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balloc(2) [plan9 man page]

BALLOC(2)							System Calls Manual							 BALLOC(2)

balloc, bfree, rdbitmap, wrbitmap, rdbitmapfile, wrbitmapfile - allocating, freeing, reading, writing bitmaps SYNOPSIS
#include <u.h> #include <libc.h> #include <libg.h> Bitmap *balloc(Rectangle r, int ldepth) void bfree(Bitmap *b) void rdbitmap(Bitmap *b, int ymin, int ymax, uchar *data) void wrbitmap(Bitmap *b, int ymin, int ymax, uchar *data) Bitmap *rdbitmapfile(int fd) void wrbitmapfile(int fd, Bitmap *b) DESCRIPTION
A new bitmap is allocated with balloc; it will have the extent and ldepth (log base 2 of the number of bits per pixel) given by its argu- ments, and will be filled with zeros. The id field will have been set to the identifying number used by /dev/bitblt (see bit(3)), and the cache field will be zero. Balloc returns 0 if the server has run out of bitmap resources. Bfree frees the resources used by its argument bitmap. The remaining functions deal with moving groups of pixel values between bitmaps and user space or external files. There is a fixed format for the exchange and storage of bitmap data (see bitmap(6)). Rdbitmap reads rows of pixels from bitmap b into data. The rows read have y=ymin,ymin+1, ... ymax-1. Those rows must be within the range allowed by b.r. Wrbitmap replaces the specified rows of pixels in bitmap b with data. Rdbitmapfile creates a bitmap from data contained an external file (see bitmap(6) for the file format); fd is a file descriptor obtained by opening such a file for reading. The returned bitmap is allocated using balloc. Wrbitmapfile writes bitmap b onto file descriptor fd, which should be open for writing. The format is as described for rdbitmapfile. Rdbitmapfile and wrbitmapfile do not close fd. SOURCE
/sys/src/libg SEE ALSO
graphics(2), bitblt(2), bit(3), bitmap(6) DIAGNOSTICS
These functions return 0 on failure, usually due to insufficient memory. May set errstr. BUGS
Ldepth must be 0, 1, 2, or 3. BALLOC(2)

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BITBLT(2)							System Calls Manual							 BITBLT(2)

bitblt, bitbltclip, clipline, point, segment, polysegment, arc, circle, disc, ellipse, texture, border, string, strsize, strwidth, Fcode - graphics functions SYNOPSIS
#include <u.h> #include <libg.h> void bitblt(Bitmap *db, Point dp, Bitmap *sb, Rectangle sr, Fcode f) int bitbltclip(void *) int clipline(Rectangle r, Point *p0, Point *p1) void point(Bitmap *b, Point p, int v, Fcode f) void segment(Bitmap *b, Point p, Point q, int v, Fcode f) void polysegment(Bitmap *b, int n, Point *pp, int v, Fcode f) void circle(Bitmap *b, Point p, int r, int v, Fcode f) void disc(Bitmap *b, Point p, int r, int v, Fcode) void arc(Bitmap *b, Point p0, Point p1, Point p2, int v, Fcode f) void ellipse(Bitmap *b, Point p, int a, int b, int v, Fcode f) void texture(Bitmap *b, Rectangle r, Bitmap *t, Fcode f) void border(Bitmap *b, Rectangle r, int w, Fcode f) Point string(Bitmap *b, Point p, Font *ft, char *s, Fcode f) Point strsize(Font *ft, char *s) long strwidth(Font *ft, char *s) enum Fcode { Zero, DnorS, DandnotS, notS, notDandS, notD, DxorS, DnandS, DandS, DxnorS, D, DornotS, S, notDorS, DorS, F, } Fcode; DESCRIPTION
Bitblt (bit-block transfer) takes bits from rectangle sr in the source Bitmap sb and overlays them on a congruent rectangle with the min corner at point dp in the destination bitmap, db. The f parameter defines each destination pixel as a function of the source and destina- tion pixels. The sixteen codes in Fcode give all possible boolean operations on the source S and destination D. The code values may be expressed as boolean operations on the values S and D. For example, D|S computes the result as the logical or of the destination pixel's old value and the overlaying source pixel's value. If pixels are more than one bit deep, the operations are still bitwise. The Zero and F codes result in new pixel values that are all zeros or all ones, respectively. If the source and destination bitmaps have different depths, the source rectangle is first converted to have the same depth as the destina- tion, as follows: conversion to a smaller number of bits per pixel is accomplished by taking the desired number of high order bits; conver- sion to a larger number of bits per pixel is accomplished by putting the small value into the high order bits, and replicating it as many times as necessary to fill the lower order bits. All of the drawing graphics functions clip the rectangle against the source and destination bitmaps' clip rectangles, so that only pixels within the destination bitmap are changed and none are changed that would have come from areas outside the source bitmap. Bitbltclip takes a pointer to the first argument of a bitblt argument list and clips dp and sr so the resulting bitblt is confined to the source and desti- nation bitmaps. It returns one if the x and y dimensions of the resulting bitblt are positive; zero otherwise. Point changes the value of the destination point p in bitmap b according to function code f. The source is a pixel with value v. The con- stant ~0 represents the maximum pixel value. Segment, circle, disc, and ellipse all draw in bitmap b with function code f and a source pixel with value v. Arc draws a circular arc centered on p0, traveling clockwise from p1 to p2 or a point on the circle near p2. Segment draws a line segment in bitmap b from point p to q. The segment is half-open: p is the first point of the segment and q is the first point beyond the segment, so adjacent segments sharing endpoints abut. Polysegment draws the n-1 segments joining the n points in the array pointed to by pp. Clipline clips the line segment from *p0 to *p1 (p0 is closed, p1 is open) to rectangle r, adjusting p0 and p1 so that the segment is within the rectangle and *p1 is closed. It returns 0 if none of the segment is in the rectangle, 1 otherwise. Circle draws a circle with radius r and center at point p. Disc is the same except that it fills the circle. Ellipse draws an ellipse with horizontal semi-axis a and vertical semi-axis b. Border draws, with function f in bitmap b, the rectangular outline with lines of width w fitting just inside rectangle r. Texture draws, with function f in bitmap b, a texture using the bitmap specified by t. The texture bitmap is aligned on b's coordinate system so that (0,0) in both coordinate systems coincide, and then t is replicated to form a tiling of b. The tiling is clipped to rectan- gle r in b, and then transferred to b using the specified function. String draws the text characters given by the null-terminated UTF string s into bitmap b, using font ft. The upper left corner of the first character (i.e., a point that is ft->ascent above the baseline) is placed at point p, and subsequent characters are placed on the same baseline, displaced to the right by the previous character's width. The individual characters are bitblt'ed into the destination, using drawing function f. String returns the point after the final character of s; this can be outside b if the string was clipped. If a character in the string would have zero width, either explicitly or because no image is present for the character in the font, string replaces it with the image of the character with value zero (traditionally a `Peter face'). If that character has zero width, string will get a fatal error. The bounding box for text to be drawn with string in font ft can be found with strsize; it returns the max point of the bounding box, assuming a min point of (0,0). Strwidth returns the x-component of the max point. SOURCE
/sys/src/libg SEE ALSO
graphics(2), utf(6), add(2) DIAGNOSTICS
These routines call the graphics error function on fatal errors. BITBLT(2)
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