [create_database(7)] and psql(1) for possibilities.

	      If set, the name of the database to create, unless overridden on the command line.



       PGUSER Default  connection  parameters. PGUSER also determines the name of the database to
	      create, if it is not specified on the command line or by PGDATABASE.

       To create the database demo using the default database server:

       $ createdb demo

       The response is the same as you would have gotten from running  the  CREATE  DATABASE  SQL

       To  create  the	database  demo using the server on host eden, port 5000, using the LATIN1
       encoding scheme with a look at the underlying query:

       $ createdb -p 5000 -h eden -E LATIN1 -e demo

       dropdb(1), CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)]

Application				    2002-11-22				      CREATEDB(1)
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