menubutton(n) Tk Built-In Commands menubutton(n)
menubutton - Create and manipulate menubutton widgets
menubutton pathName ?options?
-activebackground -disabledforeground -padx
-activeforeground -font -pady
-anchor -foreground -relief
-background -highlightbackground -takefocus
-bitmap -highlightcolor -text
-borderwidth -highlightthickness -textvariable
-cursor -image -underline
-compound -justify -wraplength
See the options manual entry for details on the standard options.
[-direction direction] Specifies where the menu is going to be popup up. above tries to pop the menu above the menubutton. below tries to
pop the menu below the menubutton. left tries to pop the menu to the left of the menubutton. right tries to pop the menu to the right of
the menu button. flush pops the menu directly over the menubutton. In the case of above or below, the direction will be reversed if the
menu would show offscreen. [-height height] Specifies a desired height for the menubutton. If an image or bitmap is being displayed in
the menubutton then the value is in screen units (i.e. any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels); for text it is in lines of text. If
this option is not specified, the menubutton's desired height is computed from the size of the image or bitmap or text being displayed in
it. [-indicatoron indicatorOn] The value must be a proper boolean value. If it is true then a small indicator rectangle will be displayed
on the right side of the menubutton and the default menu bindings will treat this as an option menubutton. If false then no indicator will
be displayed. [-menu menu] Specifies the path name of the menu associated with this menubutton. The menu must be a child of the menubut-
ton. [-state state] Specifies one of three states for the menubutton: normal, active, or disabled. In normal state the menubutton is
displayed using the foreground and background options. The active state is typically used when the pointer is over the menubutton. In
active state the menubutton is displayed using the activeForeground and activeBackground options. Disabled state means that the menubutton
should be insensitive: the default bindings will refuse to activate the widget and will ignore mouse button presses. In this state the
disabledForeground and background options determine how the button is displayed. [-width width] Specifies a desired width for the menubut-
ton. If an image or bitmap is being displayed in the menubutton then the value is in screen units (i.e. any of the forms acceptable to
Tk_GetPixels); for text it is in characters. If this option is not specified, the menubutton's desired width is computed from the size of
the image or bitmap or text being displayed in it.
The menubutton command creates a new window (given by the pathName argument) and makes it into a menubutton widget. Additional options,
described above, may be specified on the command line or in the option database to configure aspects of the menubutton such as its colors,
font, text, and initial relief. The menubutton command returns its pathName argument. At the time this command is invoked, there must not
exist a window named pathName, but pathName's parent must exist.
A menubutton is a widget that displays a textual string, bitmap, or image and is associated with a menu widget. If text is displayed, it
must all be in a single font, but it can occupy multiple lines on the screen (if it contains newlines or if wrapping occurs because of the
wrapLength option) and one of the characters may optionally be underlined using the underline option. In normal usage, pressing mouse but-
ton 1 over the menubutton causes the associated menu to be posted just underneath the menubutton. If the mouse is moved over the menu
before releasing the mouse button, the button release causes the underlying menu entry to be invoked. When the button is released, the
menu is unposted.
Menubuttons are typically organized into groups called menu bars that allow scanning: if the mouse button is pressed over one menubutton
(causing it to post its menu) and the mouse is moved over another menubutton in the same menu bar without releasing the mouse button, then
the menu of the first menubutton is unposted and the menu of the new menubutton is posted instead.
There are several interactions between menubuttons and menus; see the menu manual entry for information on various menu configurations,
such as pulldown menus and option menus.
The menubutton command creates a new Tcl command whose name is pathName. This command may be used to invoke various operations on the wid-
get. It has the following general form:
pathName option ?arg arg ...?
Option and the args determine the exact behavior of the command. The following commands are possible for menubutton widgets:
pathName cget option
Returns the current value of the configuration option given by option. Option may have any of the values accepted by the menubutton
pathName configure ?option? ?value option value ...?
Query or modify the configuration options of the widget. If no option is specified, returns a list describing all of the available
options for pathName (see Tk_ConfigureInfo for information on the format of this list). If option is specified with no value, then
the command returns a list describing the one named option (this list will be identical to the corresponding sublist of the value
returned if no option is specified). If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then the command modifies the given widget
option(s) to have the given value(s); in this case the command returns an empty string. Option may have any of the values accepted
by the menubutton command.
Tk automatically creates class bindings for menubuttons that give them the following default behavior:
 A menubutton activates whenever the mouse passes over it and deactivates whenever the mouse leaves it.
 Pressing mouse button 1 over a menubutton posts the menubutton: its relief changes to raised and its associated menu is posted under
the menubutton. If the mouse is dragged down into the menu with the button still down, and if the mouse button is then released
over an entry in the menu, the menubutton is unposted and the menu entry is invoked.
 If button 1 is pressed over a menubutton and then released over that menubutton, the menubutton stays posted: you can still move the
mouse over the menu and click button 1 on an entry to invoke it. Once a menu entry has been invoked, the menubutton unposts itself.
 If button 1 is pressed over a menubutton and then dragged over some other menubutton, the original menubutton unposts itself and the
new menubutton posts.
 If button 1 is pressed over a menubutton and released outside any menubutton or menu, the menubutton unposts without invoking any
 When a menubutton is posted, its associated menu claims the input focus to allow keyboard traversal of the menu and its submenus.
See the menu manual entry for details on these bindings.
 If the underline option has been specified for a menubutton then keyboard traversal may be used to post the menubutton: Alt+x, where
x is the underlined character (or its lower-case or upper-case equivalent), may be typed in any window under the menubutton's
toplevel to post the menubutton.
 The F10 key may be typed in any window to post the first menubutton under its toplevel window that is not disabled.
 If a menubutton has the input focus, the space and return keys post the menubutton.
If the menubutton's state is disabled then none of the above actions occur: the menubutton is completely non-responsive.
The behavior of menubuttons can be changed by defining new bindings for individual widgets or by redefining the class bindings.
Tk 4.0 menubutton(n)