FCLOSE(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual FCLOSE(3P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond-
ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
fclose -- close a stream
int fclose(FILE *stream);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here
and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2008 defers to the ISO C standard.
The fclose() function shall cause the stream pointed to by stream to be flushed and the associated file to be closed. Any unwritten
buffered data for the stream shall be written to the file; any unread buffered data shall be discarded. Whether or not the call succeeds,
the stream shall be disassociated from the file and any buffer set by the setbuf() or setvbuf() function shall be disassociated from the
stream. If the associated buffer was automatically allocated, it shall be deallocated.
If the file is not already at EOF, and the file is one capable of seeking, the file offset of the underlying open file description shall be
set to the file position of the stream if the stream is the active handle to the underlying file description.
The fclose() function shall mark for update the last data modification and last file status change timestamps of the underlying file, if
the stream was writable, and if buffered data remains that has not yet been written to the file. The fclose() function shall perform the
equivalent of a close() on the file descriptor that is associated with the stream pointed to by stream.
After the call to fclose(), any use of stream results in undefined behavior.
Upon successful completion, fclose() shall return 0; otherwise, it shall return EOF and set errno to indicate the error.
The fclose() function shall fail if:
EAGAIN The O_NONBLOCK flag is set for the file descriptor underlying stream and the thread would be delayed in the write operation.
EBADF The file descriptor underlying stream is not valid.
EFBIG An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the maximum file size.
EFBIG An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the file size limit of the process.
EFBIG The file is a regular file and an attempt was made to write at or beyond the offset maximum associated with the corresponding
EINTR The fclose() function was interrupted by a signal.
EIO The process is a member of a background process group attempting to write to its controlling terminal, TOSTOP is set, the calling
thread is not blocking SIGTTOU, the process is not ignoring SIGTTOU, and the process group of the process is orphaned. This error
may also be returned under implementation-defined conditions.
ENOMEM The underlying stream was created by open_memstream() or open_wmemstream() and insufficient memory is available.
ENOSPC There was no free space remaining on the device containing the file or in the buffer used by the fmemopen() function.
EPIPE An attempt is made to write to a pipe or FIFO that is not open for reading by any process. A SIGPIPE signal shall also be sent to
The fclose() function may fail if:
ENXIO A request was made of a nonexistent device, or the request was outside the capabilities of the device.
The following sections are informative.
Section 2.5, Standard I/O Streams, close(), fmemopen(), fopen(), getrlimit(), open_memstream(), ulimit()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2008, <stdio.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technol-
ogy -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Stan-
dard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source
files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .
/The Open Group 2013 FCLOSE(3P)