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Plan 9 - man page for lock (plan9 section 2)

LOCK(2) 			       System Calls Manual				  LOCK(2)

       lockinit, lock, canlock, unlock - shared memory spin lock

       #include <lock.h>

       void lockinit(void);

       void lock(Lock *lk);

       int  canlock(Lock *lk);

       void unlock(Lock *lk);

       /* Alef only */

       adt Lock
	    void lock(*Lock);
	    void unlock(*Lock);
	    int  canlock(*Lock);

       adt QLock
	    void lock(*Lock);
	    void unlock(*Lock);
	    int  canlock(*Lock);

       adt RWlock
	    void Rlock(*RWlock);
	    void Runlock(*RWlock);
	    void Wlock(*RWlock);
	    void Wunlock(*RWlock);

       adt Ref
	    int  inc(*Ref);
	    int  dec(*Ref);
	    int  ref(*Ref);

       These  routines	are  used  by  processes  sharing memory to synchronize using spin locks.
       Lockinit must be called before the first use of the other routines.  Lock blocks until the
       lock has been obtained.	Canlock is non-blocking.  It tries to obtain a lock and returns a
       non-zero value if it was successful, 0 otherwise.  Unlock releases a lock.

       Alef locks have similar functionality, but no special initialization is required.  The ADT
       Lock  has functions lock, unlock, and canlock, just like locks in C.  QLocks have the same
       interface but are not spin locks; instead if the lock is  taken	QLock.lock  will  suspend
       execution of the calling task until it is released.

       Although  Locks	are  the more primitive lock, their use is discouraged and even erroneous
       for most purposes.  For example, Locks cannot synchronize between tasks in the same  proc.
       Use QLocks instead.

       RWlocks	manage	access	to  a  data  structure	that  has  distinct  readers and writers.
       RWlock.Rlock grants read access; RWlock.Runlock releases it.   RWlock.Wlock  grants  write
       access;	RWlock.Wunlock releases it.  There may be any number of simultaneous readers, but
       only one writer.  Moreover, if write access is granted no one may have read  access  until
       write access is released.

       Refs manage reference counters.	Ref.inc increments the counter and returns the old value;
       Ref.dec decrements the counter and returns the new value.   Ref.ref  returns  the  current


       rfork in fork(2)


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