message(n) Tk Built-In Commands message(n)
message - Create and manipulate message widgets
message pathName ?options?
-anchor -background -borderwidth
-cursor -font -foreground
-highlightbackground -highlightcolor -highlightthickness
-padx -pady -relief
-takefocus -text -textvariable
See the options manual entry for details on the standard options.
[-aspect aspect] Specifies a non-negative integer value indicating desired aspect ratio for the text. The aspect ratio is specified as
100*width/height. 100 means the text should be as wide as it is tall, 200 means the text should be twice as wide as it is tall, 50 means
the text should be twice as tall as it is wide, and so on. Used to choose line length for text if width option is not specified. Defaults
to 150. [-justify justify] Specifies how to justify lines of text. Must be one of left, center, or right. Defaults to left. This option
works together with the anchor, aspect, padX, padY, and width options to provide a variety of arrangements of the text within the window.
The aspect and width options determine the amount of screen space needed to display the text. The anchor, padX, and padY options determine
where this rectangular area is displayed within the widget's window, and the justify option determines how each line is displayed within
that rectangular region. For example, suppose anchor is e and justify is left, and that the message window is much larger than needed for
the text. The text will be displayed so that the left edges of all the lines line up and the right edge of the longest line is padX from
the right side of the window; the entire text block will be centered in the vertical span of the window. [-width width] Specifies the
length of lines in the window. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. If this option has a value greater than
zero then the aspect option is ignored and the width option determines the line length. If this option has a value less than or equal to
zero, then the aspect option determines the line length.
The message command creates a new window (given by the pathName argument) and makes it into a message widget. Additional options,
described above, may be specified on the command line or in the option database to configure aspects of the message such as its colors,
font, text, and initial relief. The message command returns its pathName argument. At the time this command is invoked, there must not
exist a window named pathName, but pathName's parent must exist.
A message is a widget that displays a textual string. A message widget has three special features. First, it breaks up its string into
lines in order to produce a given aspect ratio for the window. The line breaks are chosen at word boundaries wherever possible (if not
even a single word would fit on a line, then the word will be split across lines). Newline characters in the string will force line
breaks; they can be used, for example, to leave blank lines in the display.
The second feature of a message widget is justification. The text may be displayed left-justified (each line starts at the left side of
the window), centered on a line-by-line basis, or right-justified (each line ends at the right side of the window).
The third feature of a message widget is that it handles control characters and non-printing characters specially. Tab characters are
replaced with enough blank space to line up on the next 8-character boundary. Newlines cause line breaks. Other control characters (ASCII
code less than 0x20) and characters not defined in the font are displayed as a four-character sequence xhh where hh is the two-digit hexa-
decimal number corresponding to the character. In the unusual case where the font does not contain all of the characters in
"0123456789abcdefx" then control characters and undefined characters are not displayed at all.
The message command creates a new Tcl command whose name is pathName. This command may be used to invoke various operations on the widget.
It has the following general form:
pathName option ?arg arg ...?
Option and the args determine the exact behavior of the command. The following commands are possible for message widgets:
pathName cget option
Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the message
pathName configure ?option? ?value option value ...?
Query or modify the configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available
options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then
the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value
returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget
option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option may have any of the values accepted
by the message command.
When a new message is created, it has no default event bindings: messages are intended for output purposes only.
Tabs do not work very well with text that is centered or right-justified. The most common result is that the line is justified wrong.
Tk 4.0 message(n)