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CHOWN(1)				       FSF					 CHOWN(1)

       chown - change file owner and group

       chown [OPTION]... OWNER[:[GROUP]] FILE...
       chown [OPTION]... :GROUP FILE...
       chown [OPTION]... --reference=RFILE FILE...

       This  manual page documents the GNU version of chown.  chown changes the user and/or group
       ownership of each given file, according to its first non-option argument, which is  inter-
       preted  as  follows.  If only a user name (or numeric user ID) is given, that user is made
       the owner of each given file, and the files' group is not changed.  If the  user  name  is
       followed  by a colon or dot and a group name (or numeric group ID), with no spaces between
       them, the group ownership of the files is changed as well.  If a colon or dot but no group
       name  follows the user name, that user is made the owner of the files and the group of the
       files is changed to that user's login group.  If the colon or dot and group are given, but
       the user name is omitted, only the group of the files is changed; in this case, chown per-
       forms the same function as chgrp.

       Change the owner and/or group of each FILE to OWNER and/or GROUP.

       -c, --changes
	      like verbose but report only when a change is made

	      affect the referent of each symbolic link, rather than the symbolic link itself

       -h, --no-dereference
	      affect symbolic links instead of any referenced file  (available	only  on  systems
	      that can change the ownership of a symlink)

	      change  the  owner and/or group of each file only if its current owner and/or group
	      match those specified here.  Either may be omitted, in which case a  match  is  not
	      required for the omitted attribute.

       -f, --silent, --quiet
	      suppress most error messages

	      use RFILE's owner and group rather than the specified OWNER:GROUP values

       -R, --recursive
	      operate on files and directories recursively

       -v, --verbose
	      output a diagnostic for every file processed

       --help display this help and exit

	      output version information and exit

       Owner  is unchanged if missing.	Group is unchanged if missing, but changed to login group
       if implied by a `:'.  OWNER and GROUP may be numeric as well as symbolic.

       Written by David MacKenzie.

       Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.

       Copyright (C) 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO  warranty;  not

       The full documentation for chown is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and chown
       programs are properly installed at your site, the command

	      info chown

       should give you access to the complete manual.

chown (coreutils) 4.5.3 		  February 2003 				 CHOWN(1)
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