# sinf(3) [posix man page]

SIN(P)POSIX Programmer's Manual SIN(P)NAME

sin, sinf, sinl - sine functionSYNOPSIS

#include <math.h> double sin(double x); float sinf(float x); long double sinl(long double x);DESCRIPTION

These functions shall compute the sine of their argument x, measured in radians. An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the sine of x. If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned. If x is +-0, x shall be returned. If x is subnormal, a range error may occur and x should be returned. If x is +-Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.ERRORS

These functions shall fail if: Domain Error The x argument is +-Inf. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised. These functions may fail if: Range Error The value of x is subnormal If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the underflow floating-point exception shall be raised. The following sections are informative.EXAMPLES

Taking the Sine of a 45-Degree Angle #include <math.h> ... double radians = 45.0 * M_PI / 180; double result; ... result = sin(radians);APPLICATION USAGE

These functions may lose accuracy when their argument is near a multiple of pi or is far from 0.0. On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.RATIONALE

None.FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.SEE ALSO

asin() , feclearexcept() , fetestexcept() , isnan() , the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol- ogyPortable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .--IEEE

/The Open Group 2003 SIN(P)

## Check Out this Related Man Page

SIN(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual SIN(3P)PROLOG

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the correspond- ing Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.NAME

sin, sinf, sinl - sine functionSYNOPSIS

#include <math.h> double sin(double x); float sinf(float x); long double sinl(long double x);DESCRIPTION

These functions shall compute the sine of their argument x, measured in radians. An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.RETURN VALUE

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the sine of x. If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned. If x is +-0, x shall be returned. If x is subnormal, a range error may occur and x should be returned. If x is +-Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.ERRORS

These functions shall fail if: Domain Error The x argument is +-Inf. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised. These functions may fail if: Range Error The value of x is subnormal If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the underflow floating-point exception shall be raised. The following sections are informative.EXAMPLES

Taking the Sine of a 45-Degree Angle #include <math.h> ... double radians = 45.0 * M_PI / 180; double result; ... result = sin(radians);APPLICATION USAGE

These functions may lose accuracy when their argument is near a multiple of pi or is far from 0.0. On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.RATIONALE

None.FUTURE DIRECTIONS

None.SEE ALSO

asin(), feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), isnan(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>COPYRIGHT

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technol- ogyPortable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .--IEEE

/The Open Group 2003 SIN(3P)